Smart Grid Architecture Model

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21 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 27 μέρες)

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©Siemens AG 2013. All rights reserved.
Smart Grid Architecture Model
Methodology and practical application
Dr. Rolf Apel
EPCC, 12th International Workshop June 4, 2013
Bedford Springs, PA
Smart Grid DivisionPage 2Infrastructures & Cities Sector
©Siemens AG 2013. All rights reserved.
NIST Framework and Roadmapfor
Smart Grid Interoperability
Standards
SGIP
Intelligrid
GridwiseAlliance
JWG Smart Grid
European Technology platform
FutuRed–SpanishElectricalGrid Platform; Smart
Grids-RoadmapAustria; ElectricityNetworks Strategy
Group (UK) etc.
Smart MeteringEU-Mandate M/441
ElectricalvehicleMandate –M/461
Smart Grid EU Mandate –M/490
IEC/SMB StrategyGroup 3 (SG3)
„Smart Grid“-Roadmap
UCAiug-Open Smart Grid
Subkomitee
ITU Smart Grid
CIGRE D2.24
METI, JISC
Roadmapto
international
standardizationSmart Grid
DKE, VDE „German
standardizationroadmapE-
Energy“
BMWI Uslar et al „Investigation of
standardizationforBMWi-projectE-Energy“
BDI „Internet of Energy“
SGCC
The State Grid
Corporation of China –
Smart Grid Framework
IEEE SCC21 Standards Coordinating
Committee on Fuel Cells, Photovoltaics,
Dispersed Generation, and Energy Storage
IEEE P2030 Standard Interoperability
Smart Grid Concepts
International activities around Smart Grid
architecture and standardization
SGAM
Smart Grid DivisionPage 3Infrastructures & Cities Sector
©Siemens AG 2013. All rights reserved.
Motivation:
Need for a unified Smart Grid Architecture Model
“Lots of different Smart Grid Architectures are promoted.”
How to compare them?
“Various standards for Smart Grid exist.”
Where are limitations, gaps and overlap?
“There are assets which need to be reused as much as
possible (both utilities and vendors)”
What is the systematic way to migrate to smart grid from an
architectural view point?
Smart Grid DivisionPage 4Infrastructures & Cities Sector
©Siemens AG 2013. All rights reserved.
The Smart Grid Plane
Coordination system spanned by domains and zones
Hierarchical Levels of Power System Management
Energy Conversion Chain
Generation
Transmission
Distribution
DER
Customer
Process
Field
Station
Operation
Enterprise
Market
Domains
Zones
(Home, Building,
Industry, EV, Mobility)
(Hierarchy)
Power System
Primary Equipment
Information Management
Sensor systems
Smart Grid DivisionPage 5Infrastructures & Cities Sector
©Siemens AG 2013. All rights reserved.
Interoperability –the missing dimension
InteroperabilityamongSystems
„WhatHardware isrequired?“
„Howistheinformation
beingexchanged?“
„WhatInformation
isgoingto beexchanged?“
„Whichfunctionsarerequired?“
„Whatbusiness processes and
regulatory constraintsapply?“
„Whatissueaffectsall layers?“
Business Layer
Function Layer
Information Layer
Communication Layer
Component Layer
Smart Grid DivisionPage 6Infrastructures & Cities Sector
©Siemens AG 2013. All rights reserved.
Putting all together
S
mart Grid Architecture Model
Interoperability
Layers
Generation
Transmission
Distribution
DER
Customer
Process
Field
Station
Operation
Enterprise
Market
Domains
Zones
(Home, Building,
Industry, EV, Mobility)
ComponentLayer
CommunicationLayer
Protocol
Protocol
Information Layer
Data Model
Data Model
FunctionLayer
Outlineof Usecase
Functions/Services
Business Layer
Business Objectives
Polit. / Regulat.. Framework
Smart Grid DivisionPage 7Infrastructures & Cities Sector
©Siemens AG 2013. All rights reserved.
WhatSGAM canbeusedfor
Compare different architectures
Coordinate work between different TCsand stakeholders
Identify gaps in SG standardization
Map use cases
Design architectures
Develop interface specifications
Map portfolio
Map customers and competitors
Identify new applications, services
Analyze installed architectures and migration scenarios
Map own R&D effort; Investigate core competencies
Investigate business models, overlap of own offerings …..
Smart Grid DivisionPage 8Infrastructures & Cities Sector
©Siemens AG 2013. All rights reserved.
Develop architectures by use cases approach
Generation
Transmission
Distribution
DER
CustomerPremises
Process
Field
Station
Operation
Enterprise
Market
Domains
Zones
Component Layer
Communication Layer
Information Layer
Function Layer
Protocol
Protocol
Data Model
Data Model
Outline of Usecase
Functions
Business Layer
Business Objectives
Polit. / Regulat.. Framework
Interoperability
Layers
Use CaseSGAM
GenerationTransmissionDistributionCustomer PremiseDER
ProcessFieldStation
OperationEnterprise
Market
HVMVLV
G
Distribution
IED
DER
Controller
HMI
HES
DMS
Computer
Gateway
CRM
Computer
Distribution
Data Collector
Audit
Volt/Var Control
Data
Acquisition
DER Control
Grid
SCADA
Smart Grid DivisionPage 9Infrastructures & Cities Sector
©Siemens AG 2013. All rights reserved.
The SGAM supports also detailed views Page 9Date
Generation
Transmission
Distribution
DER
Customer
Premise
Process
Field
Station
Operation
Enterprise
Market
Domains
Zones
Component Layer
Communication Layer
Information Layer
Function Layer
Protocol
Protocol
Data Model
Data Model
Outline of Usecase
Subfunctions
Business Layer
Business Objectives
Polit. / Regulat.. Framework
Interoperability
Dimension
Identify functional requirements
and standardization needs in
the area of customer connection
Smart Grid
Connection Point
Smart Grid DivisionPage 10Infrastructures & Cities Sector
©Siemens AG 2013. All rights reserved.
Detailed energy-and ICT infrastructure layout
to identify functional requirements
ProcessOperationMarket Station Field
WLAN AP
Mobile
devices
Lan
Switch
GSM/GPRS
Cellular
Energy grid-
automation
HS/MS
Substation
Energy market
Energy
service provider
Other
service provider
Property line
Distribution grid
operator
Metering
system
Smart
Appliance
Heating/
warm water
Computer
Multimedia
Transm.DistributionDERConsumptionNon-energy domainGeneration
Ring Main Unit
Electricity path
Data path
Router
Home Autom.
Network
HAN
Internet
Modem/
Router
Distributed
generation
E-Car
G
eneration
Transmission
Distribution
DER
Customer
Premise
Process
Field
Station
Operation
Enterprise
Market
Domains
Zones
Protocol
Protocol
Data Model
Data Model
Outline of Usecase
Subfunctions
Smart Grid Architecture
Model (SGAM)
HAN
Gebäude-
autom.
Energy
management
gateway
Smart meter
gateway
Energy grid autom.
Modem/Router
Meter service
provider
Smart Grid Connection Point
Smart Grid DivisionPage 11Infrastructures & Cities Sector
©Siemens AG 2013. All rights reserved.
Application Example EcogridEU:
From vision over high-level concept ...
Vision:
Concept:
Smart Grid DivisionPage 12Infrastructures & Cities Sector
©Siemens AG 2013. All rights reserved.
Application Example EcogridEU:
... to detailed design and common understanding between all partners
Tool for coordination of work packages between project parties
Common view on project architecture
Development of information and communication architecture

Smart Grid DivisionPage 13Infrastructures & Cities Sector
©Siemens AG 2013. All rights reserved.
Generation
Transmission
Consumption
Distribution
Rail
Electrification
Communication
and Automation
The Siemens Smart Grid Suite
Portfolio inline with Reference Architecture Model
Grid and
Enterprise IT
Field Devices
(Sensors,
Controllers)
Big Data Analytics, IT integration, Energy Trading and Risk Management
Communication
Grid Application
Virtual Power Plant
Demand Response
Meter Data Mgmt.
Automation / HMI
Protection
Grid Control
Sensors
Smart
Meters
Power
quality
Service & End-to-end Security
Smart Grid DivisionPage 14Infrastructures & Cities Sector
©Siemens AG 2013. All rights reserved.
Conclusion & Outlook
SGAM provides a new systematic methodology for
Analysis of smart grid architectures
Coordination of standardization activities
Coordination of product portfolio
Development of architectures and customer solutions
What’s next?
Gathering experience from its application worldwide
Refinement in standardization
Methodology is transferred to industry automation
©Siemens AG 2013. All rights reserved.
Dr. Rolf Apel
Siemens AG
Sector Infrastructure & Cities
Division Smart Grid
Technology & Innovation
Questions?