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pucefakeΤεχνίτη Νοημοσύνη και Ρομποτική

30 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

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‘No country is kinder to the wanderer who has
good legs'

Walter Starkie, Raggle
-
Taggle, 1933

It came into being when the
two principalities of Moldavia
and Wallachia broke the
shackles of Turkish Ottoman
suzerainty and merged, in
1859, to form a new land
-

‘Romania


Romanian Flag: The red, yellow and blue stripes represent Moldova and Walachia


LIBERTY

JUSTICE

FRATERNITY

Location: (Southeastern) Central
Europe
-

Surrounded by Hungary to the
northwest, Serbia to the southwest,
Bulgaria to the south, the Black Sea to
the southeast, Ukraine to the east and
to the north and the Republic of
Moldova to the east

BULGARIA

UKRAINE

Area:

91,725 sq. miles (237,502 sq. km)
-

Roughly the size of Oregon, Romania is the
second largest country in the area, after Poland.

Population:

21,400,000 (2009 mid
-
year estimate)

Ethnic Groups:

Romanian 89%, Hungarian 7.5%, Gipsy 1.9%,
German, Ukrainian, Armenian, Croatian, Serbian and Turkish
-

1.6%. Some ethnic minorities (Hungarian and German) use their
own languages in school and civil administration

Religions:

Christian Orthodox 87%, Roman Catholic
5%, Protestant 5%, Jewish

Climate:

Romania has a temperate climate, similar
to the northeastern United States, with four
distinct seasons

the

capital
city of Romania


Bucharest

-

is located at the
same latitude with the cities of Portland
-

Oregon; Montreal
-

Canada; Venice
-

Italy; and Bordeaux


France.

State anthem

(since 1990): Awake, Ye, Romanian, from
your lethargic sleep/ In which your barbarous tyrants have
sunken you so deep. Lyrics: Andrei Muresanu, music: Anton
Pann. The song was popular during the 1848

December 1 was adopted as National Day in 1990, being the day of
celebration of the Great Assembly of Alba Iulia which voted for the
union of Transylvania with Romania and which symbolise the union
of all Romanians within a single state and the achievement of the
unity of Romanian national state.

Form of State:

Semi
-
parliamentary Republic with two
legislative bodies: Senate (
Senat
) and Chamber of
Representatives (
Camera Deputatilor
)

Head of State:

President of the Republic, currently
Mr. Traian Basescu.

Romania's president is allowed to serve two
consecutive five
-
year terms.

Currency:

Romanian Leu (RON
)

OK,

EVERYONE

KNOWS THAT



BUT…

Romania is
associated with big
names in arts and
sports


DID

YOU

KNOW

?

Constantin
Brancusi



one of
the most acclaimed
modern sculptors

Angela
Gheorghiu
, one of
the world's
greatest opera
soprano

Alexandra Nechita



a young
Romanian painter
living in California,
known for her
distinct style.

Ilie Nastase



U.S.
Open and Roland
Garos winner.

Nadia Comaneci



the Olympic
champion gymnast,
saluted by people
everywhere.

writer
Eugen
Ionesco

pan flute virtuoso
Gheorghe Zamfir

piano player
Radu Lupu


Romania

has

the

second

largest

underground

glacier

in

Europe

(in

terms

of

volume)



DID

YOU

KNOW

?

The

meaning

of

the

word

“Transylvania”

is

the

land

beyond

the

forest

Voronet Monastery, located in northeastern
Romania, is also known as

the ‘Sistine Chapel of the East’

The

city

of

Brasov

(Transylvania)

is

home

to

the

largest

gothic

church

between

Vienna

and

Istanbul




Brasov

is

home

to

what

is

said

to

be

the

narrowest

street

in

Europe


B R A
S O V

DID

YOU

KNOW

?

Romania

has

the

second
-
largest

air

museum

in

the

world


The Brukenthal museum in Sibiu opened its
doors to the public three years prior to the
Louvre Museum in Paris
.
It is the oldest
museum in Romania and one of the first
museums in E
urope.


SIBIU

DID

YOU

KNOW

?

The

movie

Cold

Mountain

was

filmed

on

location

in

Romania

Hollywood’s

original

Tarzan

was

born

in

the

city

of

Timisoara,

Romania


DID

YOU

KNOW

?

Romania's
Danube Delta is a
World Heritage site

and is the
second largest delta in the
whole of Europe. It is a
wonderful place
-

a paradise
of birds, plants, animals and
fish

With its sun
-
kissed
beaches, emerald forests,
surrealistic history and
medieval monuments,
Romania remains a
very
popular tourist
destination

of Europe


BLACK SEA

in Romania is
actually blue and green
and sometimes grey... but
never BLACK


The
Dacian fortresses

of
the Orastie Mountains, in
Romania,
belong to the
Late Iron Age

Timisoara

(the

Romanian

city)

was

the

first

European

city

to

introduce

horse
-
drawn

trams

(in

1869
)

and

electrical

street

lighting

(in

1889
)

The

capital

of

Romania

is

Bucharest,

once

popular

as

the


Paris

of

the

East


or

“Little

Paris”


The

Palace

of

the

Parliament

from

Bucharest

is

the

world's

largest

civilian

administrative

building

(and

second
-
largest

in

the

world,

after

the

U
.
S
.

Pentagon),

most

expensive

administrative

building,

and

the

heaviest

one

Romanians speak foreign languages
:
one to four Romanians can speak either
English or French or German or Spanish

Ferdinand I who became
the King of Romania in
1914 was married to
Queen Marie
. She was a
granddaughter of

the
United Kingdom's
Queen
Victoria


Romania was under communist rule between
1947
-
1989
. The revolution in 1989 put an end to
it. Romania was the only country where the
communist leaders were executed (on Christmas
day, unfortunately)

Although Romanians are always polite, they seldom
move to a first
-
name basis with people outside their
extended family or very close friends
.

However, f
oreign visitors consider Romanians among the
friendliest and most hospitable people on earth.
Romanians are by nature fun loving, warm, hospitable,
playful, with an innate sense of humor.


Roma

(gypsies)

are

not

related

to

Romanians
.

Though

there

are

many

Roma

in

Romania,

which

makes

sense

because

it

is

the

route

of

crossing

into

Europe

for

the

Roma,

the

name

Roma

and

Romania

are

not

related
.

Romania

gets

its

name

from

its

history

as

a

colony

of

Rome
.

Linguistically

Romani

(the

language

of

the

Roma

people)

and

Romanian

(the

language

of

the

Romanian

people)

are

not

related

W
ell known facts
about Romania, that
are not true


Dracula

is

not

only

an

invention

-

he

was

a

successful

combination

made

by

BRAM

STOKER

from

a

Romanian

hero

(Wallachian

Prince,

Vlad

the

Impaler)

and

the

Romanian

folklore

(vampires,

BAUBAU

-

Boogie

man,

ghosts,

etc
.
)

Gheorghe Marinescu, a
professor at the Faculty of
Medicine in Bucharest, was
the first person to see living
nervous cells with a
microscope

NADIA COMANECI


Romanian
gymnast, was the first gymnast
in history of this sport who
obtained a perfect 10.00 in 1976
in Montreal at the Olympic
Games. The Computer was not
prepared for such experience, so
all world saw "1.00" on the
screen


The jet engine used by
modern airplanes was
invented by Bucharest
-
born inventor Henri
Coanda

Stefan Odobleja is
renown as the father of
modern cybernetics,
practically he is the
inventor of modern
cybernetics

The true inventor of
insulin is Nicolae
Paulescu, a professor of
physiology at the
University of Medicine
and Pharmacy in
Bucharest

The fountain pen was
invented by the Romanian
PETRACHE POENARU
-

he was
a student in Paris. His
invention was brevetted by
the French Gouverment in
1827

The second spoken
language in Microsoft is
Romanian!!!

THANK YOU

FOR YOUR
ATTENTION


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