Environmental Management Systems International ... - infoHouse

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8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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Environmental Management Systems

International Standard
ISO 14001


Why would the North Carolina
Zoological Park want to become an
EMS ISO 140001 institution?

EMS ISO 140001

1. Systematically improve the Zoo’s
ecological footprint.


EMS ISO 140001

2. Gain credibility for sound
environmental management


EMS ISO 140001

3. Model our management principles
and practices for others.


EMS ISO 140001

What does the North Carolina
Zoological Park need to become an
EMS ISO 140001 institution?




EMS ISO 140001

•staff commitment not just compliance


•desire to set an organizational climate of
improvement


•Management support and motivation for the
resources required for checking and reviewing


•realize change is gradual and needs to be
practical



EMS ISO 140001

EMS ISO 140001

CHECK

ACT

PLAN

DO

EMS ISO 14001 provides an organized

structured approach to improve our section’s

environmental impact

Continual
Improvement

EMS ISO 140001

PLAN


»Environmental Policy


»Environmental Aspects and Impacts


»Legal Requirements


»Objectives and Targets


»Action Plans

Policy/Objectives

EMS ISO 140001

DO


»Roles and Responsibility


»Training and Competence


»Operational Control


»Communications


»Emergency Preparedness


»Document Control

Structure/Responsibility

EMS ISO 140001

CHECK


»Corrective and Preventative Action


»Monitoring and Measuring


»Record Keeping


»EMS Auditing

Checking/Corrective Action

EMS ISO 140001

ACT


»Management Review

Review

The Zoo’s

Environmental
Policy

G

Growth in knowledge and continued improvement

R

Reduction in use of resources and waste

E

Environmentally responsible and sustainable operation

E

Example to others

N

Necessary compliance with environmental laws and



regulations

How we arrived at the Significant
Environmental Aspects and Impacts

We identified 45 activities under our
control which had 130 environmental
aspects and impacts.

For example an
aspect may be how
or where a waste is
generated and an
impact might be the
effect of that waste
on the environment.

The following criteria was used to determine
potential significant aspects/impacts.



Low(1) Medium(2) High(3)

Severity



Frequency

Quantity


Little
impact/no
danger

Danger non
-
life
threatening short
term reversible
less than 1 year

Potentially life
threatening long
term effects
reversible more
than 1 year

Weekly to
daily

Monthly
to weekly

Less than
monthly

Pounds
per year

Tons per
year

Tons per
month

The Process……


We added the criteria numbers together to
obtain a quantitative total as our first filter of
the 130 aspects/impacts.


Total rank of 5 and over was determined
potentially significant.


We then applied a qualitative team judgment
to prioritize the most important and significant
of these aspects/impacts.

10 Significant Environmental
Aspects/Impacts Were Identified

ACTIVITY



ASPECT


IMPACT
T


Compost operations


Total Organic

Recycling/reusing/landfill diversion





Materials


Pest management


Pest management

Reduce use of harmful chemicals

Total Gasoline use


Gas/Diesel

Depletion of Nonrenewable








Resources

Irrigation and watering

Water use


Depletion of water supply

Chemical fertilizing


Runoff


Surface water contamination

Prescribed Burning


Land preservation

Conserve natural communities

Electricity Greenhouse

Electricity use


Depletion of Nonrenewable








Resources

Operating Greenhouse

Propane


Depletion of Nonrenewable








Resources

Maintain surface/grading

Runoff/erosion

Surface water contamination


Renovating/Creating

Invasive plants

Reduction of native plants

Landscapes






Horticulture’s

Legal Requirements Were Clarified:



Compost permit

Pesticide application licenses

Pesticide storage inspections

Nursery certification permit

Endangered plant permits

Burn permits

Plant importation permits

Invasive plant laws

Vegetation/vermin control

Dam and Sedimentation laws

Chemical/Industrial pretreatment

Nonpoint Source Pollution legislation

Horticulture’s Objectives, Targets,
And Performance Indicators For
Our First EMS Program Have Been
Drafted. Responsible Staff And
Their Time Frames Have Been
Identified.

ACTIVITY


Compost operations


ASPECT

Total organic materials



IMPACT
Recycling/reusing/landfill








diversion

Objective: Maintain compost operation

Target:
Minimum of 1067 Tons waste received

Program:

1. Training on separation of incoming



waste



2. Complete/Implement Tub





Grinder/burning study



3. Complete corrugated cardboard




study and implement interim





recommendations



4. Improve sanitation of site



5. Submit annual report and apply for




permit renewal

ACTIVITY


Compost operations


ASPECT

Total organic materials



IMPACT
Recycling/reusing/landfill








diversion

Objective: Add other organic materials to compost

Target:
Increase sources by two

Program:

1. Gain compliance with procedure from



Sodexho



2. Evaluate new sources Avian prop.




Mammal prop., wildlife rehab



3. Review existing sources for




compliance

ACTIVITY


Pest management




ASPECT


Pest management



IMPACT
Reduce use of harmful






chemicals


Objective: Use least toxic, effective method of pest




control

Target:
Evaluate two control methods

Program:

1. Review, document and update




operating procedures



2. Train on operating procedures



3. Study alternative herbicides



4. Evaluate Fire Ant control products



5. Evaluate Entomologist services

ACTIVITY


Total Gasoline use




ASPECT
Gas/Diesel






IMPACT
Depletion of Nonrenewable





Resources

Objective: Reduce consumption of Gas/Diesel fuel

Target:
Formal plan of action developed and 5%



reduction in fuel consumptions from



2002 levels for 2003

Program:

1. Determine usage by Vehicle/




Equipment for first 6 months of





2002



2. Pilot study of usage patterns via





volunteers



3. Driving Tips awareness



4. Explore Alternative vehicles/equip.



5. Formal plan for efficiency measures



6. Develop, Document, Train on SOP’s

ACTIVITY


Irrigation and watering




ASPECT


Water use






IMPACT
Depletion of water supply


Objective: Apply Xeriscaping principles to greatest





extent feasible

Target:
Implement Xeriscape principles on Garden




Friends, Chimp, and Rhino.

Program:

1. Implement Xeriscaping principles on



Garden Friends landscape



2. Develop, Document and Train on




SOP’s for Garden Friends garden



3. Water metering program for Chimp.



4. Develop, Document and Train on




SOP’s for Chimp exhibit



5. Develop irrigation system for Rhino




using Xeriscape principles

ACTIVITY


Irrigation and watering




ASPECT


Water use






IMPACT
Depletion of water supply


Objective: Apply Xeriscaping principles to greatest





extent feasible

Target:
Train 80% of affected horticulture staff on




Xeriscape principles

Program:

1. Improve awareness of Xeriscaping



principles




ACTIVITY


Chemical fertilizing




ASPECT
Runoff





IMPACT
Surface water contamination


Objective: Fertilize with environmentally friendly



products at proper levels

Target:
Exterior protocols in place by 2002 and



research Interior protocols 2003

Program:

1. Maximize Exterior use of organic




fertilizers through protocols



2. Research organic fertilizer use in




interior exhibits

ACTIVITY


Chemical fertilizing




ASPECT
Runoff





IMPACT
Surface water contamination


Objective: Maintain or Improve water quality

Target:
Assess impact of Horticulture on Water




quality

Program:

1. Develop and implement a testing




program



2. Determine major contributors to





water quality



3. Determine methods to evaluate





water quality

ACTIVITY


Chemical fertilizing




ASPECT
Runoff





IMPACT
Surface water contamination


Objective: Maintain or Improve water quality

Target:
Implement Water Quality management plan

Program:

1. Develop plan of action



2. Develop, Implement and Train on




SOP’s

ACTIVITY


Prescribed burning




ASPECT
Land preservation





IMPACT
Conserve natural communities


Objective: Conserve natural communities

Target:
Maximize use of natural methods of



management using ecological factors


like prescribed burns

Program:

1. Review, Update and Train burn team



on operating procedures

ACTIVITY


Electricity use at Greenhouse




ASPECT
Electricity use





IMPACT
Depletion of Nonrenewable








Resources


Objective: Conserve electricity

Target:
Comply with standard operating procedures

Program:

1. Review, Update and Train





appropriate staff on operating





procedures

ACTIVITY


Operating Greenhouse




ASPECT
Propane





IMPACT
Depletion of Nonrenewable








Resources


Objective: Conserve propane

Target:
Comply with standard operating procedures

Program:

1. Review, Update and Train





appropriate staff on operating





procedures

ACTIVITY


Maintain surface/grading



ASPECT
Runoff/erosion





IMPACT
Surface water contamination



Objective: minimize runoff/erosion

Target:
Document standard operating procedures

Program:

1. Document and Train

appropriate



staff on operating procedures

ACTIVITY


Renovating/Creating Landscapes


ASPECT
Invasive plants





IMPACT
Reduction of native plants



Objective: Conserve Native Plants

Target:
Develop standard operating procedures

Program:

1. Develop and Train appropriate



staff on operating procedures

Currently Discussing Roles and
Responsibilities of the Program.


Mary Joan Pugh


EMS Coordinator

Core Team

Management Review Board

Gin Wall


Horticulture Management Representative,



Approve EMS documents

Cathy Lewis


Maintain documentation

Associate Curators


EMS Team Representatives, Develop



Protocols/Procedures, Trainers

Hort. Supervisors


EMS Team Representatives, Update


instructions, Responsible for EMS reporting

Hort. Technician & Grounds workers


EMS Team






Representatives

Organizing Training and Record Keeping



Tracking the EMS program appears to be complex but

we are looking at a decentralized database that once

in place could be used for other training record

keeping.


We are currently identifying:



Who needs training on what



Who the trainers should be



What documents should the trainer use



Who has authority to revise the document

Horticulture
staff’s
accomplishments
toward
sustainable
operations has
been admirable.
But we hit a
plateau.

“Picking the Low Hanging Fruit….”

Composting

IPM

Organic


Fertilizers

Recycling

Land use planning

Management


planning

It has
become
harder to
figure out
what we
should do
especially
on our more
fixed and
necessary
operations.

We’ve used various sources for tips and ideas
of how to improve our operations but never
had a process in which to focus on and break
down the more complex activities into
manageable ideas.

Conferences

Conservation
Captains

Internet
research

Other Zoo’s


programs

Starting with the low hanging fruit
helped us begin…

Now having a structured process and
highly motivating internal and
external audits should take us…

1. To More Sustainable Operations

2. EMS Certification

3. “Walking the Talk”.