Electronic Research - California State University, Northridge

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June 16, 2
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(
1) Evaluating Internet Resources
: Most of what is posted on the Internet has never
been subjected to the rigors of peer review common with many traditional publications.
Students must learn to evaluate the reliability of information of the websites th
ey visit.




Select two websites that provide information about a topic related to your
curriculum. Cite the URLs and names of both sites and explain which is more
reliable using evaluation criteria.


(
1) Evaluating Internet Resources
: Most of what is post
ed on the Internet has never
been subjected to the rigors of peer review common with many traditional publications.
Students must learn to evaluate the reliability of information of the websites they visit.





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using evaluation criteria.


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http://vnweb.hwwilsonweb.com/hww/shared/sh
ared_main.jh
tml?_requestid=2597100






This is the URL for the Gale Group, provided by Infotrac. This is a paid service
available to students of CSUN. I was able to click the criteria of only wanting articles
that are full text and peer reviewed. The s
ervice is part of the Literature Resource
Center, a reputable source that is recognized by those in the Language Arts field.

http://www.wikipedia.org/


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June 16, 2
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(2) Research with Electronic References
: Since we live in the Information Age, it is particularly
important that teachers are able to access and evaluate information to prepare accurate, up
-
to
-
date
lessons, and to teach their students the pr
inciples of electronic research. In this activity you will
examine a variety of electronic references in your quest to acquire information for lessons or other
professional activities.




Identify two topics to research using electronic references (broadcast

news, almanacs,
quotations, etc.). Research the first topic using at least one resource from each of five
categories of electronic resources. Repeat the process with the second topic, using references
from five additional categories. Include the URL, name

of the resource, key information
acquired, and a screen capture from each resource. (See examples of research ideas).



Identify the special features (e.g. hypertext linking of terms, Boolean search capabilities,
archival search, knowledge tree, downloadabl
e movies, online audio transcripts, animations,
translations, reference lists, printer
-
friendly output, multimedia links, PDA or bookreader
download, visible directory structure, etc.) of each of the reference tools you have used.



List criteria for determ
ining the authenticity of information on a website.



Compare and contrast electronic references with their traditional paper counterparts. Discuss
at least ten tasks or features that are possible with electronic resources that are not possible
with traditio
nal paper resources.



Develop a lesson plan that incorporates electronic references. Your lesson plan should
require students to use two or more electronic references to address a specific curricular
objective.


Topic: healthy foods

1.
http://www.whfoods.com
/ The World’s Healthiest Foods

(research database)


2. Broadcast news:
Vegetarian Cooking with Compassionate Cooks
(2004)



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3. Book from a library:


http://www.rando
mhouse.com

3.





4. Broadcast News: healthy foods



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http://www.abcnews.com



5. News Magazine: healthy foods






http://www.diabeteshealth.com

(3) Educational Res
earch:

Teachers should be familiar with research related to the teaching of their
discipline. The Educational Research Database (ERIC) provides access to abstracts from numerous
educational publications, and is the best place to start when conducting educa
tional research.






Find two or more abstracts of recent, relevant articles related to the use of technology in the
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teaching of your subject. Summarize implications for the teaching of your subject. Cite the
articles using APA format., and include the text

of the abstracts.










Holmes, J., (May 2007)

Designing agents to support learning by explaining


Computers & Education, 48

(4), 523
-
547

doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2005.02.007





Copyright © 2005 Elsevier Ltd All rights
reserved.

Designing agents to support learning by explaining

Jeffrey Holmes
a
,


a
University of California, Berkeley, CA 94706, USA


Received 21
October 2004;


accepted 28 February 2005.


Available online 13 June 2005.


Abstract

Although prior research has shown that generating explanations encourages students to learn new content with deeper understan
ding
and to monitor their own comprehension mo
re effectively, helping students learn how to explain properly remains a significant
challenge. This study investigated the use of software agents as learning partners in an activity where students generated ex
planations
about river ecosystem concepts.

Th
e results of the experiment demonstrated that software agents can have a positive impact as learning partners in a virtual wo
rld
environment. It was found that the agents encouraged the use of explanation resources designed to help students generate more

e
ffective explanations. Students working with the agents generated deeper explanations than students who did not interact with

an
agent. Implications for the design of learning environments with agents as learning partners are discussed.

Keywords:
Cooperat
ive/collaborative learning; Interactive learning environments; Pedagogical issues; Teaching/learning strategies;
Virtual reality

Implications for learning: Teachers who provide software lessons along with text have seen greater productivity in their st
u
dents.







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Hsu, M
-
H., Chen, I. Y
-
L., Chiu, C
-
M., Ju, T. L. (May 2007),

Exploring the antecedents of team performance in collaborative learning of computer software

Computers & Education
, 48,
(4), 700
-
718







Implications for learning: special education students do very well in classrooms that are
inclusive. The use of technology and collaborative learning provide the student better
success in learning because in provides for engagement of activities.

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(4) Online Academic Journals
: A growing number of academic journals are available
online, some of which are free, and others of which require a subscription.




Find an electronic journal related to your subject and include a screen capture of a
relevant a
rticle. Briefly summarize the article.





Administrators should be familiar with the legal code as it pertains to education.
Research a legal case relevant to education in secondary schools and include a
screen capture from this case. Briefly summarize the

case. *PTP
-
tip The PTP
requires that "Candidates for a Teaching Credential understand and honor legal
and professional obligations to protect the privacy, health, and safety of students,
families, and other school professionals. They are aware of and act
in accordance
with ethical considerations and they model ethical behaviors for students.
Candidates understand and honor all laws relating to professional misconduct and
moral fitness." You may wish to cite relevant laws or cases as an aspect of an
artifac
t for TPE 12.



Summary of article: research was undertaken to see if secondary
-
age students could use
self determination contracts to regulate the correspondence between their plans, work,
self
-
evaluation, and adjustments on acad
emic tasks. The study showed that students
gained a sense of personal control that acts as an intrinsic motivation for independent
learning. Self
-
determination contracts did enable these subjects to learn self
-
regulation
skills while completing academic

tasks. There was a marked decrease in inappropriate
behavior. The combination of simple instruction, use of bonus points and adjustments
instruction taught students to use their contracts to self
-
direct completion of their
independent work. The bonus p
oints did serve as reinforcement. End of the year
educational assessment indicated a 1
-
2 year increase in language, math, reading, and
general knowledge for all students.


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In the article “U.S. Supreme Court to Hear Race Cases,” the article talks about the

possibility of any admissions according to race bias, formerly called affirmative action,
being struck down. Since voters passes Proposition 209 in the Seattle, Washington there
is a possibility for precedence in law. However, since federal mandates supe
rsede local
or state initiatives, the Supreme Court could step in, as they did in California with
Proposition 187, and declare this Proposition to be illegal because of federal laws that are
already in place.









The legal case
of Brown vs. Board of Education was a landmark case which outlawed
racial segregation of public education in 1954. No students were to be discriminated in
providing equal public education. This case influenced other lawsuits such the
segregation of speci
al needs students from public education.


(5) Locating multimedia teaching resources
: At many libraries, teachers can obtain
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cards which give them special privileges as educators, including the ability to check our
more resources and keep them longer. Te
achers can check out books, CDs, DVDs and
and videos.




Find a video related to the teaching of your course in the Los Angeles Public
Library System (or other public library system), CSUN main library, or the CSUN
Teacher Curriculum Center. Describe the vi
deo resource and its call number, and
if possible, find a teacher study guide for the video by performing an Internet
search.