biology course description

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BIOLOGY COURSE DESCRIPTION


GENERAL BIOLGY, BIOL 1305







3 Cridit Hours

The aim of this course is to introduce students to the basic concepts of biology. The
course includes the general taxonomy, the structure and function of
macromolecules
(carbohydrates, lipids, proteins & nucleic acids), an introduction to metabolism, animal
and plant cells (structure & function), the mechanics of cell division, Mendel and the
gene idea, animal tissues and nonspecific & specific defen
se mechanisms.

PRACTICAL GENERAL BIOLOGY,

BIOL A 1105




One Cridit Hours

This course deals with the applicable side for most topics studied in theoritical general
biology A. The course focuses on the study of the light microscope, different
compo
nents of animal and plant cells, various types of animal tissues. The course also
includes morphological and anatomical studies of stem, leaves and roots.

PRACTICAL PLANT ANATOMY &

MORPHOLOGY , BIOL 2113

1

CRIDIT HOUR

This course is an introduct
ion to the basic internal structure of plants, including their
cells, tissues, and organs. It consider the appearance and description of plant parts, but
also emphasize developmental and functional aspects. The lab relate structures with
how they arose and

their possible functions. It consist of experience with the use of
microscopes, the sectioning and staining of plant materials, and the observation of plant
structures. In addition the course establish to the basic plant taxonomy

PRACTICAL GENETICS

,

BIOL 2121,





1
CREDIT HOUR


This practical course focus on mechanisms of inheritance for genetic characters,
determinatuion of sex among organisms, the different methods of genetic transmission,
genetic cloning, genetic enginee
ring techniques, mutations and diseases.

ENTOMOLOGY LABORATORY , BIOL 2122 ,




1

CREDIT HOUR


Biology of insects, including classification of orders and common families, methods of
insect collection and preservation, morphology ,
metamorphosis, dissection of insects
specimens to not the alimentary canal, and reproduction systems. Field trips to study
and sample i
nsects in their natural habitat
.

PRACTICAL INVERTEBRATES ZOOLOGY, BIOL 2126,


1 CREDIT HOUR

The course

includes morphological, anatomical, taxonomical and ecological studies for
most phyla discussed in the theoretical invertebrate zoology course. These include
Protozoa, Porifera, Cnidaria, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Annelida, Mollusca,
Arthropoda and Echin
odermata. Field trips to investigate invertebrate fauna in their
natural habitats are also carried out.

PRACTICAL HISTOLOGY, BIOL 2160









1 CRIDIT HOUR

It includes an introduction

to the

microscopic preparations used for histology and th
e
cells (structure, types, shapes).

the identification of the different types of the animal
tissues;

epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous and the histoloy of selected organs
from the different animal systems,

PLANT MORPHOLOGY & ANATOMY
،
BIOL 2213




2 CRIDIT HOURS

This course includes: a brief study on the ways of classification of different plants, a full
study of morphology of different plant parts and a detail anatomical study of plant cell,
roots, stems, leaves, flowers and fruits
and finally the course explaine how to
differentiate & compare between different groups of plants depending on their different
morphological & anatomical characters.

GENETICS, BIOL 2221






2

CREDIT HOURS

This course is designed as introdu
ctory course for the different specialties in science, It
covers the understanding of the different types of inheritance , mendelian, sex
-

linked
quantitative and other types of inheritance. Different types of gene transfer mechanisms
including transefecti
on transfer and transformation will be studied as well as the principle
of jumping genes . Sex determination systems will be studied.

Gene cloning and other tools and recombinant DNA methods will be covered. The DNA
structure and the main components of th
e central dogma of the genome as well as DNA
repair systems will be studied. Type of gene mutations and chromosomal changes and
its effect on the individuals health are covered.

ENTOMOLOGY, BIOL 2222







2 CRIDIT HOURS

This course provides the students with the basic knowledge on the insect boilogy. The
course includes the following topics: the economical & medical importance of insects,
collection & preservation of insects, comparative external morphology (head, th
orax,
abdomen and appendages), internal anatomy & physiology of different systems,
metamorphosis and types of life cycles, relation between insects and humans, animals
& plants.

INVERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY BIOL 2326




3 CRIDIT HOU
RS

The course discusses the biology of invertebrates in terms of morphology,
internal anatomy and physiology in addition to their taxonomy, ecology, diversity,
evolution and adaptations to their natural habitats. The course deals with the
medical, economic

and ecological importance of many invertebrate species as
well. The course examines the following phyla: Protozoa, Porifera, Cnidaria,
Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Annelida, Mollusca, Arthropoda and Echinodermata.

HISTOLOGY,

BIOL 2260







2 CRIDIT HOURS

I
t is divided into two parts: the principles of histology deales with an introduction to the
histological techniques, the types of microscopes and stains then, the fundamental
animal tissues (epithelial, connecti
ve, muscular and nervous tissues) concering their
general aspects, types, sites and the function of each. The special histology


deals with
the histology of selected organs from the different animal systems with refering to

the
histological plan for each s
ystem.

CELL BIOLOGY, BIOL 2311





3 CRIDIT HOURS

The course deals with the following topics: prokaryotes versus eukaryotes, methods of
studying cells, chemical components of cells, cell membrane; structure and function
concerning micr
o
-

and macrotransfer, structure and function of cytoplasmic organells
including endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex, lysosomes, vacuoles, cytoskeleton in
addition to the role of mitochondria & chloroplasts in energy transduction, cell cycle and
nucl
ear control of cell activities. Cell
-
to
-
cell signaling, gene regulation and DNA packing
and organization.

PRACTICAL PLANT PHYSILOGY , BIOL 3112 ,

1CRIDIT HOURS

This course is an overview of the base mechanisms underlying pl
ant function, growth
and development . general topics areas will include: plant structure and cell biology ,
plant


water relations and mineral nutrition long


distance transport phenomena,
photosynthesis, respiration and plant metabolism, plant growth r
egulators, plant
development and plant stress physiology.

MARINE BIOLOGY LABORATORY,

BIOL 3116
,




1

CRIDIT HOUR

The aim of this course is to provide students with the basic practical knowledge and
hands
-
on experience regard
ing some of the most common experimental methods used
in marine science and marine biology. These include the qualitative and quantitative
characteristics of fish, the morphometric & meristics characteristics, the length
-
weight
relationships, age determina
tion, some important relationships in fisheries science such
as the growth index, the coefficient of condition of fish, condition factor, fecundity,
gonad
-
somatic index and liver
-
somatic index. Students will also learn about the profiling
instruments. Fiel
d Trip to Gaza Shore through which student will learn the method of fish
culture, they will also measure the speed of the longshore current, measuring water
transparency and light intensity. Students will also perform experiments concerning the
different m
ethods for measuring the salinity in seawater, the nutrient limitation in coastal
phytoplankton communities, the plankton diversity and taxonomy, the phytoplankton
abundance, determination of oxygen concentration in seawater, and finally the acute fish
tox
icity test

PRACTICAL VERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY, BIOL 3123 ,


1

CREDIT HOUR


The course includes morphological, anatomical, taxonomical and ecological studies for
most vertebrate classes discussed in the theoretical vertebrate zoology course. These
include Chordata, Cyclostomata, Chondrichthyes, Osteichthyes, Amphibia, Reptilia,
Av
es and Mammalia. Field trips to investigate vertebrate fauna in their natural habitats
are also carried out.

PRACTICAL ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY, BIOL 3121



1 CRIDIT HOURS

This course introduces the students to different physiologica
l experiments concerning
with blood components, Blood sampling and processing, measurement of erythrocyte
sedimentation rate, hematocrit, blood coagulation, and bleeding, hemoglobin
measurement, osmotic lysis, glucose determination in blood serum, enzymes
of clinical
significance, arterial blood pressure, physiology of muscles, Kymograph, physiology of
skeletal muscle, properties of heart muscle, responses of intestinal smooth muscle.

PRACTICAL MICROBIOLOGY, BIOL 3130






1

CRIDIT HOUR

The course
acquaints the students with the basic methods and techniques for dealing
with and handling microorganisms in the laboratory, methods of sterilization &
disinfection, staining techniques, preparation of culture media, isolation & cultivation of
bacteria
, control of microorganisms by physical & chemical agents, some biochemical
tests for the identification of bacteria and detection of contamination in water & food.

DIAGNOSTIC PARASITOLOGY
BIOL 3
1
31




1

CRIDIT HOUR

This practical cou
rse aims to gaining the students with methods of stool collection and
preservations. Identification of different diagnostic techniques like; wet mount,
concentration methods (Sedimentation and flotation) ability to differentiate between the
different stage
s of parasites (eggs, cysts, trophozites, larvae, adults). Staining methods
for protozoa, egg counts, occult blood, some examples of medical insects causing
diseases.

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, BIOL

3212






2

CRIDIT HOURS

This course starts with a brief intr
oduction to the structure of plant cell and some
thyrmodynamic laws that explain most of the biochemical processes performed by
plants. The course then deals with the following topics: water absorption &
transpiration, salts absorption and the effect of

their decrease & increase on plants,
enzymes, proteins, carbohydrates & nucleic acids of plants, respiration &
photosynthesis, plant hormones and finally the process of dormancy, its cause & its
biological importance for plants

MARINE

SCIENCE
, BIOL

3216







2

CRIDIT HOURS


This course discusses the following topics: a brief introduction to marine biology
including the history of this science, the oceanic environment, topography and structure
of sea floor, the general chemical and physical properties of seawater, motion in
ocean
including surface circulations and currents, upwelling, tsunami, vertical and deep
-
water
circulation, waves and tides, the biodiversity of the marine life such as planktons,
nektons and benthic organisms, marine productivity, sea grass beds, kelp fo
rests, coral
reefs and finally the impact of human on the marine environment (pollution).

EMBERYOLOGY, BIOL 3220








2 CRIDIT HOURS


An introduction to the cellular divisions, potency, differentiation, development,


growth
and death
and the tissue maintanance, mechanismes of fertilization and its cellular
events forming

zygote, cleavage and its types, morphogenetic movement and the
shaping of the body plan including blastulation, gastrulation, neurulation and
organogenesis in Amphioxu
s, Toad, Chick and Man with lightsopts on the cell
divesification in the early animal embryo, cancer, cloning, transplatation and medical
benifits.

VERTEBRATES, BIOL 3223 ,






2 CRIDIT HOURS

The course discusses the biology of vertebrates in term
s of morphology, internal
anatomy and physiology in addition to their taxonomy, ecology, diversity,
evolution and adaptations to their natural habitats. The course examines the
following phyla: Chordata, Cyclostomata, Chondichthyes, Osteichthyes,
Amphibia,

Reptilia, Aves and Mammalia.

PARASITOLOGY, BIOL 3
2
31







3 CRIDIT HOURS

This course deals with the following topics: definitions and concepts of parasitology,
taxonomy of parasites, the relationship between parasite and host, study

of different
parasites e.g. Protozoa, Platyhelminths & Round Worms in terms of parasite structure
& morphology, parasite life cycle, diseases caused by parasites and parasite diagnosis
with emphasasing on the local parasites in Gaza,

parasite contro
l and finally study
of
the medical importance of some

arthropods
injuries
to humans.

ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY, BIOL 3321






3 CRIDIT HOURS

The aim of this course is to provide students with the basic physiological principles
pertaining to the mammalian systems. Theses are blood and cardiovascular systems,
the gastrointestinal system in term of digestion, absorption and the regulation of
gastr
ointestinal function, the muscular system, the respiratory system and the process of
gas exchange, the excretory system, maintenance of water and acid base balance, the
central and peripheral nervous systems, special senses and the reproductive system.

MIC
ROBIOLOGY, BIOL 3330








3 CRIDIT HOURS

This course is concerned with the nature and scope of microbiology, study of
microorganisms especially bacteria, structure
-
function relationships, growth &
metabolism of bacteria, control of micr
oorganisms, microbial genetics, microbial
diseases, classification of microorganisms and some applications of microorganisms.

PRACTICAL MYCOLOGY ,BIOL 4133 ,


1 CRIDIT HOURS

Laboratory experimentation include
s techniques for handling culture media preparation ,
identification ,and isolation of parasitic and non
-
parasitic fungi.

PRACTICAL HISTOCHEMISTRY

&
MICROTECHNIQUES

BIOLL 4134

1CREDIT
HOUR

it is an application for most topics studied in the theoratical

part including: types of
microscopic slide preparations for histological and histochemical studies, fixatives,
decalcification, embedding sectioning and staining.

PRACTICAL ECOLOGY, BIOL 4141,





1 CREDIT HOUR

The course focuses on ecosyste
ms analysis in terms of their biotic and abiotic
components and energy flow, population ecology and dynamics in terms of estimating
population sizes of both plant and animal communities using different models, and water
analysis in terms of its physical, c
hemical and biological characteristics. Field ecology
represents a significant part of the course which focuses on carrying out different eco
-
trips to different ecosystems and environmental institutions to study ecological
phenomena, living organisms in th
eir natural habitats and the threats facing the local
ecosystems and natural resources.


RESEARCH & SEMINAR, BIOL 4150




1

CRIDIT HOUR

The aim of this course is to enable students to complete a research exercise which will
include wri
tten and oral presentation of the findings.

COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, BIOL 4224




2 CRIDIT HOURS

The aim of this course is to provide an in depth introduction to relevant aspects of a
comparative anatomical study of the foll
o
wing systems in v
arious vertebrate classes:
the integumentary system & its functional adaptations, digestive system & its
derivatives, respiratory system, circulatory system, excretory system, genital system,
nervous system and sense organs.

COMPARATIVE
PHYSIOLOGY
,

BIOL 4229






2 CRIDIT HOURS

This course is designed to provide a sound base of comparative physiology to science
students. The following topics are compared among the different classes of vertebrates
& invertebrates: water & air res
piration, oxygen and carbon dioxide transport in blood,
blood coaggulation & hemostasis, circulation, food & fuel, excretion, muscle &
movement, control & integration and reproduction.

MYCOLOGY, BIOL 4233








2 CRIDIT HOURS

This course
includes the following topics: classification of fungi, morphological &
anatomical study of different classes of fungi, life cycles of each class of these fungi
and finally the phenomena of parasitism, symbiosis, decomposition & saprophyte and
the im
portance of these processes in keeping of balance between nature & different
organisms.

HISTOCHEMISTRY & MICROTECHNIQUES, BIOL 4234
,


2 CREDIT HOURS

An

introduction to the types of micrscopic preparations (smear, squach, tease, section
and gr
inding), the principles of sampling, fixation, embedding, sectioning (paraffin ,
freeze dry and frozen sections) staining


and

decalcification of bone. It is also deals with
the chemical contents of the cells includes carbohydrates, lipids, proteins
enzyme
s,nucleic acids, minerals and pigments (structure, distribution and location in the
cells, function and their response to any change in the normal state of the tissue) and
the theoratical principles for the demonstration

of each chemical item and the verif
ication
of the results by using controls).






ECOLOGY, BIOL 4241








2 CRIDIT HOURS

This course provides the students with special concepts regarding ecology and related
topics. The course comprises biotic & abiotic components of ecosystems, f
ood chain &
energy flow within ecosystems, factors affecting the distribution of living organisms in
their natural environments, population ecology, biotic communities & the types of biotic
interrelationships and finally applied ecology regarding global

& local environmental
issues

VIROLOGY, BIOL 4332







3 CRIDIT HOURS

The course discusses the nature of viruses, classification of animal viruses, viral
nucleic acids, genetic variation of viruses growth
-
purification and characterization of
anim
al viruses, detailed study of certain animal viruses e.g. (Herps, Hepatitis, Influenz,
HIV & Rubella), antiviral chemotherapy
-
interferon
-
vaccines, bacteriophage, tumer
viruses, collection of specimens for virological examination & immunodiagnosis of
common viral diseases.

BIOSTATISTICS, BIOL 4343






3 CRIDIT HOURS

This course includes the following topics: introduction to biostatistics, organizing and
displaying data, frequency distribution, graphing data, measures of central tendency,
measures of dispersion, probability and probability distribution, sampling distribution of
means, estimation of population means, test of significance, analysis of variance, Chi
-
square test, correlation & regression and finally vital statistics test.

PRACT
ICAL BIOCHEMISTRY,
BTEC

2161






1

CRIDIT HOUR

This course introduces the students to different biochemical experiments concerning
with general color tests for carbohydrates, reducing properties of sugars, tests on
individual sugars, osazone format
ion, hydrolysis of starch and sucrose, solubility of
lipids, emulsification, isolation of lecithin, acrolein formation, saponification, rancidity of
oils, determination of acid value and peroxide value of oils, general color tests of
proteins, precipitatio
n of proteins, identification of an unknown amino acid and an
unknown of carbohydrate, action of salivary amylase enzyme, invertase enzyme,
aldehyde oxidase enzyme, isolation of cholesterol from brain tissue, identification of
cholesterol, determination of

cholesterol in blood serum.


BIOCHEMISTRY,
BTEC

2361








2

CRIDIT HOURS

This course provides students with detailed study on the following topics: classification,
structure and physical & chemical properties of carbohydrates, lipids and
proteins,
nucleotides & nucleic acids, enzymes and metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids & amino
acids
.




ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, CHEM 2311


3 CRIDIT HOURS

This course provides the students with the basic inform
ation of the physical & chemical
properties
-

preperation


nomenclature
-

and reactions of alkanes, aldehydes, ketones
alkenes, alkynes, aromatic compounds, alcohols, phenols, carboxylic acids, , esters
and amines. The basic principles of stereoche
mistry will also be studiesd.

PRACTICAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, CHEM 2111

1

CRIDIT HOUR

This practical course introduces the students to the basic experiments dealing with the
following topics: melting point, boiling point, sepa
ration of compounds by simple
distillation, fractional distillation & steam distillation, methods of extraction,
chromatography, study of alcohols, phenols, aldehydes, ketones & amines and
preparation of some alkenes, alkyl halides & esters.