Cisco Systemsx - Entrance Exams 2013 Education and Career in India

rabidwestvirginiaΔίκτυα και Επικοινωνίες

26 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

110 εμφανίσεις

Cisco Systems

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"Cisco" redirects here. For other uses, see Cisco (disambiguation).

Not to be confused with Sysco.

Cisco Systems, lnc.

Type

Public

NASDAQ: CSCO

SEHK: 4333

Dow Jones Industrial Average component

S&P 500
component

Industry

Computer networking

Founded

San Francisco, California (1984)

Founder(s)

Len Bosack

Sandy Lerner

Richard Troiano

Headquarters

San Jose, California, U.S.

Bangalore, India[1]

Area served

Worldwide

Key people

John T. Chambers

(Chairman & CEO
)

Products

Networking Device

Network Management

Cisco IOS and NX
-
OS Software

Interface and Module

Optical networking

Storage area networks

Wireless, Telepresence, VOIP, Security

Datacenter

List of Cisco Products

Revenue



US$36.117 billion (2009)[2]

Operating income



US$7.322 billion (2009)[2]

Net income



US$6.134 billion (2009)[2]

Total assets



US$68.128 billion (2009)[2]

Total equity



US$38.647 billion (2009)[2]

Employees

63,756 (October 2009)[3]

Subsidiaries

List of acquisitions

Website

Cisco.c
om



Cisco Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ: CSCO, SEHK: 4333) is an American multinational corporation that designs and sells consumer elect
ronics,
networking and communications technology and services. Headquartered in San Jose, California, Cisco has more than 65,0
00 employees and
annual revenue of US$36.11 billion as of 2009. The stock was added to the Dow Jones Industrial Average on June 8, 2009, and i
s also included in
the S&P 500 Index the Russell 1000 Index, NASDAQ100 Index and the Russell 1000 Growth Stock Ind
ex.[4]Contents [hide]

1 Corporate history

2 Notable products and services

2.1 Hardware

2.2 Software

2.3 VoIP services

3 Cisco Career Certifications

4 Criticisms and controversy

4.1 China

4.2 Shareholder class action lawsuit against Cisco

4.3 Cisco's Braz
il Tax Fraud Investigation

4.4 Multiven's Antitrust Lawsuit Against Cisco Systems, Inc.

4.5 Free Software Foundation suit

5 See also

6 Notes

7 Further reading

8 External links


[edit]

Corporate history



One of the many buildings on the Cisco Systems
campus in San Jose


Len Bosack and Sandy Lerner, a married couple who worked as computer operations staff members at Stanford University, later j
oined by
Richard Troiano, founded Cisco Systems in 1984. Lerner moved on to direct computer services at Schlumb
erger, moving full time to Cisco in
1987. The name "Cisco" was derived from the city name, San Francisco, which is why the company's engineers insisted on using
the lower case
"cisco" in the early days. For Cisco's first product, Bosack adapted multiple
-
pr
otocol router software originally written some years before by
William Yeager, another Stanford employee who later joined Sun Microsystems. The company's first CEO was Bill Graves, who hel
d the position
from 1987 to 1988.[5] In 1988, John Morgridge was app
ointed CEO, and was succeeded in 1995 by John Chambers.


While Cisco was not the first company to develop and sell a router,[6] it was one of the first to sell commercially successfu
l routers supporting
multiple network protocols.[7] As the Internet Protoc
ol (IP) became widely adopted, the importance of multi
-
protocol routing declined. Today,
Cisco's largest routers are primarily used to deliver IP packets.


In 1990, the company was listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange. Lerner was fired; as a result Bosack q
uit after receiving $200 million. Most of
those profits were given to charities and the two later divorced.



Early suspension bridge Cisco logo design, trademarked at the USPTO, and used by Cisco Systems, Inc.


The company filed for a U.S. trademark of "C
isco" on June 13, 1988, and it was granted on June 6, 1989. Related to the original inspiration for
the Cisco name was an early registered mark of a suspension bridge that is synonymous with San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge
.[8] The
company's first indica
ted commercial use of the stylized bridge was May 18, 1986. This classic Cisco image rendition was first used on product
packaging and products. In their trademark filing to the United States Patent and Trademark Office, the mark is described as,

"stylized

two
-
tower
suspension bridge similar to a script letter "U" with lines extending form the "U" to a bottom line in the manner of cables h
olding up a roadway."
The image combines both elements of Cisco's gateway and bridge electrical products that interconne
ct local area networks and also a
representation of the Bay Area's landmark bridge.


Cisco acquired a variety of companies to bring in products and talent into the company. Several acquisitions, such as Stratac
om, were the biggest
deals in the industry whe
n they occurred. During the Internet boom in 1999, the company acquired Cerent Corporation, a start
-
up company
located in Petaluma, California, for about US$7 billion. It was the most expensive acquisition made by Cisco to date, and onl
y the acquisition of

Scientific
-
Atlanta has been larger. Several acquired companies have grown into $1Bn+ business units for Cisco, including LAN switching,
Enterprise Voice over Internet Protocol (VOIP), and home networking. Cisco acquired Linksys in 2003.


In late March 200
0, at the height of the dot
-
com boom, Cisco was the most valuable company in the world, with a market capitalization of more
than US$500 billion.[9][10] In July 2009, with a market cap of about US$108.03 billion[11], it is still one of the most valua
ble co
mpanies.[12]
CSCO was voted stock of the decade on NASDAQ, but no one knows when.[citation needed]


The company was a 2002
-
03 recipient of the Ron Brown Award,[citation needed] a U.S. presidential honor to recognize companies "for the
exemplary quality of
their relationships with employees and communities".

[edit]

Notable products and services

[edit]

Hardware



A Cisco ASM/2
-
32EM router deployed at CERN in 1987.

Flip pocket camera[citation needed]

Cisco LocalDirector
-

load
-
balancing appliance

Routers, incl
uding: 837, 1000 Series, 2500 Series, 7600, 12000, 3600 Series and CRS
-
1

Cisco Security Manager

Security appliances: ASA 5500, PIX 500 series

Catalyst switches: 1900 Series, 6500

Cisco TelePresence

VOIP: Wireless IP Phone 7920

CLEO (router)
-

Low Earth
Orbit router

[edit]

Software

Internetwork Operating System

Cisco Active Network Abstraction

CallManager

Cisco Fabric Manager

CiscoView

CiscoWorks Network Management software

Clean Access Agent, Cisco NAC Appliance

Cisco Eos

Packet Tracer, didactic network
simulator

Cisco Network Magic

Cisco Unified Communications Manager

Cisco IP Communicator

Cisco Security Manager

WebEx Collaboration Tools

[edit]

VoIP services


Cisco became a major provider of Voice over IP to enterprises, and is now moving into the home u
ser market through its acquisitions of Scientific
Atlanta and Linksys. Scientific Atlanta provides VoIP equipment to cable service providers such as Time Warner, Cablevision,
Rogers
Communications, UPC, and others; Linksys has partnered with companies such

as Skype and Yahoo to integrate consumer VoIP services with
wireless and cordless phones.

[edit]

Cisco Career Certifications

Main article: Cisco Career Certifications


Cisco Systems also sponsors a line of IT Professional certifications for Cisco
products. There are five levels of certification: Entry, Associate,
Professional, Expert, and recently Architect, as well as seven different paths, Routing & Switching, Design, Network Security
, Service Provider,
Storage Networking, Voice, and Wireless.

[e
dit]

Criticisms and controversy

[edit]

China


Cisco has been criticized for its involvement in censorship in the People's Republic of China.[13] According to author Ethan
Gutmann, Cisco and
other telecommunications equipment providers supplied the Chinese
government with surveillance and Internet infrastructure equipment that
is used to block Internet websites and track Chinese on
-
line activities. Cisco says that it does not customize or develop specialized or unique
filtering capabilities to enable governm
ents to block access to information and that it sells the same equipment in China as it sells
worldwide.[14]


Wired News had uncovered a leaked, confidential Cisco powerpoint presentation that details the commercial opportunities of th
e Golden Shield
Proje
ct of Internet control.[15] In her article, journalist Sarah Stirland accuses Cisco of marketing its technology "specifically

as a tool of
repression."

[edit]

Shareholder class action lawsuit against Cisco


On August 18, 2006 Cisco reached a settlement in
a long
-
standing class action lawsuit that originated in 2001. "The original suit, filed April 20,
2001, claimed that the company made misleading statements, or omitted statements of material fact, that were relied on by pur
chasers of Cisco
stock. It also a
lleged that the individual defendants sold Cisco stock while in possession of material, non
-
public information. Cisco denied all
allegations in the suit."[16] While Cisco denies all wrongdoing in the suit, it agreed to settle with the plaintiffs. Cisco's

l
iability insurers, its
directors, and officers paid the plaintiffs US$91.75 million to settle the suit.[17]

[edit]

Cisco's Brazil Tax Fraud Investigation


On October 16, 2007, the Brazilian Federal Police and Brazilian Receita Federal (equivalent to the Am
erican IRS) under the "Persona Operation"
uncovered an alleged tax fraud scheme employed by Cisco Systems since 2002 that exempted the company from paying over R$1.5 b
illion
(US$824 million) in taxes.[18][19]

[edit]

Multiven's Antitrust Lawsuit Against Cis
co Systems, Inc.


On December 1, 2008, Multiven filed an antitrust lawsuit[20][21][22][23][24][25][26] against Cisco Systems, Inc. in an effort

to open up the
network maintenance services marketplace for Cisco equipment, promote competition and ensure cons
umer choice and value. Multiven’s
complaint alleges that Cisco harmed Multiven and consumers by bundling and tying bug fixes/patches and updates for its operat
ing system
software to its maintenance services (SMARTnet) and through a series of other illegal
exclusionary and anticompetitive acts designed to
maintain Cisco’s alleged monopoly in the network maintenance services market for Cisco networking equipment.

[edit]

Free Software Foundation suit


On December 11, 2008, the Free Software Foundation filed su
it against Cisco (see FSF vs. Cisco) regarding Cisco's failure to comply with the GPL
and LGPL license models and make the applicable source code publicly available.[27] On May 20, 2009, Cisco settled this lawsu
it by complying
with FSF licensing terms and
making a monetary contribution to the FSF.[28]

[edit]

See also

San Francisco Bay Area portal


Companies portal


MSP Partners

an SMB
-
Channel education program founded in part by Cisco

[edit]

Notes

^ [1]

^ a b c d e "Cisco Fiscal Year 2009 Earnings". Cisco
Systems. 2009
-
07
-
27. Retrieved 2009
-
07
-
27.

^ http://newsroom.cisco.com/dlls/corpinfo/factsheet.html

^ Browning, E.S. (2009
-
06
-
01). "Travelers, Cisco Replace Citi, GM in Dow". Wall Street Journal (Dow Jones & Company, Inc). Retrieved 2009
-
06
-
02.

^ "Cisco's
Acquisition Strategy". Case Studies In Business Strategy (ICMR) IV: 2. January 2004. BSTR083. Retrieved 21 December 2009.

^ "I, Cringely . NerdTV . Transcript | PBS". Pbs.org. Retrieved 2008
-
11
-
13.

^ Cisco claim of first multi
-
protocol router. Interview. T
he Evolution of Access Routing. June 14, 2004. Retrieved on 2009
-
01
-
04.

^ http://www.trademarkia.com/logo
-
73729839.html

^ "Cisco pushes past Microsoft in market value". CBS Marketwatch. 2000
-
03
-
25. Retrieved 2007
-
01
-
25.

^ "Cisco replaces Microsoft as world
's most valuable company". Reuters (The Indian Express). 2000
-
03
-
25. Retrieved 2007
-
01
-
25.

^ Cisco Systems Summary

^ Fost, Dan (2006
-
05
-
05). "Chron 200 Market capitalization". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2007
-
01
-
25.

^ "FRONTLINE: the tank man: the s
truggle to control information | PBS". Pbs.org. Retrieved 2008
-
11
-
13.

^ Earnhardt, John (2006
-
02
-
15). "Cisco Testimony Before House International Relations Subcommittee". Cisco Systems, Inc.. Retrieved 2007
-
01
-
25.

^ Stirland, Sarah (2008
-
05
-
20). "Cisco Lea
k: ‘Great Firewall’ of China Was a Chance to Sell More Routers". Retrieved 2009
-
06
-
27.

^ Cisco Systems, Inc. (2006
-
08
-
18). "Cisco Shareholder Class Action Lawsuit Resolved". Press release. Retrieved 2007
-
01
-
25.

^ "Cisco resolves class action lawsuit". Sili
con Valley/San Jose Business Journal. 2006
-
08
-
18. Retrieved 2007
-
01
-
25.

^ "Cisco offices raided, executives arrested in Brazil: reports". NetworkWorld. 2007
-
10
-
16. Retrieved 2007
-
10
-
16.

^ International Herald Tribune (2007
-
10
-
17). "Brazilian tax authoritie
s raid, close Cisco System's offices in Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro". Press
release. Retrieved 2007
-
10
-
17.

^ "Multiven Sues Cisco". lightreading. 2008
-
12
-
01. Retrieved 2008
-
12
-
02.

^ "Net maintenance provider sues Cisco over allegedly monopolistic SMARTnet".
NetworkWorld.. 2008
-
12
-
01. Retrieved 2008
-
12
-
02.

^ "Cisco Accused Of Monopoly In Antitrust Lawsuit". ChannelWeb. 2008
-
12
-
02. Retrieved 2008
-
12
-
02.

^ Multiven, Inc. (2008
-
12
-
01). "Multiven Files Antitrust Lawsuit Against Cisco Systems, Inc.". Press release.

Retrieved 2008
-
12
-
01.

^ "Cisco Systems hit with antitrust lawsuit". SearchITChannel. 2008
-
12
-
04. Retrieved 2008
-
12
-
04.

^ "Lawsuit: Cisco blocks outsider gear maintenance". fiercetelecom. 2008
-
12
-
03. Retrieved 2008
-
12
-
03.

^ "Multiven Files Antitrust Lawsui
t Against Cisco". Yahoo News. 2008
-
12
-
05. Retrieved 2008
-
12
-
05.

^ Free Software Foundation (December 11, 2008). "Free Software Foundation Files Suit Against Cisco For GPL Violations". Press

release.
Retrieved 2009
-
01
-
04.

^ Free Software Foundation (May 20, 2009). "FSF Settles Suit Against Cisco". Press release. Retrieved 2009
-
05
-
20.

[edit]

Further reading

Bunnell, D. & Brate, A. (2001). Die Cisco Story (in German). Moderne Industrie. ISBN 3478359953.

Bunnell, D. (2000). Ma
king the Cisco Connection: The Story Behind the Real Internet Superpower. Wiley. ISBN 0471357111.

Paulson, E. (2001). Inside Cisco: The Real Story of Sustained M&A Growth. Wiley. ISBN 0471414255.

Slater, R. (2003). The Eye of the Storm: How John Chambers S
teered Cisco Through the Technology Collapse. HarperCollins. ISBN 0060188871.

Stauffer, D. (2001). Nothing but Net Business the Cisco Way. Wiley. ISBN 1841120871.

Waters, J. K. (2002). John Chambers and the Cisco Way: Navigating Through Volatility. Wiley.
ISBN 0471008338.

Young, J. S. (2001). Cisco Unauthorized: Inside the High
-
Stakes Race to Own the Future. Prima Lifestyles. ISBN 0761527753.

[edit]

External links

Official website

USA Today Q&A with CEO John Chambers

Interview with former CEO, John Morgridg
e, by Stanford students of iinnovate

Business data

Cisco Systems at Google Finance

Cisco Systems at Yahoo! Finance

Cisco Systems at Hoover's

Cisco Systems at Reuters

Cisco Systems SEC filings at EDGAR Online

Cisco Systems SEC filings at the Securities and
Exchange Commission


Preceded by

General Motors

Dow Jones Industrial Average component

June 8, 2009

present

Incumbent

[show]

v • d • e

Dow Jones Industrial Average components


[show]

v • d • e

Companies of the NASDAQ
-
100 index



Categories: Companies listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange | Dow Jones Industrial Average | Companies in the NASDAQ
-
100 Index | Cisco
Systems | Cisco protocols | Companies based in San Jose, California | Companies established in 1984 | Deep packet inspec
tion | Networking
companies of the United States | Networking hardware companies | Telecommunications equipment vendors | Videotelephony

Article Discussion Edit this page History

Try Beta Log in / create account

Navigation

Main page

Contents

Featured co
ntent

Current events

Random article

Search



Interaction

About Wikipedia

Community portal

Recent changes

Contact Wikipedia

Donate to Wikipedia

Help

Toolbox

What links here

Related changes

Upload file

Special pages

Printable version

Permanent link

Cite this page

Languages

ةي برع لا

Az
ə
rbaycan

Català

Č
esky

Dansk

Deutsch

Español

Euskara

یس را ف

Français

Galego

한국어



Bahasa Indonesia

Italiano

תירבע

Lietuvių



Bahasa Melayu

Nederlands

日本語


Norsk (bokmål)


Polski

Português

Română

Русский

Shqip

Slovenčina

Soranî /
یدرو ک

Suomi

Svenska

Türkçe

Українська

Ti
ế
ng Vi

t

י יי

中文



This page was last modified on 15 April 2010 at 20:23.

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution
-
ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of Us
e for details.

Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non
-
profit organization.

Contact us Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers