UNEP / Cities Alliance / IIEDMainstreaming environmental concerns into City Development Strategies

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8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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Shuaib Lwasa

Department of Environmental Management

Makerere University

Email
:
shuaiblwasa@gmail.com




UNEP / Cities Alliance / IIED

Mainstreaming environmental concerns into City
Development Strategies

Kampala Workshop, 24
-
25
th

July 2012


Environment and Development in Uganda



Context of mainstreaming



CDS cases



Approaches



Institutional Readiness



I
s Urban
Livability

possible

in
view

of

changing

environment
?

RURAL

53%

URBAN

47%

UN
-
Habitat 2002


M
anaging
the environment in Uganda for sustainable
development



focus
largely remains protection and or sustainable use of
terrestrial ecosystems, air quality and wild life


Urbanization poses challenges


Urban environmental degeneration continues


Inequality
,
poverty



T
he
linkage between poverty and natural
resource use
or degradation



Urban
environmental conditions remain deplorable in
many neighborhoods especially the urban poor


Environment
-
development debate in Uganda
has continued for long



1980’s vibrant CSO community emerged



Focus remained largely on air, water, forest
conservation



Several conventions, laws and
institutionalization

1.
Kampala


CDS for Kampala with a time horizon of five years between 2004
and 2009


goal number 3 in the strategy is “
Improving the environmental living
conditions




District (
in this case City
) Environment Action Plan (DEAP)


A series of projects

2.
Jinja


CDS 2007


2012 revitalizing industrial economy, equitable access
to services


CDS focuses on Local Economic Development


A participatory approach with a LED committee



Institutional set up, NEMA, District Environmental officers




Project
-
based implementation; KIEMP, CDM, KUSP





Program
-
based mainstreaming; TSUPU, S
l
um Upgrading,
Housing Policy??, LGDP
-
LGMSDP




Mainstreaming challenge



A common approach!







Long
-
range planning and mainstreaming!!!!


Policy &

Solution

Crisis

Management

Action as a Fix

Assessment

or Pseudo?

Report Stored

On shelf

Next

Crisis

Forgetting


Levers for Uganda




NDP



Municipal Development Plans




DEAP or Municipal Environment Action Plans




Framework on which projects need to relate, CDS/MDS?







There are lessons in regard to existing tools and knowledge
-
project specific




The broader institutional issues specifically the Legal enabled
-
legal
-
disabled continuum creates a lock
-
in




Processes


Urban environment
-
definition, beyond water, air, soils and fauna


Planning with nature


Poor settlements, does EM ‘improve urban life’?


What about ‘ urban livelihoods’?



NUF, MUF, LUKA




In general, tools are a set of guides, steps and practical means
that enable different stakeholders in reaching a desired goal of
improving understanding and management of the urban
environment.


Policy tools


NDP, DEAP


3 Year development Plans



Legislative tools


NEA


Municipal Environmental regulations




Programs and Projects



Knowledge management and engagement tools


EPM



Are municipalities for mainstreaming urban environmental?



Institutional adaptation; from ‘
projectization


to programs



Resource allocation



Capacity Development?/Capacity Building



Home
-
grown CDS or internally driven processes of mainstreaming



Experiential learning






Thank you!