Physikalisch-Technische - PTB

rawfrogpondΠολεοδομικά Έργα

16 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

68 εμφανίσεις

Physikalisch
-
Technische

Bundesanstalt

Procedure concerning the recognition of

externally conducted EMC Tests according to

EN 45501/ OIML R76 (2006) and OIML R51 (2006)

Issued by:
PTB Working Group 1.12 "Weighing Instruments", December 2008

Externally condu
cted Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Tests (according to EN 45501/
OIML R76
-
1 (2006) or OIML R51 (2006)) for Type Approvals or Test Certificates for modules
and peripheral devices can be accepted if they meet the following criteria.

Before starting the

measurements the applicant should contact PTB for clarification of
several questions. In this way it is possible to avoid unnecessary double
-
testing.

1 Requirements on the testing laboratory

The laboratory, company or place of testing must be accredited b
y an authority which is
member of the "International Laboratory Accreditation Co
-
operation" (ILAC) to perform the
tests listed in section 2. A copy of the accreditation certificate should be sent to PTB.

In exceptional cases, the PTB may accept EMC Test r
eports from unaccredited laboratories.
Under these circumstances, the laboratory's technical competence shall be made evident by
furnishing PTB with the following documentation.



description of the equipment used and the test set
-
up



calibration information
for the equipment used



detailed calibration description of the generated electromagnetic fields for immunity
tests

There can be no guarantee of acceptance in these cases. The PTB will consider each case
individually and reserves the right to require tests
to be repeated.

2 Tests

2.1 European Type
-
Approval for non
-
automatic weighing instruments



Voltage Variations, A.5.4 of EN 45501



Test of Battery Powered Weighing Instruments, 5.3.7 of EN 45501



Short Time Power Reductions, B.3.1 of EN 45501



Bursts, B.3.2 of
EN 45501



Electrostatic Discharge, B.3.3 of EN 45501



Immunity to Radiated Electromagnetic Fields, B.3.4 and Appendix C of EN 45501


-

2

-

2.2 OIML Certificates



Voltage Variations, A.5.4 of OIML R76
-
1 (2006) or A.6.2.4 to A.6.2.7 of OIML R51
(2006)



Short Time Po
wer Reductions,
B.3.1
of OIML R76
-
1 (2006) or A.6.3.1 of OIML R51
(2006)



Bursts, B.3.2 of OIML R76
-
1 (2006) or A.6.3.2 of OIML R51 (2006)



Surge, B.3.3 of OIML R76
-
1 (2006) or A.6.3.3 of OIML R51 (2006)



Electrostatic Discharge, B.3.4 of OIML R76
-
1 (2006) o
r A.6.3.4 of OIML R51 (2006)



Electromagnetic immunity, B.3.5 and B.3.6 of OIML R76
-
1 (2006) or A.6.3.5 of OIML
R51 (2006)

3 Test Procedures

Tests for non
-
automatic weighing instruments must be carried out according to EN 45501 for
EC Type
-
Approval Certific
ates or OIML R76
-
1 (2006) for OIML Certificates. Other test
procedures cannot be accepted.

Peripheral devices (5.4.2 of EN 45501 and OIML R76 (2006)) shall be connected to every
possible interface when performing the tests of Annex B.3 of EN45501 and OIML
R76 (2006)
and A.6.3 of OIML R51 (2006). At least a cable specified from manufacturer with a minimal
length of 2 m (maximal length 3 m ) must be connected. The indicator shall be adjusted to
the minimum signal per (verification) scale interval. It shall be

taken into account that not the
indicator is the object of the test but a weighing instrument of which the indicator forms a
part. This means that during the EMC tests a load receptor equipped with a high
-
impedance
load cell shall be connected and, during

the test according to B.3.4 of EN45501 (or B.3.5 and
B.3.6 of OIML R76
-
1 (2006) or A.6.3.5 of OIML R51 (2006)), shall be placed within the field.
The most simple solution is a single point load cell or another load cell that can be loaded
with a small loa
d (equivalent to 20 to 50 e). By no means an HF choke coil, or a similar
shielding means, may be applied on the cable between load cell and indicator. Otherwise this
measure shall be part of all instruments of the series. With test for sensitivity against
electromagnetic fields according to IEC 61000
-
4
-
3 the cable shall be placed in parallel to and
on the edge of the uniform area facing the antenna. All other cables (interfaces) shall be
placed there too. The indicator shall be equipped with the maximum num
ber of interfaces
and cables shall be connected to all interface connectors.

Tests for automatic weighing instruments must be performed according to OIML R51 (2006).
If applicable, tests for susceptibility against disturbances in electrical networks of roa
d
vehicles in accordance with OIML R51 (2006), A.6.3.6.1 must include pulse 5a recently
introduced into ISO 7637
-
2. With belt weighers having a one channel displacement
transducer the minimum totalised load must be totalised during the EMC tests if the flo
wrate
changes due to disturbance. Since that leads to a very high time expense the one channel
displacement transducer design is not recommendable.

4 EMC Test Report

The report shall at least contain the following:



proof of accreditation for the place of t
esting



list of all equipment used with the date and place of their last calibration.



explanation of the test fundamentals

-

3

-



detailed description of the equipment tested with accessories and auxiliary devices



description of the test set
-
up with photos and/or
diagrams (including details like the
placement of the cables); also details, such as e.g. arranging the cables must be
visible; with the tests on sensitivity to bursts and electrostatic discharges photos must
supply prove that the minimum distances to wall
s and metallic structures have been
kept.



description of the test procedure and specific test conditions



assessment of the test results for each test performed



length of wait at each frequency step for electromagnetic immunity test. This length is
dependen
t on the reaction time of the Instrument Under Test and should not be less
than 3 seconds.



date, time, temperature, rel. humidity, and pressure for each test performed



report must be presented in German or English



If EMC test results of NAWIs are to be ado
pted for AWIs, then EN 45501 / OIML R76
-
1, T.5.5.6, last hyphen does not apply, i.e. also transient changes of the displayed
weight due to disturbance may not occur. Otherwise the test in question shall be
repeated while the program generating the measurin
g value in
automatic

mode is
running.

5 Record of Test Results

The test results, recorded in their appropriate OIML R76
-
2 format or R51
-
2, respectively,
shall be appended to the test report. The OIML forms shall be
completed in full
. Blank forms
can be obt
ained from the PTB Working Group 1.12.