PPT 2.9MB - Federal Geographic Data Committee

quaggahooliganInternet και Εφαρμογές Web

5 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

120 εμφανίσεις


First Nations and Native Tribal Governments
Geographic Information System (GIS) Workshop

Part 2 Cross Border Partnerships

First Nations and Native Tribal Government

Geographic Information System (GIS) Workshop

Sunday, June
14
,
2009

10
:
30


4
:
30

The Ruby Room

Crowne Plaza Hotel
300
Third St

Niagara Falls, NY


14303
.



Overview on Canadian/US cross
-
border collaboration:



GeoConnections and the
Federal Geographic Data Committee

(FGDC) have
collaborated to develop SDI


GeoConnections/FGDC Xborder projects since 2001


OGC test beds, etc.


Framework data


Joint US
-
Canadian Spatial Data Infrastructure Projects

US
-
Canadian Spatial Data Infrastructure Development


The two nations have come together to address issues that affect geographical areas of
mutual concern through standardization and sharing of geospatial data, and the creation
of regional online mapping portals or “atlases” (FGDC).




GeoConnections and U.S. FGDC streamline cross
-
border geospatial data sharing



By adopting standards and exchanging data more freely,
the two countries are better equipped to coordinate:


manage cross
-
border natural resources


respond to disasters


protect the environment


FGDC and GeoConnections


The
Federal Geographic Data Committee (
FGDC) is coordinating the
development of the U.S. National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) in
cooperation with organizations from state, local, and tribal governments;
the academic community; and the private sector.


The NSDI encompasses policies, standards, framework data, and procedures
for organizations involved in producing and sharing spatial data.


In Canada, GeoConnections is fulfilling a similar role in building the
Canadian Geospatial Data Infrastructure


(CGDI), the Canadian equivalent of the NSDI.

Issues are becoming increasingly global/national in scope and
require inter
-
jurisdictional cooperation.

Geospatial information that is shared through all levels of
government is a key tool for decision support in addressing these
issues.


Why do we need Spatial Data Infrastructures?


Spatial information is a valuable resource, not fully
exploited and not limited
--

large potential return on
investment.


Estimated
80
% of government information has spatial
component (i.e.. address, place names, coordinates)


Goal is to have current and accurate geographic
information readily available locally, nationally, and
internationally

Why work together?

Spatial information is critical


Have an interoperable SDI for North America &
beyond…


Stimulate cross border cooperation between Canada
and the US for common objectives


Obtain user perspective at the application level


Receive practical recommendations on technical and
policy issues to advance SDI


Encourage private sector participation


Visibility, communications and outreach on SDI
initiatives

Cooperation Objectives

Cross
-
border geospatial data sharing


Two infrastructures


Common standards


Geospatial Data Sharing


See next slide…



GeoConnections and the U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee
(FGDC) have been working together since
1999
to adopt common
geospatial data standards for both Canada and the US.


By adopting standards and exchanging data more freely, the two
countries are better equipped to coordinate security programs, manage
cross
-
border natural resources, respond to disasters and emergencies,
protect the environment, and streamline trade, etc.
(see
Success Story
3
)

US
-
Canadian

Spatial Data Infrastructure

SDI

Common Standard

GeoConnections
Canada

Federal
Geographic Data
Committee
(
FGDC)

US


Yellowstone to Yukon Y
2
Y (
2000
-
2001
) focus on Wildlife
Habitat


Red River Basin (
2001
-
2002
) focus on Water Management


Lake Ontario/ St Lawrence River(
2002
-
2003
) focus on
Coastal Data Integration


Gulf of Maine (
2003
-
2004
) focus on Integrated Ocean
Observing


Mapping Infectious Diseases across the Maine New
Brunswick Border (
2006
-
2007
)


Content & Services for Critical Infrastructure Identification
(
2008
-
2009
)




Joint US
-
Canadian SDI Projects

Joint US
-
Canadian Spatial Data Infrastructure Projects
Sponsored by GeoConnections and Federal Geographic
Data Committee

Yellowstone to Yukon Y
2
Y: Wildlife Habitat (
2000
-
2001
)


Area roughly defined by the Rocky
Mountains from central Montana to
Banff.


OBJECTIVES:



Create seamless datasets for Y2Y
Spatial data layers across Crown of the
Continent (B.C., Alberta, Montana
borders)


Establish solid network of partners


Train partners in metadata and internet
based registry to make these datasets
shareable


Create legal mechanism and network
to share these datasets

Yellowstone to Yukon Y
2
Y















Grizzly Bears in the Yellowstone to
Yukon Region

Red River Basin: focus

on Water Management

(2001
-
2002)

OBJECTIVES:



Improve preparedness and
mitigation for flooding within the
Basin


Develop integrated US/Canadian
Spatial data


Use Pembina River and Roseau
River International Watersheds as
examples or “models”


Assemble spatial data crucial to
watershed management


Make data available to solve local
problems

Lake Ontario/ St
Lawrence River:
focus on Coastal
Data Integration
(2002
-
2003)

Objectives


Improve lake level control strategies to:

1.
reduce economic losses due to high/low water levels episodes;

2.
protect/restore near shore habitats;

3.
reduce disruptions to recreational boating;


while:

1.
maintaining economic viability of hydropower generation;

2.
maintaining stable levels and flows for commercial navigation;

3.
maintaining suitable conditions for municipal water systems.



Integrate and afford discovery of
framework data layers using
metadata


Provide for data storage,
maintenance and distribution


Implementation of WMS capabilities


Develop interagency relationships
promoting standards and protocols
for information exchange

OBJECTIVE:


Make data

from many sources in many
jurisdictions available in a

meaningful way to anyone
with an interest in the GOM

Gulf of Maine Ocean
Observing System
(GoMOOS): focus on
Integrated Ocean
Observing (
2003
-
2004
)

Mapping Infectious
Disease Across the
Maine


New Brunswick
Border (2006
-
2007)


Key Objective
: Develop a
model for cross
-
border
integration of framework and
thematic data for public
health into a seamless
mapping environment.



Goal:
Foster awareness
among public health
authorities, for the adoption
of mapping technology to
strengthen disease
surveillance and control
activities (e.g. planning
immunization strategies)


0

50

100

25

Kilometers

0

0.1
-

7.1

7.1
-

9.7

9.7
-

15.7

15.7
-

110.3

Recent Initiatives (
2007
-
2009
)

Northern Appalachian Ecoregion Conservation Planning Atlas (2007
-
2008)


Sole trans
-
boundary venture where GeoConnections did not partner with FGDC


This atlas project improved awareness and assisted land planners in maintaining and even restoring the
ecological integrity and connectivity of this biologically diverse region.


The Northern Appalachian Ecoregion Conservation Planning Atlas disseminates the results of four science
-
based studies that provide users with detailed conservation planning information, such as the diversity of
habitat and the lands that best contribute to building ecological connectivity.


Cross
-
Border Content and Services for Critical Infrastructure Identification (2008
-
2009)


Help emergency
-
response organizations in Canada and the US to better respond to disasters or events that
jeopardize critical infrastructure.


Critical infrastructure consists of those physical and information technology facilities, networks, services
and assets which, if disrupted or destroyed, would have a serious impact on the health, safety, security or
economic well
-
being of both countries.


Equip the public safety and security communities in Canada and the USA to identify critical infrastructures
such as refineries, fire lookout stations, and hospitals on both sides of the border and to share information
about these assets using a common spatial data infrastructure.


The two services also make it easier for both countries to share data
-

a great advantage when planning for
and responding to events that threaten critical infrastructures.




Merging data across jurisdictional boundaries


Lack of consistent data models


Source scales vary


Inconsistent positional accuracy


Attribute systems vary


Edge matching discrepancies


Spatial Reference: Projections, units, and
datums


Transportation and other cultural features:
connectivity at international and provincial
borders


alignments of standard features such as
roadways and railroads


Hydrology across the U.S./Canada border


Different densities


Different scales


Connectivity between higher and lower
resolution features


Summary of Cross
-
Border
Data Challenges

Other Collaborative
Activities:


ISO Metadata
-


North American Profile


Joint Publication of Standard in Spring


First Nations and Native Tribal SDI Workshop
-
Niagara
Falls in June 2009 (NCAI Mid
-
Year meeting)

Success Stories

Presentations the Afternoon


Success Story
1


Tribal Place Names
and the National Map
Speaker: Frank
Roberts and Perry Kitt, Coeur d'Alene
Tribe, Plummer, Idaho



Success Story
2


Using GIS to
Improve Land Use Planning
Speaker:
Jeff Hamm,
Yukon Land Use Planning
Council



Success Story
3


GIS and
Emergency Management Mitigation,
Preparedness, Response, Recovery


Speaker: Sophi Beym of the Tribal
Emergency Management Systems
(TEMS) Foundation.



Success Story 4


GIS Support for
Consultations and Negotiations
Speaker: Kelly Peters, Mikmaq Rights
Initiative, Truro, Nova Scotia, GIS
support to the Assembly of Nova Scotia
Mi’kmaq Chiefs.



Success Story 5


GIS and Forest
Management Planning (FMP)
Speaker: Binke Wang, GIS Specialist,
Penobscot Indian Nation, Maine



Success Story 6
-

Species at Risk and
Land Management Mapping
Speakers: John Manitowabi, Land Use
Planner, Wikwemikong Unceded Indian
Reserve, Ontario

Thank you, Nyaweh


Workshop supported by:


Canadian GeoConnections


Federal Geographic Data Committee (U.S.)


National Congress of American

Web Pages


Canadian GeoConnections
http://www.geoconnections.org/en/index.ht
ml


Federal Geographic Data Committee (US)
http://www.fgdc.gov/


National Congress of American
Indianshttp://www.ncai.org/