Bryant Chung

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1 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 4 μήνες)

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LEGAL COMMITTEE


United Nations: Netherlands


Biotechnology

Biotechnology













Biotechnology is the future of the new millennium. Its widely accepted definition
is "a collective term for a group of technologies that use biological matter or proces
ses to
generate new and useful products and processes." Biotechnology’s fields are vast,
ranging from agriculture, medicine, food processing, environmental protection to mining,
and nano
-
electronics. In September 2000,

the Millennium Develop established wa
s
established by the United Nations. The Millennium Develop consisted of eight goals, six
which are directly related to biotechnology, eradication of hunger and poverty; reduction
of child mortality; environmental sustainability; and a development of globa
l partnership
for development.
Despite the great promise biotechnology has shown, looks
as though
many do not want to take the risk in harming the health of humans and animals, as well
as negative environmental consequences. Genetic modification is a part
of biotechnology
that altar’s an organism’s genetic material using recombinant technology. This
technology can help the world by genetically modifying food that can aid poor countries
conquer hungry and poverty, especially the African countries.
With genet
ic
enhancements to plants, crops can become more resistant to harsher conditions such as
drought or dry growing conditions. However,

many are against the genetically modified
foods due to their
unknown long term effects and disruption of natural order of l
ife and
nature. The World
T
rade
O
rganization protects scientific discoveries in biotechnology on
the agreement of the Trade
-
Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).
TRIPS grant inventors patents that let the inventors monopolize their techn
ology over a
period of time, thus giving the firm very prosperous returns.
Due to TRIPS,
biotechnology is commercially profitable; this causes problems to poor farmers who can
not afford genetically modified foods, while only rich large commercial farmers
can
afford the new technology.


The Netherlands are one of the biggest players in biotechnology. With overall
yearly sales of 49 billion Euros on life science companies, 950 million Euros is in
research and development.

Although The Netherlands are big pla
yers, the citizens are not
supportive. In a recent survey in a Netherlands,
69% of the Dutch people found GM
foods as unwanted. 43% of respondents did not want genetically modified foods at all.
Not long ago, Europe banned genetically modified foods, only
to be lifted in April 2006
by the European Union’s Food Safety Authority by allowing five genetically modified
foods saying they posed no risk to animals and human health.
The

Netherlands are not
big on GM foods, but more on pharmaceuticals
,

therapeutics a
nd industrial biotechnology.


The Future of Biotechnology is of a new age. Netherlands has the potential of
becoming the leading player in the field of industrial biotechnology, by offering real
economic, environmental, and social benefits.
One of the bigg
est problems in
biotechnology are the property rights, thus the Netherland will support Technology
transfer, which allows technology to be transferred from the original source to outside
sources so that developing countries can obtain advance technologies.

Not only that,
Genetically

modified foods are a major factor in biotechnology and the Netherlands well
promote public awareness and support GM foods, but also find the long terms and the
unknown dangers of foods.