Free software - open-nurse.info

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4 Δεκ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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Developing online communities with

LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP)



the IMIA OSNI and CHIRAD experiences



Peter J. MURRAY
a
, Karl ØYRI
b


a
Centre for Health Informatics Research and Development (CHIRAD), UK

b
Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Norway

Peter J. Murray


Chair, IMIA OSWG

Chair, IMIA
-
NI OSNI WG

Member, AMIA OSWG leadership team

UK rep. to IMIA


Karl
Ø
yri


Co
-
chair and webspinner, IMIA
-
NI OSNI WG

Member, IMIA OSWG

President, Norwegian Medical Informatics Society

Ø
yri K & Murray PJ (2005) osni.info


using free/libre/open source software

to build a virtual international community for open source

nursing informatics. IJMI (in press)



Murray PJ,
Ø
yri K & Wright G (2005) osni.info


using open source tools

to build an international community of nurse informaticians.

Revista Cubana Informática Médica, vol.8 (No. 2 Año 5)

http://www.cecam.sld.cu/rcim/revista_8/articulo_htm/osni_info.htm





Outline:


-

premises underlying the paper


-

what is FLOSS?


-

LAMP architecture


an overview


-

FLOSS Content Management Systems


-

the OSNI and CHIRAD experiences


-

it's not all a garden of roses, even if it is FLOSS


some issues


-

questions and discussion

Premises underlying the paper


-

health informatics organisations need to
communicate/interact rapidly with their members


-

this communication/interaction is increasingly
electronic


resulting in
de facto

online communities


-

health informatics organisations have a poor history
in using the web and related technologies


-

there is an increasing availability of easy
-
to
-
use
tools (esp. FLOSS) to help build online communities


Reality has already overtaken the paper ...



-

EFMI website rebuilt using Mambo FLOSS CMS


-

APAMI website being rebuilt with Mambo



What is FLOSS?

free/libre/open source software


This term combines the concepts of Free Software and Open
Source as defined by the FSF and the OSI ...allows both groups
to use the term to more easily discuss and cooperate on issues
... can be used as a compromise term palatable to adherents of
either movement.


Has the extra advantage of being less anglocentric:

....”the F stands for Frei in German while the L stands for Libre
in French and Spanish, Livre in Portuguese and Libero in Italian,
showing that the concepts and their implementation are not
exclusive to the english
-
speaking world".

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FLOSS



Free software

(Free Software Foundation: )


Free software

is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand
the concept, you should think of

free

as in
free speech
, not as
in
free beer
.

-

so, is free spirit(s), but not free beer.


Free software is a matter of the users' freedom to run, copy,
distribute, study, change and improve the software. More
precisely, it refers to four kinds of freedom, for the users of the
software ....

http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free
-
sw.html


Open source software


Open source doesn't just mean access to the source code.


The distribution terms of open
-
source software must comply
with 10 criteria around:

free redistribution


source code access


no discrimination
against users or uses


licence issues


http://www.opensource.org/docs/definition.php

By FLOSS or 'open source', what I mean are:

-

includes free/libre/open source software

-

free software (as FSF definition)

-

open source software (as OSI definition)

-

GNU/Linux

-

and other relevant variants now and in the future.


Many terms


FLOSS, OSS/FS, etc. (in English)

-

many other countries/languages use 'libre' variants


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FLOSS

LAMP architecture


an overview


L

= Linux operating system


A

= Apache web server


M

= My SQL database server/management system


P

= PHP scripting language (or Perl or Python)


-

PHP
-
MySQL is cross
-
platform (ie will run on Windows as
well as Linux)


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LAMP

FLOSS Content Management Systems


Approx. 30 for developing websites/portals


inc. Postnuke, PHP
-
Nuke, Mambo, Drupal, XOOPS,
Geeklog


www.opensourcecms.com


Also lists blog, wiki, groupware, e
-
learning, forums/BBs,
image galleries, etc.


Plenty of choice


many similarities, but also important
differences in functions, ease of use/installation, etc.


Fantastico control panel for ease of installation.

Advantages of FLOSS CMS


-

levels of access, administration and moderation can
be set for different users/members


-

thus workload can be spread in input and
maintenance, and in responsibility for areas of
site/portal


-

reduces reliance on one webspinner, plus fosters
sense of community involvement for members



OSNI.INFO


-

runs on PostNuke CMS



-
modular structure
-

administration panel


-

content areas include:



news items


give information, solicit input



web links


provide a resource base for members
and others



documents


direct access, plus links to


recommended materials

OSNI.INFO


-

content areas include:



reviews of FLOSS software and FAQs being




developed



discussion forums



access statistics



other modules can be added and customised

Issues around online communities such as
OSNI.INFO


-

trying to avoid 'gatekeepers' and encourage
involvement


-

number signed up as members shows a need is there,
and being met


-

but most members want to extract and few to input


-

issues are not unique to this community


But it's not all a garden of roses, even if it
is FLOSS


some issues


-

collaborative work is facilitated


but not
guaranteed


-

colleagues often lack basic technical skills


-

time!!!


-

language and confidence in use



In conclusion, OSNI.INFO aims to ...


-

facilitate communication/interaction and international
e
-
links


-

support activities in developing countries (active
Cuban involvement in the group)


-

use low
-
cost, freely available software, demonstrate
its use/value, and help foster skills development



-

we welcome your involvement.



www.osni.info




www.chirad.info/imiaoswg



peter@open
-
nurse.info



karloy@ulrik.uio.no