Macroquantum Laws of Building-up the Solar System

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1

Macroquantum Laws of Building
-
up the Solar System


A.M. Ilyanok


*Atomic and Molecular Engineering Laboratory, Belarussian State University, Minsk,
RB


The main hypothesis of origination of the Solar system supposes that there was
a gaseous dust non
-
unifor
m cloud (protocloud) several billions years ago. Main
planets have been formed during dozens of millions of years and are laid in almost the
same plane because of the rotation of the protocloud. Basing on laws of
hydrodynamics their orbits and other parame
ters were calculated. A rather satisfactory
agreement between calculated and observed data was concluded
1
. But the problem of
achieving better agreement of them is of the permanent interest. There are also several
other questions which are not answered yet
. For instance, there is no common view on
many questions of origination of satellites of planets (for example, The Moon).

Here will be shown that there are special rules to which all planets obey. Basing
of empirically found combinations of only fundamen
tal constants some so called
macroquantum laws were established. The most important of them are presented in
the table 1
2,3
. Data calculated by the author coincide with experimental ones within
the accuracy of astronomical observations
4,5
.

No one theory f
amiliar to the author can describe these laws
6
. The results
obtained show that any adequate theory should give these results, because there are no
other combinations of fundamental constants giving the same values.

It is well known that the laws like Newt
on, Coulomb, Ampere, and Planck ones
were obtained on the base of experimental data. And only later the theoretical





Atomic and Molecular Engineering Laboratory,
Kirova 1

50, 220050, Minsk, Belarus.


2

background was found. The author have met with an analogous situation after finding
the macroquantum laws listed above.

It is proposed to a
ll interested in to attempt create a theory on the base of these
new laws. This theory seems to lead to the new approach to description of astronomic
objects and their interaction on the overlapping of electromagnetic and gravity laws.

The author have att
empted to develop such a theory. It was proposed to consider
the space to be discrete with superposition of the flat, disc
-
like fields. These plates are
formed by electromagnetic fields surrounding elementary particles. Interactions of the
objects are real
ized by movement of longitudinal and transverse waves along these
plates. In this case the Maxwell’s free magnetic wave is excluded
3,7
.



Contrary to the Newton’s and Einstein’s approaches this model of the
discrete space predicts a number of new effects,

confirmed experimentally, including
the following results: quantization of speeds of planets in the Solar system (tab.1,
rows 1
-
4). So there are not possible to be to big planets between the Sun and the
Mercury and the Mars and the Jupiter. Let us note th
at a little difference between
experimental and theoretical results (tab.

1,

row

2) is connected with redistribution of
masses in the Solar system
8
. It gives possibility to restore the history of the Solar
system.



Earth satellites positioned on not quanti
zed orbits relatively to the Earth
should fall down quicker than satellites on quantized ones because of gravitational
radiation, and quicker than calculations made taking into account the interaction with
the rest gas give.



The Sun is a macroquantum obje
ct (tab.1,

rows

6
-
9). Hence, the classical
hydrodynamics is not valid for it.


3



The Sun surface temperature equal to 6282,1

K (tab.1,

row

7). At this
temperature the hydrogen is in the basic atomic state. So the source of the solar
energy is the motion of e
lectrons relative protons in the Sun shell with their first
cosmic speed (tab.1, raw 6). Therefore, thermonuclear fusion is absent in the centre of
the Sun.



Rotation of the planets and radii of their orbits are quantized (tab.1, rows 10
-
12).



Velocities of
the stars in the Galaxy relatively to each other and its core do
not exceed definite critical values (tab.1, rows 13,14).



Velocity spectra round the Galaxy core have two maxima (tab.1., rows
15,16). These maxima give the limited speed of gravitational
int
eraction
c
c
8
4
10
526
,
3




.



Conclusion

Analysing laws obtained one may to conclude that the world view based on the
special and general relativity and classical probability quantum mechanics does not
explain macroquantum laws in astronomy. The author

have attempted to create an
adequate theory. The equations used
3

are reduced to well known Newton equations on
definite quantum orbits in the static limit. Applying similar description to the
electromagnetic and gravitational fields the dynamical part equ
al to magnetic Lorentz
force is introduced into dynamic equations for gravitational interaction. It provides
elementary description anomaly movement of the Mercury perihelion and deflection
light beams by the Sun
3
. In our view space and time are independen
t.


4

The macroquantum laws established above are seemed to be not sudden and
should be treated. The author proposes to involve into the process to those who are
interested in solving non
-
trivial problems of nature.

References

1.

Protostars and planets.
1
-
2
.
Muscon,
(
1978
-
85)
.

2.

Ilyanok, A.M. Quantum astronomy II, Macroquantum laws in astronomy
J. New
Energy
,

USA,

6
, No1, 55
-
79 (2001).

3.

http://xxx.lanl.gov

(
physics
/0111183) Ilyanok, A.M. Macroquantum Effects in
Astronomy (2001)
.

4.

Allen, C.W.
Astrophysical quantities
. The Athlone Press (1973).

5.

Fizicheskie velichiny
(
Physical quantities
). Handbook. Babichev, F.P., e.a. ed.
Moscow, Energoatomizdat, 12
-
15 (1991).

6.

Lang, K.R.
Astrophysical Formulae
. Springer
-
Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. N
ew
York. (1974).

7.

http://xxx.lanl.gov

(
physics
/0111182) Ilyanok, A.M.

Macroquantum effects in
condensed matter (2001).

8.

http://xxx.lanl.gov

(
physics
/0201057)
Ilyanok, А.М.&

Timoshchenko, I
.A.

Quantization of masses in the solar system (2002).


Acknowledgements

The author is very grateful to all experimentators who carry out sometimes hidden but
very important work to find correct values of next digits in quantities of physical
constants. I
t is the high accuracy and reliability of experimental data that provide to
the author to implement the research.



5


Table 1

Quantum astronomy
law
s


N

Title

Theoretical formula

Theoretical
value

Experimental
value

Ref


The autor

Handbook

Solar system


1

Everage orbit speed of
the Mercury

v
1

=

2
c= 3

2
c



47.89307
km
/
s

47.89
km
/
s


2
-
4

2

Macoquantum

scale

of

large semiaxis
R
n


of
planet orbits





1
2
3
1
2
2
R
m
n
R
n










где
n
= 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,


m

= 0,0,0,0,1,2,3,4,5.

R
1
= 57.95

10
6

km


57.90

10
6

km

2
-
4

R
2

= 103.02


108.20


R
3

= 160.97


149.6


R
4

= 231.80


227.9

R
5

= 779.11


778.3

R
6

= 1648.36

1427.0

R
7

= 2839.57

2869.6

R
8

= 4352.71

4496.6

R
9

= 6187.81

5900.0

3

Maximum value of the
large semiaxis of the
Mercury o
rbit

c
m
h
R
p
12
1


=
c
m
e
z
p
13
2
0
2


5.795

10
10

m

5
.
791

10
10
m

2
-
4

4

Maximum value of the
large semiaxis of the
Jupiter orbit

c
m
h
R
e
11
5


=
c
m
e
z
e
12
2
0
2


7.7647

10
11

m

7.
7
83

10
1
1
m

2
-
4

5

Ratio of maximum
values of

the large
semiaxises of the
Jupiter and Mercury

e
p
m
m
R
R


1
5

13
.3987

13.442

2
-
4

The
Sun

6

The first cosmic speed
for the Sun



8
v
c
I



436.381
km
/
s

436,78
km
/
s

2
-
4

7

Temperature in the
centre of the Sun

k
m
T
e
2
v
2
I



=
2
8
2










c
k
m
e

6282.1
K

6270
.0
K

2
-
4

8

Equatorial speed of the
Sun rotation

8
/
v
2
c





1.995525
km
/
s

1.9968

km
/
s

2
-
4

9

Period of rotation of the
Sun round its own axis

c
R
P
2
16
v
R
2










25.364
days

25.38

days

2
-
4

Planets

10

Equatorial speed of the
Earth rotation

v


4
3

c

465.981 m/
s

465.10

m
/
s

2
-
4

11

Jupiter radius

r
GM
N
c
5
5
2
4
4













7.16326
.

10
4

km

7.16326
.

10
4


km

2
-
4

12

Equatorial speed of
rotation of the Jupiter
surface

8
2
v
2
5
c




12.5383
km
/
s

12.55 km
/
s

2
-
4

Galaxy

13

Maximum speed of
stars round the Galaxy
core

8
1
c
V




273.46
km
/
s

273
km
/
s

2
-
4


6

14

Maximim relative speed
of closed stars

c
V
2
2



15.964 km
/
s

15.5
km
/
s

2
-
4

15

Distance to the first
maximum in the
spectrum of star speeds
relatively to the Galaxy
core

c
m
h
R
R
p
Gp
16
4
1





2.043

10
19
m =
=0.6622 kps

0.5
-
0.8 kps

2,3,5

16

Distance to the second
maximum in the
spectrum of star speeds
relatively to the Galaxy
core


c
m
h
R
R
e
Ge
15
4
5





2.738

10
20

m

=8.87 kps

8

10
kps

2,3,5


There are


=1/137,0360


fine structure constant,
e



elementary charge;
h



Planck constant;
с



electromagnetic constant;
m
e



the electron mass;
m
p



the proton
mass;
k



Boltzmann constant,
G



gravitational constant; z
0
-

vacuum impedance,
861
1
2
2







N
-
introducing in our calculations the number of elementary
charge electromagnetic field

segments considering as a quantized object.


Dear editor,


Your journal is an international journal covering all the sciences and it publish
original research focused on an outstanding finding whose importance means that they
will be of interest to s
cientists in other fields.

I send you the letter “Macroquantum Laws of Building
-
up the Solar System”
to consider or publishing as correspondent to your requirements.

This letter concerns the problems of physics accumulated during last 300
years, and, part
icularly, the problems of XX century physics. It seems to many of
scientists that origination and building up the Solar system is now well developed and
only some partial problems are remained to solve. But different discrepancies and
only sufficient but n
ot fine equality of calculated and observed data are the factor that
impedes to review the work.

I have empirically found some rules called as macroquantum laws in
astronomy. They are build only on combination of fundamental constants and give
very good c
oincidence with data observed. For demonstration of effectiveness of
these rules it would be enough, in principle, to pay attention only on the formula for
average orbit velocity of the Mercury:

km/s
89307
,
47
3
div
2
3
R
GM
v
2
1
2
2
2
0
1
















c
c
h
e
z
c
R

The experimental value 47,89 km/s coi
ncides with calculated one till the last
meaningful digit! From the expression the connection between the Newton
gravitational constant, electromagnetic constants
z
0
,
e
,
c
, and Planck constant
h
. The
good coincidence of theoretical and experimental results

for other data is
demonstrated in the table. Let us take into account that any theory should give, at
least, the same results. The

problem

is

to

find

such

a

theory
.
I

have

made

an

attempt
.

7

The discussion of results can show is it adequate or not. All my w
orks referred in the
letter are published in the journal “Vesti Instituta Sovremennyh Znanii” which,
unfortunately, is issuing in Russian and foreign users have a little access to it.

I hope, in the case you would find the opportunity to publish this lette
r it
would open a wide scientific discussion. I consider your journal able to give the new
development of physics in the XXI century.

Dr
.
A.M. Ilyanok


От:

Nature Decisions [SMTP:decisions@nature.com]

Отправлено:

понедельник, Февраль 25, 2002 21:05

Тема:

D
ecision from Nature: Manuscript I02421


Dear Dr Ilyanok,


Thank you for submitting your manuscript, which we regret we are unable to
publish.


It is Nature's policy to return a substantial proportion of manuscripts

without sending them to referees, so that

they may be sent elsewhere without
delay. Decisions of this kind are made by the editorial staff, often on the advice of
regular advisers, when it appears that papers are unlikely to succeed in the
competition for limited space.


Among the considerations
that arise at this stage are the length of a

manuscript, its likely interest to a general readership, the pressure on space in
the various fields of Nature's interest and the likelihood that a manuscript would
seem of great topical interest to those workin
g in the same or related areas of
science.


In the present case, while your results may well be of interest to

specialists, I regret that we are unable to conclude that the paper

provides the sort of fundamental advance in understanding that we generally

l
ook for in a Nature paper. We therefore feel that the paper would find a

more suitable outlet in a specialist journal, rather than Nature.


I am sorry that we cannot respond more positively. I hope that you will

rapidly

receive a more favourable response e
lsewhere.


Please note that decisions@nature.com does not accept return messages.


Yours sincerely,

Dr Leslie Sage

Senior Editor

Nature