Framework and the Role of CIM

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21 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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The NIST Smart Grid Interoperability
Framework and the Role of CIM

Jerry FitzPatrick

National Institute of Standards and Technology

CIM Users Group Meeting

November 11, 2009


fitzpa@nist.gov

2

Outline


Introduction
-

2007 EISA


NIST Three Phase Plan


NIST Interoperability Framework and
Roadmap, Release 1.0


NIST Priority Action Plans (PAPs) for standards
coordination and relation to CIM







The NIST Role



In cooperation with the
DoE
, NEMA, IEEE, GWAC, and
other stakeholders,
NIST

has “primary responsibility to
coordinate development of a framework
that includes
protocols and model standards for information management
to achieve interoperability of smart grid devices and
systems
…”

Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007

Title XIII, Section 1305.

Smart Grid Interoperability Framework

NIST Interoperability Framework


History


2007
EISA gives NIST responsibility

for a Smart Grid Framework


2008 NIST forms
Domain Expert Working Groups


T&D, Home
-
to
-
Grid, Building
-
to
-
Grid, Industry
-
to
-
Grid, PEV
-
to
-
Grid,
Business and Policy, Cyber Security


2009
ARRA accelerates
need for standards


EPRI selected as contractor


2009 NIST holds
large
-
scale workshops
to identify standards


Several hundred stakeholders from a variety of groups


April 28
-
29: Produced draft list of 16 standards: “low hanging fruit”


May 19
-
20: Analyzed use cases, requirements and standards


August 3
-
4: Developed Priority Action Plans with SDO
representatives


2009 August
EPRI produces Roadmap Report
from workshops


2009 September


NIST Smart Grid Framework draft 1.0

released


EnerNex

selected as contractor for next phase
s







4

5

NIST Three Phase Plan

5

PHASE 1

Identify an initial set of
existing consensus
standards and develop
a roadmap to fill gaps


PHASE 3

Testing and
Certification
Framework

March

September

2009

2010

PHASE 2

Establish Interoperability Panel
to provide public
-
private forum
with governance for ongoing
efforts

NIST Interoperability

Framework 1.0

Released Sept 2009

NIST Smart Grid Framework


1.0 Draft


Smart Grid Vision


Concepts, benefits


Importance to National Energy Policy


Key attributes


Conceptual Reference Model


To be used for discussing uses, relationships, use cases


Consists of domains, actors, applications, networks, paths


Standards Identified for Implementation


Original 16 from first workshop


Additional 15 in this document


Included 46 more “for consideration”


Asks for review of standards selection criteria


Priority Action Plans


Gaps in existing standards, missing standards, harmonization


Agreed on in workshops with SDO representatives


6

Conceptual Reference Diagram


First 16 Framework Standards

1

AMI
-
SEC System Security Requirements











2

ANSI C12.19 End Device (Meter) Tables







3

BACnet Building Automation & Control Net







4

DNP3


Distributed Network Protocol









5

IEC 60870
-
6


Inter
-
Control Center



6

IEC 61850


Comms Nets in Substations









7

IEC 61968/61970


Common Info Model





8

IEC 62351


Data
Comms

Security









9

IEEE C37.118
-

Synchrophasors





10

IEEE 1547


Distributed Resources









11

IEEE 1686


IED Cyber Security







12

NERC Critical Infrastructure Protection















13

NIST SP 800
-
53/82 Fed Info Sys Security















14

Open Automated Demand Response









15

Open Home Area Network Requirements



16

ZigBee/HomePlug Smart Energy Profile



8











Draft Standards Acceptance Criteria


Enables Smart Grid characteristics
as defined by
EISA, DOE Smart Grid System Report


Is applicable to one of the
priority areas
identified by FERC and NIST


Enables the transition
of the legacy power grid
to the Smart Grid.


Is an
open, stable and mature
industry
-
level
standard developed in consensus processes
from a standards development organization


Is supported by an
SDO or Users Group
to
ensure that it is regularly revised and improved
to meet changing requirements and that there is
strategy for continued relevance.


Is
openly available
under fair, reasonable, &
nondiscriminatory terms.


Is developed and adopted

internationally
,
wherever practical


9


10

NIST Three Phase Plan

10

PHASE 1

Identify an initial set of
existing consensus
standards and develop
a roadmap to fill gaps


PHASE 3

Testing and
Certification
Framework

March

September

2009

2010

PHASE 2

Establish Interoperability Panel
to provide public
-
private forum
with governance for ongoing
efforts

Smart Grid
Interoperability
Panel Forming

November 19

SGIP Vision


Public
-
private partnership to support NIST EISA responsibility


Open, transparent body


Representation from all SG stakeholder groups


Membership open to any materially interested stakeholder
organizations


Not dominated by any one group


SGIP does not directly develop or write standards


Stakeholders participate in the ongoing coordination, acceleration and
harmonization of standards development.




Reviews use cases, identifies requirements,

coordinates
conformance

testing, and proposes action plans for achieving these
goals.

11

SGIP Vision (2)


SGIP Governing Board


Review and prioritizes the work of the SGIP


Coordinates necessary resources (in dialog with SDOs, user groups,
and others) to carry out finalized action plans in efficient and effective
manner.


Standing Committees


SG Architecture Committee (SGAC)


SG Testing and Certification (SGTC)


Additional Committees will be created as needed


Working Groups


Cyber Security Coordination Task Group


DEWGs


Structure will be refined as appropriate

12

Smart Grid Interoperability Panel and Governing Board

SGIPGB

Products (IKB)


NIST Oversight

SGIP

One
Organization
,

One

Vote



Working
Groups


SGIP

Standing
Committee

Members (2)

Smart Grid
Identified
Standards

Use Cases

Requirements

Standards

Descriptions

Priority

Action

Plans

In Progress

At large

Members (3)

Ex Officio


(non
-
voting)

Members

Stakeholder
Category

Members (22)


Standing
Committees


Conceptual Model

13

14

Sun

Mon

Tues

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

Oct 11

12

13

14

15

Draft
Charter
Posted

16

17


18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

Nov 1

2

3

4

5

6

Nominations
&

Comments

Close

7

8

9

10

11

Final Draft &
Ballot
Posted

12

13

14


15

16

Ratify

Charter

17

18

19

Election

Results

20

21


22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

Comment Period

GB Online Elections

What are Priority Action Plans (PAPs)?


NIST workshops identified priority standards issues


many standards require revision or enhancement


and new standards need to be developed to fill gaps


A total of 70 priority standards issues were identified in the EPRI report


NIST determined which require most urgent resolution and selected top 14
to initiate PAPs


The August SDO Workshop was used to develop the action plan for each
priority issue.


Current status for each PAP is posted on the NIST website


broad SDO and stakeholder support and participation


aggressive milestones in 2009 or early 2010 established


The Smart Grip Interoperability Panel will guide oversee progress on PAPs
and development of new PAPs.



Priority Action Plans

Target Date

Smart meter upgradeability standard

completed

Common specification for price and product
definition

early 2010

Common scheduling mechanism for energy
transactions

year
-
end
2009

Common information model for distribution grid
management

year
-
end
2010

Standard demand response signals

January 2010

Standard for energy use information

January 2010

IEC 61850 Objects / DNP3 Mapping

2010

Priority Action Plans

Target Date

Smart meter upgradeability standard

completed

Common specification for price and product
definition

early 2010

Common scheduling mechanism for energy
transactions

year
-
end
2009

Common information model for distribution grid
management

year
-
end
2010

Standard demand response signals

January 2010

Standard for energy use information

January 2010

IEC 61850 Objects / DNP3 Mapping

2010

Priority Action Plans (continued)

Target Date

Time synchronization

mid
-
2010

Transmission and distribution power systems
models mapping

year
-
end 2010

Guidelines for use of IP protocol suite in the Smart
Grid

mid
-
year 2010

Guidelines for use of wireless communications in
the Smart Grid

mid
-
year 2010

Electric storage interconnection guidelines

mid
-
2010

Interoperability standards to support plug
-
in
electric vehicles

December 2010

Standard meter data profiles


year
-
end 2010

Harmonize Power Line Carrier Standards

TBD

19

NIST Three Phase Plan

19

PHASE 1

Identify an initial set of
existing consensus
standards and develop
a roadmap to fill gaps


PHASE 3

Testing and
Certification
Framework

March

September

2009

2010

PHASE 2

Establish Interoperability Panel
to provide public
-
private forum
with governance for ongoing
efforts

Testing Framework
in place in 2010

20

References

NIST Smart Grid
Site

http://www.nist.gov/smartgrid/


EPRI Roadmap
Report

http://www.nist.gov/smartgrid/Report
%20to%20NISTlAugust10%20(2).pdf


Framework 1.0
Draft

http://www.nist.gov/public_affairs/rele
ases/smartgrid_interoperability.pdf


NIST
Collaboration
Site (w/PAPs
links)

http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki
-
sggrid/bin/view/SmartGrid/WebHome


Grid
-
Interop

Conference

http://www.grid
-
interop.com/2009/