Institute of Microbiology - Bureau of International Co-operation ...

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12 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
Director: Prof. HUANG Li
Address: No.1 West Beichen Road, Chaoyang District,
Beijing 100101, P. R. China
Tel: 86-10-64807462
Fax: 86-10-64807468
E-mail: office@im.ac.cn
Website: http://www.im.ac.cn
T
he Institute of Microbiology, the Chinese
Aca de my of Sci e nce s ( I MCAS) wa s
founded on December 3, 1958. It is a national
comprehensive research institution that performs a
wide spectrum of basic and applied research in the
field of microbiology. The IMCAS is committed
to three missions: basic and applied research
targeting national strategic needs and world-
class frontier sciences, being a think-tank for the
government in related fields, and graduate student
training.
Based on t he long ter m goals of t he CAS’s
Knowledge Innovat ion Program, which t he
I MCAS j oi ned i n 2001, t he i nst i t ut e has
established five key laboratories or departments,
namely the State Key Laboratory of Microbial
Resources, the CAS Key Laboratory of Systematic
Mycology and Lichenology, the Department of
Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, the
Depart ment of Agricult ural Microbiology &
Biotechnology, and the CAS Key Laboratory of
Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology.
The institute harbors supporting centers/platforms
to serve scientific research, such as the culture
collection center, the microbial analytical center,
the center for technology and information, and
the high-throughput screening platform. The
cult ure collection center harbors the largest
fungal herbarium in Asia with more than 400,000
specimens, as well as the biggest culture collection
in China, with 30,000 isolates of microorganisms.
Thi s cent er i s t i t l ed as an i nt er nat i onal
preser vat ive base by the World Intellect ual
Property Organization (WIPO), according to
the Budapest Treaty. One P3 laboratory is under
construction in the institute.
The IMCAS has 310 staff, including five CAS
members and 240 research personnel. The institute
offers a broad range of academic programs that
lead to postgraduate degrees. Currently, there
are 346 graduate students enrolled in various
programs for earning doctoral (211) and master's
degrees (135).
Three national academic societies, the Chinese
Societ y of Microbiology, t he Mycological
Society of China and the Chinese Society of
Biotechnology, are affiliated with the institute.
Institute of Microbiology
Institute of Microbiology
53
CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
The IMCAS is also the seat of editorial offices
for four journals, Acta Microbiologica Sinica, the
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology, Microbiology,
and Mycosystema. The Institute has a specialized
library with a collection of more than 60,000
volumes of books.
During the past 40 years since its establishment,
the IMCAS has been honored with more than 170
national and ministry-acknowledged scientific
awards, among them, 29 awards were from the
central government. In 2005, the work on Nisin Z
obtained the Second Prize of the National Science
and Technology Advancement Award. The new
production process of long-chain dicarboxylic acid
through microbial fermentation gained the Second
Prize of the National Technology Invention Award
in 2006. The institute had published more than
3,000 scientific papers and 100 monographs, of
which, more than one third were published in SCI
journals.
The institute is committed to serving national and
international needs. This commitment is reflected
in research and practical activities located off
campus in communities throughout China. It
is also realized through worldwide research
cooperation, t raining exchanges and st udent
exchange programs. The IMCAS has established a
network of international collaborations that involve
scientists from the U.S., Canada, Australia, Japan,
Singapore, Russia, the United Kingdom, France
and other European countries. The international
orientation of the institute is an indispensable
precondition for its scientific excellence and
competitiveness.
Institute of Microbiology
China General Microbiological Culture Collection Center (CGMCC)
The CGMCC was founded in 1979 as a nonprofit central culture collection and has
started to carry out its tasks as a depository organization of China designated by the Patent
Bureau of China since 1985. The CGMCC was as an International Depository Authority (IDA)
under the regulations of the Budapest Treaty. Currently since 1995, we have preserved various
microbial strains more than 4,000 species, more than 35,000 lines, and more than 3,200 lines
of the culture for the purposes of Patent Procedure. In addition, we have several metaganomic
libraries, one with about 76,000 clones from hot spring and two BAC (plasmid) libraries from
yak rumen bacterium, which inset fragments were about 418 Mbp. The CGMCC has been
in

close contact with many
preservation organizations at home and abroad. Its main focus is to
preserve, supply and maintain all kinds of microbial strains, cell lines and genes of microbial
resources. The CGMCC especially pay attention to the exploring, discovering and preserving
of the microbiological resources of the country.


Fungal Herbarium
The Mycological Herbarium was found in 1953 based on fungal collections previously
preserved in Academia Sinica, National Academy of Peiping, Tsinghua University and
University of Nanking. It is the most comprehensive mycological herbarium in China,
housing the largest fungal specimens in Asia. Currently, there are 487,309 specimens,
including 2,158 types, preserved in the herbarium. The specimens were collected from all the
32 provinces of China and specimens from some 111 countries and regions, including both
Polar Regions of the Earth, are also presented. Chinese specimens account for 73% and
foreign specimens occupy more than one quarter of the total, reaching 27%. The herbarium
has now established business links with more than 57 herbaria in 22 foreign countries around
the world for specimen loans and exchanges. In order to further improve popularization of
mycological knowledge, it established the first scientific exhibition of mycological research in
China, “Fungi and Humankind”. It will play more and more important roles in the fungal
researches and in mycological popularization.