Advanced Chips and Gates

pillowfistsΤεχνίτη Νοημοσύνη και Ρομποτική

13 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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Advanced Chips and Gates
Simulation with TINA

Linda Soulliere & Janet Dudek

linda@acse.net

janet@acse.net

Oops! You’re right this isn’t a presentation on
ergonomics, but remember your posture…

Are we (wo)men defined by our tools?

What is TINA?


This anagram strands for
Toolkit for
Interactive Electronic Network
Analysis
.


Simply stated, it is a
unique tool for
circuit development
,
troubleshooting
,
and the
study of analog and
digital

electronics
.


TINA Features


Easy
-
to
-
use schematic editor



20 different analysis modes


10 high tech virtual instruments


Edit and print documents directly
inside TINA


Cut & paste your results into your
favorite word processing package


TINA Features
(cont.)


Live interactive mode where you can
even edit your circuit during operation



Used to test real circuits for
comparison with the results obtained
from simulation



Testing students' knowledge,
monitoring progress and introducing
troubleshooting techniques


Where does TINA support

the ICE 3M ‘Expectations’?

Digital Logic and Electronic Circuits

Overall Expectations

TFV.04

∙ explain the function of logic gates and combinations of gates;

SPV.01

∙ use internal numbering, character representation systems, and
logic gates;

Specific Expectations

TF1.03



describe the function of decoder and timer chips and the
fundamental logic gates AND, NAND, OR, NOR, XOR, and NOT;

TF1.04



explain how Boolean algebra relates to the fundamental logic
gates;

TF1.05



describe how combinations of logic gates interact.

SP1.05



assemble electronic circuits using a series of logic gates.


Where does TINA support

the ICE 3M ‘Expectations’?

Computer Interfacing

Overall Expectations

TFV.01



identify the function and interaction of basic computer components and
peripherals;

SPV.02



construct systems that use computer programs to interact with hardware
components;

Specific Expectations

TF2.02



describe the function and interaction of computer peripherals (e.g.,
mouse, keyboard, screen, printer);

SP1.03



build an interface that visually displays internal representations of
numbers and characters;

SP2.01



build interfaces that control hardware components (e.g., LEDs, direct
current motors, and stepper motors);

SP2.02



verify the correctness of the input and output of a system consisting of
a computer, interface, and a hardware device;


Where does TINA support

the ICE 4M ‘Expectations’?

Digital Logic and Electronic Circuits

Overall Expectations

SPV.02



use Boolean equations to represent computer logic
circuits;

Specific Expectations

TF1.05



analyse the role of flip
-
flops in the flow of data.

SP1.02



build flip
-
flops using simple logic gates from schematics;

SP1.03



incorporate flip
-
flops in a clocked circuit to demonstrate
information storage;

SP1.04



use electronic instruments (e.g., multimeter, logic
probe) to troubleshoot circuits;

SP1.05



simplify Boolean equations accurately;

SP1.06



draw circuits that represent Boolean equations;


Where does TINA support

the ICE 4M ‘Expectations’?

Computer Interfacing

Overall Expectations

TFV.03

∙ explain the operation of sophisticated systems that interact with real
-
world devices;

SPV.03

∙ construct systems and interfaces that use computer programs to interact with

real
-
world devices;

Specific Expectations

TF2.03



explain several computer
-
controlled systems that interact with real
-
world devices
(e.g., traffic management systems, automotive systems, robotic systems).

SP1.04



use electronic instruments (e.g., multimeter, logic probe) to troubleshoot circuits;

SP2.01



analyse existing systems designs that use computers and interfaces to send and
receive information;

SP2.02



design an effective system consisting of a computer and interface that integrates
input and output devices (e.g., motion sensitive alarm, light
-
activated switch, LED sign,
environmental control);

SP2.03



construct a system consisting of a computer and interface to communicate with
external sources;


Where does TINA support

the ICE 4M ‘Expectations’?


Computer Interfacing


Overall Expectations


TFV.03

∙ explain the operation of sophisticated systems that interact with real
-
world devices;


SPV.03

∙ construct systems and interfaces that use computer programs to
interact with

real
-
world devices;


Specific Expectations


TF2.03



explain several computer
-
controlled systems that interact with real
-
world devices (e.g., traffic management systems, automotive systems, robotic
systems).


SP1.04



use electronic instruments (e.g., multimeter, logic probe) to
troubleshoot circuits;


SP2.01



analyse existing systems designs that use computers and interfaces to
send and receive information;


SP2.02



design an effective system consisting of a computer and interface that
integrates input and output devices (e.g., motion sensitive alarm, light
-
activated switch, LED sign, environmental control);


SP2.03



construct a system consisting of a computer and interface to
communicate with external sources;


How to Begin Using TINA


The next screen has a Flash
tutorial that you also will have
separately on your resource
CD.


Ideas for the classroom

ICE 3M & ICE 4M



We recommend this software for grades ICE
3M and ICE 4M. EDISION is better software
to use in TEE 2O


Draw the schematics for each of the
fundamental logic gates. Copy and paste
each schematic into a word processing file.
Use the charting features to complete the
truth tables. (ICE 3M)


Ideas for
Boolean
Simplification



Draw the schematic for the following
Boolean equation. Use the simulation
feature and record results in a truth table.





Simplify the circuit from question 2. Use the
simulation feature, to verify your results.


Ideas for Troubleshooting



Develop a set of circuits that have
problems. Students are to
troubleshoot and correct the problems.
Students are to maintain a learning log
of troubleshooting errors.

Ideas for

Combinatorial Circuits



Draw the following combinatorial
circuit. Copy and paste your schematic
into a word processing file. Explain
the circuit. Include an explanation of
the purpose, the inputs, and each
output.(ICE 3M)

(half adder, full adder,

half subtractor, full subtractor)


Ideas for

Synchronous Circuits



Reproduce flip
-
flop circuitry
schematics. Conference with your
instructor to explain the flow of
electricity through each circuit.
(ICE4M)

Ideas for

Summative Activities


All projects must begin with the design
of the circuit. Use Tina to design your
circuit. Test the outputs using the
simulation feature.


Complete a “schematic walkthrough”
for your project circuit.


Use Tina document with text report to
explain functions of the final project.


It’s Your Turn ! ! !





Draw the schematics for an AND gate.


Copy and paste your schematic into a
word processing file. Use the charting
features to complete the truth table.

Boolean Simplification



Draw the schematic for the following
Boolean equation. Use the simulation
feature and record results in a truth table.





Simplify the circuit from question 2. Use the
simulation feature, to verify your results.


Troubleshooting Library


Congratulations! You have an
opportunity to contribute to
our
collective library of problems
.


If your simulations doesn’t work, save
a copy before you fix it and we will
collect these together for sharing.