System for Integrated Environment Monitoring and Management

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31 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 2 μήνες)

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© 2012 IBM Corporation

Next Generation Intelligent Cyber
-
Physical
System for Integrated Environment
Monitoring and Management

ASFPM 2012

© 2012 IBM Corporation

2

Decision, Information and Knowledge


We make decisions everyday. Decisions have consequences


Cereal or waffle for breakfast


Take IH
-
35 or IH
-
410


Buy a house on the lake front or on the hills


Close this low water crossing or not, time of closure


Build this levee or not, height of the levee


Knowledge + Information
-
> Decision


Information is often embedded in the data


Data could be “noisy”


The information age is represented by our increasing capability of
collecting data, distilling information, so as to assist decision
making

© 2012 IBM Corporation

3

Empowerment of Information


Amazon.com
:

$48 billion revenue in 2011. Sell almost everything on earth


Compared to traditional brick
-
and
-
mortar
retailers
on consumer
electronics


Model selections, price, reviews, …


Amazon is one of the biggest IT companies in the world. Estimated half
million servers in data centers around the world


© 2012 IBM Corporation

4

Data Could Come from Unexpected Sources


The next
WorldView

satellite has the resolution of 31cm (currently 46cm)


Capable of revisiting same place on earth in about 1.1 days


Constellation enables revisit of any location within 1 day

© 2012 IBM Corporation

5

Smarter Planet


Instrumented


Data collection


Interconnected


Data in motion


Intelligent


Extract insight from data, effective data dissemination


Instrumented

Interconnected

Intelligent

Smarter

© 2012 IBM Corporation

6

Instrumented: REON

Instrumented

Interconnected

Intelligent

Smarter

© 2012 IBM Corporation

7

River and Estuary Observatory Network (REON)

© 2012 IBM Corporation

8

Instrumented: Smart Levee

Instrumented

Interconnected

Intelligent

Smarter

© 2012 IBM Corporation

9

Levee

Experiment in 2008
: 15+ sensor systems
tested

Collapse

Sat. 14:02

Orientation

sensor on
Friday

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lwBrJi9ly5c

© 2012 IBM Corporation

10

Levee Experiment 2009 + Live Operational Levee

Operational levee

Experimental

levee

Infrared cam detects water saturation

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pTnXscZ9MEE

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KbNpVip8aaI

© 2012 IBM Corporation

11

Deep Analytics to Understand Data for Better Forecasting


IBM Research & SPSS
statistical

modeling
,
outlier

detection

and

forecasting


IBM High Performance Computing
accelarating

wave impact
forecasting

model


Partners
for

domain
knowledge
;
hydrological

and

levee

stability

forecasting

(e.g. DHV,
Deltares
)

© 2012 IBM Corporation

12

Interconnected: IBM
InfoSphere

Streams

Instrumented

Interconnected

Intelligent

Smarter

© 2012 IBM Corporation

13

IBM
InfoSphere

Streams


Large volume of data must be processed at high speed


Avoids storing
-
retrieval
-
processing paradigm


D
ata are constantly in motion


Flexible and ease in reconfiguration to enable real time decision
making

© 2012 IBM Corporation

14

Highlights of Streams


Complete software environment for stream data processing


Consume all types of streaming digital data with a flexible
programming model and powerful programming environment


Complemented by IBM Research stream analytics research

Blue Gene

Node

Blue Gene

Node

Blue Gene
Node

Blue Gene
Node

Blue Gene
Node

x86 blade

x86 blade

x86 blade

X86
blade

x86 Blade

TCP
-
IP / Ethernet

Transport


Streams Data Fabric

Processing
Element
Container

Processing
Element
Container

Processing
Element
Container

Processing
Element
Container

Processing
Element
Container

PE

PE

Sink

Source

Source

PE

PE

PE

PE

Sink

PE

Sink

© 2012 IBM Corporation

15

Streams Example: Trend Calculation

© 2012 IBM Corporation

16

Intelligent: Models

Instrumented

Interconnected

Intelligent

Smarter

© 2012 IBM Corporation

17

Benefit of a Good Model


A (mathematical) model is a compact and rigorous form on our
knowledge and understanding regarding a subject


A model can help us to “connect the dots” (spatially) and “look into
the future” (temporally)


Flooding at one location
v.s
. the other location


Future forecast based on current and past observations


Classic models in hydrology and

hydraulics


Good Models require investment


Flexibility of deployment


Ride on the wave of Moore’s

law

© 2012 IBM Corporation

18

SPRINT:
S
imulation
P
rogram for
RI
ver

N
e
T
works


Collaboration between IBM Research and University of Texas Austin
Center of Research in Water Resources


Objective:


Address the computational bottle network of large scale river
basin simulation (regional or continental scale)


Highlights:


Extend the modeling capability from main stems to upstream
tributaries


Use the latest computer science techniques and computer
hardware to achieve over 100x of real
-
time when simulating
large river basin

© 2012 IBM Corporation

19

SPRINT: Demo


Guadalupe
-
San Antonio River basin simulation


Statistics:


Over 3,500 reaches


15,000 km total length


Modeled by 110K nodes


Capable of simulating a

10
-
day event on a desktop

at the speed of over 100
×

of

real time


Why we need faster model

simulation


Model calibration


© 2012 IBM Corporation

20

Calibration Challenge

© 2012 IBM Corporation

21

Calibration Challenge

© 2012 IBM Corporation

22

Intelligent: Intelligent Operations Center

Instrumented

Interconnected

Intelligent

Smarter

© 2012 IBM Corporation

23

IBM Intelligent Operations Center for Smart Cities

provides
integrated insight…


Smarter Operations


across
departments and agencies


Leverage

information with

real
-
time visibility of key data

to drive better decisions


Anticipate

performance to
identify, manage

and mitigate incidents that
impact operations


Coordinate

resources and
processes to respond to
situations rapidly and effectively

…within a particular service area or
managing across many services

© 2012 IBM Corporation

24

Emergency Management

provides a central point to capture events
and provide responders with operational insight

Infrastructure

Human

Planning and
Management


In Rio de Janeiro, we are
applying
technology to benefit the population

and
effectively transitioning to a smarter city



Mayor of Rio de Janeiro Eduardo Paes

Automated alerts notify
emergency personnel when
changes occur in the flood and
landslide forecast



Smarter

Emergency Management


Leverage

accurate information to
create near real
-
time situational
awareness at the command center
level


Anticipate

and proactively plan

to improve strategic collaboration
and tactical decision making


Coordinate

responder resources to
enable a faster, more effective and
efficient response

© 2012 IBM Corporation

25

On Premise:


Build on workload optimized
platforms


Leverage infrastructure
readiness services

Shared Services:


Work together across
multiple cities


Share services using
preconfigured systems

Cloud Delivery:


Log on to your smarter city
environment


Customize interfaces,
reports and data inputs

Multiple
deployment
choices

that offer flexibility and agility




It

s about transforming the way we do business
, so we
can
invest that money in front
-
line service delivery



Chief Superintendent Avon & Somerset Police

Inspired By

© 2012 IBM Corporation

26

Final Remarks


We need information to make sensible decisions. Information is
often embedded in the data


IBM Research has long tradition as the premier research institution
on information technology


We are actively working with partners on many aspects of data
collection, data processing, and modeling


To provide more meaningful information in a timely manner to
the decision makers

Instrumented

Interconnected

Intelligent

Smarter