Paper Topics

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29 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Below is a list of possible paper topics.

You might find several topics that are related and would
like to combine them in your paper. You do not have to choose one of these but can substitute
a
ny topic related to the chapter
.


If you choose your own
topic, you must get approval from me
before you proceed.


Chapter 1

2013


The Year of the Mobile Device

Several technology pundits have proclaimed the death of the desktop and now the death of the
laptop. There major points are that people want mobility
of their devices and that the power of
these mobile devices has increased so they can replace the desktops and laptops. Write a paper
on how the technical specs of desktops, laptops, tablets, and smartphones compare. What are
you needs and which of the t
ypes of devices would satisfy those needs.

The Impact of BYOD on Businesses

Bring your own device (BYOD) has some benefits and some disadvantages for businesses.
Business people feel comfortable with their own device and tend to use it for work outside of

normal hours. Businesses on the other hand cannot control what apps are placed on a BYOD so
there are some major issues with compatibility and security. Investigate some of the literature on
BYOD and write a description of the issues from both the perso
nal side and the business side.
Comment on your position with BYOD.

Google Chromebooks
-

MS Desktop Killers

Google released their Chromebooks in June 2011.


They are cloud based devices with a web
browser as the main interaction vehicle.


Do these Chromeb
ooks provide what people are
looking for or will iPad and Android tablets be the choice for cloud computing.


Compare the
three "desktop"

options
-

MS desktop computers, Google Chromebooks, and tablets.


This
comparison should include feature sets, ease of

use, and level of user needs addressed.

Tablet or Pad Computers

Tablet computers have been emphasized as the tool people will love but it did not happen until
Apple's iPad computer came out.


What constitutes an iPad and why has it sold so well?


What
app
lications are available that somehow made this form of computer more desirable?


Can you
envision how you could use an iPad personally and/or in a business situation?

Smart Phones

Write a paper on what functionality a good smart phone should support.


Desc
ribe how
individuals can use this functionality to help manage their life and then describe how businesses
are starting to adopt this smart phone functionality into their business processes.

Expansion of Internet Names

The Internet Corp. for Assigned Names

and Numbers (ICANN) has approved additional suffixes
for Internet names. These include .info for general use, .biz for businesses, .name for individuals,
.museum for museums, .coop for business cooperatives and .aero for the aviation business. Write
a pap
er describing how ICANN came about, its purpose, how internet names are administered,
and the landrush to own names. In your paper state your opinion whether individuals should be
able to speculate by buying up a corporation's name and then selling it back

for a huge profit.

Intelligent Home Appliances

Soon microwave ovens will be able scan a label on a package and download cooking instructions
from the Internet. Refrigerators will be able to keep track of their contents and generate a
shopping list on a pe
rsonal digital assistant (PDA) or Web phone. Investigate the futuristic
products prognosticated by the appliance industry gurus and discuss how they could fit into a
family's home life.


Chapter 2

Processors for the Mobile Market

The major processor vendor
s, Intel, AMD, IBM, Qualcomm, Broadcom, have all been
attempting to lower the power consumption of both processors and GPUs with the goal of
extending battery life to at least 10 hours. What techniques are these companies emp
loying to
accomplish this goal
?

The State of the Processor World

This year the 8
-
core processors arrived.


Describe the difference between the AMD architecture
and the Intel architecture for these processors.


Investigate what type of applications could make
use of these multiple core

processors.


Do you see the number of processors continuing to
increase?

Virtualization

The pundits started out with server virtualization to better utilize excess hardware capacity.
Showing how easy it was to create, use, update, and move these virtual
machine images, the next
stop was desktop virtualization. This provides a common desktop throughout the company site
and makes it very easy to distribute as new software versions need to be incorporated. Now, the
latest aspect of virtualization is data vir
tualization. Investigate the advantages of using server,
desktop, and data virtualization and write about your findings.

Stretchable Silicon

Scientist at Uof I Urbana have bound silicon transistors to a rubber substrate leading to the
possibility of wearab
le electronics and flexible, roll
-
up displays. Describe how it is done and the
possible applications of stretchable silicon.

Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is one of the fastest growing science fields. Write a paper describing
nanotechnology, what fields i
t has impacted, and some future directions for nanotechnology.
What are the pros and the cons for this new field.

Carbon Nanotube Computers

IBM researchers have found ways of building complex logic circuits out of carbon nanotubes.
This technology will pr
ovide much faster processors than silicon based and they will use less
power. Describe the current research involved with carbon nanotubes.

RAM

Write a paper about RAM that includes the types of RAM, where each type is used, the current
cost, and future de
velopments in building higher density memory.


Describe the amount of RAM
that should be used by various application areas such as word processing, DTP, Internet
browsers, CAD, large corporate databases, client PCs.

RISC Architecture Computers

Your paper s
hould explore the history of RISC, indicate some current workstations used for
engineering and CAD applications, talk about Apple’s PowerPC. Many smartphones and tablets
use ARM processors, which has a RISC architecture.


You need to contrast this archite
cture with
CISC architecture.


Also present information about Intel’s new processor that combines RISC
and CISC.

Flexible Transistors

MIT has indicated that "
Flexible transistors

made from materials that combine the speed and
charge
-
shuttling power of inor
ganics with the affordability and flexibility of organics" will be
one of the technologies to watch. These devices have now shown up in radio
-
frequency product
ID tags, clothes and flat
-
panel video displays. Research which companies are investigating this
technology and whether they have pending products for the market. Discuss how this technology
may impact the technologies such as bar
-
coding and monitor displays.

Spintronics and MRAM

IBM introduce magnetic random
-
access memory into its disk drives several

years ago. It greatly
improved density and speed. Spintronics uses the spin direction of the electron and can use
magnetism rather than electricity. Spintronics research is proceeding faster than anticipated thus
offering the hope for terahertz processors
, MRAM or a variation replacing hard drives and
reconfigurable logic devices. Research the current state of spintronics, describe the concept
behind spintronics and describe some potential future products.


Chapter 3

SSD Market

The price of SSDs has dropped below $1/GB and these devices are now being placed into
Ultrabooks and even high end desktops. What are some of the advantages of SSDs over HDDs
and what are some of the potential problems of SSDs. What kind of speed are the

current SSDs
achieving compared to HDDs and why?

Storage Networks for the Home

Since many homes now have multiple computers, sharing files becomes more critical. There are
several disk suppliers that are offering network based storage to handle shared fil
es, backups, and
fault tolerancy. These include Iomega StorCenter, Buffalo LinkStation, Maxtor Shared Storage II
and Western Digital NetCenter devices. Write a paper that describes the capacities and
functionality for these network storage solutions.

The F
uture of Computer Storage

Ten years ago, the idea of 4 GB of storage on a personal computer seemed incredible, but
technology turned that dream into reality.


IBM has developed a storage device the size of a
postage stamp that can store 1 terabits of data.

Discuss the predicted growth of storage on PCs
and mainframes, the use of RAID to improve reliability of storage devices, and potential future
technologies leading to additional storage capabilities.

CD and DVD Mania

There are several CD formats including

CD
-
DA, CD
-
I, CD
-
ROM, PhotoCD, CD
-
R and CD
-
RW.


There have also been several generations of DVD.


Your paper can either address the
technical perspective or the applied perspective.


From the technical perspective, discuss the
capacity and storage formats
for each type, where the specifications originated for each type, and
the advantages and disadvantages of each type.

From the application view, discuss the primary
uses for each type, the advantages and disadvantages for each, and the cost for each format
.


Chapter 4

Bar Coding

Bar codes appear on almost every product today.


Write a paper describing the devices needed to
print and read bar codes.


Be sure to include who establishes the standards, what are some of the
prevalent bar code standards today, an
d the cost of the peripherals needed to do bar code
applications.


Discuss some applications and how it has benefited the company.

RFID as a Replacement to Bar Codes

In January, researchers in Germany had come one step closer to realizing a dream of
manufa
cturers, retailers and other companies seeking advanced but inexpensive ways to trace
products and materials: a cheap chip made of plastic that can be printed on foil the same way a
newspaper is printed on paper. Walmart and Walgreens are several corporati
ons starting to
demand that companies shipping them product on pallets or large containers use RFID to identify
the packages and their content. RFID is still more expensive than bar codes, but has a promising
potential to replace bar codes. Discuss how RFI
D works, some current applications, the cost
-
even point of the technology, and potential security issues with RFID devices.

Speech Recognition

Many people feel intimidated by the keyboard and would prefer speaking than typing.


This is
especially true of
older management people who lived in a world with full time
secretaries.


Several inexpensive speech recognition packages are currently available.


Describe
their capabilities and how people can use them effectively.


Indicate some applications that
would
benefit from speech recognition software.


Chapter 5

LAMP
-

Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP

These open
-
source technologies form the basis for many corporations web site servers. Discuss
each of the technologies describing the role the technology plays in ope
rating the web site. Who
is LAMP's competition? Discuss any advantages and any disadvantages of using open
-
source to
drive a company's web sites.

Linux as an Alternative Operating System

A large segment of the computing users would like to see an alternat
ive operating system to
Microsoft Windows.


Linux has caught the eyes of the Web Server administrators but has not
made inroads into the desktop computer arena.


Lately, several tools have appeared that may
allow users to accept Linux as a desktop operatin
g system as well. Investigate the possibility of
Linux eroding the 90%+ marketshare that Windows has on the desktop. You might want to
examine how Sun, HP, IBM, and others are starting to use Linux are their operating systems in
particular products.

Open S
ource Software

Linux has popularized a new type of software
-

open source.


This is similar to freeware but
involves everybody being able to see the source code and propose and even write changes.


Of
course, somebody has to decide what gets adopted into t
he standard set of software.


Java is now
being proposed as an open source software.


Discuss the process of open source software, some
of the products that are under open source, and the prognostications for continued success of this
process.


Chapter 6

G
oogle's Docs and Spreadsheets

Does an online offering of a word processor and a spreadsheet application have a chance of
displacing MS Office? Examine Google's offerings and describe the functionality, user interface,
potential applications and security. T
ry it and describe your experience.

Open Office Manipulations

When Oracle bought Sun Microsystems Inc. it also acquired the Open Office development. Few
people in the the

open source arena trusted Oracle to continue development of Open Office so
there was a new branch formed called LibreOffice. Oracle has just turned over responsibility for
Open Office to the Apache Foundation. Write a paper on Open Office, how it compar
es to MS
Office, what are its strengths and weaknesses, and could you do all the projects in this course?

Money Management Software

The leading money management software is produced by Intuit,
www.intuit.com

and can b
e used to
help get your finances in order.


This type of software includes retirement planning, managing a
stock portfolio, and online banking.

You can find articles about these topics at
www.qfn.com
.


Write a paper abo
ut Intuit’s software offerings or find its competitors and compare
the features of the various packages.

The Distribution of Software

Software companies first distributed their product using floppy disks, then CD
-
ROMs and finally
the Internet.

Microsoft ha
s started distributing its MS Developer Network documents and files
using DVD media. Many companies support downloading the software.


Describe the advantages
and disadvantages for each media and how it impacts the company’s need to protect itself from
ill
egal copying.

Desktop Publishing

The popularity of desktop publishing increases every year.

Companies save money, improve
their image, and publicize their message using the popular PageMaker DTP software by Adobe
or the Quark desktop publishing software. T
he Quark site, home of the highly
-
rated Quark
Xpress software, also contains a detailed list of software features, useful if you want to know
what desktop software really does.

For DTP professionals, the online magazine
www.publish.com

is a must read for design tips and the latest on DTP technology.


Put together an online
presentation using the above Internet sites.

Taxes: Software and the Internet

Will the Tax Preparation software now available eliminate paid tax p
reparers. Describe the tax
preparation software that is currently available for both individuals and small businesses as well
as the resources that the IRS provides via the Internet. Examine several reviews on these Tax
Preparation software packages to see

if one or two packages standout.

Application Service Providers and Webware

Examine the www.webware.com site to find out about personal and business based application
service providers and their software offerings. Discuss the "advantages" of webware over
local
PC applications. Search the Web for other ASP type offerings other than www.webware.com.
Discuss some of the applications being offered and whether you would be willing to use them.


Chapter 7

Powerline Networking

Discuss in your paper the technology

used in powerline networking, what are some of its
advantages, and what are some of its disadvantages. How does the cost of powerline networking
compare to WiFi and other home networking techniques? Can powerline transmission be done
well for long dista
nce networking?

IEEE 802.11ac Standard Proposes 1 Gbps Wireless Data Streams

As most new home computers have moved to 1 Gbps Ethernet connections and industry is
moving to 10 Gbps Ethernet connections, the wireless vendors are stepping up their speed as
we
ll. Check out the current status of the proposal and review what the big networking vendors,
such as Broadcom, Netgear, and Cisco are doing to bring faster connections, better range, and
more reliability to the WiFi arena.

Unified Communications
-

One Pat
h to Collaboration

Microsoft uses its Office Communicator 2007 R2 as its entry into the unified communications
arena.


The intent is to provide users multiple ways of communicating, including IM, desktop
sharing, video, Whiteboard, and VOIP.


It integrates

the use of Microsoft Office components for
collaboration with co
-
workers whether they are colocated, at another site, or on the
road.


Research the set of features, how it is used, and if there are similar products from other
vendors (hint: IBM, Cisco).



Wireless Power Transmission

Intel has been experimenting with WREL (Wireless Resonant Energy Link) as a way to
potentially power portable PCs.


Other companies are also experimenting with this
technology.


Describe the current state of this investigation
and what applications would make
use of this technology.

Home Networks of the Future

At CES 2005, there was a lot of activity showing home networks concentrating on the home
media center. WiFi, IEEE803.11n, is still a major component but HomePlug, a networ
k that uses
existing electrical wiring was being touted since it supports 200Mbps transmission and has better
and more consistent coverage than WiFi. Some media devices are being built that will interface
with HomePlug rather than WiFi. Write a paper about

the future of home networks. Include your
current assessment and whether it is time to consider upgrading our home networks.

Telepresence

Telepresence requires between 1 and 10 Gbps. Telecommunication companies are talking about
bringing 1 Gbps to our hom
es and offices. Teleconferencing would take on a whole new look.
Write a paper on the current research into telepresence discussing a dateline for production
release and different potential applications.

Wide Area Networking at a Corporation

Many companies

have expanded their operations into the global market both selling and
producing world wide.


To support this expansion companies have created wide area networks
that cover the globe.


Pick a company and research how it has implemented its wide area
netwo
rk.


Discuss the up
-
time constraints on computers and networks running world
-
wide
operations.


Discuss the advantages the company gains when running a WAN.

Client/Server Architecture

Use the library and Internet resources to look for case studies and artic
les about corporations
using client/server applications.


Client/server applications come in n
-
tier architectures.


Discuss
what types of software sits on each tier in these n
-
tier architectures.

Global Positioning Systems

Mercedes and the auto rental indu
stry have been pushing their onboard Global Positioning
Systems to help people navigate in unfamiliar locations.

Now they have handheld devices that
permit you to determine your location. The mapping industry is integrating GPS into their
products. Present

information about how GPS works, the type of software that uses GPS, and
potential future applications.

Home Networking

More and more homes have more than a single PC.


Do you really need to have multiple
connections to the internet, multiple printers, mu
ltiple copies of the same software?


This is
where a home network, sometimes called a tiny area network, provides a solution for sharing
these resources.


Several different approaches have been implemented: using the house's
electrical wiring, using the ex
isting phone lines, wiring the house with coax or category 5 phone
lines, and implementing wireless.


Discuss the various technologies, their advantages and
disadvantages, and when they should be used.


Several of the companies involved include
Intelogis,
WebGear, Diamond Multimedia Systems, Proxim, NetGear, Umax, Intel, Linksys, and
Zoom.


Chapter 8

The Internet of Things or Machine to Machine networking

More and more sensors are being connected to the Internet to track items or collect information.
Inves
tigate the type of applications using these M2M
sensors. How is this influx of large
amounts of data going to impact our networks and storage devices? How is Big Data involved in
this collection of data? Will it have any impact on our privacy concerns?

Streaming Traffic Growth

Entertainment streaming accounts for 43% of peak
-
time IP traffic.


Netflix accounts for half of
that traffic.


Discuss what effect the continued movement from TV and DVD distribution to IP
distribution will have on ISP providers an
d in the long term, Web users.

Web 3.0

Web 2.0 introduced social networking
-

wikis, blogs, MySpace, Facebook type applications that
concentrated on collaboration.


Some people are now anticipating Web 3.0.


Investigate what
people think Web 3.0 is and how

it differs from Web 2.0.


Do you see some possible applications
for Web 3.0?

Cloud Computing

Many of the prognosticators in the computing field are forecasting the death of the desktop, or
the fat client.


Rather, users will interact with each other and
with applications through cloud
computing where both the data and the application sit on web servers and the users have thin
clients such as smart phones, pad computers, and netbooks.


Investigate when this change is
predicted to occur and how will it affe
ct users and businesses.

Photo Sharing

Check out different web sites that permit photo sharing; start by searching on /photo sharing
website/ and /family photo website/.


Compare the storage, access, linking, privacy, costs of
these sites.


Use some review
s or test them out yourself.

Geotagging of Pictures

Several companies are working on different techniques to embed in a picture file the geotag
-

gps
address, or cell tower number. Some are looking at the reverse process, take a picture and match
a piece o
f it to part of a picture where the location is already known. Check out the current state
of geotagging and write a paper describing its planned functionality, its timetable and what other
concepts or techniques need to be in place to make it work.

Net Vi
deo

More and more people are giving up regular TV and moving to video on demand supported by
Netflix, YouTube, and Hulu. Netflix is growing very quickly and on 6/1/2011 an article listed
Netflix with 30% of the streaming data, YouTube with 11% and Hulu wi
th 1%. Is all this
streaming having an impact on the overall ability of the Internet to deliver other types of data?
Write a paper on how Netflix works, its costs, its ease of use, its usefulness.

Compare Google+ to Facebook

Write a paper describing how
features of Google+ compare to the features of Facebook.


Will
Google+ have any advantages over Facebook because of all the other functionality offered by
Google?


Have you tried both; what was

your analysis?

Electronic Voting

After the fiasco down in Flor
ida and even more recently with some votes being declared
unreadable or mispunched, some people are suggesting that we should go to electronic voting. In
fact, the Australian Electoral Commission is investigating the use of open
-
source software so
anybody
can view the code to assure themselves that the code is unbiased. What are some issues
with electronic voting? Will the American voters accept electronic voting? How would the
election officials do a recount?

Voice over IP

The cable and satellite companies

are looking for ways to break into the local phone market.
Voice over IP (VOIP) provides an alternative to normal switched telephone calls. Discuss what
VOIP is, who the players are that are offering it, and potential problems with VOIP (several calls
to
911 were not supported). How do they support continuous speech on a packet
-
based
technology?


Chapter 9

Computer Forensics

CSI programs have attracted many people to the potential of using science for detecting and
proving crimes. Write a paper that descri
bes what is computer forensics, who uses it, what is it
they are attempting to find, and what job opportunities are available in this field.

Smart Cards Needed to Gain Access to Government Buildings

Time is running out for federal agencies to comply with a

2004 presidential directive calling for
government wide adoption of smart cards to authenticate employees for access to buildings and
IT systems starting late next year. All major federal agencies are required to submit detailed
implementation plans to th
e White House Office of Management and Budget that describe how
they plan to meet the smart
-
card requirements outlined in Federal Information Processing
Standard (FIPS) 201. Is this a possible trend to prevent terrorist attacks?

Biometrics and Personal Ide
ntification

The British Parliament's House of Commons easily passed a bill to establish a system of
biometric identity cards and a central database of all of its citizens. The Identity Cards Bill seeks
to create by 2010 a system of ID cards with embedded c
hips that carry personal information and
biometric identifiers. The information will include each citizen's name, address and biometric
information such as fingerprints, facial scans and iris scans, all of which will be included in a
massive database calle
d the National Identification Register. Similarly, the U.S. House of
Representatives approved its own version of electronic ID card legislation. The U.S. Real ID Act
would require states to issue driver's licenses and other ID cards with physical security
features
such as a digital photograph and other basic data, using what the bill describes as machine
-
readable technology. That could include a magnetic strip or radio frequency identification tag.
Describe some of the biometric techniques used for identifi
cation. Delineate the advantages and
disadvantages of these types of technologies. Do you feel that this type of identification should
be used in this country?

Biometrics

There are several technologies that offer means of verification or protection using biometrics.
These include fingerprints, palmprints, retinal scans, and speech recognition. Visionics is now
supplying its FaceIt software that analyzes 14 different parts o
f the face. This technology is not
affected by facial hair or changes in expression. Discuss these different technologies describing
the underlying principles used to discriminate between individuals. Add your impressions of
these technologies and discuss
how secure you would feel with each.


Chapter 10

Social Networking and Businesses

How do businesses use the Web 2.0 social networking capabilities?


Discuss how companies
now have their sponsered blogs, how they use wikis to achieve better collaboration th
roughout
the company, and even use MySpace or FaceBook when looking for job applicants.


Some
companies have even established a presence on Second Life.

Virtual Reality

Writer William Gibson envisioned a time when people would connect their brains directly

to a
computer to experience a virtual world in cyberspace.


Technology and medical science have not
found a way to make a direct connection between our brains and a computer, but today virtual
reality takes many other forms.


On the Internet, interactive
technologies provide virtual
environments for games, meetings, and socializing.

Hypertext

Write a paper on the development of hypertext.


Start with Vannevar Bush’s article, “As We
May Think” which planted the idea.


Include Ted Nelson’s Xanadu project whi
ch actually
developed the concept.


Discuss the current http protocol which implements hypertext via Web
browsers.

MP3 Technology

Stereo component decks, car systems, and an unending stream of portable players firmly
establish MP3 as the format of the futu
re.


Describe what MP3 is, how it is impacting the audio
business, and free tools on the Internet to create your own MP3 platters.


Chapter 11

Electronic Books

Amazon just announced that it is now selling more e
-
books than paper
-
based books.


Of course,
Amazon is pushing their Kindle e
-
book reader or Kindle Fire but is starting to get competition
from the color based Nook e
-
reader, tablets, and smart phones. In your paper, discuss the
technology involved, the economics of electronic book publishing, and w
hether it will succeed in
replacing a portion of the physical books and magazines published. Is the e
-
Ink these devices use
good enough to overcome the low quality of text displayed on most monitors?


How could e
-
books be used in education? Would you use a
n e
-
book?

Azure
-

Microsoft's Platform as a Service Offering

Microsoft announced Azure in late 2008 as its answer to corporations moving their application to
the cloud.


Describe the building blocks of Azure and how well it seems to be doing in relation to

other companies cloud offerings such as Google, Amazon, and IBM.

Marketing Analysis from Sales Information

Most of the stores you shop at use scanners to determine what you have bought, the price of the
item, and maintenance of their inventories.


The big

chains have some of the largest databases in
the world.


They use the on
-
going sales information from their point
-
of
-
sales system to
determine buying patterns or sales promotion effectiveness.


Discuss the data that is collected
and the algorithms used to

help them manage the business.


Chapter 12

IBM’s Deep Question and Answer Products

IBM developed Watson to compete against humans on the Jeopardy TV show. It did beat two of
the best players. Write a paper on the technology behind Watson. Also, if you
want to go
further, include material on how IBM is planning to integrate this technology into products for
corporations and government.

Driverless Cars

Google has a YouTube video available on its driverless car. Car manufacturers are incorporating
more se
nsors into their cars for accident avoidance. What are the potential benefits of driverless
cars? Would you be willing to be driven around in a driverless car?

Cybernetic Binoculars

Boeing and General Motors HRL Laboratories along with researchers from U
niversity of
California San Diego have created the Cognitive Technology Threat Warning System (CT2WS)
for use by soldiers to improve the recognition of threats. Write a paper on this technology or
combine it with how other combined human/computer augmenta
tion using cognitive algorithms
is leading to new products in different fields.

Ugobe Pleo "Organic Robot Life"

Sony introduced an apartment
-
approved, trouble
-
free electronic dog similar to the Jetson's
Lectronimo called AIBO. It has abandoned manufacturin
g these. The top toy for Christmas 2010
was Pleo, a life form based on the Camarasaurus dinosaur. It provides a control panel that allows
the owner to control Pleo's mood, hungry and sleep levels. Write a paper about Pleo or combine
it with other life form

robots that are available.

Leveling the Playing Field

Thomas L. Friedman in his book,
The World is Flat
, declaims that anything that can be digitized
will find the cheapest place to perform the job. Find some examples of fields that have been
outsourced t
o countries with cheaper labor. Why does digitization provide this basis? What
technologies make this possible? Is there a potential for your chosen career? Should the
government protect the American worker?

The Resurgence of AI

"For many people, artifici
al intelligence evokes the menacing computer Hal from 2001: A Space
Odyssey, a machine so intelligent that it could function independently of humans. Those inflated
notions spawned by science fiction writers about the convergence of humans and machines
tar
nished the image of AI in the 1980s because AI was perceived as failing to live up to its
potential. Still, the field has quietly produced advanced applications such as Google Inc.'s search
engine, systems that trade stocks and commodities without human in
tervention, and software that
detects credit card fraud. There's no precise definition of AI, but broadly, it's a field that attempts
to provide machines with humanlike reasoning and language
-
processing capabilities.
Researchers now are emerging from what
has been called an "AI winter" with renewed interest
in the biology of the brain and research honed to practical applications in medicine, customer
service, manufacturing, education and other areas." Examine what defines AI software, the
programming langua
ges used to express the AI models, the level of infrastructure needed to
support an AI application, and some current products using AI tools or models.

Careers in Information Systems

Information system technologies have permeated every aspect of business a
nd products.


Present
the type of positions that are available in information systems.


Pick two of these positions and
do a more detailed presentation.


For example, you could interview people currently working in
these positions to get more information.
What has been the impact of off
-
shore outsourcing of
many programming functions on careers in Information Systems?

ERP Systems

Enterprise requirements planning systems have promised industry cheaper information
technology costs through providing integrated

systems to support the various business
applications.

Write a paper on one of the two following topics:

1)


Describe who the major players are in this industry, how they began, and what their strengths
are.


Make sure to include SAP, PeopleSoft, and Or
acle.


You might consider including Baan,
QAD and other smaller companies.

2)


Describe what SAP (a German company) is selling, who are its customers, and its growth
and projected growth in the USA.


Chapter 13

iPhone Applications

The iPhone Appstore ha
s sold over one billion applications in the first 10 months of operation.


If
you have an iPhone or iPod Touch or you just dream about having one, examine the types of
applications and how they can be beneficial to these users.


Can a developer make money
selling
their applications through the iPhone Appstore?

Microsoft's XNA Development Platform for Games

Microsoft is pushing the use of C# and the .NET framework for developing games and supports
this through their XNA Development platform.


One of the
attractions is that any game
developed using this platform can be run on X
-
Box and under Windows.


Game developers have
an opportunity to sell their games.


Microsoft has the opportunity to expand their market share by
having a lot more games available for

the X
-
Box.


Discuss the XNA Development Platform
compared to other game engines and game development environments.

Game Programming

We started a 2 + 2 game programming program with DePaul University.


Wikipedia has an
excellent article, http://en.wikipedi
a.org/wiki/Game_programmer, on the many different aspects
to game programming.


If you are interested in game programming, read the article and do some
additional research into game programming.


Then write a paper on the complexities of game
programming,
the need for strong project management to ensure that all the pieces get done at
the right time, and how you would fit into this world.

3
-
D Graphics

3
-
D rendering is beginning to be used in more than games.


Search the Internet for current
products and tec
hnologies that use 3
-
D graphics. Present the information that you found at these
sites and discuss some applications that make use of 3
-
D rendering. What is Microsoft's latest
graphical technology used to support 3
-
D rendering.


Chapter 14

Big Data

Every d
ay, we create 2.5 quintillion bytes of data coming from a wide variety of sensors, social
media posts, digital pictures, video, purchase transactions, cell phone GPS signals, and many
more sources. Big Data is a growing industry that uses massive computin
g, AI techniques, and
advanced analytics to produce better predictions, generate productivity growth, and improve
efficiency. Examine the state of Big Data and the potential impact it has on a number of
industries and governments.

Data Warehousing

Informa
tion systems have evolved through the following stages
-

data processing systems,
management information systems, decision support systems and executive information
systems.


Discuss what data warehousing is, which of the above stages can make use of data
warehousing, and what type of software is used by these data warehousing applications.


Discuss
the benefits that a company gains through using data warehousing software and give several
examples.


Chapter 15

Cybercrime

Recently, HP found that the cost inc
urred by cybercrime was up 56% over the previous
year.


Write a paper on cybercrime, the most prevalent types of crime, who does it affect, the cost
of cybercrime to the person and to society as a whole.


Are there ways of combating this
onslaught of cyber
crime?


How have the police, FBI, and others responded to cybercrime?

ISP Logging of Your Activity

The House Judiciary Committee passed a bill,
Protecting Children From Internet
Pornographers Act of 2011.


There were quite a few people opposed to this bill
.


Write a paper
on the bill's scope, potential benefits and disadvantages, who does it effect, are there ways of
avoiding the intent, and your thoughts.

Stock Fraud on the Internet

It has become easier to deceive people about stocks on the Internet.


The
Security Exchange
Commission has created a Cyberforce to spot websites that are using fraudulent practices.


It
turns out that the commission of crime is greatly outstripping the spotting and catching of these
criminals.


Describe some of the techniques th
at these charlatans are using, the scale of the
problem, and some of the countermeasures that the SEC and legal system are using.

Electronic Signatures

In December, 2004 it was reported that the U.S. Army has enlisted IBM and a handful of other
companies t
o create an automated record
-
keeping system that ends the need for electronic forms
to be printed out, signed and delivered up the military service's chain of command. IBM,
together with PureEdge Solutions Inc., an electronic forms supplier, and Silanis Te
chnology Inc.,
a digital signature technology maker, said yesterday it has created a complete system to take the
paperwork out of Army bureaucracy. Will electronic signatures replace paper based signed
documents?


Chapter 16

Healthcare Information
Technology

President Obama has made affordable healthcare a major component of his plan for the
nation.


Some of the cost savings are to come from better management of healthcare
records.


Review the current information technology directions in healthcare
such as electronic
medical record, medical office information management software, better integration of
information between providers and insurers.

One Laptop Per Child

MIT created the XO laptop for children in developing countries. Describe the features
of the XO
laptop and how they compare to our typical PC laptop. Who is going to be using these XO
laptops? Why did India back out of the XO laptop distribution? Why is Brazil evaluating $400
Classmate PCs from India compared to the $150 XO laptops? Is ther
e a similar movement for the
poor in the U.S.?