Ping nombre.dominio o dirección IP

pigeoneggtrainsΔίκτυα και Επικοινωνίες

24 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 5 μήνες)

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Herramientas para diagnósticos

Ping

USO: Ping nombre.dominio o dirección IP

Options:



-
t Ping the specifed host until interrupted.


-
a Resolve addresses to hostnames.


-
n count Number of echo requests to send.


-
l size Send buffer size.


-
f Set Don't Fragment flag in packet.


-
i TTL Time To Live.


-
v TOS Type Of Service.


-
r count Record route for count hops.


-
s count Timestamp for count hops.


-
j host
-
list Loose source route along host
-
list.


-
k host
-
list Strict source route along host
-
list.


-
w timeout Timeout in milliseconds to wait for each reply.

Tracert

USO: Tracert nombre.dominio o dirección IP

Options:


-
d
:

Do not resolve addresses to hostnames.


-
h maximum_hops
:

Maximum number of hops to search for target.


-
j host
-
list
:

Loose source route along host
-
list.


-
w timeout
:

Wait timeout milliseconds for each reply.

Route

USO: Route Print

Sintaxis:
ROUTE [
-
f] [command [destination] [MASK netmask] [gateway]]



-
f
:
Clears the routing tables of all gateway entries. If this is used in conjunction
with one of the commands, the tables are cleared prior to running the command.


command Specifies one of four commands


PRINT Prints a route


ADD Adds a route


DELETE Deletes a route


CHANGE Modifies an existing route


Destination
:

Specifies the host to send command.


MASK
:

If the MASK keyword is present, the next parameter is interpreted as the
netmask parameter.



netmask
:

If provided, specifies a sub
-
net mask value to be associated with this
route entry. If not specified, if defaults to 255.255.255.255.


Gateway
:

Specifies gateway.

Netstat

Sintaxis:
NETSTAT [
-
a] [
-
e] [
-
n] [
-
s] [
-
p proto] [
-
r] [interval]



-
A Displays all connections and listening ports. (Server
-
side


connections are normally not shown).


-
E Displays Ethernet statistics. This may be combined with the
-
s


option.


-
N Displays addresses and port numbers in numerical form.


-
P proto Shows connections for the protocol specified by proto; proto


May be tcp or udp. If used with the
-
s option to display


per
-
protocol statistics, proto may be tcp, udp, or ip.


-
R Displays the contents of the routing table.


-
S Displays per
-
protocol statistics. By default, statistics are


shown for TCP, UDP and IP; the
-
p option may be used to specify


A subset of the default.


interval Redisplays selected statistics, pausing interval seconds


between each display. Press CTRL+C to stop redisplaying


statistics. If omitted, netstat will print the current


configuration information once.


Arp

ARP
-
s inet_addr eth_addr [if_addr]

ARP
-
d inet_addr [if_addr]

ARP
-
a [inet_addr] [
-
N if_addr]



-
a

Displays current ARP entries by interrogating the current


protocol data. If inet_addr is specified, the IP and Physical


addresses for only the specified computer are displayed. If


More than one network interface uses ARP, entries for each


ARP table are displayed.


-
g

Same as
-
a.


inet_addr Specifies an internet address.

Arp Cont.


-
N if_addr Displays the ARP entries for the network interface specified


by if_addr.


-
D Deletes the host specified by inet_addr.


-
S Adds the host and associates the Internet address inet_addr


with the Physical address eth_addr. The Physical address is


given as 6 hexadecimal bytes separated by hyphens. The entry


is permanent.


eth_addr Specifies a physical address.


if_addr If present, this specifies the Internet address of the


interface whose address translation table should be modified.


If not present, the first applicable interface will be used.


Winipconfig

Ping (Cisco)

Router# ping

Protocol [ip]:

Target IP address:
131.108.1.27

Repeat count [5]:

Datagram size [100]:
1000

Timeout in seconds [2]:

Extended commands [n]:
yes

Source address:

Type of service [0]:

Set DF bit in IP header? [No]:
yes

Data pattern [0xabcd]:

Loose, Strict, record, Timestamp, Verbose[none]:

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 1000
-
byte ICMP Echos to 131.108.2.27, timeout is 2 seconds:

M.M.M

Success rate is 60 percent, round
-
trip min/avg/max = 4/6/12 ms

Ping (Cisco) Cont.

Ping test characters

Significado de cada carácter.


!


Each exclamation point indicates receipt of a reply.

.

Each period indicates the network server timed out while waiting


For a reply.

U

destination unreachable error PDU received.

N

network unreachable.

P

protocol unreachable.

Q

source quench.

M

could not fragment.

?

Unknown packet type.

Trace (Cisco)

Router#trace ABA.Nyc.Mil

Type escape sequence to abort.

Tracing the route to ABA.Nyc.Mil (26.0.0.73)

1 debris.Cisco.Com (131.108.1.6) 1000 msec 8 msec 4 msec

2 barrnet
-
gw.Cisco.Com (131.108.16.2) 8 msec 8 msec 8 msec

3 external
-
a
-
gateway.Stanford.Edu (192.42.110.225) 8 msec 4 msec 4 msec

4 bb2.Su.Barrnet.Net (131.119.254.6) 8 msec 8 msec 8 msec

5 su.Arc.Barrnet.Net (131.119.3.8) 12 msec 12 msec 8 msec

6 moffett
-
fld
-
mb.In.Mil (192.52.195.1) 216 msec 120 msec 132 msec

7 aba.Nyc.Mil (26.0.0.73) 412 msec 628 msec 664 msec

Trace (Cisco) Cont.

Trace test characters

Char meaning

Nn

msec the probe was successfully returned in
nn
milliseconds.

*


The probe timed out.

?


Unknown packet type.

Q


source quench.

P


protocol unreachable.

N


network unreachable.

U


host unreachable.