8.2 Paragraphs - Wiki-cik

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14 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Formatting and tips

1
par∙a∙graph

noun

\
ˈper
-
ə
-
ˌ
graf
, ˈpa
-

-
\

Definition of
PARAGRAPH

1
a
:

a subdivision of a written
composition that consists of one or
more sentences, deals with one
point or gives the words of one
speaker, and begins on a new usually
indented line


b
:

a short composition or note that
is complete in one paragraph


“Paragraph.”
T
he Free Merriam
-
Webster Online Dictionary
. Encyclopedia Britannica,


2011. Web. 4 Oct. 2011.

1.
Topic Sentence
-

this is like a mini
-
thesis for
your paragraph

2.
Concrete Detail 1
-

this is a quote or
paraphrase, a
direct

reference to
specific

evidence.


It should not be a stand
-
alone quote, you are not
writing an OER. Introduce your quote (The author
felt that “pigs simply should not be allowed to fly.”
Furthermore, “it goes against all the laws of physics
and biology.” “Can you imagine the damage to our
billboards,” he asks the audience.)

3.
Commentary 1A
-

this is your discussion of
the quote, connecting it to your topic
sentence.

4.
Commentary 1B
-

continued discussion

5.
Concrete Detail 2

6.
Commentary 2A

7.
Commentary 2B

8.
Transition to next paragraph
-

this should
close your discussion of this particular topic.
It may also introduce the topic of the next
paragraph.




Due to the rising popularity of designer pets,
some geneticists have begun to speculate on the
possibility of more eccentric options in the field
of companion animals. Dynamic Genetics, the
leader in the designer pet market feels that
“some of our clients have more discerning tastes,
and the introduction or reintroduction of various
species could have both mainstream and
scientific value.” Their argument is that bringing
back species such as the dodo
-
bird could create
new avenues in scientific research. DG has also
speculated that the personalization of pets might
create more responsible pet owners, a claim
many feel is dubious at best. “Why should we
think that someone who can’t take care of a dog
can take care of something the world hasn’t seen
in hundreds or millions of years?” asks Anna
Objektor, a representative of PETA. She and
others like her feel that pet
-
engineering only
increases the risk that animals will be
abandoned. These animals may, after all, be
subject to an environment their species is not
biologically equipped to handle. Despite the
initial novelty of using genetic engineering to
create designer pets, the irresponsible use of
genetic research will have lasting repercussions
for both pet owners and scientists in various
fields.


The first line is indented ½ inch.


Each sentence follows the next, with one
-
two
spaces between the period and the beginning of
the next sentence.


The information is presented as a single coherent
discussion of an idea.


It follows 8.2 format:


The first sentence introduces the topic: designer
pets.


The second sentence offers a quote (or concrete
detail) from an article on the topic.


The next two sentences discuss the quote as a
cohesive part of the argument made by the topic
sentence.


The fifth sentence offers a second quote (in this
case an opposing opinion, though that contrast
may not work in your paragraph).


The sixth and seventh sentences discuss the quote,
again as a cohesive part of the discussion.


The eighth sentence wraps it all up, and gives the
reader an idea of what the next paragraph will be
about.

Due to the rise in popularity of designer pets, some
geneticists have begun to speculate on the possibility
of more eccentric options in the field of companion
animals.

Dynamic Genetics, the leader in the designer pet
market feels that “some of our clients have more
discerning tastes, and the introduction or
reintroduction of various species could have both
mainstream and scientific value.”

Their argument is that bringing back species such as
the dodo
-
bird could create new avenues in scientific
research.

DG has also speculated that the personalization of pets
might create more responsible pet owners, a claim
many feel is dubious at best.

Why should we think that someone who can’t take
care of a dog can take care of something the world
hasn’t seen in hundreds or millions of years?” asks
Anna Objektor, a representative of PETA.

She and others like her feel that pet
-
engineering only
increases the risk that animals will be abandoned.

These animals may, after all, be subject to an
environment their species is not biologically equipped
to handle.

Despite the initial novelty of using genetic engineering
to create designer pets, the irresponsible use of
genetic research will have lasting repercussions for
both pet owners and scientists in various fields.


There is no indentation on the first line.


Each sentence is a separate line, like bullets
on a PowerPoint presentation.


It does follow the same order of
presentation, and gives the same
information, but it is not a paragraph
because each line is presented separately, as
separate ideas, rather than as one complete
discussion.

Choose one of the following quotes and in an 8.2 paragraph, defend or challenge the
speaker’s idea, using your readings, research, one personal experience, or current
events as a source of concrete detail. Write the quote at the top of your paper.



Men become civilized, not in proportion to their willingness to believe, but in their
readiness to doubt.


H
. L. Mencken


Education’s
purpose is to replace an empty mind with an open
one.


Malcolm
S. Forbes


The means by which we live have outdistanced the ends for which we live. Our
scientific power has outrun our spiritual power. We have guided missiles and
misguided
men.


Martin
Luther King, Jr
.


But if thought is to become the possession of many, not the privilege of the few, we
must have done with fear. It is fear that holds men back


fear lest their cherished
beliefs should prove delusions, fear lest the institutions by which they live should
prove harmful, fear lest they themselves should prove less worthy of respect than
they have supposed themselves to
be.


Bertrand
Russel
l