Science Fiction and Cyberpunk - WordPress.com

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30 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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What makes humans, “human?”



Ideas??? (From clip or your own)


Kyle Fauss


Born in Jacksonville, Florida


Lived in Australia (3 years)


Moved back to Jacksonville


Moved to Aurora, Colorado in 2004 and STAYED


(Though my parents just moved back to
Jacksonville….)









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Image of some sort


Before we can talk
Cyberpunk, we need to talk
Science
-
Fiction, and where
Cyberpunk fits in to a much
larger genre.


What is Science
-
Fiction?


Guesses?


In an EXTREMELY general sense, science
-
fiction is
a genre that deals with the positive
and negative aspects to scientific
advancement
(though there’s still much more
to it than that).


Who wants to guess the earliest example of something
that resembles the Science
-
fiction genre?


In
150 AD
, Lucian of
Samosata

was experimenting
with the idea of interplanetary travel in
Vera
Historia

(“True History”), a parody of the “official truths” that
historians before him had recorded.



The most notable forerunner
to contemporary
understandings of science
fiction, however…


Mary Shelley’s
Frankenstein
(1818)


Dealt with the idea of a
scientist trying to surpass
God

cosmic power struggle


Monstrosity

the Monster
that
Frankenstein
creates


Is it human?


What responsibility does the
creator have to his/her
creation?


Another was H.G
Wells


The Time Machine

(1895)


Time Travel and the
Encounter between
Humans and Aliens


The War of the Worlds
(1898)


Alien Invasion


1926

Hugo
Gernsback’s

Magazine
Amazing
Stories

first published


Did two things:


Inspired many future successful science fiction
writers


Put out some
really

cut
-
rate literature, leading to the
downgrading of the genre in the public and critical
eye


Described as “hackneyed adventure tales with heroes
outfitted in dubious space metal wrecked alien worlds
and rescued space maidens.”


Among those inspired by
Gernsback

was John
W. Campbell and his magazine
Astounding
Stories
.


Really started focusing on the impact of
technology.


Included writers such as Isaac Asimov (wrote
the laws of Robotics seen in
I, Robot
)




Lasted from 1930’s
-
40’s


Themes like robots, alternate worlds, faster
than light travel, meetings of humans and
aliens (and the consequences that arise), and,
esp. in the 1940’s, nuclear power.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9gvqpFb
RKtQ



In the 1950’s technology’s negative
implications came more into the forefront

especially in the context of every day life and
not as much distant times


British publication
New Worlds
(1946
-
70)


Dealt with environmental depletion, urban
overcrowding, and the relationship between
technology, crime, drug addiction, and
sexuality


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G
-
eI5oLlIeY




Now Think!


Where did the term come from?


Bruce
Bethke

wrote a short story entitled
“Cyberpunk” in 1980 (pub. 1983).


Used in 1984 to describe the William Gibson’s
Neuromancer

(which we will be reading in later on)



The
big question
: “What aspect of humanity
makes us human?”


“Cyber”: Cybernetics


“Punk”: Defiant attitude seen in characters.



Often on fringe of society: outsiders struggling to
survive.


What does Cyberpunk do?


It “distorts our sense of who or where we are, of
what is “real” at all, and what is most valuable about
human life.”


Challenges everything we know to be real, normal,
natural.




http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m8e
-
FF8MsqU



How was this different from Golden Age or
New Wave? How is it similar?


Cybernetics


Ways in which humans and machines are connected
through technology (i.e. “Biotechnology”)


Namely, implants that enhance one’s physical or
mental performance in some way, shape, or form,
provided that this implant is
technological

in nature.


Examples:


An arm that doubles as a sword


Ways to completely alter your personality


Relocating your brain in a robot body


Reprogramming yourself


GIVE THEM TO ME!!


Think
-
Pair
-
Share

(Kind of…)