Guidelines on Similar Biologics: Regulatory requirements to be - IPCA

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12 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

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Guidelines on Similar Biologics
: Regulatory requirements to be fulfilled

Nazma Sameen
, Mohan Gandhi Bonthu, Sri Divya, Shamyaliyo

K.G.R.L.College of Pharmacy, Bhimavaram, West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh

Abstract:


A biological product/

drug produced by genetic engineering techniques and

claimed to
be “similar” in terms of safety, efficacy and quality to a reference biologic, which has been
granted a marketing authorization in India by DCGI on the basis of a complete dossier, and with
a
history of safe use in India
.
Biosimilars are also referred to as

subsequent entry biologics
(SEBs)

in Canada.

The “Guidelines on Similar Biologics” prepared by Central Drugs Standard

Control Organization (CDSCO) and the Department of Biotechnology (DBT)
lay

down the
regulatory pathway for a similar biologic claiming to be similar to an

already authorized
reference biologic .

The objective of this document is to provide guidelines to applicants to
enable
them to
understand and comply with the regulatory re
quirements for the authorization of
similar biologics in India.

The similar biologics are regulated as per the Drugs and Cosmetics
Act, 1940, the

Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945
.

These guidelines apply to similar biologics that
contain well characterized p
roteins as

their active substance, derived through modern
biotechnological methods such as

use of recombinant DNA technology. The demonstration of
similarity depends upon

detailed and comprehensive product characterization, preclinical and
clinical studies

carried out in comparison with a reference

biologic.

Any product can be
considered as similar biologic only if it is proven to be

similar using extensive quality
characterization against the reference biologic.

Further product development should only be
c
onsidered once the similarity of

the product / molecule is demonstrated in
quality.

The present
review deals with the importance of these guidelines in the market.