E553 - Digital Libraries Fall 2011 Final Project Design Proposal Hobart Manor Digitization Project

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1










E553
-

Digital Libraries

Fall 2011



Final Project


Design Proposal

Hobart Manor Digitization Project


Lisa DeLuca

December 5, 2011












Note
:
I would like to thank the Hobart Manor Team at Cheng Library for allowing me to
participate and learn with them as they embark on this digital adventure. This includes
Anne Ciliberti, Kurt Wagner, Robert Wolk, Mark Sandford,
Urooj Kahn and
Peter
Blasevick

(
fellow Rutgers MLIS student).





2

TITLE:

Hobart Manor Digitization Project


ABOUT:

The Hobart Manor Digital Library is a
historically significant collection of letters,
documents, blueprints and photographs about Hobart Manor, a historic home on W
illiam
P
aterson
U
niversity
’s campus.
Hobart Manor was owned by the f
amily of Garret A. Hobart, the 24th Vice
-
President of the United States

who served under William McKinley
.
Originally known as Ailsa Farms, the
site was purchased by the state of New Jer
sey in 1948 from the family of Garret A. Hobart. The original
manor house, built in 1877, was the weekend retreat and summer residence of the Hobart family. Today
it

is home of the Office of the President and the Office of Institutional Advancement.

This

digital collection

is
an
important
first initiative to digitize
WPU
’s archives and historically
important to the
towns
hip of Wayne, the city

of Paterson
and

the state of New Jersey
. This collection is
also of interest to
architects and
political

historians.


WHAT
:


This document will provide a
design
framework for the Hobart Manor Digitization Project and
create standards for Cheng Librarians and technology staff for future digitization projects. This project
will digitize 3 boxes of historica
l documents (about 45 files folders maintained by University archivists
and staff)

with
Opus FreeFlow software

and a
Bookeye 2 Scanner
.

This is a first time effort into creating a digital library for the university.
(
There is an
Objects of
Power

Digital Collection
at WPU
that
was created from pre
-
exi
sting
scanned image
s of African artifacts.)
WPU President Kathleen Waldron is interested in creating a digital archive about this historically
significant campus building.
Hobart Manor was designated a national and state landmark in 1976.

In
1915,
Garett

Hobart Jr. engaged
renowned

architects Fred Wentworth and Frederick Vreeland to
undertake an extensive remodeling and expansion of the castle.

Library staff and MLIS student volunteer
s

will scan the material with a Book Eye 2 Plus scanner.
Content will b
e stored on the WPU network and ultimately collected in
CONTENTdm

Digital Collection
Management Software (an OCLC product) (http://www.
CONTENTdm
.org/). WPU has

purchased
CONTENTdm
Hosting
Services

that

includes a web interface, software u
pgra
des, daily backups of hosted
data,
monitoring of all system hardware

and w
eb site availability checks
.




3

The workflow for the Hobart project is
pictured

below. This workflow will be modified as the
project proceeds and for future WPU digitization efforts.






GUIDE IN DESIGN

When all scanning is complete, the Cheng Library Team will meet to determine the best format
for scanned images based on the criteria described in this section.
Guiding principles used

in this project
are

from

The New Jersey Digital Highway's
Digital Imaging Specifications

and the
Digital Imaging Bas
ics
and Standards: A Guide for Creating and Archiving Digital Images

by

Isaiah Beard of
Rutgers University
Libraries.

Standards include General Principles, Imaging Settings and bit depth.
Digital Collections
Scanning Standards

by California State University
-

Northridge

were also consulted.


The Cheng Library team created
archiving p
rinciples

for this project.

The goal of the Hobart Digital
Library will be to preserve, save and make availa
ble all documents and images from the Hobart Manor
Collection.

Additionally, the team decided on the following archiving guidelines:



Document control and security

is a top priority as the collection
includes historical
correspondence and history of WPU

an
d the Hobart Family. There was a sign out sheet for all
files in the Library Dean’s office. Files were locked in this office.



Provenance takes precedence; documents were together for a reason

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4



There will be as little electronic manipulation to the images
as possible



Th
e

le
ss handling
of the documents,
the better
. For all documents, scanners used white cotton
gloves. Documents should be h
andle
d

from
the bottom and not by the
corners
.



After scanning, p
ut
all
doc
ument
s
back into their folders with
acid free

paper

between items.



Re
move staples and clips manually

since they can

oxidize
.



Do not wear

white clothing

when scanning.



Exceptions: Blueprints and other documents that will be too large to scan, other documents that
may be in ill repair

will be scanned s
eparately or on different hardware
.


File Formats

Opus
FreeFlow

creates PDF and TIFF files for each document scanned.
CONTENTdm

can process

born
-
digital documents in PDF format.

This includes
conversion of multiple
-
page PDF files into
compound objects, creation of thumbnail images from PDF files, and full text extraction.

Additionally,
pages of a compound object automatically generated from a PDF file will not count toward the total
number of
items on the server.

PDF files are ideal for documents that were initially created as

digital documentation.


PDF files
are not efficient for scanned images, books, maps or newspapers.

Additionally, PDF is not ideal for
scanned images because an item that

has been scanned does not automatically contain embedded text.

For scanned images,
WPU could use the

CONTENTdm

OCR Extension for generating full text.
PDF files created from images can be very large and slow to download for online viewing. For a better
e
nd
-
user experience,
they

can use
CONTENTdm

to create JPEG2000 or JPEG display images from
scanned TIFF files, rather than converting the TIFF files to PDF files.

TIF
F

files are the best qualit
y for
master and archive files.


CONTENT

All content contained in the three cartons will be scanned. These files are University Archives
that have been maintained for decades. The content ranges from letters, newspaper articles, obituaries
and book excerpts about the Hobart Family. The history

of Hobart Manor is also present through
blueprints, photographs and University renovation plans. There are also two folders of newspaper
articles about New Jersey historic homes. At the beginning of the project, the
Special Collections

Archivist confirm
ed that all material should be scanned.

An example of content description can be seen in the Excel spreadsheet pictured below. As
items are scanned, the team will track all items in a shared spreadsheet.


5



REPRESENTATION

NISO’s
A Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections

reinforces key metadata
issues in digital collections
including

cost/value, sustainability, and trust. Objects, metadata and
collections are view
ed in context of projects but also as building blocks that others can reuse, re
-
package, repurpose, and build services upon. These guidelines reinforce the very important point that
digital collections “must now intersect with the users own context. The
existence of searchable
descriptive metadata increases

the likelihood that digital content will be discovered and used.”
This is
the ultimate measure of success for a digital project or program.

Metadata

It is the goal of the archivist to ensure that ther
e is physical and intellectual control over the
Hobart Manor materials.
The
Special Collections

Archivist

identified m
etadata fields

to fulfill this goal
.

These include:

1.

Title


book, pamphlet, or other printed material with a specific title

2.

Subject


specific person, object, text, photographic view

3.

D
escription


physical dimensions o
r approx. size in inches

4.

Creator


where known


items having a primary creator/maker/attribution

5.

Identifier


Indexing terms

6.

Rights


if text, photo, etc. is available for rep
roduction

7.

Provenance


how item was obtained: gift, WPUNJ collection, etc.

8.

Location


where items are located: WPUNJ, PCHS, etc.

9.

Date


if known or approximate date based on knowledge of subject

10.

Format


type of material: text, letter, blueprint, photo, etc.

11.

N
otes


additional comments or information




6

For this project or future projects, the team may also want to consider “digital item type.” This
is from the
Mountain

West Digital Library
. Examples include:

1.

Postcard

2.

Journal
Article

3.

Diary

4.

Dissertation

5.

Compound

Object


Book

Compound Object


Individual Page

6.

Compound

Object


Newspaper Issue

Compound Object


Newspaper

Page

Compound Object


Newspaper

Article

7.

Audio

8.

Film/Video

9.

Photograph

10.

Ephemera (show program)

11.

Artwork

12.

Map

13.

Architectural & Technical Drawings

14.

Letter


ORGANIZATION

The initial page
would include images of Hobart Manor, blueprints and newspaper clippings. There will
be a s
earch

box. There would be links to other pages:



About
the Collection
:



Send Feedback:



Links

to other WPU Digital Collections:



On each page, there would be links to:

o


Hobart Manor

Home

o


View all images

o


Share your story

o


About the Collection

o


Send Feedback

o

Browse the Collection



Browse the Collection


thumbnail images in numerical order. There may be an additional
browse drop box that
may include other names of the property
,
specific names in the Hobart
Family tre
e

or W
illiam Paterson’s earlier names:


Garret Augustus Hobart (1844


1899)

Esther Jane (Jennie) Tuttle Hobart (1849


1941)

Garret A. Hobart, Jr. (1884


1941)

Caroline Frye Hobart (1880


1960)

Katherine Hobart Hand (1912


1960)

Garret A. Hobart,

III (1908


1963)

Garret A. Hobart, IV

(1935
-

)




7

Ailsa Farm

Hobart Manor

Paterson State Teachers College

Willia
m Paterson College

William Paterson University


Photographs


Interior

Photographs
-

Exterior

Floor Plans

Blueprints
Deeds

Obituaries


NJ Historical Society

Passaic County Historical Society




Proposed Links

The Hobart Manor Digital Library could include links to WPU
re
l
a
ted
sites, NJ H
i
storical
sites
and Presidential
links including:

American President
: A Reference Resource (U
niversity of Virginia
):




ht
tp://millercenter.org/president/mckinley/essays/vicepresident/1847

Lambert Castle:


http://www.lambertcastle.com/lambert_castle_story.htm

Monmouth County Life:






http://www.monmouthcountylife.com/a
-
monmouth
-
life/monmouth
-
originals/

New Jersey Historical Society:






http://www.jerseyhistory.org/findingaid.php?aid=0036

(Manuscripts, 1880
-
1900)

New Jersey History: Research Guides at Kean University:




http://libguides.kean.edu/newjerseyhistory

Passaic County Historical Society:





http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~njpchsgc/pchs/pchs_collections.htm

Paterson Free Public Library:





http://www.patersonpl.org/2librinfo.html




www.
paterson
pl.org/3
Hobart
CollectionFlyer.pdf

Vice Presidents of the United States:

www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/resources/.../
garrett
_
hobart
.pdf

Wayne Patch:



http://wayne.patch.com/articles/hobart
-
manor
-
holds
-
high
-
tea
-
to
-
raise
-
funds

William Paterson University:


http://www.wpunj.edu/university/history/farms.dot

http://www.wpunj.edu/university/history/fullstory_hobart.dot





http://www.wpunj.edu/university/history/hoba
rtmanor.dot





http://www.wpunj.edu/coac/gallery/hobartmanor.dot


8


ACCESS


Access will be provided from the Cheng Library website and other WPU links, such as University
History, Office of
the President and College of the Arts and Communication’s Section about University Galleries
and Collections. Access to the digital library will also be provided from several of the links mentioned about.


It will be important to use the CONTENTdm Adminis
trative Tools to insert the proper tags. This will
ensure the Hobart Manor Digital Collection will have a top ranking in a Google Search. If the Hobart Manor
team finds the CONTENTdm interface tools difficult to use, they may want to consider such as dmB
ridge, which
is described later in the Management Section.


There are no anticipated restrictions for
licensed or copyrighted materials. Navigation and browsing
will be based on the ideas presented in the Organization Section above.

SERVICES

At this
time, Cheng Library will use O
ptical
C
haracter
R
ecognition

in the Hobart
Digital
Collection, and
in future projects.
This will ensure that users can search for text within items in the collection, such as
newspaper articles and letters.
Other services th
ey ma
y choose to add are WorldCat Sync, OAI Support and
Streaming Media Support. These are summarized below for future consideration by the technology team.


Optical Character Recognition (OCR)

Cheng staff wants OCR to be available in the Hobart Manor Lib
rary.
When the “OCR” field is set to the
“Full Text Search” data type, documents themselves can be searched, not only the metadata.
When they are
reading to activate this
feature
, they will need to create requirements in
CONTENTdm

that include
a
ctivating

OCR
,
Settings
, generating, determine supported l
anguages

and
processing page l
imits
.



WorldCat Sync

Additionally, Cheng staff will need to enable

WorldCat Sync

if they want to upload

metadata from
their

collection into WorldCat.
They

can use the Digital

Collection Gat
eway to create profiles for their

collection
metadata to be regularly harvested (using
Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting

[OAI
-
PMH]), uploaded, and converted to WorldCat form
at. After harvesting, WorldCat returns a list of OCLC
numbers that can be added to
their

collection’s metadata to support future synchronizations.

After collections
are uploaded via the Digital Collection Gateway, they are available for end
-
users to searc
h and discover from
WorldCat. End
-
users can click through to view and use your collection.

The workflow is as follows:



9

1.

Registering with Digital Collection Gateway

2.

Mapping Metadata & Sync'ing with WorldCat

3.

Logging In and Reviewing the Collection List

4.

Mapp
ing Metadata

5.

Accessing and Managing the Collection Profile

6.

Scheduling Uploads

7.

Reviewing WorldCat Sync Reports

8.

Updating Collections with OCLC Numbers

9.

Disabling WorldCat Synch


Howard and Goldberg’s
Facilitating greater access to ETDs through CONTENTdm

gives information
about migration of an electronic theses and dissertation collection
(ETDs)
into CONTENTdm and migrating the
records to WorldCat’s Digital Collection Gateway. The goal of the
ETD
project was to allow for full
-
text
searching and simultane
ous searching of other collections. The article shows cataloging workflows that may
be useful to the Hobart Manor Digitization Project. As mentioned later in this paper, WPU may want to
consider using CONTENTdm as an institutional repository. One benefi
t

of this tool

is to allow for federated
searching

of digital and physical resources
, both by institution and topic.


Open Archives Initiative (
OAI)
Support

OAI

develops interoperability standards so that content can be effectively disseminated. By configuring
server settings,
one

can set
CONTENTdm

to act as an OAI Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (PMH) repository.
The OAI
-
PMH repository processes requests from a

harveste
r so that the metadata for
stored items is
available.

The default setting for OAI support allows all published collections to be available for harvesting.
One

can change the setting so that only specified collections are harvested.
One

can also s
pecify whether the
metadata for each page of a compound object is available for OAI harvesting.

Metadata consistency should be
a primary consideration when developing digital collections if they are to be harvested successfully (Toy
-
Smith,
10).



Streamin
g Media Support

The
CONTENTdm

Server can store and manage streamed media files and link to
a

streaming server for
access to the streamed media. There are two methods for storing streaming media files and interfacing to
a

streaming server from
CONTENTdm
: (
1)
Mapping a streamed file type allows you to manage the streamed file
in
CONTENTdm

as you would any other item in the collection. This is the preferred method of storing media
files.

(2)
Store URLs of streamed files if the
stream URLs has

different parameters (other than the stream file
name) for different streams or if you access your streaming server remotely.




10

EVALUATION

Library management
needs

to create evaluation objectives, criteria and methods.

They need to
discuss measures of s
uccess in terms of
CONTENTdm

usage data and visibility in the University Community.
One method of evaluation of the Hobart Manor Digital Library will be usage r
eports

generated by the
CONTENTdm

Server.
Server log files
will collect usage data
and are updated by
automated scripts.


Report Fields

Available

Definition

Files


Successful requests served by the server are
counted as files. A file can be an HTML page or a
processed page, such as a PHP page, or an image.
File total in the reports is

a subset of hits total.

Hits

Any logged request made to the server. The
request can be for any type of file or script. A
request does not have to be successful to be
counted as a hit.

Item Views


When a specific
CONTENTdm

item or object is
requested.

P
ages


The number of pages requested only (does not
include elements in the page, such as images).
PHP files and CGI scripts are counted as pages.

Visits

Determined by a calculation of when a request
was made to the server from an IP address (host)
and the

amount of time since a previous request
by the same IP address.


Additionally, server s
tatistics

track the t
otal number of items
, n
umber of compound objects
,
n
umber of
null items (items with no associated file)
, and
a b
reakdown of numbers of ite
ms by file type (jpg, pdf, tif,
etc.)
.


UPDATE, PERSISTENCE,

PRESERVATION:


Ongoing m
odifications
will

need to be made to the
CONTENTdm

project. This requires dedicated staff
time. Cheng Library may consider training existing staff or librarians who want to upgrade their technical skills
to manage this digital library.

The interface will need to be updated search engine optimization te
chniques will
need to be implemented.

To keep the materials up to date,

the Dean of Cheng Library

can use this digital initiative as a catalyst
to collect other Hobart Manor information that is scattered across campus. A dedi
cated resource would be
respon
s
ible for retrieving this additional information and to get it scanned and put into the CMS.

On the technical side, t
he team needs to work with OCLC to determine their backup proced
u
res. OCLC
hosts the
CONTENTdm
, but Cheng

librarians need to ensure the re
gula
r
it
y of the backup and also to know

11

where one or several copies of the data is stored.

This will include planning for storage issues, disaster
recovery and backups.

Part of the goal of this project is to provide access
and

to preserve the Hobart Manor documents for
posterity.
The archivist needs a safe location for the original documents.

Some of this can be maintained
through OCLS’s Digital Archive.
WPU may want to consider NEDCC or a distributed digital preservation
ne
twork based on Lots of Copies Keeps Stuff Safe (LOCKSS),
open
-
source software created and maintained by
Stanford University.

Additionally, f
ile formats
should also be monitored for obsolescence.

They would work in conjunction
with OCLC or other vendors i
f:

-

Software upgrades fail to support legacy files.

-

The format itself is superseded by another or evolves in complexity.

-

The format "take up" is low or industry fails to create compatible software.

-

The format fails, stagnates, or is no longer compat
ible with the current environment.

-

Software supporting the format fails in the marketplace or is bought by a competitor and withdrawn.


MANAGEMENT, RESOURCE
S

The Hobart Team and Cheng Library
Management

will need to monitor and discuss the following
issues: project prioritization, collaboration and grant applications, marketing, legal issues, technology
management including backup, disaster recovery and possible CONTENTdm add
-
ons. Each of these is
descr
ibed below.

Management

will need to create
a
priority list for future digital
initiatives
. This
will

include other
Special Collection priorities

and initiatives such as an institutional repository. This may include collaborations
with other institutions such as the Paterson Free Public Library and the digitization of the Paterson Papers.
In
general, b
ecause of
the
cost of digital projects (hardw
are, software, staff training),
WPU

will
likely
apply for
internal funds and should collaborate with other libraries, museums or archives our outside grants. IMLS
grants look at these criteria: national impact, design specifications, management plan, real
istic budget,
qualified personnel and sustainability.

Finally, and most importantly, T
he Library Dean needs to ensure that
there are adequate funds to keep this project

and other digital initiatives

going.

Isaiah Beard,
Digital Data Curator at the Rutgers

University
Scholarly Communication Center
, stressed
the need to build hardware costs into grant proposals. He also states that the National Science Foundation is
promoting sustainability for research data. There is a big effort to how to store and make

research data
available.


12

Additionally, as WPU takes on other digital collections, they may want to consider a consortial
approach to metadata best practices. (Toy
-
Smith, p. 2). This would require a strong need for consistency in
project metadata.

As
digital efforts increase at WPU and/or partnering institutions, it is important to understand the
differenc
es between “Digital Project” and the

“Digital Program” stage. Liz

Bishoff, in a recent METRO Webi
nar,
stated that few
in
stitutions have a coordinate
d approach to their digital initiatives, especially in the areas of
standards (imaging, metadata), quality control, access

and d
igital preservation. It is also very important to

i
ncorporate digital production, content and storage into existing disaster re
covery plans.

In
Digital librarianship & social media: The digital library as conversation facilitator
, Schrier highlights
that

d
igital collections marketing is an important, yet often ignored aspect of digital collection management.
While many collections

are
known

for the quality of their pictures, metadata, and preservation techniques,
they often remain obscure, unknown, and therefore inaccessible to their intended user populations. One of
the ways digital librarians can cultivate a broader awareness of
their collections is through social networking.
More importantly, digital librarians who participate in conversations with users through the use of social media
become inextricably intertwined with the knowledge creation processes relevant to their collect
ions. This
paper presents a set of five general principles (listening, participation, transparency, policy, and strategy) that
provide digital librarians with straightforward, concrete strategies for successfully integrating social media into
a digital lib
rary's overall strategic plan.

There
do not seem to be out of the ordinary
copyright and legal issues

for this project. The materials
in the Hobart Manor are in the public domain. The Hobart Team will need to remember that
works published
prior to 1923 and U.S. government documents are in the public domain and can be digitized if
there are
no
privacy concerns.

Technology management will be ongoing for all digital initiatives. The Hobart Team and future project
managers will

need to monitor
technologies that may be required to make digital objects both
render
able

and
understandable
. This will help

also help Cheng Library to consider

potential preservation
implications.

These
technologies may be monitored at WPU or in conjun
ction with archiving vendors. A list of these technologies
includes:

-

Basic

data encoding

-

File

form
atting and compression schemes

-

Storage

media specifications

-

Media

storage techniques

-

Storage

media formatting

-

File

system specifications

-

Operating

system environment

-

Storage

hardware, with associated
firmware, device drivers

-

"
Playback
" hardware


The team may consider
open
-
sour
c
e

CONTENTdm add
-
ons such as dmBridge.

The dmBridge template

13

engine serves the same purpose as CONTENTdm's built
-
in template engine, with a different execution. The
main goal of the template engine is to enable extensive customizations to page layout, style, and features.
Dynamic, standards
-
co
mpliant page templates can be constructed by non
-
programmer web designers while
remaining isolated from the rest of the system. Within the templates themselves, dynamic (PHP) content is
separated from static (HTML) content, and all content can be styled us
ing cascading style sheets (CSS), the
same as any other web page.


According to Lampert’s article
,
dmBridge: Building a collaborative solution for streamlined digital
library design and development
, the main benefit is that dmBridge allows for a more robust and streamlined
workflow and design process. Comment forms can be created with one line of code. A rating system, custom
viewer and tagging system can be plugged in. Searching collections by k
eyword is also improved with the
search suggestions features. dmMonacle is another project in development that integrates with
dmBridge

to
improve

the viewing of details in full resolution images.



CONCLUSION

The goal of this project is to increase visib
ility of the Hobart Manor
through the Cheng Library digital
library

and make it available to the WPU community,
researchers, New Jersey
historians and the public
. It is
also important to preserve the document collection
.
Hopefully
,

as WPU’s Digital Library grows

users
will

discover other WPU digital collections.

As

Bush stated in “As We May Think”,
Bush
states the underlying premise of digital libraries and
database management, that for a record to be useful, it has to be consulted.

Equally or perhaps more
important is that users need to know where to find the relevant information.

This reminder is invaluable. We
can build a robust conten
t
-
rich digital library, but if the appropriate user communities do not know that the
library e
xists or cannot easily access this, then the project cannot be considered a success.


With a strong team
at WPU and the infinite number of resources for this type of project including best practices, CONTENTdm
project reviews and library consortia sites,
C
heng Library will be ready

to release the Hobart Manor Digital
Library
into production in 2012.








14

REFERENCES


Articles


Angel, C. M. (2011). Gap

analysis of the university of South C
arolina's digital collections department.

OCLC
Systems and Services, 27
(2), 99
-
112. Retrieved from
www.scopus.com
.


Bishoff, Liz and Clareson, Tom. (2011)
.

The Ship hasn’t left

without you: current

trends in digital

preservation
,

Metropolitan New

York Regional Library Council Webinar
,
October 11, 2011
.


Bush, V. (1945)
.

As we may think. Atlantic Monthly, 176, (11), 101
-
108. Retrieved Aug. 21, 2011
from

http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/194507
/bush


Byrne, G. & Goddard, L. (2010). The strongest link: Libraries and linked data.
D
-
Lib Magazine, 16
(11/12).
Retrieved Aug. 21, 2011 from
http://www.dlib.org/dlib/november10/byrne/11byrne.html
.


Cornell University Library (2010
).

Digital preservation tutorial.
Digital preservation management:
Implementing short
-
term strategies for long
-
term problems. Retrieved Aug. 21, 2011 from
http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/dpm/index.html
.


Gill, T., Gilliland, A. J., & Woodley, M.S. (2008)
.

Introduction to metadata
. Pathways to digital information.
Online edition. Version 2.1. Los Angeles, CA: The J. Paul Getty Trust. Retrieved Aug. 21, 2011 from
http://www.getty.ed
u/research/conducting_research/standards/intrometadata/index.html



Howard, Rachel I. and Goldberg, Tyler. (2011). Facilitating greater access to ETDs through CONTENTdm.
OCLC
Systems & Services
, 27(2), 113
-
123.


Lampert, Cory et al. (2010). dmBridge
: Building a collaborative solution for streamlined digital library design
and development.
OCLC Systems and Services,
26(2), 103
-
113.


Lopatin, L. (2006). Library digitization projects, issues and guidelines: A survey of the literature.
Library Hi
Tech
,

24(2), 273
-
289.


Madden, Liz. (2007)
.

Digital Curation at the Library of Congress: Lessons Learned from American Memory and
the Archive Ingest and Handling Test
,
Library of Congress,

retrieved from

http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/library/resources/pubs/docs/digital_curation2007.html

accessed on
11/1/11.


NISO Framework Advisory Group. (2007)
A Fr
amework of guidance for building good digital collections
. 3nd
edition. Bethesda, MD: National Information Standards Organization, Retrieved Aug. 21, 2011 from
http://framework.niso.org/


Park, Ji
-
Hong and Shim, J
iyoung. (2011)
Exploring How Library Publishing Services Facilitate Scholarly
Communication.

Journal of Scholarly Publishing. October 2011, pp. 76
-
89.


Schrier, R. A. (2011). Digital librarianship & social media: The digital library as conversation faci
litator.

D
-
Lib
Magazine, 17
(7
-
8) Retrieved from
www.scopus.com
.



15

Toy
-
Smith, Vicki. (2010). UALC Best Practices Metadata Guidelines: A Consortial Approach.
Journal of Library
Metadata
. 10, p. 1
-
12.


Zarndt, F. (2011). Project management 101: Plan well, communicate a lot, and don't forget acceptance criteria!

OCLC Systems and Services, 27
(3), 170
-
174. Retrieved from
www.scopus.com



Websites


CONTENTdm
sites


http://digital.library.louisville.edu
/collections/etd





http://etd.byu.edu





http://uspace.utah.edu


dmBridge



http://digital.library.unlv.edu/software/dmbridge





http://digital.li
brary.unlv.edu/software/dmmonacle


Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe (Standford University)
:

www.lockss.org



New Jersey Digital Highway
:

http://www.njdigitalhighway.org/digital_coll_stepbystep.php

http://www.njdigitalhighway.org/digitizing_collections_libr.php


Mountain West Digital Library

http://www.mwdl.org


Northeast Document Conservation Center
:


http://www.nedcc.org/resources/toolkits.php


OCLC Digital Archive:


http://www.oclc.org/digitalarchive/


Rutgers University Scholarly Communicatio
n Center
:


http://www.scc.rutgers.edu/scchome/