a framework for Understanding Poverty

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5 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 4 μήνες)

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Ruby Payne’s

a

framework for

Understanding Poverty

Introduction and Chapter 1



Statistics on Poverty in the U.S.




and


Definitions and Resources

Key Points


Poverty is relative


Poverty occurs in all races and all countries.


Economic class is a continuous line, not a
clear
-
cut distinction.


Generational poverty and situational poverty
are different.


This work is based on patterns. All patterns
have exceptions.

Key Points, continued


An individual brings with him/her the hidden
rules of the class.


Schools and businesses operate from middle
class norms and use the hidden rules of the
middle class.


For our students to be successful, we must
understand their hidden rules and teach them
the rules that will make them successful at
school and at work.

Key Points, continued


We can neither excuse students nor scold
them for not knowing; as educators, we must
teach them and provide support, insistence,
and expectations.


To move from poverty to middle class, or
middle class to wealth, an individual must give
up relationships for achievement (at least for
some period of time).

Key Points, continued


Two things that help one move out of poverty
are education and relationships.


Four reasons one leaves poverty are:



It’s too painful to stay.



A vision or a goal.



A key relationship.



A specific talent or skill.

Some economic stats


Percent of children living in poverty in the U.S.


All races: 17.6%


Caucasian: 14.3%


Hispanics: 29.7%


African
-
American: 34.1%


Asian: 12.5%


Native American: 31.9%

Stats on Poverty


The U.S. is getting poorer.


Foreign born U.S. population has increased
57% since 1990.


Poorer children much more likely to suffer
development delays.


Children of poverty are much more often from
single parent families.


Poor inner
-
city children much more likely to
be victims of abuse or neglect.

Stats on Poverty, continued


Poverty is caused by interrelated factors:
parental employment, status and earnings,
family structure, and parental education.


Children under age 6 are particularly
vulnerable to poverty.


U.S. child poverty rate is often 2 to 3 times
higher than most other major Western
industrialized nations.


Poverty




A working definition of poverty is “the extent
to which an individual does without
resources.”

Resources


Financial (having money for good/services)


Emotional (ability to choose appropriate responses,
particularly in negative situations)


Mental (mental abilities and acquired content skills)


Spiritual (Believing in divine purpose/guidance)


Physical (Having health and mobility)


Support Systems (friends, family, and backup
resources)


Relationships/Role Models (Having nurturing adults)


Knowledge of the hidden rules (Unspoken cues/habits)

Relationships



“No significant learning occurs without a
significant relationship.”






-
Dr. James Comer

One scenario


Read aloud one scenario from the book, pages
10
-
21.