Integrated Bridge Project Delivery &

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2 Δεκ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Integrated Bridge Project Delivery &

Life Cycle Management


FHWA Project: DTFH61
-
06
-
D
-
00037


Presented By


Arun M. Shirolé, P.E.

Senior Vice President

Arora and Associates, P.C.


In Collaboration With


Dr. Stuart S. Chen, P.E.

Dr. Jay Puckett, P.E.


2008 AASHTO SCOH Annual Meeting

Project Background

Emphasis of Current Efforts



Cost
-
Effective Use of Prefabrication Techniques
for Bridge Components



Advanced Materials Technologies, such as Self
Consolidated Concrete



Construction Methods, e.g. Stage Construction,
Use of SPMTs and Incremental Launching for
Bridge Superstructures

Project Background

What is Needed




Fundamental Re
-
Thinking
” of the Antiquated
Processes that are still being used to Deliver
Bridge Projects


We are Nearing the End of an Era



Relied on
“Paper”

for Centuries, as a Primary
Representation for Engineering and Construction



Only Industry Producing 3D Products Using 2D
Drawings

Project Background

Other Industry Initiatives



Building and Other Industries (Auto, Aerospace
and Marine) have Documented Reduced Costs,
Faster Delivery and Improved Quality Resulting
from 3D Based Integrated Design and
Manufacturing Processes.



Recent Examples



GM Plants, Denver Museum, Queen Mary 2

Queen Mary 2


Both require use of Building Information Models and a
division of the project into phases


1.
Transitional document for those unaccustomed to
IPD

2.
Single purpose entity, offering a fully integrated
way to deliver a building

(Excerpts from “AIA Issues New Docs For Integrated Delivery”, by Nadine M. Post, ENR.com)


MTA NYCTA implementing BIM on all projects by
2009.



American Institute of Architects (AIA):
New

model agreements for integrated project
delivery (IPD)

Piecemeal Progress in the Industry



Parametric Design Tools and TransXML Omit
Detailing for Fabrication and Construction


3D Pre
-
Cast Concrete Modeling Tools are not (yet)
Bridge
-
Oriented


Bridge Inspection or Design/Rating (e.g.) Apps each
Require their own Data (Re)Entry


3D Geometry Created (e.g., Visualization, Structural
Analysis) is not also Leveraged for Fabrication &
Construction, or Management Purposes


Where Electronic Data Exchange is Pursued, only
Pieces of the Overall Workflow are Involved

Project Background


FHWA International Review Tour 1999


-

Prevalent CAD/CAM in Europe, Japan



FHWA Workshop 2001: “
Computer
Integrated Steel Bridge Design and
Construction: Expanding Automation




Established a Roadmap for Integrating Steel

Bridge Design
-
through
-
Construction Processes

and for Advancing the State
-
of
-
the
-
Art Practice

in Steel Bridge Manufacturing Automation and

Productivity


Project Background


Theme Areas
” Progress:



3D Modeling & Electronic Info. Transfer:



NCHRP 20
-
07 Task 149 Project (Completed Nov. 2003)



Standardized Specs and Approval Processes:

NSBA/AASHTO Collaboration



Standardized Design Details:



NSBA/ AASHTO Collaboration



Showcase of Benefits of Automation:





AASHTO Subcommittee on Bridges and Structures


Resolution (2005)




FHWA Project: DTFH61
-
06
-
D
-
00037

Project Background

2D CAD provides an Electronic
“drawing board”

3D CAD enables a parametric
model

2D Drawings contain the
information

3D model contains the info;
drawings are only reports

2D Drawings human
-
readable;
separate manual data entry
is required for analysis

3D model is computer
-
readable,
such that direct analyses are
possible

Coordination is difficult;
information is scattered
among different drawings
and specifications clauses

Coordination is automatic: 3D
model is the single source
for all product information

Manual checking

Automated checking

No support for production

Potentially full support for
production (via CNC codes
etc.)

2D vs. 3D

What This Is About


Develop a Prototype Integrated System
Illustrating the Data Exchanges and Applications



Addresses entire Bridge Life Cycle



Utilize 3
-
D Bridge Information Modeling (BrIM) as
a Technology to Accelerate Bridge Project
Delivery and Enhance Life Cycle Management



Demonstrate the Viability, Efficiencies and
Benefits of the Integrated Bridge Project Delivery
and Life Cycle Management Concept (POC)



Overview of Project Vision


A Large and Complex Project


Relates Many Data Exchanges and Stakeholders


Involves Development of a Prototype
-

Not
Production
-

Software Linking Appropriate
Existing Commercial Software that Demonstrates
a Viable Integrated System for Bridge Project
Delivery and Life Cycle Management

Project Scope


Develop integration and linking software



Demonstrate utility of an integrated approach



Promote benefits and efficiencies of this
approach



Develop and conduct one
-
half and two day
workshops



Make presentations to illustrate use of the
system for concrete and steel bridges


Project Objectives


Generate a
3D Architectural Blueprint for
Integrating Various Phases into the
Automated Processes


Significantly Improved 2D Design Drawings, as
well as Construction Drawings, in Conjunction
with Life Cycle Management Through Automation

Project Approach

A View of the Life Cycle Process

Process planning

application

Design application

Analysis application

Shop drawing

Application

Integrated

Precast/

Prestressed

Data model

Rebar bending

application

Design Stage

Architect or contractor

Formwork design

application

Production Stage

Robotics

applications

Logistics and production app.

Scheduling and workflow app.

Materials order/ tracking app.

Enterprise

Applications

Material suppliers

“B2B”

exchanges

Formwork fabricator

Outside

Exchanges

Internal


Exchanges

Concept: Process Integrated around
Central Data Repository

Constructed Bridge
Constructed Bridge
Operated Bridge
Operated Bridge
Visualization
Staging
Construction
Scheduling
3
D Model
XML
Tekla
Estimating
-
Link
Estimating
Fabrication
&
Manufacturing
Data Table
3
D Model
&
CNC File
4
D Model
Diagram
BrIM Data Pool
CSV
TXT
Tekla
(
4
D
)
MS Project
XML
CSV
Tekla or
Geopak
Rebar
XML
Routing
,
Permitting
GIS Model
&
Data Table
Rating
Data Table
Superload
BRIDGEWare
(
Virtis
)
XML
BRIDGEWare
API
Maintained Bridge
Maintained Bridge
Management
Inspection
Maintenance
Programming
Reporting
/
NBI
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
Data Table
&
Diagram
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
API
BRIDGEWare
API
Designed Bridge
Designed Bridge
Architecture
3
D
Model
Various
XML
Preliminary
Design
3
D Model
2
D Drawing
Tekla
Leap
MathCAD
XML
Design Analysis
&
Computation
3
D Model
Data Table
Diagram
SAP
2000
BRIDGEWare
(
Opis
)
TXT
/
BRIDGE
-
Ware API
Bid
/
Award
Job
Data Table
Diagram
E
-
Link
/
MS
Project
CSV
BrIM Data Pool
Linkage Type
/
Format
Involved Software
/
Tools
Presentation Type of
Model
/
Data
Applications
Products
CONSTRUCTION
MANAGEMENT
DESIGN
OPERATION
Constructed Bridge
Constructed Bridge
Operated Bridge
Operated Bridge
Visualization
Staging
Construction
Scheduling
3
D Model
XML
Tekla
Estimating
-
Link
Estimating
Fabrication
&
Manufacturing
Data Table
3
D Model
&
CNC File
4
D Model
Diagram
BrIM Data Pool
CSV
TXT
Tekla
(
4
D
)
MS Project
XML
CSV
Tekla or
Geopak
Rebar
XML
Routing
,
Permitting
GIS Model
&
Data Table
Rating
Data Table
Superload
BRIDGEWare
(
Virtis
)
XML
BRIDGEWare
API
Maintained Bridge
Maintained Bridge
Management
Inspection
Maintenance
Programming
Reporting
/
NBI
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
Data Table
&
Diagram
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
API
BRIDGEWare
API
Designed Bridge
Designed Bridge
Architecture
3
D
Model
Various
XML
Preliminary
Design
3
D Model
2
D Drawing
Tekla
Leap
MathCAD
XML
Design Analysis
&
Computation
3
D Model
Data Table
Diagram
SAP
2000
BRIDGEWare
(
Opis
)
TXT
/
BRIDGE
-
Ware API
Bid
/
Award
Job
Data Table
Diagram
E
-
Link
/
MS
Project
CSV
CONSTRUCTION
MANAGEMENT
DESIGN
OPERATION
BrIM Data Pool
Designed Bridge
Architecture
3
D
Model
Various
XML
Preliminary
Design
3
D Model
2
D Drawing
Tekla
Leap
MathCAD
XML
Constructed Bridge
Constructed Bridge
Operated Bridge
Operated Bridge
Visualization
Staging
Construction
Scheduling
3
D Model
XML
Tekla
Estimating
-
Link
Estimating
Fabrication
&
Manufacturing
Data Table
3
D Model
&
CNC File
4
D Model
Diagram
BrIM Data Pool
CSV
TXT
Tekla
(
4
D
)
MS Project
XML
CSV
Tekla or
Geopak
Rebar
XML
Routing
,
Permitting
GIS Model
&
Data Table
Rating
Data Table
Superload
BRIDGEWare
(
Virtis
)
XML
BRIDGEWare
API
Maintained Bridge
Maintained Bridge
Management
Inspection
Maintenance
Programming
Reporting
/
NBI
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
Data Table
&
Diagram
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
API
BRIDGEWare
API
Designed Bridge
Designed Bridge
Architecture
3
D
Model
Various
XML
Preliminary
Design
3
D Model
2
D Drawing
Tekla
Leap
MathCAD
XML
Design Analysis
&
Computation
3
D Model
Data Table
Diagram
SAP
2000
BRIDGEWare
(
Opis
)
TXT
/
BRIDGE
-
Ware API
Bid
/
Award
Job
Data Table
Diagram
E
-
Link
/
MS
Project
CSV
CONSTRUCTION
MANAGEMENT
DESIGN
OPERATION
BrIM Data Pool
Designed Bridge
Design Analysis
&
Computation
3
D Model
Data Table
Diagram
SAP
2000
BRIDGEWare
(
Opis
)
TXT
/
BRIDGE
-
Ware API
Bid
/
Award
Job
Data Table
Diagram
E
-
Link
/
MS
Project
CSV
Constructed Bridge
Constructed Bridge
Operated Bridge
Operated Bridge
Visualization
Staging
Construction
Scheduling
3
D Model
XML
Tekla
Estimating
-
Link
Estimating
Fabrication
&
Manufacturing
Data Table
3
D Model
&
CNC File
4
D Model
Diagram
BrIM Data Pool
CSV
TXT
Tekla
(
4
D
)
MS Project
XML
CSV
Tekla or
Geopak
Rebar
XML
Routing
,
Permitting
GIS Model
&
Data Table
Rating
Data Table
Superload
BRIDGEWare
(
Virtis
)
XML
BRIDGEWare
API
Maintained Bridge
Maintained Bridge
Management
Inspection
Maintenance
Programming
Reporting
/
NBI
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
Data Table
&
Diagram
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
API
BRIDGEWare
API
Designed Bridge
Designed Bridge
Architecture
3
D
Model
Various
XML
Preliminary
Design
3
D Model
2
D Drawing
Tekla
Leap
MathCAD
XML
Design Analysis
&
Computation
3
D Model
Data Table
Diagram
SAP
2000
BRIDGEWare
(
Opis
)
TXT
/
BRIDGE
-
Ware API
Bid
/
Award
Job
Data Table
Diagram
E
-
Link
/
MS
Project
CSV
CONSTRUCTION
MANAGEMENT
DESIGN
OPERATION
Constructed Bridge
Visualization
Staging
3
D Model
XML
Tekla
Estimating
-
Link
Estimating
Data Table
BrIM Data Pool
CSV
TXT
Constructed Bridge
Constructed Bridge
Operated Bridge
Operated Bridge
Visualization
Staging
Construction
Scheduling
3
D Model
XML
Tekla
Estimating
-
Link
Estimating
Fabrication
&
Manufacturing
Data Table
3
D Model
&
CNC File
4
D Model
Diagram
BrIM Data Pool
CSV
TXT
Tekla
(
4
D
)
MS Project
XML
CSV
Tekla or
Geopak
Rebar
XML
Routing
,
Permitting
GIS Model
&
Data Table
Rating
Data Table
Superload
BRIDGEWare
(
Virtis
)
XML
BRIDGEWare
API
Maintained Bridge
Maintained Bridge
Management
Inspection
Maintenance
Programming
Reporting
/
NBI
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
Data Table
&
Diagram
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
API
BRIDGEWare
API
Designed Bridge
Designed Bridge
Architecture
3
D
Model
Various
XML
Preliminary
Design
3
D Model
2
D Drawing
Tekla
Leap
MathCAD
XML
Design Analysis
&
Computation
3
D Model
Data Table
Diagram
SAP
2000
BRIDGEWare
(
Opis
)
TXT
/
BRIDGE
-
Ware API
Bid
/
Award
Job
Data Table
Diagram
E
-
Link
/
MS
Project
CSV
CONSTRUCTION
MANAGEMENT
DESIGN
OPERATION
Constructed Bridge
Construction
Scheduling
Fabrication
&
Manufacturing
3
D Model
&
CNC File
4
D Model
Diagram
BrIM Data Pool
Tekla
(
4
D
)
MS Project
XML
CSV
Tekla or
Geopak
Rebar
XML
Constructed Bridge
Constructed Bridge
Operated Bridge
Operated Bridge
Visualization
Staging
Construction
Scheduling
3
D Model
XML
Tekla
Estimating
-
Link
Estimating
Fabrication
&
Manufacturing
Data Table
3
D Model
&
CNC File
4
D Model
Diagram
BrIM Data Pool
CSV
TXT
Tekla
(
4
D
)
MS Project
XML
CSV
Tekla or
Geopak
Rebar
XML
Routing
,
Permitting
GIS Model
&
Data Table
Rating
Data Table
Superload
BRIDGEWare
(
Virtis
)
XML
BRIDGEWare
API
Maintained Bridge
Maintained Bridge
Management
Inspection
Maintenance
Programming
Reporting
/
NBI
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
Data Table
&
Diagram
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
API
BRIDGEWare
API
Designed Bridge
Designed Bridge
Architecture
3
D
Model
Various
XML
Preliminary
Design
3
D Model
2
D Drawing
Tekla
Leap
MathCAD
XML
Design Analysis
&
Computation
3
D Model
Data Table
Diagram
SAP
2000
BRIDGEWare
(
Opis
)
TXT
/
BRIDGE
-
Ware API
Bid
/
Award
Job
Data Table
Diagram
E
-
Link
/
MS
Project
CSV
CONSTRUCTION
MANAGEMENT
DESIGN
OPERATION
Operated Bridge
BrIM Data Pool
Routing
,
Permitting
GIS Model
&
Data Table
Superload
XML
Constructed Bridge
Constructed Bridge
Operated Bridge
Operated Bridge
Visualization
Staging
Construction
Scheduling
3
D Model
XML
Tekla
Estimating
-
Link
Estimating
Fabrication
&
Manufacturing
Data Table
3
D Model
&
CNC File
4
D Model
Diagram
BrIM Data Pool
CSV
TXT
Tekla
(
4
D
)
MS Project
XML
CSV
Tekla or
Geopak
Rebar
XML
Routing
,
Permitting
GIS Model
&
Data Table
Rating
Data Table
Superload
BRIDGEWare
(
Virtis
)
XML
BRIDGEWare
API
Maintained Bridge
Maintained Bridge
Management
Inspection
Maintenance
Programming
Reporting
/
NBI
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
Data Table
&
Diagram
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
API
BRIDGEWare
API
Designed Bridge
Designed Bridge
Architecture
3
D
Model
Various
XML
Preliminary
Design
3
D Model
2
D Drawing
Tekla
Leap
MathCAD
XML
Design Analysis
&
Computation
3
D Model
Data Table
Diagram
SAP
2000
BRIDGEWare
(
Opis
)
TXT
/
BRIDGE
-
Ware API
Bid
/
Award
Job
Data Table
Diagram
E
-
Link
/
MS
Project
CSV
CONSTRUCTION
MANAGEMENT
DESIGN
OPERATION
Operated Bridge
BrIM Data Pool
Rating
Data Table
BRIDGEWare
(
Virtis
)
BRIDGEWare
API
Constructed Bridge
Constructed Bridge
Operated Bridge
Operated Bridge
Visualization
Staging
Construction
Scheduling
3
D Model
XML
Tekla
Estimating
-
Link
Estimating
Fabrication
&
Manufacturing
Data Table
3
D Model
&
CNC File
4
D Model
Diagram
BrIM Data Pool
CSV
TXT
Tekla
(
4
D
)
MS Project
XML
CSV
Tekla or
Geopak
Rebar
XML
Routing
,
Permitting
GIS Model
&
Data Table
Rating
Data Table
Superload
BRIDGEWare
(
Virtis
)
XML
BRIDGEWare
API
Maintained Bridge
Maintained Bridge
Management
Inspection
Maintenance
Programming
Reporting
/
NBI
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
Data Table
&
Diagram
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
API
BRIDGEWare
API
Designed Bridge
Designed Bridge
Architecture
3
D
Model
Various
XML
Preliminary
Design
3
D Model
2
D Drawing
Tekla
Leap
MathCAD
XML
Design Analysis
&
Computation
3
D Model
Data Table
Diagram
SAP
2000
BRIDGEWare
(
Opis
)
TXT
/
BRIDGE
-
Ware API
Bid
/
Award
Job
Data Table
Diagram
E
-
Link
/
MS
Project
CSV
CONSTRUCTION
MANAGEMENT
DESIGN
OPERATION
BrIM Data Pool
Maintained Bridge
Management
Inspection
Maintenance
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
&
Diagram
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
API
Constructed Bridge
Constructed Bridge
Operated Bridge
Operated Bridge
Visualization
Staging
Construction
Scheduling
3
D Model
XML
Tekla
Estimating
-
Link
Estimating
Fabrication
&
Manufacturing
Data Table
3
D Model
&
CNC File
4
D Model
Diagram
BrIM Data Pool
CSV
TXT
Tekla
(
4
D
)
MS Project
XML
CSV
Tekla or
Geopak
Rebar
XML
Routing
,
Permitting
GIS Model
&
Data Table
Rating
Data Table
Superload
BRIDGEWare
(
Virtis
)
XML
BRIDGEWare
API
Maintained Bridge
Maintained Bridge
Management
Inspection
Maintenance
Programming
Reporting
/
NBI
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
&
Diagram
Data Table
Data Table
&
Diagram
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
API
BRIDGEWare
API
Designed Bridge
Designed Bridge
Architecture
3
D
Model
Various
XML
Preliminary
Design
3
D Model
2
D Drawing
Tekla
Leap
MathCAD
XML
Design Analysis
&
Computation
3
D Model
Data Table
Diagram
SAP
2000
BRIDGEWare
(
Opis
)
TXT
/
BRIDGE
-
Ware API
Bid
/
Award
Job
Data Table
Diagram
E
-
Link
/
MS
Project
CSV
CONSTRUCTION
MANAGEMENT
DESIGN
OPERATION
BrIM Data Pool
Maintained Bridge
Programming
Reporting
/
NBI
Data Table
Data Table
&
Diagram
BRIDGEWare
(
Pontis
)
BRIDGEWare
API
Quincy Avenue Bridge


CAD (Computer
-
Aided Design)



CIM (Computer
-
Integrated Manufacturing)



Construction Modeling (e.g., Erection)



Construction Management



Operations, Maintenance, Life Cycle
Management

Extending Linkages

TriForma Estimate

(“It’s ‘
in there
’”)

Manufacturing Too (via CNC)


Automatic Pop
-
marking


Stiffener plates etc.


Avoid manual layout process


Multi
-
User Mode:



Different people working
together using a single model


Within an organization and
discipline


Between organizations and
disciplines




Data Input



Superstructure


-

Detailing



Substructure


-

Detailing



Analysis

[S6.10.7.1.2-3 '04]
M
n
1.3
R
h

M
y

In continuous spans, the nominal flexural resistance of the section shall not exceed:
[S6.10.7.1.2-2 '04]
[S6.10.7.1.2-1 '04]
M
n
11880.6
kN
m


M
n
M
p
D
p
0.1
D
t


if
M
p
1.07
0.7
D
p
D
t















otherwise

D
t
1600.0
mm

D
t
t
s
t
haunch

d


D
p
401.1
mm

D
p
t
s
t
haunch

y
bar


[S6.10.7.1.2 '04]
Nominal Flexural Resistance:
[S6.10.7.1.1-2 '04]
M
u
1
3
f
l

S
xt



f
M
n


Strength limit state check:
section
"Compact"

section
"Compact"
2
D
cp

t
w
3.76
E
s
F
yc








max
F
yc
F
yt












485
MPa









D
t
w
150








if
"Non-compact"
otherwise

D
cp
126.2
mm

D
cp
max
y
bar
t
f.t

0
mm














[D6.3.2 '04]
Depth of web in compression at the plastic moment:
[S6.10.7.1.1-1 '04]
Sections that satisfy the following requirements shall qualify as compact sections:
the specified minimum yield strengths of the flanges and web do not exceed

485 MPa,
the web satisfies the requirement of Article 6.10.2.1.1, and:

the section satisfies the slenderness limit:
2
D
cp

t
w
3.76
E
s
F
yc





[S6.10.7.1 '04]
COMPACT SECTIONS:
[S6.10.7 '04]
Positive Moment Region:
[S6.10.6 '04]
STRENGTH LIMIT STATE:


Design Checks


-

Visualization


-

Visualization

Workflow Demonstration

Utilizing Linkages


Complex and a Non
-
Typical R&D Project


Aimed at Establishing the Viability of an
Integrated Bridge Project Delivery and Life Cycle
Management System


Resulting Product:


An Integrated Prototype System, with Linking
Software, that Connects Existing Commercial
Software for All Major Phases of Bridge Life

Summary

Project Team

Stuart Chen, Ph.D., P.E.


University of Wyoming

Jay Puckett, Ph.D., P.E.



Arora and Associates, P.C
.

Federal Highway Administration


Krishna Verma, P.E.


Arun M. Shirolé, P.E., Timothy J. Riordan, P.E.

State University of New York

THANK YOU!