Fostering a Culture of Innovation

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31 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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1

Fostering a Culture

of Innovation

29 MAR 2011

Joe Gaines

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2

Supporting the Warfighter by leveraging our technical capabilities to provide the

best solutions for the rapidly changing environment. Anchored by technical

Expertise, preeminent facilities, a strong Midwest work ethic and total lifecycle

leadership.


NSWC Crane provides comprehensive customer service,

delivering timely, affordable, and quality solutions. NSWC Crane’s

personnel and facilities set the standard for excellence in

engineering, acquisition and sustainment.


Crane partners with private industry and educational institutions

to develop, transition, deploy and sustain the best

technical solutions for targeted U.S. military missions.


NSWC Crane is an essential resource in Indiana, providing

economic expansion, technology
-
driven innovation

and educational opportunity
.

NSWC Crane Divisi
on

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3

NSWC Crane Division
Org Chart

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4





Electronic Warfare/Information Operations . . . .
provides

nationally recognized intellectual leadership, offering practical

solutions across the entire electromagnetic spectrum to current

and future generations of Warfighters.


Special Missions . . . .
the go
-
to source for the elite Warrior

who requires reliable and practical solutions, expertly delivered

and deployed to ensure safe and effective missions.


Strategic Missions . . . .
delivers innovative technical solutions

to deter and defend against aggression and defeat threats

worldwide.

NSWC Crane Division

NSWC Crane’s technical capabilities support three mission areas:

“Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a follower” . . . Steve Jobs

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5

Science & Technology Vision / Mission

Vision


NSWC Crane Division is an indispensable force in the collaborative
national Science and Technology (S&T) network that anticipates
the future, provides revolutionary capability to the Warfighter.


Mission


Create innovative Science and Technology solutions in Electronic
Warfare (EW/IO), Strategic and Special Missions which provide
our Warfighters with a clear and distinct advantage over any
adversary in an environment of affordability. Support our
national S&T infrastructure and engage as active participants in
the Naval Research Enterprise.

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6

NSWC Crane Division Technical Capabilities


Strategic Systems Hardware



Special Operations Hardware



Electronic Warfare Systems



Radar Components



Energy & Power Systems


Strategic Systems Hardware



Special Operations Hardware



Electronic Warfare Systems



Radar Components



Energy & Power Systems

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7

NSWC Crane RDT&E Funding History

0.0
50.0
100.0
150.0
200.0
250.0
300.0
FY 08
FY 09
FY 10
(M$)

01 Basic Research
02 Applied Research
03 Advanced Technology
Development
04 Advanced Technology
Development & Prototypes
05 System Development &
Demonstration
06 RDT&E Management
Support
07 Operational Systems
Development
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8

S&T Portfolio


The
priorities outlined in this Plan are the result of a process that is largely driven
by S&T objectives, technology
needs and
customers requirements. A balanced
portfolio creates an environment that manages technical risk, cost, impact and
time frame to delivery. S&T initiatives are executed across a broad array of
technical maturity and transition levels that are strategically aligned to the S&T
objectives. The portfolio is balanced across long
-
term research, high risk game
changers, quick reactions and our niche of technology transition.

Broad

Narrow


Focus

Near (<5 years)



Time Frame


Long (>15 Years)


Quick Reaction


S&T


(6.3


up)


=20%

Off
-
the
-
Shelf

technologies…

1
-
2 years



Technology


Transition


(6.3


6.4)


=50%


Component
technologies…

3
-
5 years


Leap Ahead


Innovations

(Game Changers/High Risk)


=20%



Discovery & Invention


(6.1


6.2)


=10%


Disruptive
technologies…

5
-
10 years

Undiscovered & Emerging
technologies…

10
-
20 years

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9

S&T External Relationships


This plan draws upon the research and development capacity from across other
government agencies, the public enterprise, international entities, private
sector, and academia to locate and leverage the best S&T possible. This
includes fostering/maintaining relationships with other government agencies,
interagency coordination as well as the external enterprise. Goals of leveraging
the external network for advancing science & technology in the 3 mission areas
are to:


Use existing and recognized expertise, resources, and facilities


Access to existing and new innovation (open innovation)


Bring diversity of thought from non
-
DoD scientists and engineers


Leverage non
-
traditional funding sources to pursue relevant S&T/R&D


Transfer knowledge

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10

STO Working Group (WG)


Functions are aligned along technical disciplines that support the division’s
strategic S&T goals. Each technical discipline of interest is linked to a STO WG
that provides cross
-
cutting coordination of their respective elements of
investment within their area of responsibility.



This cross cutting coordination fosters unity of efforts and begins to morph an
S&T culture that encourages collaboration. This type of infrastructure allows
the S&T division to provide a more comprehensive and integrated technology
solution.


Computer

Network

Operations

Irregular Warfare

S&T for Pre and

Post Combat Ops


Elite Warrior

System of

Systems


Artificial

Environment for

Experimentation

IRCM

Power

And

Energy

Anti
-
Tamper
Technologies

Electronic

Warfare


Trusted

Electronics


EO/IR

Networked
Sensors

Spectrum

Management

Usage

Digital and

Cognitive Signal

Processing

Persistent
Autonomous
Systems
Surveillance

AESA Antennas

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11

EO/IRCM S&T Objectives


Seeking to develop, engineer, transition, and support systems to defeat and otherwise counter
electro
-
optic (EO) and infrared (IR) guided weapon systems as well as EO/IR based surveillance
systems. Advanced S&T activities include modeling (physics based, effects, engagement, as well as
campaign levels), laboratory & field
-
testing of advanced concepts, and basic research into effects
and new technologies. Knowledge gained from previous S&T efforts is used to help define
requirements and assist the program office to develop and provide capabilities to the Warfighter.


0
-
5 Years



and Beyond

Develop technologies, applications, and operational
concepts related to:


C
-
ISR concepts, technology, and testing


Pyrotechnics


Advanced lasers for IRCM (OPSL, QCL, semiconductor, etc)


Ultra Short Pulsed Laser (USPL) Technology & applications


High power fiber lasers


Signature reduction (IR & RF)


EOCCM


Optical augmentation



Develop concepts, technologies, and applications related to:


Wavelength agile laser sources


Effectiveness improvements for EO/IRCM systems


Integration with RF countermeasures


Orchestration/integration of existing COTS technology into a
fleet operation


Multiple threat detection & engagement

Develop Concepts & Technologies for:


Common apertures


Multi
-
mission laser systems


Miniaturization









Laser source technologies

Laser effects measurements & modeling

Power and packaging integration

Algorithms

Modeling and simulation (physics, engagement, and campaign
level)

Chemistry

Material Science (laser hardened materials, low signature
materials)

Physics based effects


5
-
10 Years



B/A Research Needed

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12

Elite Warrior System of Systems S&T Objectives


The Elite Warrior System of Systems (EWSS) is an inter
-
disciplinary undertaking by NSWC Crane
which manages all technologies involving individual combatants and their personal weapons and
equipment. The EWSS STO activity closely monitors a multitude of other similar and related US
and allied research efforts, but does not duplicate them, rather transitions and adapts
appropriate technologies found in such programs into the EWSS STO, customizing the output
value stream to the needs of SMFA customers.


0
-
5 Years



and Beyond

Universal battery

SWAP reduction

Light weight materials

Integrated Helmet

Integrated Carbine

Powered Environmental Suit

Enviro
-
Seasonal Camouflage
Uniforms





Beyond line of sight LPI

Non
-
duplicative components

Basic Portable
-
Guidable
munitions

Individual Displays (worn +
field of view)

Basic Active Camouflage

Lighter
-
Weight Armor

Scalable Response
-

Integrated
Kinetic Weapons

Exoskeletal Legs/Spinal
Support

Identification of passive sensors

Liquid/flexible armor

Enhanced human performance

Stealth resupply

Access to shipboard systems

Mechanical companions

Micro
-
UAV/UUV Weapons

Virtual Aiming

Augmented decision making

Eliminate the “rock sack”

Scalable Response Directed Energy Weapons

Human Biological/Psychological Augmentation

Full Exoskeletons (standard size and larger “
Mechas
”)

Helmet with Integrated Sensor Reality & Synthetic Environment


5
-
10 Years




B/A Research Needed



Identification of passive sensors

Liquid/flexible armor
Enhanced human performance

Stealth resupply
Access to shipboard systems

Mechanical companions

Micro
-
UAV/UUV Weapons

Virtual Aiming

Augmented decision making

Eliminate the “rock sack”

Scalable Response Directed Energy Weapons

Human Biological/Psychological Augmentation

Full Exoskeletons (standard size and larger “
Mechas
”)

Helmet with Integrated Sensor Reality & Synthetic Environment

Ultra Light Materials and Power Sources

Active Camouflage

Human Performance Augmentation

Human System Science

Tele
-
Operations and Haptic Controls

Trade Craft Advances

Immediate Voice Language Translator

Universal battery

SWAP reduction

Light weight materials

Integrated Helmet

Integrated Carbine

Powered Environmental Suit

Enviro
-
Seasonal Camouflage Uniforms




Beyond line of sight LPI

Non
-
duplicative components

Basic Portable
-
Guidable munitions

Individual Displays (worn + field of view)

Basic Active Camouflage

Lighter
-
Weight Armor

Scalable Response
-

Integrated Kinetic Weapons

Exoskeletal Legs/Spinal Support

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13

Trusted Electronics S&T Objectives


Modern weapon systems are extremely sophisticated, relying on state
-
of
-
the
-
art electronics to
achieve performance that was only dreamed of just a few years ago. A very high percentage of
the microelectronics utilized in these weapon systems are Commercial
-
Off
-
The
-
Shelf (COTS) .
This reliance on microelectronics has raised concern within the Department of Defense (DoD) in
several different areas, including “trust”. Rather than continuing to rely on the "trusted"
approach of accrediting U.S. facilities for production of electronics it is essential that the DoD
focuses on developing innovative technologies that inherently enable the identification of
trusted design, development, and manufacturing sources at the component level.


0
-
5 Years



and Beyond

Protection against counterfeiting ability

Screening methods for counterfeits

Microelectronics research for mods that degrade
performance, reliability and functionality



Development of innovative methods to evaluate Trust

Develop Suspect counterfeit parts evaluation methods and
procedures for proper handling

Provide/assure custody and control of both classified and
unclassified electronic components throughout ALL life cycle
phases


Ensuring that no reasonable threats related to disruption
of supply exists





Materials Science Radiation Science

Modeling and Simulation MEMS Technology

Nanotechnology

Verification & Validation

Biological Science

Failure Analysis Tools/Technology

Analog, Digital & Mixed
-
Signal Technology

Printed Circuit Board Technology

High
-
Speed Communication Technology

Physics (quantum electronics)

Semiconductor Physics


5
-
10 Years



B/A Research Needed

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14

Computer Network Operations S&T Objectives


Computer Network Operations (CNO) take place in cyberspace and address both protection of
friendly cyber territory and offensive operations against the cyber territory of adversaries. Cyber
territories are loci of information, communications, and hardware management. Conflict in
cyberspace involves two or more adversaries competing for occupation and control of cyber
territory. The actual cyberspace combat itself is waged by (software) proxies, whose allegiance
to an adversary/sponsor may be in some cases obscure or non
-
traceable.


0
-
5 Years



and Beyond

CNA/CNE analysis and CND of fielded systems


COTS SDR


Persistent Surveillance


Unmanned Systems

Analyzing malware botnet threats against Naval computing
infrastructure


Harvesting and Reverse Engineering

Investigate and summarize computer firmware threat vectors

Research and identify vulnerabilities in the dual IPv4/IPv6
implementations; design and test CND approaches


5
-
10 Years



B/A Research Needed

Research and test emerging technologies for CNA/CNE
vulnerabilities


Identify CND approaches

















Formulate, develop, and test advanced CND concepts (e.g., cloud
computing, system diversity, deception, attribution) for U.S. military
platforms/systems

Research emerging standards and hardware for threat vectors; formulate,
develop, and test CND approaches









IPv6 implementations Malware taxonomies

CNA/CNE simulations Sensor systems defense

Malware attribution techniques Chipset/firmware threat vectors

Botnet harvesting and virtualization techniques

Faithful CND investigation and test environments; environments for valid

Development/test and integration of IT software tools for scanning,
detection, monitoring, vulnerability exploitation, and encryption

Mobile device application and wireless communication protocols

RF waveforms and SDR implementations

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15

Electronic Warfare S&T Objectives


The purpose of EW is to deny the opponent an advantage within the Electromagnetic Spectrum
(EMS) domain and ensure the friendly use of this same EMS domain at the time and place of our
choosing. Achieving and maintaining this advantage requires a robust S&T program that
encompasses a wide array of technologies and disciplines. The overarching goal of EW is to
ensure that Warfighters in all domains are properly prepared for operations in a contested EMS
environment.


0
-
5 Years



and Beyond

Digital RF memories

Counter digital RF memories

Networked EW

Special signals receivers

Precision RF
geolocation

EP for signal intelligence




Coherent attack

Passive sensor detection via active

Cryogenic receivers

Adaptive transmitters

Coherent spatially separate receivers


Random wave form detection

Look through jamming







Precision time and position without GPS

Emitter identification

Modeling and simulation

High performance RF components


5
-
10 Years



B/A Research Needed

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16

Artificial Environment for Experimentation S&T Objectives


All levels of future systems will require complicated artificial environments to stress the systems.
These future systems range from individually engineered systems to the need for artificial
environments for Command and Control (C2) experiments. Artificial environments are critical for
this new paradigm as geographically diverse C4ISR environments must be shared in real
-
time.
The ability to fully control the environment is critical to the simulation as well as the ability to
stimulate all levels of experimentation from individual engineered systems to C2 experiments.


0
-
5 Years



and Beyond

Data/signals collection and analysis

Verification and Validation of Artificial Environments

Further Development and configuration of physical environments
(Camp
Atterbury
,
Muscatatuck

UTC and Lake Glendora)

Development and characterization of Indiana Test Bed (ITB)

Virtual interconnectivity with other distributed test assets (via
JMETC)

Plug and play interface development for sensor networks

Melding the physical and virtual artificial environments

Scene generation and projection



Rapidly reconfigurable networks

War gaming

Hardware in the Loop and Operator in the Loop modeling and
simulation

Development of testing standards for experimentation on
cognitive systems

Generation of dynamic environments for experimenting on C4ISR
systems

Instantaneous characterization / manipulation of Electro
-
magnetic

environment (EME)

Multilevel security among networks

Analysis of Command and Control (C2) in Network Enabled
Operations (NEO)

Operator in the loop (full up mission scenarios)

Simulation and stimulation of competing cognitive systems in a
contested environment





Modeling and simulation

Immersive technologies

Advanced processing and algorithms

Network and instrumentation development

Physical and Virtual Environment generation and integration


5
-
10 Years



B/A Research Needed

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17

EO/IR S&T Objectives


The mission of this STO is to enable rapid EO/IR technology transition for the Warfighter by applying
technology roadmaps to address unsatisfied requirements and capability gaps providing a decisive
advantage for the Warfighter. Our vision is to be an indispensable partner and nationally recognized
EO technology transition agent rapidly providing innovative solutions for today and tomorrow’s
Warfighter. The objective is to provide the Warfighter with advanced EO/IR imaging and targeting.


0
-
5 Years



and Beyond

Short
-
Wave Infrared (SWIR) Multispectral
imaging

Active laser imaging


2D
Polarimetric

imaging

Panoramic & wide field
-
of
-
view sensors Adaptive optics

Reduced Cost, Size, Weight, and Power (SWaP)

Image processing (digital image fusion, multi
-
target tracking, aided
target detection, super
-
resolution, mosaics, etc.)

High Operating Temperature (HOT) IR imagers, micro
-
coolers, & high
-
reliability coolers

EW applications for EO/IR sensors, trackers, & precise pointing

Incremental improvements in digital high def. and small pitch sensors



Hyperspectral

Imaging

3D Laser Radar (LADAR)

Miniaturization of EO/IR and inertial measurement sensors

Advanced image processing (automatic target detection, video
analytics, facial analysis, lucky imaging, etc.)

3D Read
-
Out Integrated Circuit architectures with on
-
chip processing

Multi
-
mission, multi
-
function, common aperture EO/IR sensors,
lasers, & remote optical interfaces (fiber
-
optic, Coude path, etc.)

Very Large Format Sensors

Very low power sensors

Gradient

Index (GRIN) Materials (Lenses)

Optical Metamaterials

Nature inspired sensors and optical materials

Biosensors

Lensless

imagers

Electronically steered foveated zoom imagers (non
-
mechanical)

Intelligent image processing (cognitive analytics, automatic target
recognition)

Autonomous, spatially & spectrally adaptable sensors





Digital

low
-
light
-
level

imagers

Polarimetric

imaging

Materials science &
metamaterials

Free space optical/laser
comm

EO/IR &

l
aser modeling
/simulation

Extended range sniper sights for one
-
shot weapon engagements

Improved performance in degraded atmospheric environments

Advanced detector materials (Type II Strained Layer
Superlattice
,
nBn
,
Carbon
nano
-
tubes)

Compressive sensing & image management

Durable,
watershedding
, maritime, multi
-
spectral optical window
materials and coatings

Vision technologies (helmet mounted displays, novel controls, etc.)


5
-
10 Years




B/A Research Needed



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18

Persistent Autonomous Systems Surveillance Objectives


Dwell technologies relates to the technologies and key enablers that link disparate battle space
functions to assist a combat force in collecting and managing relevant information over
increasingly longer periods of time. Current dwell technologies and concepts are encapsulated
by the term “ Persistent ISR”, not meant to connote persistent stare over an entire theater, but
to imply an ability to detect, locate, and track militarily important and time sensitive targets.


0
-
5 Years



and Beyond

Automated launch and recovery

Discoverable Data

Energy conversion and management

Weight reduction

Lower power sensors

Obstacle Avoidance

“natural” modes of interaction
Persis瑥n琠SR

Navigation and Guidance systems

Energy harvesting

Dependable / robust control
architectures

Repower stations

Environmental Perception and Modeling

“leader/follower” behavior

Automated
Refueling and Resupply

Fuel Cell/Battery Hybrids

Wide
-
area imaging sensors

Interoperability

Sense
-
Detect
-
and
Avoid

LPI
coms

Automatic target detection

Safe food


5
-
10 Years



B/A Research Needed

“natural” modes of interaction

Dynamic
Reconfiguration

Autonomy

Environmental Perception and
Modeling

Environmental Response

Safety


Active camouflage (basic)
Energy harvesting

Stealth

Autonomous Task Planning

Power Management

Cognition

High
energy density systems

Advanced Chemistries

Materials

Navigation and Guidance
Systems

Miniaturization

Perception

Noise and signature reduction

Sense
-
Detect
-
and Avoid

Self Diagnosis
Cooperation/Collaboration/Distributed Collaboration
Distributed multi
-
entity cooperation and coordination protocols and
algorithms















Stealth

Cognitive Technologies

Human Machine Interface

Self Awareness

Advanced Automated Computer
-
based decision aids

Active camouflage

Self
-
healing material

Wound management

Stealthy transport

Self assembling machines

Insect inspired
nano

swarms



Material science

Power and energy

Logistics

Biological Computing

Human performance

CCD

Nano
-
technologies

Material Science



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19

Power and Energy S&T Objectives


This STO addresses development associated with improving power and energy storage capabilities for
Navy and other DoD applications. Storage of electrical energy has long been accommodated by
batteries and capacitors, and these existing technologies will continue to improve and allow achieving
higher energy densities (the amount retrievable electrical energy for a given weight or volume) and
high power capabilities (the rate at which the electrical energy is retrieved). But next generation
technologies will be needed to accommodate known and projected warfighter needs, as well as
continued improvement in existing energy storage technologies. This STO will focus on multi
-
discipline
development to help realize these technologies to result in production energy storage devices for DoD.


0
-
5 Years



and Beyond

Fuel cells

Lithium Rechargeable Batteries

Other Electrochemical Batteries

Capacitive Storage

Advanced Energy Conversion/Power Systems

Safety/Risk

Energy Systems Management/Control

Advanced Applications Technology

Micro
-
grid, smart
-
grid, and ship infrastructure

Increasing use of high energy in weapon systems



Energy harvesting

Power stations on the ocean bottom for mobile
systems

Advanced semiconductors (high efficiency electronics)



Miniature fusion generator

Low energy nuclear power sources

System of systems and hybrid solutions

Wireless power

Nano
-
power generation

Embedded power






Material science

Modeling and simulation

Heat transfer

Packaging

Safety of advanced materials


5
-
10 Years




B/A Research Needed



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20

Anti
-
Tamper Technologies S&T Objectives


The purpose of this Science & Technology Objective is to define and communicate NSWC Crane’s
intended strategy for investing in, developing, and refining capabilities to enable the
development and assessment of Anti
-
Tamper technologies used in military weapon systems.
NSWC Crane plays a crucial role in both of these areas.


0
-
5 Years



and Beyond

Secure processors

No/low power sensor

Volume Protection

Other Emerging Anti
-
Tamper Technologies (TRL 4
-
6)

Knowledge Growth: Other Emerging Anti
-
Tamper
Technologies (TRL 2
-
3)

Advanced / High Density Packaging

Key data storage



Other Emerging Anti
-
Tamper Technologies (TRL 2
-
3)

Knowledge

Growth: Quantum encryption

Knowledge Growth: Other Emerging Anti
-
Tamper
Technologies (TRL 0
-
1)

Knowledge Growth: Novel AT implementations and
architectures

Quantum encryption

Other Emerging Anti
-
Tamper Technologies (TRL 0
-
1)








New Reverse Engineering Techniques and
Equipment

Systems engineering tools to include anti
-
tamper

Energy scavenging

Novel Power Sources



5
-
10 Years



B/A Research Needed

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21

“There’s a way to do it better


find it” . . . Thomas Edison

The NSWC Crane S&T strategic plan provides direction and focus that brings
the most relevant and effective technologies to the Warfighter. A balanced
S&T portfolio sets the foundation for a collaborative S&T
culture/environment, aligned objectives and quicker technology transition.
his strategy allows us to address our customers’ needs and pursue technical
innovation that will lead to future capabilities for the Warfighter.

Summary