Farmers and CSO inputs to the communiqué for - and Better

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12 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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Farmers and civil society inputs to the communiqué for the 2
nd

Global Conference on
Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change

Hanoi, Vietnam
,
September 3
-
7, 2012


We, peasants, small
-
scale food producers and civil society organizations who are here
at

the
2
nd

Global Conference on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change firmly believe that
food
, water and nutrition

security and adaptation to climatic challenges can only be
achieved through the active participation of smallholder men and women food

producers
across the world.

Our
perspectives
on agriculture, food security and climate change
have not
been adequately included in
the
C
onference, although we provide food and food security for
billions of people.

We call on our ministers to include our m
essages directly into the
communiqué they will issue
:



B
ecause of the
huge historical emiss
ions of developed countries,
food production is
already under threat by climate change.
W
e call on developed countries to
urgently and
immediately undertake drastic e
mission reductions to prevent further damage to our
ag
riculture

systems

and
food production.



I
ndustrial systems of agricultural production massive
ly

contribut
e

to climate change,
due to substantial emissions of greenhouse gases
. This

contribution

must be r
ecognized
and addressed.




Resources must be urgently directed towards adaptation
,
particularly
to help small
-
scale
family farmers
.
Sustainable a
groecological
and organic
approaches
are the most
important, reliable set of practices to protect yields
and ensure resilience
in the face of
climate change.

Smallholder food producers have been carrying out
such
sustainable

food production practices for centuries
, and
continue to

select and develop

systems,
breeds and varieties that are adapted to their envi
ronments and can help communities
withstand climatic challenges

and improve their incomes and health
.

It is these
approaches and producers
that
should be supported significantly with climate/public
finance
, and that should be included in
work
to be underta
ken by the UNFCCC
on
agriculture and adaptation
under

the Cancun Adaptation Framework.



Ministers must reject false solutions of carbon markets that allow continued emissions
by developed countries
instead of
the
system transformation needed.

Carbon offsets

do
not decrease greenhouse gas emissions, but merely displace emissions and enable
developed countries to continue emitting high levels of
greenhouse gases.
Attempts to
link adaptation and mitigation in agriculture under the UNFCCC will only serve the
pur
pose of furthering developed countries’ objectives for a carbon offset market and
should be rejected in favor of a work programme focused on addressing the serious
adaptation challenge faced by agriculture.



When the carbon offsets market is linked to clima
te
-
smart agriculture, past experience
and recent studies
ha
ve

shown that
the main beneficiaries are carbon market traders,
brokers and consultants, not
smallholder farmers
.

Further caution is sought, so that
climate
-
smart agriculture does not include genetic engineering, synthetic biology, or
geo
-
engineering methods, which will have deleterious impacts on human and ecosystem
health.
T
hese unsustainable practices
create dependence on companies; unlike many
agroecologic
al practices which increase the stakeholdership and ownership of farmers in
farming practices.



We call on the ministers to champion a global transition to
sustainable
ecological
agriculture, focus on enabling peasants, small
-
scale producers and local and i
ndigenous
communities to adapt to climate change, ensure adequate public financing for
agriculture, and avoid questionable technological fixes and market mechanisms
.



We call on the ministers and the processes set out by the Conference to
put
smallholder
fa
rmer
s
, especially women, indigenous peoples and local communities,

at the heart of

decision
-
making around these critical agricultural policy decisions.