Envisioning the Broadband-Enabled

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12 Δεκ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 3 μήνες)

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Envisioning the Broadband
-
Enabled
Transformation of Bangladesh



Craig Warren Smith, Digital Divide Institute www.digitaldivide.org


Digital World, Bangladesh, December 6
-
8, 2012







Why Broadband?





“Historically,

certain technologies such as stream power,
were “meta
-
technologies,” drivers of long
-
term beneficial
growth that lasted at least 50 years.

In our
era,

broadband, more than biotechnology or
nanotechnology, is the technology most likely to serve
this role in our own era.”




---

Valerie
D’Acosta
,

Economist,

World Bank


The cell phone gap is closing but the
broadband gap is widening




The cell
-
phone gap is closing but the broadband gap is
widening.

This new gap, if left unchecked will drive
instability in all aspects of the global economy.



The socioeconomic impact of broadband gap:


Internal: Digital Caste System


External: Digital Colonialism

Developing countries are falling further
behind


Bangladesh’s New Broadband Policy



What is it?


Can it be implemented?


Why political will is needed Political Will


Why a new model is needed, replacing
telecommunications as we’ve known it.


Five Domains of Innovation


Activating “Quick Wins”


Bangladesh’s interaction with the world



“Quick wins” for Bangladesh


Campaign for “meaningful apps” led by universities,
tied to offline and online events


Link fiber infrastructure to e
-
government
transformation.


Restructure telecoms industry (accelerate migration
to LTE in low income consumer market)


Create subsidized device for schools


Establish “points of presence” in villages


Integrate broadband into infrastructure agenda




MB offers Bangladesh its
best chance to:



reverse
urbanization
,



reduce

climate change
,



lessen

religious extremism




lessen
gaps between rich and poor,



further
democratization and governance



create
millions of new jobs and entrepreneurs



strengthen
traditional cultural values







Impact on Bangladesh

Creating Meaningful Demand

Impact of Broadband on ICT Sector in Indonesia.

ICT Factor

Current

2015

2020

BAU

MB

BAU

MB

Broadband Penetration

2.5%a

30%

35%

40%

80%

Network Readiness

53
b

68

34

66

14

E
-
Government

97
c

31

28

29

19

Internet Economy

1.6%
d

2.1%

2.8%

3.4%

8%

Cloud Readiness

11
e

10

8

10

4

Software Piracy

87%
f

87%

63%

82%

52%

Telecommunication Industry











ARPU

$3.33
g

$2.50

$4.70

$4.20

$20

Revenue

±
12 billion
h

±
16 billion

±
17 billion

±
21 billion

±
25 billion

% Revenue from Data Services

15%i

25%

30%

50%

86%

ICT Industry impacts (% of economy)

1.5%j

2.5%

4%

5%

7%


investments in broadband

USD 7k

USD$9.4

USD $8 b

USD$7

USD $8

Source: Digital Divide Institute




Macro
Economic Impact

Macro
-
Economic Factor

Current

2015

2020

BAU

MB

BAU

MB

Competitiveness

46
a

44

41

42

31

Economy Fundamentals

23
b

25

21

25

16

Gini Coefficient

.45
c

.47

.42

.39

.33

Infrastructure

76
d

66

66

60

55

Knowledge Economy

98
e

103

92

93

71

Creative Economy

81
f

79

74

78

53

Entrepreneurs

1.56%
g

2.30%

3.50%

7%

15%

Jobs

68.34%
h

68.57%

70%

69%

72%

Microcredit

33
i

33

24

31

17

Growth of Middle Class

±
7 million/year
j

±
4 million/year

±
9 million/year

±
4 million/year

±
9 million/year

GDP Growth

6.5%
k

6%

6%

4%

7%

Broadband contribution to GDP

1%
l





3.2%

4%

R&D fund from GDP

0.1%
m

0.3%

1%

0.8%

2.2%

Top 20 World Economies

17
n





16

10

Ranking in ASEAN

5
o





6

4

MP3EI Impacts

p









Source: Digital Divide Institute



What is Broadband Policy Program

Broadband requires replacing existing systems of
telecommunications with new “broadband ecosystems”
with five layers as depicted here:




FIVE INNOVATION DOMAINS



Five “innovation domains” must converge to absorb next
-
generation technologies with optimal social impact.


What is Meaningful Broadband (MBB)
?


MBB closes the Digital Divide by being
usable, affordable and
empowering
to mass markets.




Research Agenda in Five Domains

Mid
-

Term Thru 2015

/Long Term Thru 2020

Market Development

(

Public Policy
and Regulation

Ethics



Technology



Quick Wins


Meaningful Broadband and
Intergovernmental Agencies

BBP Outreach
to Asia’s Intergovernmental Agencies



MB


Will
Bangladesh Be Next?





Liaison with Leading International Universities

The Meaningful Broadband model has two
aspects:



Meaningful Supply
:
Complement commercially viable
infrastructures with an NBN model that serves as a platform
for fulfilling the government’s own social, economic and
environmental goals.


Meaningful Demand
:
Activate demand for internet uses
that empower low
-
income consumers and the enterprises and
governments which serve them. Begin with “big push” via
device/app strategy that activates the academic sector for beta
test, app development, et al.




Proposed South Asian Coalition for Meaningful
Broadband




The Proposed Broadband Policy Program (PPP) will support
broadband goals of these intergovernmental agencies.

BBP Outreach to Asia’s Intergovernmental Agencies



BPP

Our four
-
part MBR process



MBR 1.0:
Vision of the Optimal Role of Broadband

for the Nation


MBR 2.0:
Costs and Benefits of Broadband for the

Nation


MBR 3.0:
Roadmap for Meaningful Broadband


MBR 4.0:
Working Groups (government, business

and academia)


My Background


Political Science and Sociology degrees from Stanford University,

UC
Berkeley,

Brandeis University



Author of “Meaningful Broadband” model endorsed by President SBY and
Indonesian government

(2011)


Co
-
founder of the International movement to close Digital Divide (1999)


Authored articles on CSR for

Harvard Business Review

and Wall Street Journal


Established coalition of international philanthropic foundations to support Digital
Divide (Ford, Rockefeller,

Kellogg,

Bill & Melinda Gates,

John D and Catherine T
MacArthur Foundation) 2001.


Helped establish UN ICT Task Force 2001), chaired by Sec Gen Kofi Annan


Led Harvard
-
MIT Coalition to close Digital Divide,

overseen by Prof Jeff Sachs
(Harvard) and Prof Nicholas Negroponte (MIT) 2002
-
2005



Visiting Prof of Technology Policy and at Harvard (Kennedy School) and NUS



Chairman of Digital Divide Institute at CEST,

Faculty of Arts,
Chulalongkorn

University (
digitaldivide.org
)

2008
-
2012


Senior Fellow University of Washington Human Interface Technology Laboratory