Grade 7 Science Pacing Guide 2012-13 SOL STRAND CONTENT ...

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12 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Grade 7 Science Pacing Guide 2012
-
13


SOL

STRAND

CONTENT

SKILLS

Pre
-
test



All units

PMMS, SKMS & NFMS: week 1
-
2


LS.1

Scientific

Investigation

Unit 1: Scientific Investigations

-

Independent and dependent variables

-

Constants and control

-

Metric
measurement (length, volume,
temperature, time, & mass)

Plan and Conduct Investigations

-

Identify variables

-

Collect data using the metric system

-

Organize data into charts and graphs and interpret that data

-

Discuss sources of experimental error



LS. 2 a
-
d

LS. 3 a
-
b

LS. 5 a
-
b

Life

Systems

Unit 2A: Cell Studies

-
Cell Theory

-
Cell parts

-
Cell organization

Unit 2B: Part II


Cell Processes

-

Mitosis

-

Meiosis

-

Active/passive transport (diffusion)

-

Osmosis

-

Photosynthesis

-

Cellular Respiration

-

Compare and contrast plant and animal cells

-

Identify the roles of cell organelles

-

Differentiate between mitosis and meiosis

-

Distinguish between active transport, passive transport (diffusion), and
osmosis

-

Identify the raw materials and products of
photosynthesis and cellular
respiration




LS. 12 a
-
f

Life Systems

Unit 3: Genetics

-

Role of DNA

-

Function of genes & chromosomes

-

Genotypes & phenotypes

-

Dominate & recessive traits

-

Homozygous vs. heterozygous

-

Genetic engineering

-

Historical
contributions by notable
scientists

-

Understand how genotypes influence phenotypes

-

Use Punnett squares to predict possible reproductive outcomes

-

Distinguish b/t dominant & recessive traits

-

Distinguish b/t genotype & phenotype

-

Discuss applications
of genetic engineering, positive and negative

Benchmark #1



Unit 1, 2 &3

PMMS: week 12
-
13

SKMS & NFMS: week 7
-
8, 25
-
26


LS. 13 a
-
c

Earth &

Space

Systems

Unit 4: Adaptation Over Time

-
5 pieces of evidences for evolution

-

Organisms change over
time through
mutation, variation, adaptation, and
natural selection

-

Understanding fossil evidence

-

Extinction

-

Contribution of Darwin

-

Investigate and understand the relationship b/t mutations,

adaptations, natural selection, and extinction

-

Discuss

how environmental influences can affect adaptation and
change


LS. 4 a
-
d

Life

Systems

Unit 5: Classification

-

7 levels of classification

-

Dichotomous key

-

Binomial Nomenclature

-
History of classification

-

Six kingdoms survey

-

Survey of
Invertebrates/Vertebrates

-

Classify organisms based on meaningful similarities

-

Use a dichotomous key to identify an organism

-

Analyze similarities and differences between organism groups


Benchmark #2



Unit 1
-
5

PMMS: week 27
-
28 SKMS & NFMS: week

14
-
15, 30
-
31


LS. 5 d

LS.6 b,d

LS. 7 a,b

LS.8 a
-
e

LS. 9 c

LS. 10 a
-
c

Ecosystems

Unit 6A: Ecology:

Structures and Interactions

in Ecosystems

-

Biotic & a
-
biotic factors

-

Interactions within a population
(competition, cooperation, social
hierarchy,
territorial imperative)

-

Interactions among populations of a
community (predator/prey, symbiotic
relationships)

-

Organism responses to environmental
stressors (phototropism, hibernation,
dormancy)

-

Diagram food chains and food webs

-

Illustrate the
flow of energy through a food chain

-

Draw and interpret an energy pyramid

-

Identify biotic and a
-
biotic components of an environment

-

Discuss examples of competition, cooperation, social hierarchy,
territorial imperative

-

Identify predator
-
prey relatio
nships

-

Distinguish between the 3 types of symbiosis

-

Identify individual responses to environmental stressors


LS. 6 a,c

LS. 9 a
-
b

Ecosystems

Unit 6B: Ecosystems and

Biomes

-

Land biomes

-

Water biomes

-

Water, carbon, and nitrogen cycles

-

Ecological
succession

-

Compare/contrast the different biomes in terms of temperature,
precipitation, vegetation, and species.

-

Distinguish between a biome and an ecosystem.

-

Explain/illustrate nature’s cycles

-

Describe ecological succession for a temperate fores
t biome


LS. 11 a
-
e

Ecosystems

Unit 6C : Human

Influences on the

Ecosystem

-
Relationships between

ecosystems and human

activity (positive and negative)

Students will investigate and understand the effect of the

following on ecosystems:

-

Food production
and harvest

-

Change in habitat size, quality, and structure

-

Change in species competition

-

Population disturbances and factors that threaten species survival

-

Environmental issues including water supply and quality, air quality,
energy production, and

waste management

Post
-
test



All Units

PMMS, SKMS & NFMS: week 35
-
36