Modes of Education

premiumlexicographerInternet και Εφαρμογές Web

8 Δεκ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

68 εμφανίσεις

Modes of Education

Modes of Education






Dialogue



Lecture/Instruction



Facilitation


Dialogue


Small groups of students



Sage on the ground



Questions & answers




Intellectual inquiry


Lecture/Instruction




Large
groups of students



Sage
on a stage



Mass
communication



One
-
way
delivery



Preparation
for work


Facilitation


Smaller groups of students



Guide
by the side




Self
-
study
and interaction



Preparation
of work


Facilitation Model


Course material developed by subject
-
matter
experts and assembled by instructional designers



Material
is organized for self
-
study



Assimilation of material is facilitated by
instructors



Instructors also promote interaction amongst
students to foster learning communities


Advantages for faculty


Separation
of labor of curricular preparation and
instruction



More interaction with students



Greater opportunity to provide individualized
student attention



Opportunity for innovation in dynamic instruction


Advantages of Facilitation Model for
Administrators




Quality of instructional material is consistent from class to
class



Coverage of curriculum/syllabus is consistent from class to
class



Reliance on skills of individual faculty members is reduced



Potentially a small reduction in the number of faculty
members required



VLE

What Are Virtual Learning
Environments?



A
virtual learning environment (VLE) is a
standardised
,
computer
-
based environment that supports the delivery of
web
-
based learning and facilitates on
-
line interaction
between students and teachers. A VLE might consist of a
variety of components designed both to assist in
conventional classroom learning as well as support distance
learners gaining remote access to course and assessment
materials. Functions and activities offered and supported
by a VLE might include:

-
Importing and/or creating course materials

-
The delivery of course materials

-
On
-
line interactions between students and tutors

-
On
-
line tracking and assessment of students progress.



VLEs are generally browser
-
based, providing teachers, students and
parents with easy access from any computer with an internet connection.
Most browser
-
based systems are password
-
protected to offer a secure,
closed environment and to prevent
unauthorised

third
-
party access. Some
products may require additional software such as plug
-
ins or CD
-
ROMs on
end users computers in order to access digitally
-
held course materials.
Applications such as word processing, presentation and spreadsheet tools
may also be required for carrying out on
-
line class activities or
assignments generated via the system.



VLEs are often discussed in the context of managed learning environments
(MLEs). A VLE is, in fact, an integral part within an MLE, which is itself a
system with much broader scope. MLEs include the whole range of an
institutions information systems and processes (including its VLE if it has
one) and relate more to the totality of an institutions processes and
standards, rather than to individual products and tools.


What does a VLE do?



The
principle functions that the complete VLE needs to deliver are:



Controlled
access to curriculum


Tracking
student activity and achievement against these elements
using simple processes for course administration and student tracking
that make it possible for tutors to define and set up a course with
accompanying materials and activities to direct, guide and monitor
learner progress


Support
of on
-
line learning, including access to learning resources,
assessment and guidance. The learning resources may be self
-
developed, or professionally authored and purchased materials that
can be imported and made available for use by learners


Communication
between the learner, the tutor and other learning
support specialists to provide direct support and feedback for
learners, as well as peer
-
group communications that build a sense of
group identity and community of interest


Links
to other administrative systems, both
inhouse

and externally


Types of VLEs


CMS


A content management system stores, loads and
replays content. It may also enable teachers to
organise

and sequence this content for delivery to
students. Such systems might have the facility to
communicate these sequences to other teachers,
allowing lesson structures to be used by more than
one person. Content management systems do not
keep track of students progress. Ideally, a CMS should
allow users to import content from a range of
different sources.




VLE


A virtual learning environment performs the
functions of a CMS but also keeps track of
students progress as they work through the
learning resources it stores. A VLE can be
considered part of a managed learning
environment MLE if the data it records on
students progress are passed to the college or
school management information system (MIS).


MLE


A managed learning environment includes the
whole range of an institutions
information/content systems and processes,
including its MIS and its VLE if it has one) that
contribute directly or indirectly to learning and
the management of learning.

Benefits


General class administration and
organisation


The
creation of lesson plans using existing resources


Assessment
and monitoring of students


Allocation
and marking of on
-
line assignments


Discussion
and support with students on line


The various interactive tools of VLEs can also support learners with
both class work and homework, and can cater for individual
learning styles. For example, students can:


Submit
and track their assignments on line via a personal home page


Contribute
to and participate in discussions with classmates and other
schools via the various conferencing tools


Work
at their own pace within and out of school. This is particularly
beneficial to learners with special educational needs, such as students
in hospital or children unable to attend regular classes for health
reasons.