NRMP_courses_and_descriptions

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DEPARTMENT OF
SCIENCE

-
:NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT:
-


PROGRAM SUMMARY


General Core requirements total 31 credit hours within areas of social sciences, communications
and general math and science. This also includes the course NRMP 101 Environmental
Conservation and Development, a pre
-
requisite to other NRM Program courses. This course is listed
with the NRM courses below. Courses within these areas are listed under their respective headings
below.


Area I: Society

HIST 201 Belizean History








3

SOCL 221 Sociology, Anthropology or Psychology





3

MGMT 101 Fundamentals of Management






3


TOTAL










9


Area II: Communications

ENGL 111 College English I








3

ENGL 112 College English II







3

SPAN 111 Intermediate Spanish







3


TOTAL










9


Area III: Math/General Sciences

MATH 241

Statistics








3

BIOL 114

General Biology I







3

BIOL 134

General Biology II







3

CHEM 114

General Chemistry I







4


TOTAL










13


GRAND TOTAL CORE HOURS







31


Each

student within the four
-
year program is expected to complete professional courses selected
to ensure that each student receives a good general professional background in all general areas of
the field. These areas include geological, terrestrial, freshwa
ter and marine courses, environmental
assessment and monitoring concepts, management of natural resources and use of GIS. Additionally
this requirement also includes 6 hours for independent study, three hours designated for literature
survey and proposal
development and three hours for the B. Sc. thesis project.

Area IV: Major Course Requirements


First and Second Years

NRMP 104

Environmental
Conservation and Development



3

NRMP
201

Marine Ecology







3

NRMP 241

Introduction to Recreation






3

NRMP 2
61

Environmental Geology






3

NRMP 281

Waste Management







3

NRMP 221

People and Parks







3

NRMP 202

Hospitality and Tourism






3

NRMP 222

Protected Areas Management






3

NRMP 282

Watershed Ecology and Management





3

NRMP 242

Coastal Zone Man
agement






3

NRMP 262

Environmental Assessment and Monitoring




3

TOTAL CORE









33


TOTAL FOR FIRST AND SECOND YEARS





64

(33 + 31 from General Core)


Third Year


NRMP 301

Professional Skills for Environmental Managers



3

NRMP 321

Data Analysis

for Natural Resource Management



3

NRMP 322

Environmental Project Management





3

NRMP 361

Environmental Law and Policy





3

NRMP 302

GIS for Natural Resources Managers





3

NRMP 398

Wilderness Safety, First Aid and Rescue




1

NRMP 399

Environmental
Seminar






1

CHEM XX

Environmental Chemistry






3

ENGL XX

Technical Writing







3

TOTAL CORE









23


TOTAL FOR THIRD YEAR








35

(23 + 12 Electives)


Fourth Year

NRMP 461

Introduction to Meteorology






3

NRMP 401

Environmental Economics






3

NRMP 421

Environmental Microbiology






3

NRMP 441

Environmental Impact Assessment





3

NRMP 464

Independent Thesis Proposal






3

TOTAL CORE









15


Terrestrial Specialty

NRMP 402

Terrestrial Research Design and Field Methods



3

NRMP 422

Soils

and Hydrology







3

NRMP 442

Forest Ecology and Management





3

NRMP 462

Wildlife Management and Policy





3

NRMP 484

Independent Thesis Project






3

TOTAL










15


Marine Specialty

NRMP 482

Fisheries Biology and Management





3

NRMP 402

Introd
uction to Aquaculture






3

NRMP 422

Marine Assessment and Monitoring Methodology



3

NRMP 442

Sustainable Tourism in Coastal Zone Management



3

NRMP 484

Independent Thesis Project






3

TOTAL










15


TOTAL FOR FOURTH YEAR







30


(15 + 15 speci
alty hours)


Electives

Students may select from a wide range of courses as electives up to 12 hours. They can take
various courses from other departments by arrangement with their advisors and the instructors.
Alternatively, students may take any of the o
ther upper level courses offered by the NRM or Biology
programs. Besides the various courses listed for each area of concentration, students may select from
several NRM electives that are not required for any specific concentration, but that may add to th
e
personal experience, skills and knowledge of the individual student.


Table 5
.
Credit Allocation for the NRMP A. A. and B. Sc. degrees.


Program

General
Core

Professional
Courses

Electives

Total
Credits

A. A.

31

33



65

B. Sc.


53

12


65



COURSE
SEQUENCE BY
SEMESTER


First Year

The first year students will be focusing on general core courses, taking NRMP 101 and a couple
of basic NRMP courses. Although first year students are heavily involved in general core, they will

be involved in field effort
s through the NRMP courses in which they are participating. They will
also be invited on field trips and encouraged to get involved in field and laboratory activities when
they can. As NRMP students, the computer lab will be available to them for working

on homework
assignments, typing up reports or experimenting with mapping programs when they are not being
used for NRMP projects. Routine meetings throughout the semester with these starting students as
both groups and on individual basis will help the N
RMP faculty stay informed about their progress,
consult with them and their instructors, get to know their specific interests and advise them about
their upcoming professional course semesters. It will be mandatory that each first
-
year student
schedule at

least two private consultation periods per semester with his/her respective advisors.

The first
-
year student course sequence is given below. It is being proposed that the conventional
Algebra course be replaced with an applied math class (statistics). S
tudents also have the option of
selecting one of three human studies courses. The first semester contains general chemistry, carrying
a one
-
hour lab. This first semester load is set at 16 hours and the second semester carries 18 hour.
Students that drop

or fail courses during regular academic year will be expected to make up those
courses during the summer.


Semester I

ENGL 111

College English I







3

HIST 201

Belizean History







3

BIOL 114

General Biology I







3

CHEM 114

General Chemistry I







4

NRMP 104

Environmental Conservation and Development



3

TOTAL

16


Semester II

BIOL 134

General Biology 11







3

ENGL 112

College English 11







3

SPAN 111

Intermediate Spanish







3

MGMT101

Fundamentals of Management





3

MATH 241


Statistics








3

NRMP 201

Marine Ecology







3

TOTAL

18



Second Year

During the second semester, NRM students will only be involved in professional courses. This
course selection is designed to give students a solid introduction and genera
l background in natural
resource management. Most of these courses revolve around field projects and will require students
to travel to these locations for one to several overnight stays while fieldwork is being conducted.
Second
-
year students will be en
rolled in the following course sequence.


Semester I

NRMP 241

Introduction to Recreation






3

NRMP 261

Environmental Geology






3

NRMP 281

Waste Management







3

NRMP 221

People and Parks







3

NRMP 262

Environmental Assessment and Monitoring




3

TOTAL 15


Semester II

NRMP 202

Hospitality and Tourism






3

NRMP 222

Protected Areas Management






3

NRMP 282

Watershed Ecology and Management





3

NRMP 242

Coastal Zone Management






3

NRMP 341

Environmental Seminar I






1

Elective

Sociol
ogy, Psychology or Anthropology elective



3

TOTAL 16


Third Year

The third year of the program is used to finish up two required courses and to begin taking those

courses from each student’s area of concentration or select courses from other facul
ties. Each of the
concentration areas will have a course sequence that will mesh into the general course program for
the NRM Program B. Sc. degree. This is also the year that students will be expected to develop their
specific project proposals for indep
endent study that will be applied for during the fourth year.


Semester I

CHEM XX

Environmental Chemistry






3

NRMP 301

Professional Skills for Environmental Managers



3

NRMP 322

Environmental Project Management





3

NRMP 361

Environmental Law and Poli
cy





3

NRMP 398

Wilderness Safety, First Aid and Rescue




1

Elective










3

TOTAL
16


Semester II

ENGL XX

Technical Writing







3

NRMP 321

Data Analysis for Natural Resource Management



3

NRMP 302

GIS for Natural Resources Managers





3

NRMP 341

Environmental Seminar






1

Elective










3

Elective










3

TOTAL
16


Fourth Year

The fourth year is composed of modular courses and the B.Sc. thesis. The first semester involves
several general core courses in NRM that all stude
nts will take. Each student will also be involved in

conducting a detailed literature search pertaining to the topic of their general thesis project area.
They will also be working to complete a proposal and to have that proposal reviewed, revise the
doc
ument and submit it to their advisory committee for approval. During the second semester, each
student will be taking courses within their chosen area of specialty (terrestrial or marine). They will
also be involved in conducting the field, laboratory an
d analytical work for the thesis, write up the
document and get it accepted by the committee.


Semester I

NRMP 461

Introduction to Meteorology






3

NRMP 401

Environmental Economics






3

NRMP 421

Environmental Microbiology






3

NRMP 441

Environmental
Impact Assessment





3

NRMP 464

Independent Thesis Proposal






3

TOTAL 15


Fourth Year Semester II Terrestrial Students

NRMP 402

Terrestrial Research Design and Field Methods



3

NRMP 422

Soils and Hydrology







3

NRMP 442

Forest Ecology and
Management





3

NRMP 462

Wildlife Management and Policy





3

NRMP 484

Independent Thesis Project






3

TOTAL










15


Fourth Year Semester II Marine Students


MRST 482

Fisheries Biology and Management





3

MRST 402

Introduction to Aquaculture






3

MRST 422

Marine Assessment and Monitoring Methodology



3

MRST 442

Sustainable Tourism in Coastal Zone Management



3

NRMP 484

Independent Thesis Project






3

TOTAL










15



COURSE DESCRIPTIONS



Natural Resource Management Courses

NRMP 101 Envir
onmental Conservation and Development





3

This course contains a general introduction as to how Earth and the world works, an examination of human induced
impacts and the various perspectives and approaches to conservation and sustainable develo
pment is presented, with
emphasis on Latin America, the Caribbean and Belize. Major biophysical and socioeconomic factors that affect tropical
conservation and development efforts are reviewed. Students will be encouraged to become proactive participants

in
environmental and conservation efforts.


NRMP 201 Marine
Ecology









3

This course explores the interaction and interconnectedness among marine organisms and their physical environment.
Emphasis will be placed on exploring the physical,
chemical and biological aspects of nutrient cycles and energy flows
within intertidal, subtidal and deep ocean environments and the influence of human activities within marine ecosystems.


NRMP 203 Introduction to Recreation








3

Planning and

management of land and water for outdoor recreation is explored. Students are challenged to recognize
different types of recreational usage and associated impacts and solutions. Relationships among the types of tourist and
their expectations, appropriat
e and inappropriate facilities, and tourist populations and site conservation are discussed.
Recreation planning for multiple

use forest lands, parks, wilderness areas and private lands is examined.


NRMP 205 Environmental Geology








3

This
course is an introduction to the study of the Earth, including general physical geology,
structure of the Earth, the
rock cycle, effects of the hydrologic cycle, energy from the Earth, economic geology, geologic hazards and the impact of
human activities,
focusing specifically on the region and Belize. Emphasis will be placed on exploring the impact of
local geology and geologic resource exploitation on ecosystems.


NRMP 207 Waste Management









3

The focus of this course is solid and liquid
waste composition, storage, and collection. Emphasis will be placed on
exploring conventional and alternative treatment, disposal and reuse of waste materials.

This course is primarily an
investigation of ways in which solid and liquid waste can be reduce
d, reused and recycled.


NRMP 208 People and Parks









3

This course introduce students to the relationship between protected areas and stakeholders. It focuses particularly on
local and indigenous relationship and concerns in the management

and success of these areas. Regional planning,
valuation and financing of protected areas also cover using specific case studies from local and regional examples.


NRMP 210 Hospitality and Tourism








3

This interaction between the tourist
industry and tourists, tourists and society. and service providers and the community.
It also explores consumer relations, cross
-
cultural communications, and tourist expectations. The course will prepare the
students to interact with the tourists as well

as to relate and communicate effectively with various members of the tourism
sector.


NRMP 213 Protected Areas Management








3

A detailed review of the conditions of terrestrial and marine protected areas of Belize and the region is provided
. Current
integrated management policies in place and being established will be examined for effectiveness. Students will
participate in discussions on strategies, goals, plans, resources and community participation necessary for the successful
implement
ation of effective protected areas management.


NRMP 214 Watershed Ecology and Management






3

The structure, function and dynamics are explored from landscape to microscopic scales. Movement of surface and
groundwaters through the landscape ,

the larger integrated interactions of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and the
overall ecological services provided by watersheds are described. The impact of human activities on watershed structure,
function and prevention are presented. Emphasis is
placed on mapping protocols.


NRMP 215 Coastal Zone Management








3

Basic ecology of coastal zone ecosystems and the effects of humans on the structure, function and dynamics of those
ecosystems are investigated. Introduction of coastal zone

assessment and monitoring protocols, laws and regulations,
agencies and NGOs involved in coastal zone management, on
-
going conservation and research, current human impact
situation and solutions to those impacts within Belize and the region are emphasized
.


NMRP 250 Environmental Assessment and Monitoring






3

This course introduces procedures for conducting standard rapid ecological assessments, environmental impact
assessments, human impact mapping, rapid biological assessments and other prot
ocols widely used in environmental
assessment and monitoring activities. Students will review finished documents and take part in applying some of the
protocols introduced at active project sites.


NRMP 299 Environmental Seminar I








1

Studen
ts are exposed to the processes and organizations involved in setting environmental policies and legislation within
Belize and the region. A review of environmental legislation of Belize and the many international agreements,
conventions and treaties are
given. The effectiveness and shortcomings of the legislative process and enforcement are

discussed.


NRMP 301

Professional Skills for Environmental Managers





3

This course provides students with several skills and techniques used for natural re
source management including, the
ability to design and conduct environmental research; acquire, handle, analyze and present data; write well structured
technical proposals and reports and present them professionally and persuasively; understand the importa
nce of working
with teams and use basic negotiation skills; and understand the basic components of project management and the role of
other natural resource management tools such as environmental impact assessments and geographic information systems.


NRMP

305

Data Analysis for Natural Resource Management




3

In this course, students learn how to analyze and report quantitative data to produce qualitative data. Students are
exposed real world data gathered in the field at the sites the NRM programm
e has established, they compile data over the
years to be analyzed and to observe changes over time. Computer software is the most important material used in this
course.


NRMP 306 Environmental Project Management







3

This course will examines
the project cycle; project investment, international funding agencies and government ministries
in project execution, project planning, preparation, appraisal and selection; project design; problems in start
-
up and
activation; project execution, operation
and supervision; external coordination of project activity; deficiencies and
diffusion and evaluation of project results and follow up action; project management policy; management control systems
-

methods of controlling project implementation and analysi
s and manpower analysis; value of work analysis; Programme
Evaluation and Review Techniques (PERT); Critical Path Method (CPM); development and installation of project
management information systems; and the relationship of the project organization to the
project environment. Project
Management software is a vital component in this course.


NRMP 307 Environmental Law and Policy







3

Students are exposed to the processes and organizations involved in setting environmental policies and legislatio
n within
Belize and the region. A review of environmental legislation of Belize and the many international agreements,
conventions and treaties are given. The effectiveness and shortcomings of the legislative process and enforcement are
discussed.


NRMP
350 GIS for Natural Resources Managers






3

This course focuses on the application of GIS in environmental management. The students are introduced to the key
components of GIS, i.e. data capture, management, analysis, manipulation and output. S
tudents also learn how to handle
GPSes. Many practical sessions are integrated within the lectures. These cover a wide range of topics including data
capturing techniques, spatial data and data models, cartographic techniques, GIS design, implementation an
d the issues
associated with managing a GIS project.


NRMP 398

Wilderness Safety, First Aid and Rescue






1

Students are taught how to live and work in field settings, including operating sanitary camp kitchens, establishing pit
privies and look
ing after the general health and safety issues important for small to medium research and education
groups. Wilderness first aid includes maintaining an effective field first aid kit, planning safety measures and emergency
response protocols for field eve
nts, knowing how to perform basic first aid response and how to implement basic water
and rope rescue efforts. This course will provide students with a basic certification that can be applied toward advanced
training offered by additional courses.


NRMP 3
99 Environmental Seminar








3

This course is designed to foster reflection and analysis on a selected set of contemporary issues in international
environmental affairs. Every year the class focuses on the institutional design of the

system of

global environmental
negotiation. The course begins by raising a set of broad conceptual background of concerns. The seminar focuses on a
selected set of case studies. The goal is to facilitate a dialogue between seminar participants on contemporary issue
s in
international environmental affairs. The class is designed for advanced NRM students with an existing interest in and a
working knowledge of national environmental affairs. While a basic format and structure has been devised, the particular
specifics
of the class vary from year to year and are refined on the first day of class in consultation with the students so
that their own interests and preferences are incorporated into the course design. Different professionals working within
the environmental f
ield will present each seminar.


NRMP 401

Meteorology and Hydrology







3

This is essentially a course that provides students with a detailed overview of the hydrologic cycle. Meteorological and
climatic patterns are presented from a global and

regional perspective, with general trends and patterns of Belize
emphasized. Once rainwater falls to land, effects of infiltration and surface flow on groundwater and surface water
systems are examined. Patterns of water movement in streams and rivers a
re presented to provide resource management
students with a functional understanding of flow dynamics.


NRMP 402 Environmental Research Design and Field Methods




3

Students are challenged to help design and implement data collection efforts, sta
tistically the data and present results. A
survey of field methods used in terrestrial, freshwater, marine and tourism research activities will be conducted. The
students will be required to develop a research protocol focusing on a project of their own
choosing.



NRMP 403

Environmental Economics








3

This course surveys a wide range of issues relating to natural resource and environmental policy. The course commences
with an introduction to elementary concepts of economic theory, i.e. the co
nsumer, the firm, supply and demand and
criteria for economic efficiency. This is followed by consideration of environmental economic efficiency, environmental
economics, and the economics of natural resource depletion. Finally, the concepts of economic
valuation methods are
discussed. Class discussions cover broader topics such as poverty and natural resources, natural resource accounting and
valuation of ecological systems.


NRMP 405

Environmental Microbiology







3

A survey of microbial orga
nisms is given and their various roles of different microbes in nutrient cycling, processing or
organic materials, involvement in photosynthesis and respiration and detoxifying or enhancing pollutants are explored.
Students acquire experience in identifyin
g select microbial community members of environmental significance.


NRMP 407 Soils and Hydrology









3

Basic soil structure, composition, chemistry, ecology, classification and soil/plant relationships and the effects of
hydrologic activities

on soil and sediment development will be covered in this course. Processes of soil formation and
erosion will be discussed in detail and the effects of human activities on soil loss and conservation globally and within the

region and Belize will be exami
ned.


NRMP 409 Forest Ecology and Management







3

The ecology of tropical forest ecosystems is explored during the first half of this course. History of forestry usage within

Belize and the region, forestry management practices and conservati
on strategies are described. Students will also be
exposed to forestry surveys, taxonomy, assessment and measurement techniques, data interpretation and problem solving.

Legislation, social forestry, economics and political and ecological constraints on
resource policy are covered.


NRMP 415 Wildlife Management and Policy







3

General wildlife ecology and conservation efforts and issues are presented for terrestrial and marine amphibians, reptiles,
birds and mammals. An examination of the ra
nges of key indicator wildlife species and the importance of corridor
maintenance is presented. Ecology of specific species is focused on to provide examples of management issues.


NRMP 420 Fisheries Biology and Management







3

The biology an
d ecology of wild
-
caught fishes and crustaceans of economic importance is investigated. The history of
the wild caught fisheries within Belize and the harvest trends of the industry over time are examined. Fishing methods,
harvest models, management stra
tegies, legislation, environmental impacts and the future of fisheries within the world,
the region and Belize are examined.


NRMP 422 Aquaculture Management








3

Students are introduced to the many components of the aquaculture industry, cove
ring issues ranging from biology of
principal cultivated species, design of facilities, water and wastewater management, pathogen and parasite management,
harvesting and processing, packaging and export of products. Environmental impacts of the industry a
nd solutions to
those impacts are emphasized.


NRMP 425 Marine Assessment and Monitoring Methodology





3

This course is focused on practical application of techniques to measure and monitor marine resources. Topics include
water quality analys
is, habitat mapping and critical marine community assessment. Specific methodologies for assessing
community structure and ecosystem functions in estuaries, sea grass beds, marine debris, coral reefs, and mangroves will
be emphasized.


NRMP 430 Sustainab
le Tourism in Coastal Zone Management





3

This course tries to link conservation with tourism, which is critical in Belize where activities in the coast and the
surrounding marine environment can have immediate negative impacts both terrestrial
and marine areas in a short space
of time; especially cruise tourism these days. The integration of Environmental Management Systems is a major
component of this course.


NRMP 445 Environmental Impact Assessment







3

The historical development

of Environmental Impact Assessment internationally and in Belize is the introductory
component of this course. It explores the purpose of EIAs, the rules and players of EIA, scoping, identification of
resource requirements, terms of reference, comparisons

of alternatives, social impact assessment, public involvement and
the review process. At the end of the course students are able to develop terms of reference, contribute to EIA studies
within their area of technical expertise and participate in EIA revi
ews.


NRMP 461 Literature Survey and Thesis Proposal Development




3

Each student will select a thesis topic and identify an advisor knowledgeable in the chosen topic area. Under the
guidance of the advisor, the student will conduct a survey of

the literature within the topic area and prepare a thesis
proposal that describes in detail the scope, goals, objective, timeframe, expense and relevance of the project. Hours are
awarded upon acceptance of the final proposal draft by the Department Chai
rman.


NRMP 462 Thesis Project











3

Each student will be conduct an independent project of study based on the proposal that has been developed by the
student under the supervision of an advisor and accepted by the Department Chairman. Hour
s are awarded upon
completion of information or data collection and analysis and completion and filing of a final draft of a project report.



General Core Courses

BIOL 121 General Biology I








……..
3

This course provides an introduction to the basic pr
inciples and concepts of biological science. The three sections to be
covered include Fundamentals of Biology, Life Process and The continuity of Life


CHEM 121 General and Physical Chemistry I







3

Fundamental Principles, laws and theories of

general chemistry, including stoichiometry, gas laws, thermo chemistry, the
structure of the atom, and chemical bonding, are presented.


ENGL 111 College English I









3

The focus is on critical writing, reading, listening and speaking. Emph
asis is placed on improvement of skills through
continuous practice.


MATH 207 Statistics











3

This math course is designed to equip resource management students with the theories and methods of mathematical
applications that are essential

for professional functions. It reviews the use of standard calculations, conversions and
statistical analysis, including qualitative and quantitative assessment methodologies that students will be applying within
a professional context.


PSYC 221 Intro
duction to Psychology








3

This course provides a general understanding of the basic principles of human behavior. This discipline is also concerned
with the application of psychological knowledge to problems of society, families and individua
ls.


SOCL 221 Introduction to Sociology








3

This course gives a general introduction to sociological perspectives, issues and concepts, in order to encourage a better
understanding of society and its changes. It also focuses on, and provides

insights into Belizean social issues and
concerns, using the application of sociological knowledge to arrive at possible solution.


Professional Core Course from the Science Faculty

CHEM 4__

Environmental Chemistry








3

Details of nutrient cy
cling, behavior of pollutants, effects of environmental pH ranges on pollution components and
methodologies for assessing water and soil chemical parameters are covered, with field applications being presented.