Genetic Engineering - Exploring Nature Educational Resource

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10 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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Genetic Engineering
Genetics, Cloning, and the Human Genome Project

Genetic engineering, also called biotechnology, is when scientists use something called recombinant DNA tech-
nology to make organisms that produce products people want or need. DNA technology is being used in basic
research, medicine, forensics, and agriculture.
The first commercially successful use of genetic engineering was the cloning of human insulin. As shown in
the illustration below, insulin was cloned by bacteria (See how this technique works in “Cloning DNA.”). The
bacteria made a large amount of insulin that is identical to insulin made by humans.
In human medicine, biotechnology has been used to develop new medicines, make antibodies, and new vac-
cines.
Content Collaboration

Collaborative consultation on website genetics and genomics from Dr. Stephen M. Carleton, Assistant Profes-
sor, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, SUNY Health Science Center at Brooklyn.
CITING RESEARCH REFERENCES
Amsel, Sheri. “Genetics, Cloning, and the Human Genome Project.” Genetic Engineering. Exploring Na-
ture Educational Resource. © 2005 - 2009. November 20, 2009. <http://exploringnature.org/db/detail.
php?dbID=106&detID=2458>