Introduction by Ms. Branka Bilen Katic - SLING Diffusion

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12 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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SEMINAR “INFORMATION SOURCES
IN BIOTECHNOLOGY”

Introduction by Ms. Branka Bilen Katic

Assistant Director of the Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia


On behalf

of the Intellectual Property of the Republic of Serbia, I am

honoured
to

welcome

the representatives of the scientific
-

research community

in the field

of
biotechnology

and

to thank

our hosts and

the representatives of the Belgrade
University,

Professor

Ivetic,

the representatives

of the Institute

Sinisa Stankovic,

and

our
guests

from abroad:

Mr

Gérard Giroud,

consultant for the

for

SLING

project, as well as the
speakers from

E
uropean Patent Office
,

the European Bioinformatics Institute

and

the
Technical University of

Braunschweig.

Biotechnology definition

According to

the
UN Convention

on Biological Diversity,

Biotechnology

is

defined as

"Any

technological

application

that is based

on the use

of biological systems,

living
organisms

or

their derivatives

to obtain or

modify

products or processes

for specific use."

Development

of Biotechnology

M
odern biotechnology mainly involves genetic engineering.

In recent decades, great progress in biotechnology has enabled the development of
recombinant DNA technology. This technology has become crucial for progress in
fundame
ntal researc
h, but has enabled a new
development of scientific and economic fields,
such as medicine, pharmacy, agronomy, veterinary medi
cine, environmental protection.

The development of genetic engineering, and related information technologies, has led to
a rapid in
crease in the number of biotechnology companies in the world.

Patent applications in Biotechnology

The most intensive period of development of scientific fields, evaluated according to the
number of patent applications, took place between 1990
-
the year 200
0.

According to the OECD, during this period, the number of patent applications in this area has
grown by 15% annually at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, while at the EPO this
increase was 10.5% per year. When we consider that the overall increase in

the number of
patents in that decade was 5% per year, it makes clear how important the patent system was
for biotechnology companies.

In the first decade of the 21st century
, there was no increase

of
the number

of
biotechnology

patent applications
, but th
e number of applications in this
area in the world
remains high.

Patent applications in Serbia

However, the results of research conducted in the scientific
-
research institutions in Serbia
usually remain in the realm of fundamental research. Comparing the n
umber of patent
applications of domestic and foreign applicants filed with the Intellectual Property in the past
20 years shows that the share of domestic applicants in the total number of patent
applications in the field of biotechnology only 1
-
2%.

Import
ance of Intellectual property in Biotechnology

The

increasing

number of patent applications in the
world

makes clear the importance of

patents on
the
business models of
the
biotech
nology

companies, because they allow the best
protection of

the money invest
ed in research.

The an
alysis of the business data of the biotechnology
companies

shows
that

the companies

in
th
is
field
are
investing a large percentage of
their revenues

in further research (the percentage
is 40
-
50%, while for example
,

less than 13% for
the pharmaceutical companies
.)

Bearing in mind that the price of new product
s

or process
es

in the field of biotechnology
is

high, that it involves high investment
s

and high risk
s

in terms of success, and that, on the
other hand, the copying
of

a result
is

possible with a relatively small investment, it is clear that
patent protection is the best way to protect your business.

Information sources in Biotechnology

During the present seminar, "Information sources in biotechnology", experts from EPO, the
Europe
an Bioinformatics Institute, the University of Braunschweig and the Institute for
Intellectual Property, will give you more information on patent protection in the field of
biotechnology and will show you the opportunities provided by the database search t
ools and
databases.

The rise of information in this field, nucleotides and protein sequences, there was a need to
solve the problem of displaying, storing and exchanging bio molecular information. The main
contribution to solving this problem has yielded i
nformation technologies that have found a
way to get this complex information stored, compared and displayed. Without these databases
and search tools, any insight into the state of the art in this area would be almost impossible.

We hope that this seminar

will enhance and facilitate the work of our researchers in the field
of genetics, biochemistry, biology, pharmacy, and will encourage the scientific community in
these areas to think of patent protection
to protect

the results of their research.


I wish you much success in today's
Seminar
.