Genetic Engineering and Modern Medicine - School-Scout

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10 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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Genetic Engineering and Modern Medicine
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SCHOOL-SCOUT ￿ Genetic Engineering and Modern Medicine Seite 3 von 8
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natural reproduction guarantees great variety,
which is needed to adapt to changing conditions

Surrogate Motherhood

For
Against
helps other couples payment = job (creating a human being) => ethical issue
"God gives life and he takes it" => moral problem
danger of bearing a disabled child
the costly development of laboratory conception in an already overpopu-
lated world
no laws against dangers of manipulation etc.
problem of illegitimation => whose child is it?

donor wants to keep the baby/ the couple rejects the baby => contracts are
not legally
binding
should single women and lesbians/transsexuals be allowed to receive a
baby?

eugenics: danger of creating a „better race“ (e.g.
Repository for Germinal Choice, Escondido,
California 1980: only sperms of Nobel prize winners)
Parents might want to influence their child’s mental and physical character-
istics (a German clinic in Essen claims that its sperm donors include „no fat
men, no long ears, no hook noses...“) => remember Hitler: manipulation of
man
“free market – activity” (investors expect money)

Methods

Natural intercourse
For
Against
getting a baby is natural "infertile sex" is horrible for all participants
surrogate mother becomes pregnant in a
natural way
feeling of being a human incubator
"half my child" => "oversentimental reaction" -

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SCHOOL-SCOUT ￿ Der persönliche Schulservice
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Linckensstr. 187 ￿ 48165 Münster
emotional bonds

Artificial insemination
For
Against
can give birth at any time involvement of too many people
painful
inhumane procedure

Another kind of surrogate motherhood: donor babies

1. The donor gets medicine to produce more than one egg.
2. Every day she has to go to the hospital to have a health check and monitor the eggs' matur-
ity.
3. Eggs are sucked out, then fertilised with father's sperm and transferred by catheter to the
recipient’s uterus.
4. First donor baby was born in Australia in 1984, in 1991 about 500 in the USA.
For
Against
can be used in the case of a premature
menopause
affected woman does not feel the embryo growing
in her womb
women can have babies even in their 50s
it's "like adopting an embryo"
unlike a surrogate mother is genetically
linked to the child


Test-tube babies and surrogate motherhood

Test-Tube-Babies
- mother’s egg is still fertilized by father’s sperm
- embryo develops in mother’s womb for nine months
- only the conception in a laboratory dish and the reimplantation of the egg can be considered
unnatural

Unterrichtsmaterialien in digitaler und in gedruckter Form
Auszug aus:


Das komplette Material finden Sie hier:
Genetic Engineering and Modern Medicine
Download bei School-Scout.de