D, S, T C C T

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17 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

102 εμφανίσεις

D
RAGON
,
S
IRI
,
AND

“D
ICK

T
ATE
”: V
OICE

C
APTURE

AS

C
OMPOSING

T
ECHNOLOGY

Hannah Rule, PhD | University of Cincinnati |
hannah.rule@uc.edu


G
OALS

OF

THIS

PRESENTATION
:


1.
Explore the current state of adaptation and change in traditional
composing tech

2.
Track the rise and integration of voice capture (VC) features in
everyday tech

3.
Bring to bear the history of development of VC and voice
recognition technologies (VRT)

4.
Consider and propose a role for composition studies in
theorizing and empirically studying VC


1.

Climate of Change in Composing Technologies

“the end of buttons”

the era of gesture control: swipe, pinch, flick,
tap


The Morphing
f
eel of “old school
typing”


“As everyone
starts becoming
more comfortable
speaking aloud to
their mobile
gadgets, speech
recognition
technology will
likely spill over into
other types of
devices. It isn't
hard to imagine a
near future when
we'll be
commanding our
coffee makers,
talking to our
printers, and telling
the lights to turn
themselves
off”
(
Pinola
)


2. A History of VC/VRT

d
ictation

1990
: “Dragon launched the first
consumer speech recognition
product, Dragon Dictate, for an
incredible price of $9000.



1997, the arrival of Dragon
NaturallySpeaking: “the application
recognized continuous speech, so
you could speak, well, naturally, at
about 100 words per minute.
However, you had to train the
program for 45 minutes, and it was
still expensive at $695.



Melanie
Pinola,“Speech

Recognition
Through the Decades: How we Ended
up With
Siri
” (2011)


By 2001: “computer speech recognition had topped out at 80 percent
accuracy, and, near the end of the decade, the technology's progress


seemed
to be
stalled” (
Pinola
)


2001: David
Pogue, tech writer
for the
NYTimes
,

wrist
ailment leads him
to dictation
software in the late 90s
:

“Only two major Windows
dictation programs will then
remain standing:
I.B.M.’s

ViaVoice

and L & H’s
NaturallySpeaking, which was
Dragon’s Signature product”



(And forget about dictation
software on your palmtop, at
least for now. Transcription
programs thrive on beefy
machinery, like 128
megabytes of memory and an
800
-
megahertz processor.)”


2003: Lee Honeycutt,
“Researching the Use of
Voice Recognition Writing
Software,

Computers and
Composition


“But despite the use of various
dictation technologies for
several decades now, little
research has been conducted
within composition studies on
this particular method of
writing” (78)


Now:

“cell phones and other mobile devices are ideal
vehicles for speech recognition, as the desire to replace
their tiny on
-
screen keyboards serves as an incentive to
develop better, alternative input methods” (
Pinola
)


W
E

RE

AT

A

TRANSITION

POINT

WHERE


VOICE

AND

NATURAL
-
LANGUAGE


UNDERSTANDING

ARE

SUDDENLY


AT

THE

FOREFRONT





Vlad

Sejnoha
, chief technology officer of Nuance
Communications (maker of Dragon
)


in
Knight,
2012


H
ONEYCUTT


“What
is certain, though,
is that VRT will continue to
improve and will join a
palette of other
communication
technologies for which all
of us must discover best
practices.
The computer
keyboard will be around
for some time to come,
but our voice might soon
replace the drudgery of
keyboarding” (93)



“There is little to
suggest that
continued product
research or
advancing
technology will
change this fact in
the future;
keyboard
editing is simply
faster and easier
than voice editing

(83)


3. Relative Silence from
R/C?

Honeycutt himself

Disability Studies and Education

History of Writing Technology

Sonic Rhetoric

Implications and Directions



Voice
in
writing


Physical vs. text feature




Theoretical
divisions between
speech
and
writing


Selfe

how deeply and
ideological these divides are



M
ULTIMODALITY

OF

M
AKING

S
HIPKA



E
LBOW

AND

THE

VIRTUES

OF

SPOKEN

LANGUAGE

FOR

WRITTEN

COMPOSITION



E
MPIRICAL

S
TUDIES

Thank You!



hannah.rule@uc
.
edu