The internet of things : a killer app

parsimoniousknotΔίκτυα και Επικοινωνίες

16 Φεβ 2014 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 5 μήνες)

68 εμφανίσεις

The internet of things : a killer app
for global environmental
sustainability?

Tony Vetter


Global Connectivity, IISD

Outline


IISD


What is sustainable development?


How does it link to
IoTs
?


Networked Governance


Sensor Web


What are the challenges?


Data Management


Internet Governance

The International Institute for Sustainable
Development (IISD)



Founded by Canada in1990 in response to the
Brundtland World Commission on Environment
and Development


Non
-
profit, non
-
governmental research and policy
institute working on:


Trade and investment


Climate change and energy


Natural Resources Management


Measurement and Assessment


Reporting on International Negotiations


Global Connectivity


150 people located in more than 30 countries


What is sustainable development?

Integrated perspectives





Brundtland definition
:

Sustainable development
is development that meets the needs of the present
without compromising the ability of future
generations to meet their own needs
.




Economic

Environmental

Social /

Cultural

Governance

Innovation

Communications

How are we doing?

5

Source: WWF Living Planet Report 2008

What’s the problem?

6

Source: WWF Living Planet Report 2008

How can ICTs help achieve

environmentally sustainable development?

7

Source: WWF Living Planet Report 2008

Sustainable development and technology

Two concepts: Limitations and possibilities


the limits that the world’s ecosystems may reach
as a result of the state of technology and social
organization


the possibilities for sustainability that result from
changes in technology and social organization

Technology, in particular communications
technology, is supporting and changing how we
organize our governing systems, our economies,
and our cultures in unprecedented ways.

What is “Networked Governance”?


Emerging patterns of ICT
-
enabled interaction that
are transforming


Economic, social and government structures
(the information economy and society,
wikinomics, etc.)


Communication among individuals, groups and
communities (social networking, web 2.0, etc.)


Interactions between natural and artificial
environments (the Internet of Things,
ubiquitous networks, etc.)

I
n
t
e
r
n
e
t

o
f

T
h
i
n
g
s


"A billion people interacting with a million e
-
businesses, with a trillion intelligent devices
interconnected“ (Lou Gerstner, CEO IBM, 1995)


By 2015 there will be 1 trillion sensors linking the
physical and digital worlds* merging to become
an “Internet of Things”


list of applications is limited only by our imagination

*“RFID: Why we need a European policy”, EU RFID 2006 Conference: Heading for the Future, Brussels, 16 October 2006

Implementation

Local

Global

Observation

Global Environmental Observation


GIS systems


Atmospheric


Vegetation / Ground Water


Surface / Water Temperature


GHG Tracking


Consumption metering


Atmospheric measurements


Reporting Systems


Mash
-
ups / SOA / Web 2.0

Global Action / Management Plans


Early Warning Systems


Famine / Drought


Natural Disasters


Environmental Mitigation


Carbon
-
trading


Conservation Planning


International Agreements


Ratification


Implementation

Local Environmental Observation


Capacity building


Awareness of threats


Identifying impact


Data Entry


Web 2.0 / Wiki data logs


Appropriate Technology


SMS / Mobile Phone usage


Cultural adaptation

Local Action / Management Plans


Resource Management


Access / Allocation


Enforcement


Support and Funding


Professional Development


Response Planning


Early warning response


Conflict avoidance

Applications Empowered by Internet of Things

U
r
b
a
n

S
e
n
s
i
n
g
*

*Environmental Monitoring with Mobile Phones
(Accra, Ghana),
Intel Research in California

S
e
m
a
n
t
i
c

S
e
n
s
o
r

W
e
b
*

Neil Gross, "The earth will don an electronic skin,"
BusinessWeek, August 1999

In the next century, planet earth will don an electronic skin.

It will use the Internet as a scaffold to support and transmit
its sensations.

This skin is already being stitched together. It consists of
millions of embedded electronic measuring devices:
thermostats, pressure gauges, pollution detectors,
cameras, microphones, glucose sensors, EKGs,
electroencephalographs.

These will probe and monitor cities and endangered species,
the atmosphere, our ships, highways and fleets of trucks,
our conversations, our bodies
--
even our dreams.
-

*Semantic Sensor Web Project @ Knoesis Center, Wright State University
-

Dayton, Ohio

Internet as a tool for social homeostasis*


Homeostasis: set of processes that
organisms use to regulate their internal
environments


constantly monitoring environments and
changing behavior based on feedback


“Internet of things” will enable refined, user
empowered, environmental monitoring,
both locally and globally

*World Economic Forum, Network of Global Agenda Councils
-

Future of the Internet

U
s
e
r

P
a
r
t
i
c
i
p
a
t
i
o
n

-

S
e
n
s
o
r

W
i
k
i


Integrate IoT sensory streams into the web


contributing real
-
time info as "Wiki Pages"


Users "look
-
up" information about the objects,
events or places of interest interactively


add intelligent interpretations of what they observe


add to content to improve accuracy, or other useful
information in the "Wiki" spirit


record sensor streams for assessment and
characterization of situation or event of particular
interest to a specific community

D
a
t
a

C
h
a
l
l
e
n
g
e
s


data stove piped


lack of integration


data without knowledge


lack of info and
knowledge management systems


sensor data needs to be contextual


spatial, temporal, and thematic


W3C and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)
standardization efforts


useful information while ensuring privacy


ensuring data accuracy


preventing sensor tampering and system misuse

I
n
t
e
r
n
e
t

G
o
v
e
r
n
a
n
c
e

C
h
a
l
l
e
n
g
e
s


For the internet to act as a medium for
homeostasis mechanisms, it needs to


be free, open, uncensored, accessible,
multilingual


Support universal connectivity


Goal: allow bottom up, vertical and lateral
information flows


Technology neutrality (un
-
tethered)


IPv4 and IPv6 must effectively cohabitate


Freedom of cross boarder data flows

For further information on IISD ICT
& SD activities, contact:

Heather Creech, Director Global Connectivity

Program (
hcreech@iisd.org
)


Tony Vetter, Project Officer, Global Connectivity

Program (
tvetter@iisd.org
)