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14 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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The Role of Universities

in

Advancing Advanced Transit



Alain L.
Kornhauser


Chairman, Advanced Transit Association (ATRA)


Professor, Operations Research & Financial Engineering

Director, Program in Transportation




Founder, ALK Technologies, Inc.

and

Vice Chairman, New Jersey Commission on Science and Technology



Presented at

US
-
Sweden Livability Workshop

Washington, DC

November 30, 2011


40 years ago…


Universities played a significant role in advancing
Advanced Transit
(implementation of automation into mass transportation)


Automated Rail Systems
@
Berkeley &

MIT

40 years ago…


Universities played a significant role in advancing
Advanced Transit
(implementation of automation into mass transportation)


Focus on Airport Systems @ CMU & Texas

40 years ago…


Universities played a significant role in advancing
Advanced Transit
(implementation of automation into mass transportation)


PRT focus at U of Minn., U of Wash & Princeton

40 years ago…


Univ. effort was motivated by R&D funding from
UMTA, which also funded:


Transpo

72 (Major exposition at Dulles)




40 years ago…


Univ. effort was motivated by R&D funding from
UMTA, which also funded:


DPMs,



40 years ago…


Univ. effort was motivated by R&D funding from
UMTA, which also funded:


GRT@DFW



40 years ago…


Univ. effort was motivated by R&D funding from
UMTA, which also funded:


Morgantown



Along the way…


Nothing much…

But Today…


Masdar

& Heathrow are operational

But Today…


Advances are being made with autonomous vehicles

But Today…


Advances are being made with autonomous vehicles

But Today…


Unfortunately… Little Federal Funding..


Connected Vehicles Applications


Vehicle
-
to
-
Vehicle (V2V) Communications for Safety


Intelligent Transportation Systems for
Transit


University Transportation Centers Program


Appendix B: Potential Transit Research Topics

Safety

Safety culture and training

Safety incident reporting

Engineering and testing of vehicles, equipment, and infrastructure

Applications of safety management systems to public transportation

State of Good Repair

Asset management

Performance metrics

Transit infrastructure data collection and analysis

Transit maintenance
-

best and new practices

Engineering of vehicles and equipment

Impacts of system reliability on ridership

Capital maintenance funding balance and relationship to service levels

Economic Competitiveness

Workforce development and training/human resources

Transit and job creation

Transit system operations and service planning
-

best and new practices

Transit system management, administration, and finance

Transit and economic development/value capture

Service availability levels and impacts on public benefits and ridership levels

Operations and funding issues

Livable Communities

Transit
-
Oriented Development (TOD)

Bike/pedestrian research


first mile, last mile

Rural/tribal/parks/
paratransit

research

Affordable housing and transit

Transit access, social equity, and mobility

Transit and High Speed Rail (HSR) interconnectivity

Environmental Sustainability

Land use planning

Climate change mitigation and adaptation

Metropolitan planning

Alternative energy and transit.

University
Transportation Centers Program

-

2011
Grants
Solicitation
(Nothing about Advanced Transit! Livable Communities???)

Universities Could Help…


Very effectively and substantively…

Little thought to date about how Advanced Transit could help
mitigate some of the World Bank “Automobile Futures”


Developing strategies that not only dis
-
incentivise

the
automobile but also produce not only a viable alternative, but
even a substantially better alternative


Better alternative, not only by itself, but how it enhances
existing modes


“last mile” problem of Conventional and High Speed Rail


Training the next generation of planners


Universities Could Help…


Very effectively and substantively…

Fundamental issues:


Automation and its necessity for extremely high


Since 1976: >1.35M Highway deaths US


Since 1776: ~1.25 M US Military Death, All Wars!!

Maybe we shouldn't be driving!


Universities Could Help…


Very effectively and substantively…

Fundamental issues:


Automation and its necessity for extremely high



image processing for object
detection


Visualization, animation, simulation, virtual reality


Low
-
weight
designs


D
emand modeling


I
mplementation
strategies
(NIMBY studies)


Environmental Assessments


Financing/implementatio
n

strategies

Universities Could Help…


Very effectively and substantively…


Extend University Transportation Centers Program
Internationally


Begin with Sweden