Community-based Renewable Energy towards ... - A2D Project

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8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Community
-
based Renewable
Energy towards Sustainable
Grassroots Communities












Engr. Nazario R. Cacayan

Executive Director

Yamog Renewable Energy Development Group, Inc.



Renewable Energy Summit 2011

SM City Cebu, Mandaue City

March 8, 2011


Mindanao







More than 10% of barangays in
Mindanao are unenergized ( 2008)




Degradation of forest lands and major
watershed




Abundance of water resources that
can be harnessed for micro hydro power
generation




Lack of access to basic social services




High poverty incidence ( rural areas)




No electricity:
4 in every 10 poor families


In
2002
, among poorest
40
% of families, as much
as four in every
10
families did not have electricity
at home.


Regions with a bigger proportion (than national
average) of poorest families not having electricity:



Southern Mindanao (incldg Southwestern Mda)
(
45.7
%)



Caraga (
45.7
%)



Western Mindanao (
62.8
%)



Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
(
69.7
%)


Phils. R.E. Resources


Geothermal Resource


1,200 MW


Hydropower
-

10,500 MW


Wind resources


76,600 MW


Micro
-
hydro


untapped vast potentials


Solar Energy


untapped vast potential
as a tropical country


Ocean energy
-

170,000 MW


Biomass (bagasse) total potential of
235.7 MW




Yamog Renewable Energy


Development Group, Inc.


(an NGO, established in 1993)



1. COMMUNITY
-
BASED
RENEWABLE ENERGY AND
WATER


2. ENVIRONMENT/RESOURCE
MANAGEMENT





Community Development

1.
Social preparations/Community capacity Building



Consultations on renewable energy


Technical (Operation and maintenance, basic
electricity, etc.


Organizational development (program mgt.,
finance, tariff setting, energy audit, bookkeeping,
conflict resolution, decision making, etc.)




Technology development


Pre
-
feasibility/ Feasibility(
social, technical and
financial)




System Installation




Monitoring and evaluation


Training on Operation
and Maintenance



Environment/Resource Management


Watershed Resource Management


Nursery Establishment ( indigenous
species and fruit trees)


Outplanting


Monitoring and Evaluation

IMPLEMENTED COMMUNITY
-
BASED MICRO HYDROPOWER

Mabini, Tubajon, Surigao del
Norte (5kW)

Megkawayan, Calinan, Davao
City (3kW)

Saloy, Calinan Dist., Davao City
(10kW)

Polocon, Lamanan, Calinan,
Davao City (6kW)

Marahan. Marilog Dist., Davao
City (20kW)

Maglahus, Cateel, Davao Oriental
(15kW)

Sangab, Caraga, Davao
Oriental (10kW)

Chua, Bagumbayan, Sultan
Kudarat (12kW)

Lam
-

alis, Colombio, Sultan
Kudarat (10kW)

Dumalaguing, Impasugong,
Bukidnon (20kW)

Karim/Minabay, Buldon, Shariff
Kabunsuan (38kW)

Sapad, Matanog, Shariff Kabunsuan
(45kW)

Micolabo, Picong, Lanao del Sur
(40kW)

Kirongdong, Magpet, North
Cotabato (20kW)

Malumpeny, Makilala, North
Cotabato (15kW)

Tablo, Lake Sebu, South Cotabato
(12kW)

Upper, Sepaka, Suralla, South
Cotabato (40kW)

Legend:


IP Communities

Muslim
Communities

Christian

Micro hydropower projects

Installed about
21
community
-
based microhydro power
systems in Mindanao and Visayas


total power generating capacities of
363
kW


(
6
-
45
kW) ; average cost = P
150
,
000
-
250
,
000
/kW

electricity and other productive end uses: milling

2
,
480
households (
12
,
000
population)

bundling them together, an estimated total


of
1
,
645
metric tonnes CO
2

annually being avoided

YAMOG Renewable Energy and other Projects

21, 49%

20, 47%

1, 2%

1, 2%

MHP
Solar
Ram pump
Watersystem
YAMOG MHP PROJECTS
8, 40%
5, 25%
7, 35%
IP
Muslims
Christians
0
50
100
150
200
250
Polocon,
Calinan, Davao
City
Tuamnding,
Arakan, North
Cotabato
Chua,
Bagumbayan,
Sultan Kudarat
Dumalaguing,
Bukidnon
Lake Sebu,
South
Cotabato
Brgy. Balea,
Negros
Occidental
Brgy. Sapad,
Shariff
Kabungsuan
Areas with Micro Hydropwer
Power Capacity in kW
No. of Households
MHP Projects

The micro hydro power that runs a corn mill and
irrigates ricefields.

Yamog Inc.


Financing Strategies:



Community counterpart: 10
-
15 %
-
sweat equity


and
household wirings


LGU Counterpart : 5
-
10% food for work and


other materials

Grants: 80%



Yamog, Inc.

Financial Sustainability

Tariff structure:



capital replacement fund


operations and maintenance


community development fund


watershed protection fund



Project Impacts


SOCIO
-
ECONOMIC IMPACTS:


Households with access to quality lighting and
milling.



Change in energy use pattern from kerosene to
electricity.




Increased Income


savings from transportation
in milling, weaving production of traditional loom
weaving, etc.



School children’s quality study at night
enhancement.




Community solidarity enhanced, peace and
order conditions improved.







Yamog, Inc.

An‏indigenous‏T’boli‏woman‏doing‏traditional‏
loom weaving. Before the electricity comes (12
kW), she does the loom weaving during daytime.
But now with the electricity from the hydro, she
can weave and be more productive during night
time. (Tablo, Lake Sebu, South Cotabato)

Project Impacts

Environmental Sustainability
:


Watershed management and protection


enhance ecosystem services (water, biodiversity, etc.)


Climate change mitigation



(displacement of carbon dioxide thus reducing greenhouse


gases)




ex: 10 kilowatts micro hydropower displaced 67 tonnes


Carbon dioxide annually


environmental governance


eco
-
efficiency

Success Factors

1.
Financially self
-
sustaining projects have
cash generating (usually day time) and
increase the use of plant factor (load
factor).


2.
The income generated helps community
development projects, maintains the
system, and enhances watershed
management and protection.





Success Factors


3.Local capacities to fabricate,manage, operate
and maintain micro hydro projects.


4.Effective lobbying with the LGUs for the
allocation of resources and formulation of
favorable policies for MHP devt and watershed
protection.


5.

Well
-
prepared community and active community
participation with strong sense of community
ownership


Success Factors

6.
Multi stakeholders partnership
(community, PO, NGO, LGU, private
sector and other civil society)


7.
Watershed management and
rehabilitation through replanting of
indigenous tree species and fruit
trees.



Challenges



1
.
Project funds for community
-
based
renewable energy systems are limited
and difficult to access.

2.
Sustainability of some MHP primarily for
household electricity and without
productive end
-
uses like agricultural
processing.

3.
The emerging climate change has
already created adverse impacts as
regards rainfall patterns and river flows




Moving Forward

Replication and scaling
-
up of micro
hydro power systems entail multi
sectoral partnership, political and
financial support for an energy
corridor approach.


Enhanced community capacity
building ( including enterprise
development, pool of trained
technicians and managers)



Diversification of productive end
-
uses
( income generating activities)
towards sustainability and promotion
of local economy.


Need for an integrated development
approach including watershed
management and enhancement of
local environment as a climate change
adaptation strategy


Moving Forward

Conclusions

Community
-
based micro hydropower as an
integrated rural development strategy promotes
electrification, social benefits, local economy and
environmental protection.

Off

grid communities with micro hydropower
resources can access electricity with policy
support‏from‏the‏LGU’s‏and‏multi‏stakeholders‏‏
partnerships.

RE Law needs to address the issue on rural
electrification to reduce poverty and promote
environmental protection in off grid communities.




Daghang Salamat
!






email:
info@yamog.org


http://
www.yamog.org