SDP: SEISMIC DRLLING PRODUCTION

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25 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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SDP: SEISMIC DRLLING PRODUCTION

You can sit in your London office and we will take 100%
responsibility as “One Stop Shop” to deliver complete results

WE ARE A UNIQUIE COMPANY WHICH DOES ALL THE ABOVE ACTIVITIES


“IN HOUSE”

(NOT OUTSOURCED, NOT DONE BY THIRD PARTIES)

OIL

+

GAS

Activities before
Drilling

Drilling and
Testing

Production, Piping,
Monetizing Gas

& Oil to Market

Finance
-

We can
consider
these
activities for
equity
and operatorship

SDP

Services

is

an

independent

specialized

oilfield

service

company

providing

the

oil

and

gas

industry

with

unique

solutions

that

integrate

the

major

disciplines
:

Drilling
,

Seismic
,

Cementing
,

Logging,

DST

and

Hydraulic

Fracturing

and

other

oilfield

related

services
.


SDP

Services

may

be

a

new

name

in

the

area

but

we

have

been

in

the

service

industry

for

over

10

years

and

have

worked

with

many

companies

through

the

years
.


We

have

made

many

great

working

relationships

that

continue

to

grow

today
.


We

approach

all

of

our

customers

as

single

company

which

does

all

the

work
.

Company Overview

INDIA

UK

CHINA

Geography of Activities

AUSTRIA

Index

SL. NO.

ACTIVITY

PAGE NO.

1

Road Building

8

2

Water Well Drilling

9

3

Water

Treatment Plant

10

4

Logistic & Storage

11

5

Route Survey

for Seismic

12

6

Route Clearance

13

7

2D Seismic Land

14

8

3D Seismic Land

15

9

2D Seismic Ocean

16

10

3D Seismic Ocean

17

11

2D & 3D OBC Seismic

18

12

Data Acquisition

19

13

Processing

20

14

Interpretation

21

SL. NO.

ACTIVITY

PAGE NO.

15

Camp

for Operation

22

16

Catering & Related

Services

23

17

Satellite Communication

24

18

Civil

Construction & Drilling Pad

25

19

Drilling

27

20

Casing, Tubular

and Completion Handling

29

21

Mud Engineering

30

22

Mud

Logging

31

23

Solid Control

32

24

Cementing

33

25

Coring

34

26

Fishing

35

27

Cased

Hole Logging

36

28

Open Hole Logging

37

29

Open Hole DST

38

30

Drilling Tools

39

31

PVT

Analysis

40

Index

SL. NO.

ACTIVITY

PAGE NO.

32

Rig

Movement & Relocation

41

33

ESP System

43

34

Tubular Inspection

44

35

Completion

& Testing

45

36

Simulation

Services

46

37

Oil & Gas Engineering

48

38

Pipeline

Construction

49

Index

ACTIVITIES
BEFORE
DRILLING

1. Road Building


Survey

-

Using

Trimble

GPS


Leveling

work

for

roads

using

10
-
15

bulldozers



Aggregate



Preparing

road

to

take

75

MT

of

weight

during

rig

movement
.


Water

Well

Drilling

Using
:

Normal

DTH

Drilling

or

Air

Drilling

and

we

provide

following

services
:



Well

Locating


Well

Drilling


Well

Pipe


Well

Pumps


Well

Deepening




2. Water Well Drilling

Fresh

water

is

highly

required

at

remote

sites

and

we

provide

water

treatment

plants

capable

of

treating

water

using

RO

Membrane

technology

from

55000

ppm

down

to

less

than

100

ppm
.

These

plants

require

less

treatment

cost

and

are

customized

to

site

conditions
.




3. Water Treatment Plant


Pipe/ Tubular Truckload Service


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佩lfi敬搠
b煵q灭敮t To眠
䅷ay

4. Logistic & Storage

Our

in
-
depth

experience

of

providing

service

directly

to

the

drill

site

ensures

you

can

depend

on

us
.

We

can

custom

built

storage

facilities

using

Pre

Engineered

Structures

and

offer

complete

logistic

and

storage

services
:

5. Route Survey for Seismic

Route

Survey

is

to

provide

critical

information

regarding

the

site

location,

condition,

Terrain,

other

route

constraints

before

conducting

Seismic

activities
.


Producing

quality

Topographic

Survey

is

our

principal

objective
.

We

cater

to

an

extensive

range

of

requirements

from

our

clients

-

from

a

single

unit

to

several

acres

utilizing

Global

Positioning

System

equipment
.

Route

Clearance

is

critical

activity

before

starting

any

seismic

survey

and

making

path

for

Vibroseis

vehicles
.

We

have

done

this

successfully

in

difficult

terrain

using

in
-
house

machinery

i
.
e

Bulldozers
.

6. Route Clearance

7. 2D Seismic Land

Group Interval
-

25m

Shotpoint

interval
-

25m

No: of channels
-

480

Fold
-

240

Type of shooting
-

Symmetrical Split spread

Sample rate
-

2ms

Record length
-

6ms

Energy source
-

Thumper/
Vibroseis

8. 3D Seismic Land


Minimum no: of receiver lines
-

8


Group interval
-

50m


Source interval
-

50m


Receiver line interval
-

300m


Source line interval
-

300m


No: of active channels/line
-

156


Total No: of active channels
-

156x8= 1248


Foldage

-

52



Sampling interval
-

2ms


Recording length
-

6ms


Energy Source
-

Thumper/
Vibroseis


9. 2D Seismic Ocean

SDP

provides

highly

reputable

industry

recognized

marine

geophysical

services
.

With

SDP

you

are

choosing

a

company

dedicated

to

delivering

operational

proficiency

to

both

the

exploration

sector

in

the

discovery

of

new

hydrocarbon

reserves,

and

into

production,

with

pioneering

and

proven

services

aimed

at

tackling

the

essential

need

to

increase

the

value

and

output

of

existing

reservoirs
.

10. 3D Seismic Ocean

SDP

has

many

years

of

experience

providing

a

full

range

of

services

3
D

marine

seismic

acquisitions,

including

operations

in

deep

and

shallow

waters

of

the

World

Ocean,

as

well

as

in

transition

zones
.

The

operations

are

performed

in

different

climatic

and

geographical

conditions
.

11. 2D & 3D OBC Seismic

Group interval
-

25m

Shot interval
-

25m

No: of active channels
-

80

Fold
-

80

Energy source
-

Airgun
(Sub Array
-
2)

AirGun

Volume
-

900 Cubic Inch At 2000 PSI

Source depth
-

2
-
3m

No: of pops/shot point
-

1

Type of shooting
-

Asymmetrical split spread

Sample rate
-

2ms

Recording length
-

4ms

Hydrophones per group
-

1

Streamer

Group interval
-

12.5m

Shot interval
-

25m

No: of active channels
-

240

Streamer depth
-

5m

Streamer Length
-

3000M Length Fluid Filled Streamer

Fold
-

60

Energy source
-

Airgun
(Sub Array
-
4)

AirGun

Volume
-

2600 Cubic Inch At 2000 PSI

Source depth
-

4m

No: of pops/shot point
-

1

Type of shooting
-

End
-
On Spread

Sample rate
-

2ms

Recording length
-

5ms

Hydrophones per group
-

16


INSTRUMENT TRUCK


OBSERVER ACQUIRING DATA

VIB PRO

SEISMIC RAW DATA

12. Data Acquisition

13. Processing

Promax

2d/3d processing software installed in server and terminals used for accessing by

geophysicists to process the data.

14. Interpretation
-

Kingdom


Advanced attribute generation


AVO and
microseismic

analysis


Geosteering

and well planning


3
-
dimensional interpretation


Advanced geological interpretation


15. Camp for Operation

We

have

a

strong

understanding

of

the

quality

of

design,

materials

and

construction

methods

required

to

produce

a

camp

that

can

survive

in

the

harsh

mobile

environments

that

many

of

our

international

clients

operate

within
.

We

are

able

to

provide

a

large

variety

of

solutions

and

applications

in

support

of

the

life

support

facilities

required

by

companies

all

over

the

world
.

Dependent

on

specific

requirements,

we

can

provide

products

that

are

skid

mounted

and

in

turn

master

skid

mounted

for

quick

deployment
.

Alternatively,

we

can

provide

facilities

that

are

trailer

mounted

and

can

be

rapidly

relocated

in

line

with

operational

requirements
.



16. Catering & Related Activities

SDP

is

an

innovative

provider

of

remote

site

and

location

based

services

and

equipment
.

We

provide

best

in

class

catering,

housekeeping,

laundry,

janitorial,

mantainence

and

landscaping

services

to

make

a

home

like

environment
.

We

like

to

say

that

we

can

make

anywhere

feel

like

home
.

CATERING

SERVICES



Continental,

Indian,

Chinese,

Korean

food

prepared

by

experienced

Cooks

and

kitchen

staff

to

meet

the

demand

of

the

crew
.

24

x

7

operation

FACILITIES

MANAGEMENT,

HOUSEKEEPING

AND

MAINTENANCE



Neat

and

Clean


LAUNDRY

SERVICE



Facilities

and

services,

depending

on

the

type

of

facility

and

the

scope

of

the

services

at

the

location
.

17. Satellite Communication

SDP

provide

Oil

and

Gas

industry

with

remote

communications

services
.

SDP

is

able

to

provide

comprehensive,

world

class

communication

services

in

the

most

demanding

environments
.

SDP

provides

a

complete

range

of

enterprise

level

communications

technologies

including
:


fixed

VSAT

communications,

portable

VSAT

communications,

intercom

systems,

2
-
Way

Radio,

custom

WIFI

solutions,

cellular

connectivity

solutions,

industrial

peripheral

solutions,

video

conferencing,

office

to

remote

voice/data

integration,

VPN

solutions,

and

acceleration

solutions
.


Furthermore,

SDP

provides

bandwidth

delivered

via

Microwave

link,

providing

stable,

seamless,

custom

voice

and

data

integration

to

clients’

networks
.

18. Civil Construction & Drilling Pad


One

of

the

major

activity

before

starting

drilling

activities

is

civil

construction

and

we

have

in
-
house

equipment's

to

take

up

all

the

activities

for

civil

construction
.

The

concrete

pad

must

be

strong

enough

to

take

2000

HP

Drilling

Rigs
.

DRILLING

&

TESTING

19. Drilling

With

over

10

years

of

drilling

experience,

and

fleet

of

10

Onshore

Drilling

rigs

and

1

Jack

up

rig,

our

Drilling

Services

business

is

equipped

for

all

types

of

drilling
.

We

operate

with

a

safety

first

approach

to

drilling
.

The

Company's

drillers

are

known

for

taking

on

the

largest,

most

technical

and

difficult

drilling

projects

and

completing

them

safely

and

with

accurate

results
.


With

the

broadest

array

of

specialized

services

in

the

drilling

industry,

we

can

accommodate

specific

needs

for

any

application

on

a

worldwide

basis
.

With

seasoned

crews

and

first
-
hand

experience

in

virtually

every

major

global

market,

we

understand

that

no

site

is

the

same

and

have

the

ability

to

quickly

mobilize

equipment

and

crews

to

nearly

any

location

around

the

world
.

Drilling Fleet

Rig Type

Power
,
HP

Land Drilling Rig

ZJ70

2000

Land Drilling Rig

ZJ70

2000

Land Drilling Rig

ZJ70

2000

Land Drilling Rig

ZJ50

1500

Land Drilling Rig

ZJ50

1500

Land Drilling Rig

ZJ50

1500

Land Drilling Rig

ZJ50

1500

Land Drilling Rig

ZJ40

1500

Mobile Drilling Rig

ZJ30

1000

Mobile Drilling Rig

ZJ30

1000

Workover

& Testing

Rig ZJ30

1000

Offshore Jack

Up Rig
-

Mercury

2000

ZJ
-
70

Capacity 550 ton

ZJ
-
50

Capacity 450 ton

ZJ
-
40

Capacity 350 ton

ZJ
-
30
-

Capacity 250
ton

Offshore Jack Up Rig


Capacity 550 Ton

20.
Casing, Tubular & Completion Handling

SDP

is

experienced

in

running

a

full

range

of

Tubing

and

Casing

services

including

but

not

limited

to

Chrome

Completions
.

Our

experienced

team

is

committed

to

providing

safe,

reliable

and

cost
-
effective

solutions

to

the

challenges

associated

with

casing

and

tubing

handling
:



Casing Tongs


Tubing Tongs


Non
-
Marking System


Slips and Elevators


Tubular Protectors


Stabbing Guides


Hydraulic Power Units


Automatic Dope Diffuser


Pick
-
up and Lay
-
Down Machine


Bucking Services

21. Mud Engineering

The

modern

drilling

technology

is

giving

opportunity

and

needs

to

use

the

high

quality

chemical

products
.

We

at

SDP

services

provide

its

clients

with

satisfactory

mud

systems

and

skill

personnel
.

The

wellbore

drilling

in

hazardous

and

complex

geological

conditions

today

is

kind

of

art
;

in

order

to

provide

cost

effective

mud

and

eliminate

down
-
hole

problems
.

Our

mud

engineering

services

utilizes

the

best

known

new

technology

and

appropriate

equipment

to

control

the

performance

of

the

drilling
.

Our

skill

personnel

and

laboratory

tests

guarantee

high

quality

of

the

services
.


Company engineers have capabilities to run various types of mud systems under different well
conditions.






Synthetic oil based system


Diesel oil based system


Dispersed water based system


Low pH
desco

system


KCI polymer system


Polymer glycol system


Silicate system


Non damaging drill in fluid system


Potassium
sulphate

inhibitive system

22. Mud Logging

We

offer

our

service

for

full

monitoring

drilling

process,

geological

of

the

supervising,

quick

acquisition,

processing,

analyzing

and

transferring

technical

well
-
data

and

geological

information
.


Acquisition

data

in

time

or

depth

data

base


Snoop

data

in

digital

or

graphic

form


Direct

following

of

parameters

on

monitor

screen


Collection

of

cuttings

wet,

_____


Gas

Chromatograph

with

3

ppm

accuracy


Trained

wellsite

geologist


Satellite

linking

so

that

operator/owner

of

well

can

see

data

directly

at

his

office
.


23. Solid Control

Our trained personnel provide solids control
services with the following supporting
equipment
:



Cuttings dryers


Shale shakers


Mud coolers


Centrifuges


Degassers


Shaker screens


Desilter

and
desanders


SDP

offers

a

complete

range

of

solids

control

services

covering

equipment

supply,

technical

support

and

operational

services

with

solids

control

specialists
.

We

have

technical

and

operational

staff

with

several

years

experience

in

the

solids

control

field

which,

coupled

with

SDP

Services

history

in

drilling

waste

management

and

associated

drilling

fluids

materials,

provides

a

comprehensive

industry

service
.

24. Cementing

SDP

offers

cement

blending

and

pumping

services

required

for

all

oil

and

gas

well

construction,

as

well

as

remedial

cementing

work

on

existing

wells
.

As

operators

adopt

and

adapt

to

new

technologies

and

techniques,

new

approaches

to

well

cementing

are

required
.

SDP’s

cementing

procedures

are

cutting
-
edge

processes

that

permit

aggressive

exploration

and

meet

stringent

environmental

regulations
.

Fleets

of

truck
-
mounted,

trailer
-
mounted

and

skid
-
mounted

cement

units

enable

SDP

to

deliver

increased

efficiency

and

performance

in

all

situations
.


SDP

cementing

services

provide

these

customer
-
driven

features
:


Multiple

cementing

crews

and

various

equipment

for

job
-
specific

needs


Automatic

Density

Control


Batch

mixing

equipment


Bulk

Silos


Bulk

plant

and

transports


Cementing

accessories


25. Coring

SDP's

coring

operations

have

been

successfully

conducted

in

areas

where

logistics

are

difficult

and

we

have

demonstrated

the

ability

to

efficiently

maintain

proper

equipment

levels

even

in

critical

unpredicted

periods

of

coring

program

change
.

Experience

and

quality

of

our

team

players

are

the

key

to

our

success

and

an

integral

part

of

a

continuing

development

program,

in

addition

to

the

unique

mastering

of

performing

the

following
:



Heavy Duty Barrel Conversions


Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic Inner tubes (GRP)


Long Barrel Coring.


Other coring systems are available on special order.


26. Fishing

SDP

offers

a

technical

team

which

combines

extensive

operational

experience

in

different

regions
.

These

factors

have

allowed

us

to

have

an

extremely

high

rate

of

job

successes

and

to

provide

cost

effective

solutions

to

our

clients
.

Our

personnel

are

supported

by

a

large

and

varied

inventory

of

tools,

which

allows

for

quick

turnaround
.

We

are,

therefore,

capable

of

responding

expeditiously

to

our

client’s

challenges
.

SDP

Fishing

Services

include
:


Plug & Abandonment services


External and Internal cutting and
recovery


Milling services


Thru tubing tools and services


Packer retrieval services


Well cleanout

27. Cased Hole Logging

SDP focus on delivery of first
-
class cased hole logging,
that above all meets the service objectives in measuring
and defining well productivity or performance.


With experience, and a broad inventory of production
logging and well inspection tools, SDP delivers the
answers you need to understand well performance. Our
clients tell us that it is our innovative and “can
-
do”
approach to cased hole and production logging that
singles us out. SDP offers following cased hole logging
services:



Production logging tools


Reservoir saturation monitoring (carbon
-
oxygen and
pulsed neutron)


Market
-
leading technology for perforating both
through tubing and casing guns


Casing and tubing inspection


Radial cement bond tools


Bridge plugs, through tubing bridge plugs, dump
bailers


Pipe recovery and other auxiliary services

28. Open Hole Logging

Some of the services we provide in Open Hole Logging:



Neutron


Density


Spectral Gamma


Resistivity


Porosity


Acoustic


Temperature

SDP

operate

a

fleet

of

some

of

the

newest

land

and

off
s
hore

logging

units

and

our

open

hole

logging

units

are

equipped

to

transmit

data

via

satellite

from

a

wellsite

in

order

to

provide

you

with

real

time

information
.

29. Open Hole DST

SDP

personnel

have

extensive

experience

with

open

hole

drill

stem

testing

services

on

conventional

oil

and

gas

wells
.

We

maintain

a

high

rate

of

successful

tests

for

our

customers
;

a

key

measure

of

performance

and

the

primary

factor

in

reducing

the

cost

of

testing

services
.

30. Drilling Tools

SDP offer a number of standard and unique tools for your drilling, completion and
workover

applications.
Our range of tools include:


A flow bypass system for drilling and wellbore cleanup applications.


Integral and welded blade stabilizers from 5 7/8” up to 32” in size.


Subs (Cross Over, Lifting, Float, Spacer), Collars (including PC &
Monels
) for most applications; Non
Magnetic Drill Collars; TIW valves; Bullnoses.


Casing Scrapers (5” through 13 3/8”), Key Seat Wipers and Safety Joints.


31.
PVT
Analysis

SDP

performs

Pressure
-
Volume
-
Temperature

(PVT)

analysis

of

reservoir

fluid

samples

in

fixed

laboratories

using

the

latest

and

most

advanced

equipment

and

technologies

available

to

the

industry
.

We

supply

a

full

selection

of

PVT

instrumentation

to

clients

from

the

PVT

laboratories

all

over

the

globe
.

Range

of

Fluid

Analysis
:

-

Fluid

compositions


-

Gas

oil

ratio

(GOR)

and

formation

volume

factor

(FVF)


-

Bubble

point


-

Viscosity

and

density

at

reservoir

conditions


-

Fluid

compressibility


-

Retrograde

gas

condensate


-

Dew

point


-

Separator

FVF

and

GOR


-

Paraffin

and

asphaltene

content

of

well

deposits

-

Water

analysis


SDP

Services

has

expertise

in

movement

and

rig

relocation

services

that

involves

the

dismantling,

hauling

and

rigging

up

of

drilling

rigs

in

challenging,

difficult,

terrain

and

extreme

weather

conditions
.

Transportation

logistics

are

pre
-
planned

for

each

and

every

job

through

a

network

of

terminals

strategically

located

in

the

areas

best

known

for

oil

and

gas

exploration

activity
.

We

provide

the

most

technologically

advanced

equipment

and

efficient

operational

tools

to

bring

cost

saving

benefits

to

our

customers
.

Our

focus

is

to

perform

each

and

every

job

safely

in

order

to

exceed

customer

service

excellence
.

32. Rig Movement & Relocation

33. ESP Tools



Produce anywhere from 150
-
50,000 barrels of fluid a day (BPD)


Operate in high
-
temperature environments (up to 290
°
F bottom hole)


Are designed for efficient production in abrasive and corrosive applications


Vertically and horizontally produce fluids in the hydrocarbon

SDP

provides

Electric

Submersible

Pumping

(ESP)

products

to

the

upstream

oil

and

gas

service

industry
.

We

provide

complete

ESP

systems

including

a

full

range

of

pumps,

gas

handlers,

motor

seals,

motors,

cable,

surface

power/control

equipment
.

and

downhole

monitoring

equipment
.

We

offer

great

value

equipment

that

combines

high

specifications

and

quality

supported

by

expert

system

design
.


34. Tubular Inspection




Inspection Services in offer are


Visual Pipe Inspection


Dimensional Inspection of Pipe


Ultrasonic (UT) wall thickness inspection


Ultrasonic (UT) Inspection of Upsets and three feet end area


EMI Inspection by
Spectograph

2000


Visual Thread Inspection


Tool Joint Dimensional Inspection


Dimensional Inspection of Rotary Shoulder


Magnetic Particle Inspection (MPI) of Pipe Body and Upsets


Wet fluorescent magnetic particle (black light) inspection


Dye Penetrant Testing


API Full Length Drifting


Hardness Testing


Thread Gauging


SDP’s

Pipe

Inspection

&

Services

was

established

to

serve

the

oil

companies

by

providing

timely,

high

quality,

cost

effective

Tubular

Inspection

Services
.

Tubular

Inspection

includes

inspection

of

New

and

Used

Oil

Country

Tubular

Goods

covering
:


Drill

Pipes,

Heavy

Weight

Drill

Pipes,

Drill

Collars,

Casing,

Tubing

and

Bottom

Hole

Assembly
.

35. Completion & Testing


Through

our

completion

services,

we

prepare

wells

for

production
.

The

process

usually

lasts

anywhere

from

a

few

days

to

several

weeks,

depending

on

well

conditions
.

We

are

known

in

the

industry

for

having

the

latest

equipment,

well
-
trained

personnel,

years

of

experience

and

a

strong

safety

record
.

Our

completion

services

offered

include
:



COILED

TUBING

-

We

are

one

of

the

leading

coiled

tubing

service

providers

in

Asia
.

We

use

these

assets

to

perform

a

variety

of

wellbore

applications,

including

foam

washing,

acidizing,

displacing,

cementing,

gravel

packing,

plug

drilling,

fishing

and

jetting
.




WELL

SERVICING

-

Our

fleet

of

well

service

rigs

boasts

a

large

number

of

new

or

newly

reconstructed

units

which

provide

a

variety

of

completion,

workover

and

maintenance

services

such

as

installations,

completions,

assistance

with

perforating,

removing

defective

equipment

and

sidetracking

wells
.



PRODUCTION

TESTING

/

FLOWBACK



Three

Phase

Separators

are

used

for

Production

testing

evaluates

and

cleans

out

new

and

existing

wells
.

Performed

shortly

after

completing

a

well,

flowbacks

are

designed

to

remove

damaging

drilling

fluids,

completion

fluids,

sand

and

other

debris
.

Once

flow

is

established,

exploration

well

testing

measures

how

a

reservoir

performs

under

various

conditions
.

In
-
line

production

testing

then

measures

the

well’s

flow

rates,

oil,

gas

and

water

composition,

pressure

and

temperature
.

36. Stimulation Services

If

oil

and

gas

come

to

the

surface

on

its

own

it

is

excellent
.

If

you

have

employed

SDP

then

we

have

all

the

weapon

in

our

armory

to

stimulate

the

well
.


A)
We

remove

the

hydrostatic

pressure

by

injecting

compressed

air

(Nitrogen

will

be

difficult

to

get

at

remote

site)

and

see

if

that

induces

self

flow
.

B)
If

not

then

acid

squeeze

is

required,

we

use

acid

pumpers

to

squeeze

the

acid

in

the

formation

to

clear

any

near

wellbore

damage

induced

by

drilling,

cementing
.

C)
If

that

does

not

produces

result

we

conduct

an

injection

test

(
Injectivity
),

in

which

we

breakdown

the

formation

rock

using

KCL

brine

followed

by

acid

solution
.

A

long

shut
-
in

is

called

post

injection

test,

termed

as

DFIT

(Direct

Fluid

Injection

Test)

to

obtain

closure

pressure,

reservoir

rock

permeability

etc
.

D)
After

injectivity
,

MINIFRAC

is

carried

out,

in

this

we

pump

a

small

amount

of

viscous

gel

(thick

fluid)

in

the

formation

to

obtain

fluid

efficiency,

fluid

friction

pressure

wrt

the

pumping

rate
.

E)
Based

on

the

data

acquired

thru

injection

&

Minifrac

test

various

simulations

are

run

and

then

main

frac

is

designed
.

In

current

environment

there

are

several

types

of

Main

frac

jobs

namely
:

Slick

frac

(Mostly

for

shale

gas

reservoir),

Hybrid

Frac

(Tight

Sandstone),

HyWay

Frac

(Tight

sandstone),

One

Million

Pound

Frac

(Tight

gas

shale

reservoir
)

F)
Post

frac

it

is

important

to

take

back

all

the

foreign

fluid

pumped

inside

the

reservoir,

which

is

called

flow

back

of

frac

fluid
.

If

the

reservoir

is

unable

to

flow

the

frack

fluid,

Nitrogen

is

pumped

using

coil

unit

for

well

clean

up

process
.


Production, Piping,
Monetizing

Gas &
Oil to Market

37. Oil & Gas Engineering

SDP

Services

specializes

in

the

design

of

modular

gas

treating

and

gas

processing

facilities
.

SDP

experience

insures

the

most

cost

effective

gas

pretreatment

solutions

are

available

to

customers

in

every

market
.

Contract

Gas

Treating

Services

are

provided

through

complete

facilities

and

operations,

as

required,

to

meet

residue

gas

specifications
.



Early

Production

Facilities



Manifold,

Separators,

Slug

Catchers



Contract

Treating



Co
2

Removal,

H
2
S

Removal,

Moisture

Removal


Gas

processing

and

compression


Water

Treatment

Plants



Since,

its

entry

into

the

pipeline

construction

business,

SDP

Services

has

successfully

accomplished

laying,

testing

and

commissioning

of

more

than

1000

kms

of

Oil

&

Gas

pipeline

projects

in

the

range

of

4
"

-

12
"

diameter
.

In

addition

to

pipeline

laying

SDP

also

has

capabilities

to

take

up

complete

plant

piping

projects
.


The

Pipeline

Construction

activity

includes

the

Supply

of

Pipes,

Coating,

Route

Survey,

Site

Clearing

&

Grading,

Stringing,

Welding,

NDT

Testing,

Joint

Coating,

Excavation,

Lowering

/

Laying,

Hydrostatic

Testing,

cathodic

protection

Pre
-
Commissioning

and

Commissioning

of

Pipeline

System

along

with

associated

works

such

as

execution

of

critical

crossings
.

38. Pipeline Construction