The presence of Information Technology for an institution / organization has a strategic value based on the functions and benefits. As we all know that in general Information Technology is a field concerned with the use of technology for managing, storing, transferring or moving from one place to another and produce an information into useful information and best suit your needs. Forms dihasilkanpun information can be very diverse, ranging from information in plain text form until the information is interactive. The resulting information can be transferred in a local area or even thousands of kilometers away is made possible by information technology itself. Two major components of dperlukan to build an information technology is "Computing

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The presence of Information Technology for an institution / organization has a strategic value
based on the functions and benefits. As we all know that in general Information Technology is a
field concerned with the use of technology for managing, storing,

transferring or moving from
one place to another and produce an information into useful information and best suit your needs.
Forms dihasilkanpun information can be very diverse, ranging from information in plain text
form until the information is interac
tive. The resulting information can be transferred in a local
area or even thousands of kilometers away is made possible by information technology itself.
Two major components of dperlukan to build an information technology is "Computing
Technology Informa
tion System" and "Communication Systems Technology."

Computing Information Systems play an important role in processing the data so it can generate
the most appropriate form of information needs. Communication systems play a role in
transferring informatio
n from one place to another. With the growing mengarahnya computing
systems into "Networked Computing", the discussion component of communication in
information technology systems into a single computing system components. In the field of
computing, the ph
ysical components that make up a system consisting of: 1) Computer hardware
or hardware, 2) computer software or software; 3) Database or storing data on computer storage
media, 4) procedures for the use of the system and 5 ) personnel or human resources t
o
operations management.

As a means of notification, publication and promotion, interacting /
communicating, sharing / dissemination of information via the Internet (website), then the
government of Kupang via Electronic Data Processing Office has establis
hed a network of
communication through information technology facilities of the web site:
http.www.kupang_kab.go . id which began in 2004. Development of this website is conducted
independently by the staff of Electronic Data Processing Office without tech
nical support from a
third party. Development of this website utilize simple technology and basic (basic) is Microsoft
Frontpage, although the development of technology requires a higher software support such as
technology, PHP, Macromedia Dreamweaver, Mac
romedia Flash, Macromedia Fireworks,
Adobe Photoshop (for image processing) and so on others. This fact causes the appearance of
Kupang district website has not met for the size and needs of software technologies required /
current. Furthermore, through th
e budget in 2006, has been allocated budgets to support the
development of websites Kupang district, so as to follow the demands of technology
development and can be interactive. Content websites that have been developed in compliance
with the required sta
ndards for government websites to support the implementation of e
-
gov.

Efforts to build a communication network (peer to peer) a Local Area Network (LAN) is
connected with several units working in the scope of Kupang District Government Secretariat as
many

as 13 units, namely:

1) Regent Kupang, 2) Secretary of Kupang; 3) Electronic Data Processing Office of Kupang
(Server), 4) Setwan Kupang Regency, 5) Section of Public Relation: 6) The Organization; 7)
Legal Department; 8) Decrease font size; 9) Section Ke
pegawaiaan; 10) Section Preparation
Program; 11) The Economy; 12) Office Kesbang and 13) Finance Department

But until March 2006 LAN network which has built the majority have been damaged and can not
function properly. Therefore, in fiscal year 2006 built
a LAN network is connected with 6 units
as follows: 1) Work Space Regent Kupang, 2) Secretary of Kupang; 3) Electronic Data
Processing Office of Kupang, 4) Setwan Kupang Regency, 5) Section PR: 6) Section Officer; for
that every agency submit data to the O
ffice of Mandatory Periodic PDE and the time required by
using the network facilities are already installed and for institutions that have not connected with
the network system can provide reports either manually or electronically ( e_mail).

The informatio
n system must be balanced with the rapid advance of information capable and
synergistic to the level of coordination and consultation both internal and external levels should
always be done in order to eliminate the "trouble", for the functions and benefit
s of the website
as well as LAN networks succeed, Personnel, Equipment , Financing (funding) and Data Base
(document) run in the integrated and synergistic fit with the planning of the set.

Constraints
.
Can be explained in detail the technical and non techn
ical constraints affecting the
development Website Kupang regency.

Technical Aspects

Human Resources or Brainware who build websites do not have adequate knowledge to the
construction site and have not had a special capacity to become a webmaster. Governme
nts
rarely have elapsed areas generally reliable human resources in information technology, human
resources there is usually reliable in the industry. It is therefore necessary to recruit personnel
who have competence in IT, with specifications: Bachelor C
omputer (engineers, programmers,
database experts and network specialists and qualified personnel.) With the available power will
accelerate the progress of IT in Kupang district.

Aspect Software or any Software, software that is used has not been adequate

to meet the
specifications for the construction of the website. Mastery of technology before the technology is
basic windows frontpage. While the technology of PHP, Macromedia Dreamweaver,
Macromedia Flash, Macromedia Fireworks, Adobe Photoshop (for image

processing) and so
others can not be used.

Aspects of Hardware or Hardware, Hardware in use by utilizing the Pentium IV based computer
with low memory is 256 MB and Uploading data only use the services of an ability telkomnet @
instant Sending (sending) a
nd Receive (receiving) the data is very limited (limited)

Non
-
technical aspects

• Not optimal / lack of support from relevant agencies so that the data submitted has not met the
requirements for publication (publish) on the website, due to the lack of vali
dity of the data or
not detailed enough.

Solving problems

Can be explained in detail the technical and non technical constraints affecting the development
of Kupang district website.

Technical Aspects

Training
-
Training has been undertaken aimed at improvin
g human resources capacity building
websites through technical training and has also sought collaboration with the webmaster of NTT
province to build a website. Where this collaboration will enable the process of transfer of
knowlegde or the transfer of kn
owledge.

Has been attempted purchase of Computers and Software that have high bearing capacity of the
construction site, this is for the update data and work activity is supported by the device,
software that is used is not eligible for website development
.

Non
-
technical aspects

Socialization has been done on the benefits of this website as an effort to open the related
agencies of the importance of understanding the potential publication or otherwise through the
website. In each unit has been designated pe
rsonnel who become contact persons for Electronic
Data Processing Office in the provision and pensuplaian data.



Development and Application Development System (Aspect Software)

As one aspect in an Era of computerization, software (software) is an importa
nt aspect in
addition to the hardware (hardware), Brainware (HR officer) or Networked (communication
networks) that need to be taken seriously, especially related to Information Technology is
growing very rapidly, to meet the needs and demands of a fast gr
owing information technology
today.

In the construction and basic application development, application and database integration
executive governance needs to be supported by a sophisticated application program for
processing the data to answer all the need
s of information quickly and accurately.

Constraints

Can be explained in detail the technical and non technical constraints affecting the development
and application development system.

Technical Aspects

Human Resources or Brainware, Aspect Resources offic
ials who build and develop the
application system does not have adequate knowledge, it is necessary to Technical Training in
stages ranging from Elementary to Advanced Level for the application development system that
suits your needs and technological dev
elopments. In addition to improving information services
and komunikasisecara on line (24 hours) is required apparatus having at least bachelor computer
competence (technical hardware / software, network engineers and programmers) with a
competent force wi
ll speed data communication and information between PIU (on line 24 hours )


Non
-
technical aspects

Support Fund, Support adequate funding necessary to be allocated in order to finance Technical
Training for officers.


Solving problems

Can be explained in d
etail the technical constraints and non
-
technical issues relating to efforts to
build and develop application systems Kupang Regency.

? Technical aspects:

Has pursued training aimed at improving human resources capacity building applications
(software) thr
ough technical training and has also sought collaboration with officials from the
province of NTT to build a network (net
-
worked). Where this collaboration will enable the
process of transfer of knowlegde or exchange / transfer of knowledge.

Has been attem
pted purchase of a computer that has a high specification in order to anticipate a
sophisticated application program so that in processing the data to answer all the needs of
information quickly and accurately.

? Non Technical aspects:

? Socialization has
been done on the benefits system applications, this is an attempt to open the
understanding of the importance of application
-
related services in supporting communications
systems Electronic data.



3.7. Development Data Base

Act 32 of 2004 on Regional Gove
rnment (article 152 paragraph 2) mandates that each local
government is expected to build a data base as a vehicle for information on various aspects of
governance of each Region.

In order to build a database on PDE Office in coordination with agencies (as

a source of data),
for each agency to build the database as a node (node) of the Office which acts as a PDE Data
Center / Data Bank) Kupang regency government, as well as data communication by sending
data

3.7.1. Constraints

Can be explained in detail the

technical and non technical constraints that affect the construction
and development of Data Base on Electronic Data Processing Office of Kupang Regency.

? Technical Aspects

Human Resources or Brainware, Aspects of Source
-
power forces that build and devel
op the Data
Base does not have adequate knowledge, it is necessary to Technical Training in stages ranging
from Elementary to Advanced Level for the development of data base applications to suit the
needs and development of technology.

? Non Technical aspe
cts:

? Support Fund, Support adequate funding essential in order to be allocated for financing of
Technical Training for officers.

3.7.2. Solving problems

Can be explained in detail the technical constraints and non
-
technical issues relating to building
an
d developing Database on PDE Office (Data Base) Kupang regency.

? Technical aspects:

It has been and will be pursued training aimed at improving human resources capacity building
through training data base functional
-
technical training in stages starting f
rom basic level to
advanced level.

It has been and will be pursued purchase of computers that have a high specification in order to
anticipate a sophisticated application program so that in processing the data can be run well and
can answer all the needs o
f information quickly and accurately.

? Non Technical aspects:

? It has been and will be disseminated about the benefits of the database in the Department /
Institution, this is an attempt to open the related departments of the importance of understanding
the data base at the offices or agencies, so that development planning can be more effective and
efficient for it on every unit has been designated personnel into contact person for the Office of
the PDE in terms of supply and supplier data, as well as to
speed data services need to be training
on computers and computer networks for the apparatus to the PIU that will implement the
Integrated Licensing Services in order to provide excellent public service.

3.8. Securing Data and Technical Cooperation (Hardwa
re)

Electronic Data Processing Office of Kupang as Data Center (data bank), Local Government, at
all times be able to provide data in a rapid, precise and accurate to the Regent / Head. Data held
should be stored properly and have a backup data (backup dat
a), whether stored on disks,
compact discs, optical disc, flash disc / card and other storage media, so technically PDE Office
should have a special energy and ability in terms of them.

Electronic Data Processing Office Kupang district as a special technic
al implementation unit in
the field of computerization are required to provide services / technical assistance (bimtek) and
conduct technical cooperation with other units as well as third party (vendour) so that the
exchange / transfer of technology in ord
er to secure data can always happen.

Accuracy, speed and accuracy in the process of preparation and storage of data from virus
attacks, essential in order to create a reliable data so that at the time of the retrieval of data
returned can be done well and
perfect. In addition, PDE Office of Kupang Regency responsible
in order to provide technical training for personnel in the Office / PIU Scope Kupang District
Secretariat, who served as a computer operator to be able to operate and maintaining optimal
compu
ter so it can be used in providing excellent service to the community.