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UST


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-

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JUNI
O



201
3


Revistas del área de

RECURSOS NATURALES



Para ir a la Tabla de contenido haga click

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Agricultural
Economics

VOL. 44, Nº 3


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Revistas del
área de

DIVULGACIÓN CIENTÍFICA


Investigación
y
Ciencia

Nº 440


2013


Nature

Vol. 496, Nº 7443
2013


Newscientist

Vol. 218, Nº 2911
2013


Science

Vol. 340, Nº 6128
2013









TABLAS DE CONTENIDO



INICIO


AGRICULTURA
L ECONOMICS

VOL. 44, Nº 3, Mayo


2013

255

Assessing

farmers’

risk

preferences

and

their

determinants

in

a

marginal

upland

area

of

Vietnam:

a

comparison

of

multiple

elicitation

techniques
.

Thea Nielsen, et al.

275

The

impact

of

agricultural

policy

on

farm

income

concentration:

the

case

of

regional

implementation

of

the

CAP

direct

payments

in

Italy
.

Simone Severini; Antonella Tantari.

287

The

Economic

impact

of

public

agricultural

research

and

development

in

the

United

States
.

Matthew A. Andersen; Wenxing Song.

297

Contract

farming

and

smallholder

incentives

to

produce

high

quality:

experimental

evidence

from

the

Vietnamese

dairy

sector
.

Christoph Saenger,

et al.

309

Cooperative

pricing

and

scale

efficiency:

The

case

of

Korean

rice

processing

complexes
.

Chun
-
Kwon Yoo, et al.

323

Valuing

financial,

health,

and

environmental

benefits

of

Bt

cotton

in

Pakistan
.

Shahzad Kouser; Matin Qaim.

337

The

value

of

genetic

information

to

livestock

buyers:

a

combined

revealed,

stated

preference

approach
.

Mallory K. Vestal,

et al.

349

Cash

crop

choice

and

income

dynamics

in

rural

areas:

evidence

for

post
-
crisi s

Indonesia
.

Stephan Klasen,

et al.

365

Cash

transfer

programs

and

agricultural

production:

the

case

of

Malawi
.

Ryan Boone,

et al.

INICIO


HORTSCIENCE

Vol.

48,



4,

April



2013


CULTIVAR

REGISTRATION

404

International Registration of Cultivar Names for Unassigned Woody Genera January 2010

February
2013.

Susan

Pell
;

David

Nial.

WORKSHOP

405

Contributions of Indigenous Americans to Horticulture: Introduction to the Workshop.

Jules

Janick.

406

Development of New World Crops by Indigenous Americans.

Jules

Janick.

413

Manna in Winter: Indigenous Americans, Huckleberries, and Blueberries.

Kim

E.

Hummer.

418

The Chilean Strawberry (
Fragaria

chiloensis
): Over 1000 Years of
Domestication.

Chad

E.

Finn
,

et

al.

REPORTS

Breeding,

Cultivars,

Rootstock,

and

Germplasm

Resources

422

Production of Amphidiploids of the Hybrids between

Solanum

macrocarpon

and Eggplant.

Md.

Mizanur

Rahim

Khan
,

et

al.

425

Inheritance of Resistance to Pear Psylla Nymphal Feeding in Pear (
Pyrus

communis

L.) of European
Origin.

Richard

L.

Bell.

Crop

Production

428

Cuttings of

Impatiens
,

Pelargonium
, and

Petunia

Propagated under Light
-
emitting Diodes and High
-
pressure Sodium
Lamps Have Comparable Growth, Morphology, Gas Exchange, and Post
-
transplant
Performance.

Christopher

J.

Currey
;

Roberto

G.

Lopez.

435

Optimum Plot Size for Field Trials of Taro (
Colocasia

esculenta
).

Susan

C.

Miyasaka
,

et

al.

444

Water Stress Increases
Sunburn in ‘Cripps’ Pink’ Apple.

Brian

Makeredza
,

et

al.

448

Optimal Growing Substrate pH for Five

Sedum

Species.

Youbin

Zheng
;

Mary

Jane

Clark.

453

Analytical Determination of the Lag Phase in Grapes by Remote Measurement of Trellis Tension.

Julie

M.

Tarara
,

et

al.

462

Effect of Foliar Application of Methyl Jasmonate and Extracts of Juniper and Sagebrush on Essential
Oil Yield and Composition of ‘Native’ Spearmint.

Valtcho

D.

Zheljazkov
,

et

al.

466

Eastern Filbert Blight
-
resistant Hazelnuts from
Russia, Ukraine, and Poland
.

John

M.

Capik
,

et

al.

Postharvest

Biology

and

Technology

474

ffects of Preharvest Weather Conditions on Firmness of ‘McIntosh’ Apples at Harvest Time
.

Maude

Lachapelle
,

et

al.

Propagation

and

Tissue

Culture

481

Effect of
Diagonal Cut Surface Length on Graft Success and Growth of

Mangifera

indica
,

Persia

americana,

and

Prunus

persica
.

Simon

A.

Mng’omba
;

Elsa

S.

du

Toit.

Soil

Management,

Fertilization,

and

Irrigation

485

Yield, Water
-
, and Nitrogen
-
use Efficiency in
Field
-
grown, Grafted Tomatoes
.

Desire

Djidonou
,

et al.

Turf

Management

493

Impact of Hybrid Bluegrass and Tall Fescue Seeding Combinations on Brown Patch Severity and Weed
Encroachment
.

Matthew

A.

Cutulle
,

et al.

CULTIVAR

AND

GERMPLASM

RELEASES

501


Iniagrape
-
one’, a New Chilean Table Grape Cultivar
.

Carolina

Uquillas
,

et al.

MISCELLANEOUS

504

Spectral Effects of Three Types of White Light
-
emitting Diodes on Plant Growth and Development:
Absolute versus Relative Amounts of Blue Light
.

Kevin

R.

Cope
;

Bruce

Bugbee.

510

Compost Teas and Reused Nutrient Solution Suppress Plant Pathogens In Vitro
.

Xiuling

Tian
;

Youbin

Zheng.

REPORTED

DEATH

513

Paul Thomas
.

INICIO


NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY

Vol.
31, Nº 3, March


2013

EDITORIAL

177

Longitudinal
thinking.

NEWS

179

Antisense battles small molecule for slice of rare lipid disorder market
.

181

Industry pursues co
-
stimulatory receptor immunomodulators to treat cancer.

182

Amgen fined

$762 million.

183

Biotech bonanza hits UK.

184

FDA okays

IT
-
powered trial.

184

Personalized, sequencing
-
based immune profiling spurs startups.

185

Another blow for ALS.

186

SBIR widens cash net.

186

Drug
-
proof grapefruit.

187

Blockbuster dreams for Pfizer's CDK inhibitor.

187

Around the world in a month.

188

Water stress survivors.

188

Wyss Institute to rise in Merck Serono shell
.

189

Editors’ Pick:
Orphazyme.

190

Data Page:
Drug pipeline: Q412.

191

News Feature:
Back on target.

BIOENTREPRENEUR

Data Page

194

Innovative startups 2012
.

Brady Huggett.

OPINION AND COMMENT

Correspondence

195

Life sciences venture capital in emerging markets
.

Justin Chakma, et al.

FEATURE

Patents

202

Patent landscaping for life sciences innovation: toward consistent and transparent practices

-
pp202
-

206

Tania
Bubela,

et al.

207

Recent patent applications in oligonucelotide synthesis.

NEWS AND VIEWS

208

RNA guides genome engineering
.

Claudio Mussolino; Toni Cathomen.

209

Cardiac regenerative medicine 2.0
.

Boon
-
Seng Soh, et al.

211

Single
-
cell sequencing in
its prime
.

Roger S Lasken.

2012

Research Highlights.

COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY

Analysis

213

Sensitive detection of somatic point mutations in impure and heterogeneous cancer samples
.

Kristian Cibulskis,

et al.

RESEARCH

Perspective

220

Scientific
considerations in the review and approval of generic enoxaparin in the United States
.

Sau Lee,

et al.

Brief Communications

227

Efficient genome editing in zebrafish using a CRISPR
-
Cas system
.

Woong Y Hwang,

et al.

230

Targeted genome engineering in
human cells with the Cas9 RNA
-
guided endonuclease
.

Seung Woo Cho, et al.

Articles

233

RNA
-
guided editing of bacterial genomes using CRISPR
-
Cas systems
.

Wenyan Jiang, et al.

240

Draft genome sequence of chickpea (
Cicer arietinum
) provides a resource for
trait improvement
.

Rajeev K Varshney,

et al.

Letter

247

Unfoldase
-
mediated protein translocation through an

α
-
hemolysin nanopore.

Jeff Nivala, et al.

Resource

251

A library of TAL effector nucleases spanning the human genome
.

Yongsub Kim, et al.

CARRERS AND RECRUITMENT

259

Pay increases for nonfounder executives at private life sciences companies rebound
.

Bruce Rychlik.

262

People.

INICIO


NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY

Vol.
31, Nº 5, May


2013

EDITORIAL

365

Do no harm.

366

Raising standards.

NEWS

367

Drugmakers plow more resources into autism

368

Billions spent on rare diseases

370

Footrace to clinic heats up for T
-
cell nuclear receptor inhibitors.

371

Synthetic peptide allergy vaccine shows efficacy.

371

Gleevec

loses Indian patent battle.

373

Third oral MS drug wins FDA nod
.

373

Chronic fatigue first on FDA agenda.

374

FDA moves on breakthrough therapies.

374

Around the world in a month.

375

China overhauls drug regulation agency.

376

No
-
fee university
licenses spur biotech partnerships.

377

Editors’ Pick:
Principia Biopharma.

378

Data Page:
1Q13

Stocks reach all
-
time high.

379

News Features:
Antimicrobial peptides stage a comeback.

BIOENTREPRENEUR

Data Page

383

Academic
-
industry partnerships 2012
.

Brady Huggett.

OPINION AND COMENT

Correspondence

384

A P3G generic access agreement for population genomic studies
.

Bartha Maria Knoppers, et al.

386

When bad science makes good headlines:

Bt

maize and regulatory bans
.

Jörg Romeis, et al.

Book
Review

388

Bad doctor.

FEATURE

392

Recapitulating human cancer in a mouse
.

Lynda Chin, et al.

396

Biotech's wellspring: the health of private biotech in 2012
.

Brady Huggett.

Patents

404

Not quite a myriad of gene patents
.

Gregory D Graff,

et al.

411

Recent patent applications in animal models.

NEWS AND VIEWS

412

White matter from fibroblasts
.

Steven A Goldman.

413

Endowing cells with logic and memory
.

Andre C Maranhao; Andrew D Ellington.

415

Antibiotic and ROS linkage questioned
.

Ferric C Fang.

416

Defining the path to hematopoietic stem cells
.

Christopher M Sturgeon, et al.

418

Research Highlights.

COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY

Resource

419

A community
-
driven global reconstruction of human metabolism
.

Ines Thiele,

et al.

RESEARCH

Articles

426

Transcription factor

mediated reprogramming of fibroblasts to expandable, myelinogenic
oligodendrocyte progenitor cells
.

Fadi J Najm, et al.

434

Generation of oligodendroglial cells by direct lineage conversion
.

Nan Yang,

et al.

440

Medial ganglionic
eminence

like cells derived from human embryonic stem cells correct learning and
memory deficits
.

Yan Liu, et al.

Letters

448

Synthetic circuits integrating logic and memory in living cells
.

Piro Siuti,

et al.

453

Generation of high
-
affinity DNA
aptamers using an expanded genetic alphabet
.

Michiko Kimoto, et al.

458

Identification of direct targets and modified bases of RNA cytosine methyltransferases
.

Vahid Khoddami; Bradley R Cairns.

CARRERS AND RECRUITMENT

465

First
-
quarter biotech job
picture
.

Michael Francisco.

466

People
.

INICIO


POSTHARVEST BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY

Vol. 79, May

1



2013

1

Arginase induction by heat treatment contributes to amelioration of chilling injury and activation of
antioxidant enzymes in tomato fruit
.

Xinhua Zhang,

et al.

9

Programmed cell death begins earlier in the mesophyll cells of tulip petals than in the epidermal cells
.

Hiroko Mochizuki
-
Kawai,

et al.

13

Moisture loss is the major cause of firmness change during postharvest storage of blueberry
.

A.C. Paniagua, et al.

20

A method for evaluating fruit abscission potential of grapes and cherry tomato clusters
.

Yakov Vinokur, et al.

24

Control of postharvest green mold of citrus fruit with yeasts, medicinal plants, and their combination
.

Henik
Sukorini,

et al.

32

Petal blackening and lack of bud opening in cut lotus flowers (
Nelumbo nucifera
): Role of adverse
water relations
.

Wachiraya Imsabai, et al.

39

Effects of low temperature storage and sucrose pulsing on the vase life of

Lilium

cv.
Brindisi
inflorescences
.

Domenico Prisa, et al.

47

Modelling respiration in fresh
-
cut pineapple and prediction of gas permeability needs for optimal
modified atmosphere packaging
.

E. Finnegan,

et al.

54

Effect of modified atmosphere packaging and storage

temperature on volatile composition and
postharvest life of minimally
-
processed pomegranate arils (cvs. ‘Acco’ and ‘Herskawitz’)
.

Oluwafemi J. Caleb,

et al.

62

Molecular characterization of

PR

and

WRKY

genes during SA
-

and MeJA
-
induced resistance
against

Colletotrichum musae

in banana fruit
.

Yang Tang,

et al.

69

Efficacy of ethanolic extract of propolis in maintaining postharvest quality of dragon fruit during
storage
.

Noosheen Zahid,

et al.

73

Repeated treatment of apple fruit with 1
-
methylcyclopropene

(1
-
MCP) prior to controlled atmosphere
storage
.

Jacqueline F. Nock; Christopher B. Watkins.

INICIO


TIERRA ADENTRO

Nº 102, Marzo / Abril


20213

3

Editorial.

Agricultura e Innovación.

Pedro Bustos Valdivia.

4

Publicaciones.

Boletín INIA
-

Nº 256:

Manual de Evaluación de Turberas de
Sphagnum
.

RECURSOS GENÉTICOS

5

En el año de la Innovación:

INIA Lanza Red Nacional de Bancos de Germoplasma.

SUSTENTABILIDAD & MEDIO AMBIENTE

11

Parámetros técnicos y de calidad:

Servicios de Polinización con Abejas
(
Apis mellifera
) en Frutales.

15

En el Sur de Chile:

Estrategias de Control de Ballicas Resistentes a Glifosato.

21

Sphagnum megallanicum

(pompón):

El musgo de la Turbera.

25

Riego por Pulsos en Maíz regado por Surcos.

FRUTICULTURA

31

Área de suelo
mojado y umbral de regadío.

Riego en Uva de Mesa.

41

En la Provincia del Choapa:

Uso de Reguladores de crecimiento en nogal.

47

Parte I: Nitrógeno, Fósforo y Potasio.

Necesidades Nutricionales del Olivo Cultivar Arbequina.

51

Parte II: Calcio, Magnesio
y Azufre.

Necesidades Nutricionales del Olivo Cultivar Arbequina.

GANADERÍA

55

Para mejorar los niveles de producción:

Cruzamiento Caprino.

TRANSFERENCIA TECNOLÓGICA

59

Objetivos y desafíos de su implementación:

Innovación tecnológica en el sector
ganadero de Los Ríos y Los Lagos.

63

En el Extremo Norte del País:

GTT Trabaja para la superación de brechas tecnológicas.

INICIO


INVESTIGACIÓN Y CIENCIA

Nº 440, Mayo


2013

ARTÍCULOS

Evolución Humana

18

Los orígenes de la creatividad

Nuevas
pruebas del ingenio

de nuestros antepasados obligan a reconsiderar

el
momento en que

estos empezaron

a pensar con inventiva.

Pringle, Heather.

Biología Evolutiva

26

Dar vida al ADN fósil

La biotecnología revela cómo sobrevivieron

los mamuts en ambientes
fríos,
además de otros misterios de la vida de los animales extintos.

Campbell, Kevin L., Hofreiter, Michael.

Epidemiología

32

La nueva amenaza de los poxvirus

La viruela puede haber desaparecido, pero sus primos víricos,

la viruela del
simio y la
bovina, están organizando su regreso.

Shah, Sonia.

Tecnología

38

Abejas robóticas

El proyecto RoboBee

persigue diseñar enjambres de insectos artificiales.
Dotados de una «inteligencia colectiva» similar

a la de las colmenas reales,
podrían acometer un gran número de tareas.

Wood, Robert, et al.

Astrofísica

50

Origen y evolución de los cúmulos estelares

Todas las estrellas

nacen en grupos, pero

después se dispersan

lentamente
por el espacio.

Una nueva teoría intenta explicar cómo estos grupos

se forman
y se deshacen

o, en casos excepcionales,

persisten durante cientos

de
millones de años.

Stahler, Steven
W.

Sistemas Complejos

58

Lenguaje, redes y evolución

La teoría de redes y la física de sistemas complejos

aportan nuevas pistas
sobre los orígenes

y la evolución del lenguaje.

Solé, Ricard V., et al.

Historia de la Ciencia

68

El arte de editar a
Leibniz

Quien tal vez fuera el último sabio universal apenas publicó nada

en vida. Tres
siglos después de su muerte, gran parte de la obra

de Leibniz aún debe ver la
luz.

Knobloch, Eberhard.

Química

78

¿A qué se debe la electricidad estática?

Considerado

tradicionalmente como un problema

perteneciente al ámbito de la
física, la respuesta tal vez llegue

de la mano de la química y otras disciplinas.

Williams, Meurig W.

SECCIONES

4

Cartas de los lectores.

5

Apuntes.

Microbios en las alturas. / Cómo se
dobla un muelle. / Siempre verdes. / Cerca,
pero no demasiado. / Limpiaparabrisas intermitentes. / Más allá de la superficie
del océano.

9

Agenda.

10

Panorama.



Líneas de defensa.
John Matson.



El antiimán.
Álvar Sánchez, et al.



La malnutrición favorece el desarrollo de bacterias nocivas.
Ana Izcue;
Fiona Powrie.



La dinámica peculiar de los cúmulos de galaxias.
Leopoldo Infante.



Vencer la resistencia a los antibióticos.
Mónica Cartelle Gestal.

44

De cerca.

Venenos robados.

Fernando Jordán Montés.

46

Filosofía de la ciencia.

¿Qué es un organismo individual?

Arantza Etxeberría.

48

Foro científico.

Modelos de crecimiento.

Mark Buchnan.

86

Taller y laboratorio.

Minería artesanal.

Marc Boada Ferrer.

89

Juegos matemáticos.

Todo o nada.

Bartolo Luque.

92

Libros.



Nuevas tendencias en arqueología
.
Luis Alonso.



El retorno de Owen.
Laura Nuño de la Rosa.



La era de los rankings.
Pablo Fernández Gallardo.

96

Hace…

50 años:
1963
, El mensaje de las feromonas.

/
100 años:
1913, La
quema de
turberas en Alemania; Manufactura de calzado; Buscando el tesoro.

/
150
años:
1863, ¿Darwin descreído? ; El café en la guerra.

INICIO


NATURE

Vol. 498, Nº 7452, June

0
6



2013

THE QUANTUM ATOM

Fatures

21

The quantum atom.

Nature celebrates
the 100
th

birthday of Niels Bohr’s model of the atom.

22

Extreme atoms.

Hollow, giant, heavy
… atoms are being contorted into brand new forms as
researchers explore the limits of the quantum world.

Comment

27

The path to the quantum atom
.

How Niels
Bohrn’s mathematical mind allowed him access to electron orbits.

John L. Heilbron.

31

The enigmatic electron
.

Simple yet unimaginably complex, the most puzzling subatomic particle is a
thing of beauty.

Frank Wilczek.

News & Views

40

Sizing up atoms.

Tackling the vexed question of just how large an atom can be.

Paul Indelicato
;
Alexander Karpov
.

THIS WEEK

EDITORIALS

5

Publishing

The paper trail.

Researchers must submit to greater scrutiny of their ouput.

5

Medical Research

Moral authority.

Accountability is crucial.

6

Announcement

Nature

papers enhanced.

Extended Data make their debut.

WORLD VIEW

7

US clinical
-
research system in need of review
.

Government
-
supported health studies urgently need an overhaul.

Arthur J. Ammann.

RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS

8

Selection
s from the scientific literature

Asymmetry in ‘strange beauty’ mesons. / A second spruce genome. / Less
ozone, more rain. / net gain for seabirds. / Watching atomic orbitals.

SEVEN DAYS

10

The New in brief

SESAME
synchrotron gets funding boost. / Moon spotted around asteroid. /
Mars Express maps mineral distribution.

NEWS IN FOCUS

13

Policy

Green credentials of ´plastic wood’ called into question.

14

Publishing

Divisions deepen as European talks on data mining
falter.

15

Genetics

Plan for glowing thale cress sparks debate over synthetic biology.

16

Genomics

Consortium paves way for data sharing.

17

Marine Science

Europe puts a stop to overfishing.

18

Health

World health organization agrees budget.

COMMENT

Books & Arts

33

Nature Writing

Cetacean subtleties
.

Callum Roberts.

34

Biotechnology

Genomics and us
.

Michael Rawlins.

35

Economics

A tale of cash and credit
.

Martin Shubik.

36

Environment

Piscine plunder
.

Michael White.

Correspondence

37

Fern gets
voted a top invader. / How to revive organ transplantation. / Free
access to satellite data.

RESEARCH

NEW ONLINE

39

Papers published this week at nature.com

NEWS & VIEWS

40

Forum: Theoretical physics

Sizing up atoms.

The limits of atomic and nuclear
size.

Paul Indelicato; Alexander Karpov.

41

High
-
temperature superconductivity

The sound of a hidden order.

An exotic phase of matter in a copper oxide compound.

Jan Zaanen.

42

Immunology


An innate regulatory cell.

Control of CD4
+
T cells by innate
lymphoid cells expressing MHC class II
antigens.

Marco Colonna.

44

Techniques

Optical spectroscopy goes intramolecular.

Imaging the internal structure of a single molecule.

Joanna M. Atkin; Markus B. Raschke.

45

Biochemistry

The ylide has landed.

An
ylide intermediate in a biochemical reaction.

Bradley J. Landgraf; Squire J. Booker.

47

Climate science

Plant a tree, but tend it well.

Nutrient limitation increase CO
2
emissions caused land
-
use change.

Julia Pongratz

48

Genomics

A gut prediction.

Metagenome
-
wide analysis of European women with type 2 diabetes.

Willem M. de Vos; Max Nieuwdorp.

REVIEW

51

Climate Science

Ice
-
sheet mass balance and climate change.

Edward Hanna, et al.

ARTICLES

60

The oldest known primate skeleton and early
haplorhine evolution.

Understanding the earliest phases of primate evolution is obscured by gaps in
the fossil record, but some light is shed by the discovery of a nearly complete
and substantially articulated skeleton of a tiny primate from the early Eoce
ne;
the new primate lies near the pivotal evolutionary dichotomy separating the
tarsier and anthropoid lineages and it possesses features that are characteristic
of subsequent members of both lineages.

Xijun Ni, et al.

65

Rats maintain an overhead binocul
ar field at the expense of constant
fusion.

In freely moving rodents, eye movements serve to keep the visual fields of the
two eyes continuously overlapping overhead at the expense of continuous
alignment, a strategy that may have evolved to maintain const
ant overhead
surveillance of predators.

Damian J. Wallace, et al.

70

KAT5 tyrosine phosphorylation couples chromatin sensing to ATM
signalling.

KAT5 tyrosine phosphorylation, mediated by the tyrosine kinase c
-
Abl,
increases after DNA damage, promoting
KAT5 binding to histone H3K9me3,
which triggers KAT5
-
mediated acetylation of the ATM kinase; this promotes the
activation of the DNA damage checkpoint and cell survival.

Abderrahmane Kaidi; Stephen P. Jackson

LETTERS

75

Condensed
-
Matter Physics

Bounding the pseudogap with a line of phase transitions in YBa
2
Cu
3
O
6+
δ
.

Arkady Shekhter, et al.

78

Physics

Second sound and the superfluid fraction in a Fermi gas with resonant
interactions.

Leonid A. Sidorenkov, et al.

82

Applied Physics

Chemical mapping of a single molecule by plasmon
-
enhanced Raman
scattering.

R. Zhang, et al.

87

Earth Science

Argon isotopic composition of Archaean atmosphere probes early Earth
geodynamics.

Magali Pujol, et al.

91

Behavioural Ecology

The rewards of
restraint in the collective regulation of foraging by
harvester ant colonies.

Deborah M. Gordon.

94

Genomics

Architecture and evolution of a minute plant genome.

Enrique Ibarra
-
Laclette, et al.

99

Microbiology

Gut metagenome

in European women with normal, impaired and diabetic
glucose control.

Fredrik H. Karlsson, et al.

104

Neuroscience

Stepwise acquisition of vocal combinatorial capacity in songbirds and
human infants.

Dina Lipkind, et al.

109

Cancer

A key role for
mitochondrial gatekeeper pyruvate dehydrogenase in
oncogene
-
induced senescence.

Joanna Kaplon, et al.

113

Immunology

Innate lymphoid cells regulate CD4
+

T
-
cell responses to intestinal
commensal bacteria.

Matthew R. Hepworth, et al.

118

Cardiovascular
Biology

Control of angiogenesis by AIBP
-
mediated cholesterol efflux.

Longhou Fang, et al.

123

Biochemistry

Structure
-
guided discovery of the metabolite carboxy
-
SAM that
modulates tRNA function.

Jungwook Kim, et al.

CAREERS

127

Biotechnology

Virtual
reality

Many of today’s biotech companies are happy to leave the ‘science bit’ to
others.

Heidi Ledford.

129

Turning point

An engineering background gave
Hana El
-
Samad

a novel view of biology.

Virginia Gewin.

FUTURES

132

Rondo code

In perfect harmony.

Tony Ballantyne
.

INICIO


NEWSCIENTIST

Vol. 218, Nº 2917, May

1
8



2013

News

4

Upfront.

New coronavirus spreads between people.
Quantum computer leaves PC in
dust.
Latest gastrofad: insects. Neutrino astronomy.

6

Save our landscapes.

Red List of
endangered ecosystems is a turning point for conservation.

6

This Week.

Building a Mars colony to last. Human stem cells produced using Dolly cloning.
Did tectonic activity split us from monkeys? Underground oasis is billions of
years old. Strange light
is sign of dark matter.

12

Field Notes.

Racing to make a vaccine for deadly H7N9 flu.

14

In Brief.

Dracula was right: young blood heals an old heart. Cirrus clouds love heavy
metal. Sun’s power made Mercury dense.

Technology

17

Stranger deliver your
parcels


Wherever you are. Use gestures to control your
phone. Al turns judge. Smartphone weather station.

Aperture

22

We’re not in Kansas any more.

Opinion

24

Unfissionable future.

Jochen Flashbarth on how Germany thrives without nuclear power.

25

One minute with… Mark Bishop.

Why we need the campaign to Stop Killer Robots.

26

Taste matters

Paolo Gasparini takes to the Silk Road in search of our foodie genes.

28

LETTERS

Are we alone? Fat cat crime.

Features

30

CONSCIOUSNESS



Mind maps.
What
makes us conscious?



Higher levels.
The secret of human minds.



The silent partner.

In praise of intuition.



Why be conscious?

Evolution of thought.



I, robot.

The holy grail of neuroscience.



Altered states.

When it all goes wrong.

42

Power up.

The race to
build an even bigger LHC.

CultureLab

46

The sum of all thing
s
.

Irony and prescience compete in Stanislaw Lem’s forgotten gem.

48

Trait talking.

Seeking moral origins in animals.

Regulars

3

Editorial

Rebuilding, not rewinding, in the future of
conservation.

29

Enigma

60

Feedback

Honest dishonesty.

61

The last word

Eco
-
friendly killing.

50

Jobs & Careers.

INICIO


SCIENCE

Vol. 340, Nº 6133, May 10



2013

EDITORIAL

660

On Effective Leadership
.

Bruce Alberts.

NEWS OF THE WEEK

664

A
roundup of the week’s top stories.

NEWS & ANALYSIS

667

More Woes for Struggling HIV Vaccine Field
.

Jon

Cohen
.

668

Planetary Scientists Casting Doubt on Feasibility of Plan to Corral
Asteroid
.

Richard

A.

Kerr.

670

Proposed Change in Awarding Grants at
NSF Spurs Partisan Sniping
.

Jeffrey

Mervis.

671

Boston Bombing Victims Aided by Biologist
-
Surgeon
.

Trisha

Gura.

673

Amid Heightened Concerns, New Name for Novel Coronavirus Emerges
.

Martin

Enserink.

NEWS FOCUS

674

Pesticides Under Fire for Risks to
Pollinators
.

Erik

Stokstad.

677

China Heads Off Deadly Blood Disorder
.

Mara

Hvistendahl.

678

Insistence on Gathering Real Data Confirms Low Radiation Exposures
.

Dennis

Normile.

LETTERS

680

No Excuse for Habitat Destruction.

David

B.

Lindenmayer
;

Hugh

P.

Possingham.

Unpalatable Politics
.

Rick

K.

Wilson.

Don't Cull Wild Birds Yet
.

Ding

Li

Yong,

et

al.

681

NextGenVoices
.

682



Technical Comment Abstracts.

BOOKS
ET AL.

683



On Rivers, Flowers, Fruits, and More.

POLICY FORUM

687

The NIH BRAIN
Initiative
.

Thomas

R.

Insel,

et

al.

PERSPECTIVES

689

Simple Genetics for a Complex Disease
.

Jonathan

C.

Cohen;

Helen

H.

Hobbs.

690

Feathers Before Flight.

Julia

Clarke.

692

Crowdsourcing Immunity.

James

E.

Crowe

Jr.

693

A Fresh Start for Foam Physics
.

Denis

Weaire.

694

Controlling Atomic Line Shapes.

C.

D.

Lin;

Wei
-
Chun

Chu.

695

Why Adults Need New Brain Cells
.

Olaf

Bergmann;

Jonas

Frisén.

REVIEWS

697

Bacterial Subversion of Host Innate Immune Pathways

Leigh

A.

Baxt,

et

al.

701

Cellular
Self
-
Defense: How Cell
-
Autonomous Immunity Protects Against
Pathogens

Felix

Randow,

et

al.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

707

Morals and Markets.

Marketplace interactions affect how much people are willing to pay to prolong
the life of a mouse.

Armin

Falk;

Nora

Szech
.

711

Rational HIV Immunogen Design to Target Specific Germline B Cell
Receptors
.

Structural knowledge of broadly neutralizing antibodies against HIV
-
1 guides
the design of an immunogen to elicit them.

Joseph

Jardine,

et

al.

REPORTS

716

Lorentz Meets
Fano in Spectral Line Shapes: A Universal Phase and Its
Laser Control
.

An analytical framework bolstered by attosecond spectroscopy conveys a clear
understanding of asymmetric spectral line shapes.

Christian

Ott,

et

al.

720

Multiscale

Modeling of Membrane Rearrangement, Drainage, and Rupture
in Evolving Foams
.

A model is developed to describe the complex dynamics of dry foams across a
range of time and length scales.

Robert

I.

Saye;

James

A.

Sethian.

724

Spin
-
Optical Metamaterial

Route to Spin
-
Controlled Photonics
.

Designed arrays of metallic nanoantennas provide a route for the polarization
-
dependent propagation of light.

Nir

Shitrit,

et

al.

727

Enhanced Role of Transition Metal Ion Catalysis During In
-
Cloud
Oxidation of SO
2

.

Transition metal ions catalyze most of the oxidation of sulfur dioxide that occurs
in clouds.

Eliza

Harris,

et al.

730

Networks of bZIP Protein
-
Protein Interactions Diversified Over a Billion
Years of Evolution
.

A comparative study of a dimeric

transcription factor family looks at the
evolution of protein interactions.

Aaron

W.

Reink e,

et

al.

734

Observing Atomic Collapse Resonances in Artificial Nuclei on Graphene
.

The massless charge carriers in graphene

interact with highly charged defects
to create an analog of atomic collapse states.

Yang

Wang,

et

al.

737

Robust Circadian Oscillations in Growing Cyanobacteria Require
Transcriptional Feedback
.

The cyanobacterial

clock uses one circuit for rhythms and a second circuit for
intercellular synchronous oscillations.

Shu
-
Wen

Teng,

et

al.

741

Global Leaf Trait Relationships: Mass, Area, and the Leaf Economics
Spectrum
.

Leaf traits are distributed in proportion to area;
relationships between leaf traits
are independent of leaf mass and area.

Jeanne

L.

D.

Osnas,

et

al.

744

Early Mesodermal Cues Assign Avian Cardiac Pacemaker Fate Potential
in a Tertiary Heart Field
.

A region of the lateral plate mesoderm gives rise to the

cardiac pacemaker cell
lineage prior to the onset of heart formation.

Michael

Bressan,

et

al.

748

Wolbachia

Invades

Anopheles

stephensi

Populations and Induces
Refractoriness
.

to

Plasmodium

Infection
.

Stable inheritance of a symbiotic bacterium
suppresses malaria parasites in
mosquitoes.

Guowu

Bian,

et

al.

751

Delineating Antibody Recognition in Polyclonal Sera from Patterns of HIV
-
1 Isolate Neutralization
.

An algorithm predicts the neutralization specificity of sera from HIV
-
infected
individuals.

Ivelin

S.

Georgiev,

et

al.

756

Emergence of Individuality in Genetically Identical Mice

Over time, the brains and behaviors of inbred mice diversify.

Julia

Freund,

et

al.

759

Compartmentalization of GABAergic Inhibition by Dendritic Spines

Inhibitory synapses can control individual dendritic spines independently from
their neighbors.

Chiayu

Q.

Chiu,

et

al.

INICIO