Presentation - The mobile smart grid - Leonardo ENERGY

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21 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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The Mobile Smart Grid
de
ENEXIS
solution
André Postma
Seminar
Energy for the next Decade
1
6
th
June
2009
www.mobilesmartgrid.eu
2
16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
The vision

In their 2004 Memorandum of Understanding, the
GridWise Alliance and the U.S. Department of Energy
agreed to work together to realize the vision of a
transformed national electricity grid.”
(
Grid Wise Alliance
)
“SmartGrids will help achieve sustainable development.”
(
Technology Platform for the Electricity Networks of the Future
)
“Smart Grids are a key enabler for the implementation of
government energy and environmental policies.”
(
KEMA
)
“It is the ambition of the Dutch government to be the key
-
player in SmartGrid
-
technology and applications .”
(
Energierapport 2008
)
“We transfer from a passive grid where in case of
emergency bone interventions are necessary to a much
more active grid where autonomous operating software
agents are taking decisions for improving the stability and
quality of the grid.”
(prof.ir. W.L. Kling, TU/e)
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
Source eurelectric
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
Source Fortum
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
A common interest
Society:
payable, reliable and clean energy supply
Grid managers:
cost reducing with:
-
maintaining and if possible increasing reliability
-
optimum exploitation grid capacity
Knowledge and research institution
:
provocative and
relevant research topics and financial resources
Subcontractors of components
:
sales and market
position
Commercial energy market parties:

cost reduction by optimum commitment asset base

smooth fitting in durable production resources

demand side management

electrification mobility
Consultants:
to extend expertise and realises turnover
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
But who is the spider in the
web…?
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
The vision off
Enexis
M
uch
is still uncertain
, but the energy supply off the future is
sustainable!
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
Enexis (and colleagues) do not sit still …
Grid managers make the energy transition possible; not impossible!
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma

The "well to wheel efficiency" of electrical vehicles is
far
higher than of traditional ones

Electrical vehicles support large scale system integration of
renewable sources and
offer sustainable transportation

Enexis'
Mobile Smart Grid
®
concept enables optimal
utilization of the grid for charging electric cars
The Mobile Smart Grid
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
Objectives of Mobile Smart Grid
Supporting:
the development of electric transportation
the development of sustainable energy
the large scale integration of decentralized energy
especially for the use in millions of electric cars
a kind of least cost planning to avoid important social
costs
a kind of calamity management (virtual N
-
1 principle)
for power plants and cable systems
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
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20% cars doubles
peak
What happens when battery is charging uncontrolled ?
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
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Energy required for
50 % cars
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With MSG there is sufficient capacity at MV level
Energy required for 75
% cars
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
Free space at High voltage level
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290 GWh
70 GWh
70 GWh is enough
for
350.000.000 km/day
It
means
: 5.000.000
commuters
Highest peak in 2006
15,2 GW
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
How will we charge the battery?
By coupling the car to the electricity grid as soon and
as long it is standing still.
And then charge controlled
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
Source Fortum
17
16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
Large scale electric transport requires a
(Mobile) Smart Grid
Large
-
scale application of electric transport requires
extensive investments in infrastructure (networks
and production capacity)
MSG concept reduce necessary investment with 2/3
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
2009
2012
2015
2018
2021
2024
2027
2030
2033
2036
2039
Jaar
Aantal elektrische auto

s [
mln
]
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
2009
2012
2015
2018
2021
2024
2027
2030
2033
2036
2039
Jaar
Investeringen [
miljrd
. Euro]
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
Minimum equipment required inside
the
car
A battery that is large enough for 3 á 4 times the
daily energy needs
A remote controlled charger of 0
-
16 A
A user interface that contains the mobility demands
of the customer
A metering device for charging state of battery
A communication unit
A identification unit
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
1 phase charger 0
-
16A
1 phase charger 0
-
16A
1 phase charger 0
-
16A
Control Unit
User
Interface
Metering
Device
Communication
Unit
GRID
Communication
system
ID Unit
Minimum equipment required inside
the
car
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
MSG integrally optimizes energy availability
and network capacity
To maintain the
system balance
while optimizing
network utilization
,
MSG combines the two aspects and consists of several control layers
B+L
Commercial energy party:
GLGD
MSG
-
balance HV
-
grid:
AGLD
Heart of the Mobile Smart Grid
Storage capacity (electric vehicle)
Battery State of Charge (SoC)
Mobility needs
Terms of contract
L

L
MSG
-
balance MV
-
grid:
AGLD
Residential MSG
-
balance: PGLD
Electric heating and heatpumps
Pricing system for controllable loads
MSG
-
balance incl forecast demand and production LV
-
grid:
LGLD
Lmax
Lmax
Lmax
Lmax
Progn
Progn
Progn
Progn
Lmax
Legend
P = production per grid
C = capacity per grid
B = un
-
controllable load per grid
L = controllable load per grid
L

= additional controllable load
Lmax = P+C
-
B per grid (signal)
Progn = B+L
-
P per grid (signal)
Eflow = B+L
-
P per grid
Gcorr = Global correction signal which determines
the optimal load pattern
Lcorr = Local correction signal which determines
the optimal load pattern
Prognosis controllable load
Gcorr
Eflow
Lcorr
Lcorr
Lcorr
Lcorr
Progn
Progn
Eflow
Eflow
Eflow
Ecar groups
Lcorr
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
LGLD: Local Gateway Load Differentiator
LGLD
PGLD
AGLD
Ringmainunit
MV/LV transformer
MV
feeder
LV
-
rack
Possibility for stationary battery
PGLD
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
Very important is:
Standardization
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
Source Fortum
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
EV Infrastructure
Strategic Guidelines
OEM / Utility Workshops
Plug/Cable design
February 20th, 2009
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
Source Mitsubishi
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
Source Mitsubishi
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
Short Term Activities Initiated by Enexis
Standardize MSG Principles
Preserve the intellectual property of MSG ideas
Build a webpage with communication possibilities
about MSG
Set up a high profile Dutch users council to share
experiences
Electrifying our own car fleet by at least 100 cars
Takes initiative to come to a national platform for
developing and exploitation charge infrastructure
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
Solving the chicken and egg dilemma
Charging points are chicken and egg problem: no cars
then no charging points
and the way around
Pre
-
financing (to) risky for commercial energy
marked parties
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
10.000 charging point
-
initiative of the common
grid managers
Common grid managers have taken up the glove:
Initiative lies in the extension of the legal tasks:
facilitate energy market with attention to
sustainability
follows on at current social developments and policy
objectives
Fill in social responsibility to prevent for superfluous
investments in grid capacity
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
The perspective

The Netherlands has a vanguard position in European relation
in the field of electricity grids and Smart Grids.
(
Energierapport
2008
)
reaches
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma
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16 June 2009
Mobile Smart Grid
André Postma