Definition of biosafety

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23 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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Definition of b
iosafety


Biosafety

is a
Set of strategies, policies, regulations and procedures
to

ensure the
use of

certain benefits of
molecular
biotechnology

and prevent the possible
adverse effects
of
this technology on
bio
diversity and
biological
reserves,

human
health

a
nd
a
griculture.


The
h
istory

of

b
iosafety

The

development of biotechnology and genetic engineering
on the development
of human society

is
undeniable
,

but

the potential risks that may arise due to non
-
compliance with biosafety
principles

should not be ignored
. So

the importance of
development
of
biotechnology and genetic engineering

activities in all aspects

is
emphasized, also it

is necessary

to
set

r
ules for
the safe

conduct of such activities
in order
to monitor
them
properly. The

main

goal of these
rules is the

application
of molecular biotechnology to ensure the biodiversity and human health.

Regarding

the safety of genetic modified
organisms

(GMOs)
, in the 90s
many
countries prepared
regulations in the field of production, consumption,
transportation

and labeling of these products
.

I
n 1995, countries
as members
of
the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
started
negotiating various legal
agreements regarding the risks of
GMO
s. The
most important result of these
negotiations
was "
Cartagena Biosafety
Protocol", the

legal system to ensure the
preservation and transfer of
GMO
s

in the boundaries.

"
Cartagena Biosafety Protocol
"

was
approved

on 29
th of

January 2000 and
up to

now 163 countr
ies

are
its’

members. This

protocol is one of the most important
agreements of the 21st century, with 40
articles and

3
enclosures
.

The result from
approve

of th
is

p
rotocol
was

a comprehensive legal system
to

ensure

the
transmission, storage and
the
safe use of
living

modified organisms

(LMOs)

and
their products.

Islamic Republic of
Iran

has

signed the

mentioned

protocol

on
25th May of 2001

and
this

Protocol was
approved

by the
i
ranian parliament

on 20th August of 2003.

So,

Iranian Biosafety Act
including

11

articles and
7

amendments
was approved

by
Iran

p
arliament and

confirmed by
the
g
uardian
c
ouncil

on 12th August of
2003
.

On the basis of this act
,
issuing, renewal

and revocation of licenses
of new

biotechnology
is done by the bellow following
legal authoritie
s

considering their

regulations
and
b
iosafety

l
aw.


A.

Ministry of
Agricultural
for agricultural productions

and natural resources.

B.

Environmental Protection Agency
for wildlife

and
evaluation of
possible
environmental
risks
based on scientific

documents presented

by the applicant
s
.

C.

Ministry of Health and Medical Education

(MOH)

is responsible for the
issuance, renewal and revocation of any license under Article 2 of the
biosafety law

on
LMO
s

related to

foods,
beverages, cosmetics,
medical
material and human pathogens
.

Also, in accordance with paragraph (b) of
Article 4 of the
mentioned

law

r
esponsibility
of

assessing and managing the
risks of
LMO
s

for

human health and food safety
on the basis
of scientific

documents
received from

applicant
s

and

also

valid

scientific documentation
s

is
by
MOH
.



The motto
of
technical b
iosafety
c
ommittee

of

Ministry of Health and Medical
Education

To develop the
safe

use

of achievements
of molecular
biotechnology for

preservation and promotion of public health
.