Chapter 20. Writing Definitions, Descriptions, and

notownbuffΤεχνίτη Νοημοσύνη και Ρομποτική

17 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 4 μήνες)

3.611 εμφανίσεις

Chapter 20. Writing Definitions, Descriptions, and
Instructions


1.

Chapter 20 lists three steps in writing definitions. One is analyzing the writing situation.
What are the other two steps?


.


2.

List the three types of definitions discussed in Chapter
20
.



3.

What type of definition follows this pattern: ITEM = CATEGORY + DISTINGUISHING
CHARACTERISTICS?



4.

In what way is the following definition flawed: "Booting a computer is when you turn it
on"?



5.

In what way is the following definition flawed: "In a bank
ruptcy action, a nonsecured
debt is a debt that is not secured"?



6.

What technique is used in the following definition to clarify the term
inflammable
: "An
inflammable substance is not a substance that cannot catch fire. To the contrary, an
inflammable sub
stance catches fire quite easily.”



7.

What technique is used in the following definition: "RADAR originally stood for 'radio
detection and ranging,' but these days it is rarely used as an acronym and instead
appears as the noun
radar
"?



8.

Placing definiti
ons directly in the text is a common practice. According to Chapter
20
,
what are two other logical locations for definitions?



9.

What are the three types of descriptions discussed in Chapter 9?


10.

Descriptions are rarely incorporated into longer documents; instead, they usually appear
as separate documents. TRUE or FALSE



11.

Which of the following is an effective sentence definition?

A.

Cardiovascular exercise equipment is used by people to exercise th
eir cardiovascular
system.

B.

A canteen is a clear Nalegene bottle used to hold liquids such as water, lemonade,
soda, and sometimes hot beverages.

C.

Velo binding is when two plastic strips are placed on either side of the document and
bound together with heat.

D.

Thermography is a printing process in which a special powder is added to the wet ink
on the surface of the paper and then heated.



12.

A writer is creating an employee handbook for assembly
-
line workers and their
supervisors. One particular extended definiti
on is approximately a page long. Where
should the writer place this definition if it is of interest to only the supervisors?

A.

in a marginal gloss

B.

in a footnote

C.

in an appendix

D.

in the text


13.

A writer wants to explain how screen printing works. All of the foll
owing elements are
likely to appear in the description EXCEPT

A.

a diagram illustrating the parts of the screen
-
printing machine

B.

a step
-
by
-
step guide to performing the process

C.

a sentence definition of screen printing

D.

a section heading or title indicating
the nature and scope of the description


14.

While reviewing a draft of a trip report discussing the importance of a presentation the
writer attended, the writer decides that some readers may not know what a particular
term means. If the writer would like to c
larify the term briefly and unobtrusively, the
writer should use which of the following strategies?

A.

Include a parenthetical definition.

B.

Define the term in an appendix.

C.

Include an extended definition.

D.

Include a sentence definition.



15.

A writer is drafting t
he conclusion of a lengthy process description explaining to
consumers how a company’s new voice
-
recognition product works. Which of the
following elements would be LEAST appropriate for the conclusion?


A.

a brief review of the uses of voice
-
recognition tec
hnology

B.

a sales message summarizing the benefits of the product

C.

a short summary of the principal steps in the process

D.

a brief discussion of the implications of the process



16.

What are three of the four signal words commonly used to indicate the seriousness

of
comments?



17.

The introduction to a set of instructions should answer six questions, one of which is
"Why should the reader carry out this task?" According to Chapter 20, what is one other
question?



18.

Chapter 20 offers six guidelines for writing step
-
by
-
step instructions. One is to number
the instructions. What are two of the other five guidelines?



19.

Name two ways of concluding a set of instructions.


20.

What is the function of a
conventions

section?


21.

R
ead the following instruction steps for creating an automated index of Web files. Then
indicate which instruction steps are INCORRECTLY written.


1)

Open Windows Explorer to c:
\
program files
\
autoindex
\
.


2)

Copy the folders containing your Web files to the fold
er named “indexer.” If
autoindex does not contain an indexer folder, you must reinstall the software.
See the installation booklet.


3)

Type the appropriate path, for instance, c:
\
program
files
\
autoindex
\
indexer
\
indexer.exe
webfolder1, webfolder2, etc.



4)

Inde
xer now has a folder called IndexSearch. The executable file, index.exe, may
be run to view the searchable index of your Web files.


A.

Step 1

B.

Steps 2 and 3

C.

Steps 3 and 4

D.

Steps 2 and 4



22.

In order to minimize product
-
liability lawsuits in the event of improper

use of Phillips
lawn mowers, the lead technical writer at Phillips, Inc., should give the company’s
manual writers all of the following advice EXCEPT

A.

Repeat safety information if you think that the repetition will increase the probability
of its being rea
d.

B.

If our company does not have an appropriate safety symbol, create your own text
symbol by the use of highlighting, larger point size, and text box.

C.

For ease of use, place all safety information in the Introduction so that users can
read through all of i
t at once before using the product. Then in the instruction steps,
merely cross
-
reference to the Introduction.

D.

Do not choose safety labels arbitrarily.



23.

You are a technical writer for Landson Toy Company. Landson has just designed a new,
more durable swin
g set for 6
-

to 10
-
year
-
olds. You would need to include all of the
following information in the Introduction to the swing
-
set installation guide EXCEPT


A.

the tools that the user needs to assemble the swing set

B.

the reasons the user should complete the instru
ctions

C.

the safety precautions the user must take

D.

a list of parts included with the swing set for assembly


24.

H&G Garden Supplies is revising its instruction booklet for assembling and installing its
redwood garden arbor. The set contains two 6
-
foot trellises
, two planter boxes, and a
pair of adjustable arches. You should include in the back matter of the instruction
booklet all of the following information EXCEPT


A.

a troubleshooting guide

B.

instructions on how to order replacement parts

C.

warranty information

D.

safety information