Open Source & the 21

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4 Δεκ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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Open Source & the 21
st

Century Land Grant University



“Exploring Open Source Collaborations”

2008 ACM Management Symposium


April 7, 2008


Curt Pederson

Vice Provost for Information Services and CIO, Oregon
State University & Oregon University System

E
-
mail: curt.pederson@oregonstate.edu

Open Source Software

According to Wikipedia, it is computer software
that is available with its source code under an
open
-
source license that allows it to be studied,
changed and improved in its design.


In 1998 “free software” was relabeled “open
source” which resulted in it becoming more
mainstream in the corporate world.


Information Services @ OSU


We provide IT services to Oregon State University
(OSU) and the Oregon University System (OUS)


In addition to central campus IT services @ OSU,
we provide Banner ERP services to four regional
universities and support to the Chancellor’s office


CIO reports to the OSU Provost and is also
accountable to the OSU President and the OUS
Chancellor


Our commitment to Open Source starts with
enlightened leadership

“Our commitment to the
development and application of
Open Source is consistent with
our drive to be the land grant
university of the 21
st

century.
Through open source activities
we are helping under
-
served
populations around the world
and creating new industries and
new products at home.”



Ed Ray, OSU President

Cover of President’s Annual
Report One Laptop Per Child


Making an Impact on Children
Around the World

“I like to point to the success of our students as one of
OSU’s most important contributions to the future.”

Growing Visibility and
Acceptance of Open Source


One of the ten forces that flattened the
world
(Thomas Friedman
)


OSU helped start an Open Source “software
tsunami” in Oregon


Growing global “open eco
-
system”:


Like Minded Community + Collaboration +
Open Source =
Innovation


Open Source Past



Caffeinated hackers developing software,
on shoestring budgets, and hosted on
questionable infrastructure


Question, can we help create sustainable
hosting infrastructure for “free” software?


What would a new business model look
like?

Open Source Today



Open Source still produced by many of the
world’s best “caffeinated” minds


Most Open Source software now holds up
well against commercial alternatives


Proprietary desktop software can double
the cost of your purchase


Provides affordable alternatives and
innovation to emerging economies


Oregon’s Open Source

Eco
-
System


Governor & Legislature “get it”


Linus Torvalds lives here


OSU’s Open Source Lab


Open Technology Business Center


Intel’s Open Source Center


IBM’s Linux Technology Center

Oregon’s Open Source Cluster
Creates Economic Value


Established companies like Google now
have major presence in Oregon


New Open Source based startups emerging
(JanRain, Jive, Collaborative Software Initiative)


Significant opportunities emerging for
government and health care applications

Oregon Is Home to Two World
Class Conferences



O’Reilly Open Source Conference
(OSCON)


http://en.oreilly.com/oscon2008/public/content/home



Government Open Source Conference
(GOSCON)
www.goscon.org/



Our “open” culture differentiates us from
the neighboring states of WA & OR

Internal ROI @ OSU


Provided $500,000 in OSL start
-
up (E&G)


ROI of 400% to OSU in 18 months


Nutch vs. Google Search Appliance


Drupal CMS vs. Commercial Software


We rely on gifts/grants/contracts in
support of the open source community


Gifts: Google, RealNetworks, IBM, HP

The Birth of an

Open Source Lab


Five years ago we started the OSL@OSU


Visit
http://osuosl.org


Housed at Oregon State University in
Corvallis, Oregon


Interest in open source, excess bandwidth
and extra data center space


We hosted one project and started getting
calls from other struggling projects

Open Source Lab Today


We host, develop and distribute open
source software
(>1 mm daily downloads)


20 staff: 8 full
-
time & 12 CS students


We provide platform stability for many of
the largest community based Open Source
applications in the world


Host over 50 projects & 140 servers
(Apache, OLPC, Linux, Drupal, Open Office)

Looking Into The OSL




Less
Tangible

Benefits


“Joy” to the open source community


Educational and research opportunities


Ability to attract students, companies and
highly skilled “knowledge workers”


We provide value to government,
education and non
-
profit sectors

The Holy Grail



Linus Torvald’s “master Linux kernel”
(kernel.org) moved to the OSL in 2005


Flown on chartered plane to Corvallis
Airport and installed in the lab


It was a day like no other and none since


We had finally arrived



600 Megabits of Free
Bandwidth



600 megs of donated bandwidth
-

5 yrs


TDS Telecommunications donated 300
mbs to Atlanta and Chicago


Worth at least $2 million


If download not allowed on our iN2 circuit,
we use TDS circuits

In Support of Teaching


Research & Outreach?


Outreach was easy, but…


We were challenged to connect the OSL to
the academic mission


We encouraged our student employees to
push OS computer science curriculum

The
Birth

of a LUG



OSL student employees started a Linux
Users Group (LUG)


Student outreach and technical instruction


Student driven group of around 40


Visit
http://lug.oregonstate.edu


Interest In Open Source Extends
Well Beyond Our

Students


How Did Our Students Celebrate
200
Million

Releases of Firefox?


Birth of the Open Source
Education Lab (OSEL)



Start
-
up funded by student tech fees


Exists to bring faculty & students into the
Open Source world


Over a dozen classes in two colleges now
incorporating Open Source curriculum


Visit
http://osel.oregonstate.edu


How Did We Create Value
From Open Source?


Visiting Microsoft Senior Vice Pres:


free and perfect software


why didn’t Bill Gates
think of that?”


We needed a new funding model and
paradigm
(Rackathon, sponsorship, gifts)


OSL relies 100% on outside grants, gifts
and contracts


What Is Next?



Expand number of projects supported


Explore the creation of a virtual K
-
12
Open Source academy


Expand and improve our government open
source conference


GOSCON


Major health care opportunity


Eclipse
Foundation


Open Health Tools


Open Health Tools (OHT)


Collaborative of standards organizations,
academia, National health systems, open
source community, vendors, and IT
professionals


Build open source software frameworks for
interoperable healthcare systems


Allow patients and providers to have
information access anywhere/anytime

A Health Interoperability
Framework?


Platform that provides interoperability with
standard open interfaces and a set of
reusable software component that can be
assembled into systems and products


All software must be interoperable/free


Goal to foster mass adoption by the
healthcare industry

OHT Partners


National E
-
Health Authority


Australia


Canada Health Infoway


National Health Service


UK


Indian Health Service


US


Veterans Health Administration


US


14 Vendors (IBM, Oracle, Red Hat, Eclipse)


4 Medical Standards Organizations


Academia/Research: National Cancer Institute
and Oregon State University
-

OSL


Benefits of OHT


Available to any hospital, company or
individual whether a member or not


Will help contain rapid growth & costs


Potential to save lives & improve quality
and safety of care to across the globe


Potential savings of $77.8 billion dollars in
the U.S. alone from exchange and
interoperability of healthcare information

Benefits of OHT to OSU/OSL


Great opportunity for OSU & the OSL


First academic partner ask to join


Opportunity for hosting, university
research, scholarship and more


Another opportunity for our students to
help “change the world”


More friends who can support the OSL

Conclusions



With modest seed funding, we leveraged open
source to create new opportunities & resources


Through the OSL we have helped create a world
that is more open, flat, and collaborative


We have supported open models for other
disciplines beyond software (i.e.: Democracy
Lab)