Heredity and Genetics Unit

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12 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 4 μήνες)

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Name _______________________


GENETICS AND HEREDITY UNIT OBJECTIVES


1.

The listed, CORRECTLY SPELLED vocabulary words will be used throughout this unit.


LIST A

LIST B

LIST C

1 genetics

1
4

sex linked gene

2
7

replication

2 heredity

1
5

alleles

2
8

messenger RNA

3 cell

1
6

recessive allele

2
9

transfer RNA

4 nucleus

1
7

dominant allele

30

ribosome

5 cell cycle

1
8

Gregor Mendel

3
1

gene

6 mitosis

1
9

probability

3
2

sex
-
linked genes

7 chromosomes

20

Punnett square

3
3

mutation

8 sperm and egg

2
1

homozygous

3
4

amino acid

9 zygote

2
2

heterozygous

3
5

protein

10 meiosis

2
3

genotype

3
6

nitrogen bases

11 chromatid

2
4

phenotype

3
7

cloning

12 DNA

2
5

pedigree

3
8

stem cell

13 mutation

2
6

co
-
dominance

3
9

genetic engineering


2.

Explain what
mitosis

and
meiosis
are and
where in the body

and for
what purposes

these
cells processes happen.

3.

Describe the difference
s and similarities

between a
body cell

and a
sex cell

(
sperm and egg
).

4.

Using a
Punnett square
, determine the probability of an offspring inheriting

a trait.

5.

Understand the difference between
genotype

and
phenotype
. (Sesame Street Genetic;
Reebops)

6.

Identify possible
genotype

of organisms (both real and imaginary) by examining their
phenotypes
.

7.

Explain the relationship among these:
chromosome, DNA, chromatid, gene, nucleotide,
and
nitrogen bases
.

8.

Describe the structure of the
DNA

molecule.

9.

Label a diagram of an unraveling chromosome with these labels:
DNA, chromosome, gene, and
allele
.

10.

Demonstrate a basic understanding of
protein syn
thesis

by constructing a portion of a DNA
molecule (gene) that codes for a specific human protein.

11.

Explain why
genes

come in pairs.

12.

Explain that the
genetic code

is carried by 4 different
nitrogen bases

within the structure of DNA’s
“ladder” shape.

13.

Show h
ow
D
NA

send
s

the genetic code to
RNA

to assemble amino acids into proteins.


The above objectives will be covered on quizzes

and graded activities
:


Quiz 1 will cover Objectives 1 (Vocabulary List A), 2, and 3.


Quiz 2 will cover Objectives 1 (Vocabulary L
ist B), 4,5,
6,7,
8,

and
9
.


Quiz 3 will cover Objectives 1 (Vocabulary List C),
10,11,12,

and 13
.


Projects include Sesame Street Genetics, REEBOPS, and Beasties (more to come).