BI5. c. Students know - MrAstorsBiologyBosses

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12 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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Part I. Introduction and Genetic
Engineering


BI4. c.
Students know
how mutations in the DNA
sequence of a gene may or may not affect the
expression of the gene or the sequence of
amino acids in an encoded protein.


BI5. c.
Students know
how genetic engineering
(biotechnology) is used to produce novel
biomedical and agricultural products.


BI5. a. Students know the general structures and
functions of DNA, RNA, and protein.

SWBAT


explain the structure and function of DNA, RNA,
and proteins.


predict the physical characteristics of an
organism based on its genetic make up.


understand the general pathway by which
ribosomes make proteins.


understand how altering an organisms genetic
make
-
up changes the proteins the organism
produces.





Biotechnology is an emerging field that
could potentially develop cures for
genetic disorders. Biotechnology could
help these people through technologies
such as gene therapy or gene
replacement. It may be possible
someday to repair, replace, or insert the
proper genes into human

s DNA.


Medical research


Consumer products (clothing)


Forensic Science (crime scene
investigation)


Maury (baby daddies
-
DNA
fingerprinting)


Genetically modified foods (you eat them
on a daily basis)


Bio=life




Technology=usage and knowledge of tools and
crafts



Biotechnology
-

technology that uses biological
systems, living organisms, or products made
from living organisms to make or modify
products or processes for specific use


Genes code for proteins (transcription and
translation)


Proteins
-
make
-
up physical characteristics


Changes in the DNA sequence will affect the
genetic code (mutations)


If the genetic code is changed then a protein
can be changed


This can change an organisms


physical
characteristics






Altering genes to produce a protein


Changing of an organism

s DNA to give
the organism new traits


Transgenic organisms
-
has one or more
genes from another organism inserted
into its genome


Uses
-
medication and genetically
modified crops






What are some common uses of
biotechnology?



How can biotechnolgy be used to cure
genetic diseases?



How can altering an organism

s DNA
change the proteins the organism
produces?