pro sacrifice economy for environmentx - SamHoustonDebate

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8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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Sam Houston


LBJ
Debate Forum 20
12

Motion 4: THW sacrifice economic growth for the good of the environment.



PRO ARGUMENTS


1.


The environment is not negotiable


it is necessary
.


Must have clean wate, air and food to survive, The totality of the environment is necessary.


Sustainability

is the key world


we must be able to replenish what we use.


Carbon
Dioxide from burning fossil fuels is causing global warming


it may end up creating
weather that could lead to extinction



2.


We can choose from future options for the economy.


With economic choices we have options


we can choose to use less energy. We c
an choose
to consume less. We can choose to share instead of hoarding.


You can not choose to sacrifice your environment



3.

Of shore drilling is a great example of what we should give up for the sake of the
environment.


It is detrimental to the
environment, and therefore the economy, as evidenced by recent spills.

Point:


The environmental consequences of offshore drilling are not worth the potential financial gain. The Deepwater Horizon disaste
r in 2010
shows how devastating a massive oil leak
can be, with fish, marine mammals and seabirds all killed in huge numbers by a slick
extending across hundreds of square miles. And as the oil reached the shore it polluted and destroyed valuable coastal wetlan
ds and
beaches, dooming the animals that rely
upon these habitats
1
. And this leak was well out to sea


an inshore well would be so much
nearer the coast that any leak could have a devastating environmental impact before the authorities could react to defend the

coastline.
Even without a catastrophic
failure such as this, oil rigs release chemicals in the surrounding waters; transporting oil from these rigs has
resulted in serious environmental disasters; seismic waves disorientate sea animals; and installing rigs erodes the ocean flo
or, which
makes th
e impact of hurricanes and tropical storms even worse
1
. Safety estimates are largely overstated, as they do not reflect the
magnitude of individual catastrophes, such as the 2010 Gulf disaster or the Exxon Valdez oil spill of 1989. We cannot assume
that
di
sasters like the 2010 Gulf of Mexico blow out are one
-
offs. The economic costs are also enormous. Fishing and tourism are the
economic mainstays of coastal communities and both can be shut down for years by a major oil spill, with hundreds of thousand
s of
people left unemployed
2
. BP has promised to put aside money to compensate those directly affected by the loss of coastal jobs, but
what if BP, or a future polluter went bankrupt and was unable to pay out? And even if oil companies do pay up, shutting down
coastal
industries has huge indirect effects on suppliers, retailers, transport firms, etc. which will damage the wider economy and m
ake all of us
poorer.

1
http://www.culturechange.org/cms/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=637&Itemid=1

2
IEM

[2]

(2010) , “A Study of the Economic Impact of Deepwater Oil Spill”

[2]

Sam Houston


LBJ
Debate Forum 20
12

Motion 4: THW sacrifice economic growth for the good of the environment.



4.

The Cuyahoga River

Environmental concerns

The Cuyahoga River at one time

was one of the most

polluted

rivers in the United States.
The

reach

from Akron to Cleve
land was devoid of fish. A

Kent State University

symposium, convened
one year before the infamous 1969 fire, described one section of the river:

From 1,000 feet b
elow Lower Harvard Bridge to Newburgh and South Shore Railroad Bridge, the
channel becomes wider and deeper and the level is controlled by Lake Erie. Downstream of the
railroad bridge to the harbor, the depth is held constant by dredging, and the width is
maintained by
piling along both banks. The surface is covered with the brown oily film observed upstream as far as
the Southerly Plant effluent. In addition, large quantities of black heavy oil floating in slicks,
sometimes several inches thick, are observ
ed frequently. Debris and trash are commonly caught up
in these slicks forming an unsightly floating mess. Anaerobic action is common as the dissolved
oxygen is seldom above a fraction of a part per million. The discharge of cooling water increases the
tem
perature by

10 °F

(5.56

°C)

to

15 °F

(8.33

°C). The velocity is negligible, and sludge accumulates
on the bottom. Animal life does not exist. Only the algae
Oscillatoria

grows [
sic
] along the piers above
the water line. The color changes from gray
-
brown to rusty brown as the river proceeds downstream.
Transparency is less than 0.5 feet in this reach. This entire reach is gross
ly polluted.
[11]

At least 13 fires have been reported on the Cuyahoga River, the first occurring in 1868.
[12]

The largest
river fire in 1952 caused over $1 million in damage to boats and a riverfront office building.
[13]

Fires
erupted on the river several more times before June 22, 1969, when a river fire captured the attention
of

Time

magazine, which described the Cu
yahoga as the river that "oozes rather than flows" and in
which a person "does not drown but decays".
[14]

A view of the river from the Ohio and Erie Canal Tow
-
Path Trail

The 1969

Cuyahoga River fire helped spur an avalanche of water pollution control activities, resulting
in the

Clean Water Act
,

Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement
, and the creation of the
federal

Environmental Protection Agency

and the

Ohio Environmental Protection Agency