Medical Imaging and Image Processing

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Medical Imaging and Image Processing

ET0614

Page 1 of 6 Release No. 3.1


SINGAPORE POLYTECHNIC
SCHOOL OF ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING

Medical Imaging and Image Processing

Course(s):
Diploma in BioElectronics (DBE)
Diploma in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (DEEE)
Year / Stage:
DBE: 3 FT / Stage B
DEEE:

3 FT / B
iomedical Engineering Group

Module Code: ET0614
Effective Academic Year: AY 08/09


Instructional Hours


Lecture (L): 30
Tutorial (T): 0
Practical (P): 45
Total: 75
Credit Units: 5


Module Aims

This module aims to provide students with knowledge of medical imaging modalities and
basic image processing techniques.


Teaching Methods / Learning Tasks

Instruction will be taught using a combination of lectures, tutorials and practical sessions.
The lectures will introduce the key theoretical and practical concepts and principles in
medical imaging and image processing to students. Each major topic will be supported by the
combined tutorial and practical sessions to reinforce the theoretical understanding.


Means of Assessment


Means of Assessment SAS Code*
General Performance CA1
Online Quiz CA2
Laboratory Test 1

LAB1

Laboratory Assignment LAB3
Mid-Semester Test TST1
Examination

EXAM


* Please refer to the Assessment Weightages file for the current year’s weightages.
Medical Imaging and Image Processing

ET0614

Page 2 of 6 Release No. 3.1

Recommended Text


Printed course notes


References


1 Kayvan Najarian, Robert Splinter, Biomedical Signal and Image Processing, CRC
press, 2006

2 J. Beuel, H. L. Kundel, R. L. Van Metter, Handbook of Medical Imaging, SPIE,
2000.
3 J. L. Prince, J. M. Links, Medical Imaging Signal s and Systems, Pearson Prentice
Hall, 2005.
4 A. P. Dhawan, Medical Image Analysis, IEEE Press, 2003.
5 T. Bose, Digital Signal and Image Processing, John Wiley & Sons, 2004.
6 R. C. Gonzalez, R. E. Woods, S. L. Eddins, Digital Image Processing Using
MATLAB
, Pearson Prentice Hall,
2004
.



Special Requirements (if any)


Laboratory equipped with medical instruments such as X-ray, Ultrasound and
imaging software.


Table of Specifications



Topics
Abilities (%)
Total
(%)
K C
A/HA
A.

Introduction to medical imaging and image
processing
5 0 0 5
B.

X-ray imaging and computed tomography 15 5 5 25
C.

Ultrasound imaging 5 5 0 10
D.

Biomedical imaging computer applications 5 5 0 10
E.

Trends in Medical Imaging 5 0 0 5
F.

Image processing fundamentals 5 5 0 10
G.

Image enhancement and analysis 10 5 5 20
H

Morphological image operations 5 5 5 15

Total
55 30 15 100
* Besides independence, values of integrity, responsibility, excellence, and self-discipline
are expected of the students, thoug
h not directly assessed.





Medical Imaging and Image Processing

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Page 3 of 6 Release No. 3.1

Notes:
1. The letters K, C, A/HA in the table of specifications denote respectively, the
Knowledge, Comprehension, and Application/Higher than Application levels of
Bloom's Taxonomy in the cognitive domain.

2. In the detailed syllabus which follows:
• all objectives should be understood to be prefixed by the words: "At the end of
instruction, the learner should be able to…"
• L: T: P: DLT denotes lecture hours, tutorial hours, practical hours and equivalent
directed learning time respectively.
Medical Imaging and Image Processing

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Page 4 of 6 Release No. 3.1

Detailed Syllabus


Learning Outcomes
L
:

T
:

P

A INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL IMAGING AND IMAGE
PROCESSING





1 Know
imaging modalities and basic image processing
techniques
2 :

0 :

3
1.1 Know different physical signals in various imaging

modalities






1.2 Define imaging modality and know the most common
imaging modalities






1.3 Identify the factors that determine medical image quality




1.4 Know the basic image processing techniques









B X-RAY IMAGING AND COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY





2 Understand the principles of x-
ray production and
instrumentation
4 :

0 :

6
2.1 Define X-ray and identify the most common x-
ray
production technology






2.2 Compute the energy of an electromagnetic wave




2.3 Describe Bremsstrahlung radiation




2.4 Understand how to produce characteristic x-ray




2.5 Describe the function of each of components in an x-ray

tube






2.6 Understand why the filtration, restriction,
compensation filters, and contrast agents are needed
in medic
al imaging systems













3
Understand the basic principles of
Computed
Tomography

(CT)

3

0

3
3.1
Explain
CT generations






3.2
Discuss on

CT detectors






3.3
Describe the functions of gantry, slip ring, and patient table






3.4
Explain

the artefacts appeared in CT images














Running Time:

9 :

0 :

12







Medical Imaging and Image Processing

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Learning Outcomes
L
:

T
:

P

C ULTRASOUND IMAGING





4 Understand the basic principles of ultrasound imaging 2 :

0 :

6
4.1 Define ultrasound





4.2 Describe plane waves, spherical waves, reflection,
refraction, and attenuation






4.3 State the basic function of each component of an
ultrasound
imaging system





4.4 Describe various modes of ultrasound imaging











D BIOMEDICAL IMAGING COMPUTER APPLICATIONS





5 Understand the basic principles of magnetic resonance
imaging (MRI)
2 :

0 :

3
5.1 Define magnetic resonance imaging





5.2 Discuss MRI principles





5.3
State the basic function of each component of a MR
imaging system













6 Understand the basic principles of nuclear medical
imaging
2

0

0
6.1
Explain the operation of planar imaging





6.2
Explain the operation of single photon emission computed
tomography (SPECT)






6.3
Explain the operation of positron emission tomography (PET)












E TRENDS IN MEDICAL IMAGING





7 Know the trends in medical imaging
2

0

3
7.1
Discuss on thermal imaging





7.2
Discuss on optical imaging





7.3
Discuss on the combination of different imaging modalities












F IMAGE PROCESSING FUNDAMENTALS





8 Understand the fundamentals of image processing
3 :

0 :

3
8.1 Describe the formation of digital images





8.2 Understand various image formats and their conversions





8.3 Discuss on image arithmetic and histogram





8.4 Compute standard image statistics







Running Time:

20 :

0 :

27
Medical Imaging and Image Processing

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Learning Outcomes
L
:

T
:

P

G IMAGE ENHANCEMENT AND ANALYSIS





9 Understand image enhancement techniques 2 :

0 :

3
9.1 Discuss the need for image enhancement





9.2 Understand the techniques for image intensity adjustment





9.3 Use linear filters to improve image quality





9.4 Use median filters to improve image quality











10 Image Analysis 2 :

0 :

3
10.1

Understand the edge detection basics




10.2

Extract image edges
with Sobel, Roberts, and Prewitt edge
detectors





10.3

Extract image edges with Laplacian, Frei and Chen
edge
detectors





10.4

Describe quadtree decomposition












H MORPHOLOGICAL IMAGE OPERATIONS





11 Understand morphological image operation methods 2 :

0 :

3
11.1

Describe structuring element




11.2

Understand morphological operations




11.3

Define pixel connectivity




11.4

Identify objects in a binary image




11.5

Derive Euler number









Class cancellation due to Mid-Semester Test
:
2 :

0 :

3
Laboratory Assessments:

0 :

0 :

3
Revision / Make up:

2 :

0 :

3





Total Running Time:

30 :

0 :

45