Poetry Terminology Review

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14 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Poetry Terminology Review

Lesson 17

9
th

Lit

ELA9RL1 (poetry) a


The student identifies and responds to the
aesthetic effects of subject matter, sound
devices (i.e., alliteration, onomatopoeia,
rhyme scheme), figurative language (i.e.,
personification, metaphor, simile, hyperbole)
and structure (i.e., fixed and free forms,
rhymed and unrhymed, narrative and lyric)
in a variety of poems.

Here is a list of words. Write down the numbers
of all that you think you understand.

1.
oxymoron

2.
couplet

3.
assonance

4.
consonance

5.
personification

6.
simile

7.
hyperbole

8.
onomatopoeia

9.
metaphor

10.

alliteration

11.

allusion

12.

paradox

13.

apostrophe

14.

symbol

15.

internal rhyme

16.

exact rhyme

17.

approximate
rhyme

The EOCT will require you to use your
knowledge of these terms to answer
questions like the ones we will discuss
today.

oxymoron


a combination of two words that are
seemingly opposites


usually an
adjective
-
noun

Examples:

dark light

living dead

noisy silence

new classic

open secret

successful failure

virtual reality

from
Idylls of the King

by Tennyson


"And faith unfaithful kept him
falsely true.“


What are the two examples in
this phrase?

couplet


a pair of rhyming lines,
usually of the same length
and meter

I THINK that I shall never see,

A poem as lovely as a tree.

assonance


the repetition of
vowel sounds

to create internal
rhyming

within
phrases

or
sentences



For example, in the phrase "D
o

y
ou

like bl
ue
?", the /u:/
sound ("o"/"
ou
"/"
ue
“) is repeated within the sentence
and is assonant.

Where is assonance in these two examples from literature?


Ex: Dead in the middle of little Italy, little did we know that we
riddled two middle men who didn't do
diddily
.“


Ex: I bomb atomically

Socrates' philosophies and hypotheses
can't define how I be
droppin
' these mockeries.

consonance


most commonly used in
poetry

and
songs

and characterized by the repetition of the
same consonant two or more times in
short succession

Examples:

#1.
"
p
i
tt

p
a
tt
er"

#2. "
all
m
a
mm
als na
m
ed Sa
m




are cla
mm
y".

#1.

“When the men sent children off to
war,

Linda knew emptiness that didn’t
end anymore.”

A. oxymoron

B. couplet

C. assonance

D. consonance

personification


a nonhuman
subject is
given human
characteristics

simile


comparison between two
unlike ideas using “like” or
“as”

He walked
on stage as
bold as a
lion.

hyperbole


a deliberate
exaggeration
or
overstatement

onomatopoeia

use of words that imitate
sounds

Ex: buzz, crash, whirr,
clang, hiss, purr, squeak,
boom, tinkling

#2.


Splish
, splash, the water fell

Trickling slowly down the well.”

A. personification

B. simile

C. hyperbole

D. onomatopoeia

personification


a nonhuman
subject is
given human
characteristics

simile


comparison between two
unlike ideas using “like” or
“as”

He walked
on stage as
bold as a
lion.

metaphor


one thing spoken of as though it were
something else

His brain
was a
wall.

=

couplet


a pair of rhyming lines,
usually of the same length
and meter

I THINK that I shall never see,

A poem as lovely as a tree.

#3.

“I wandered lonely as a cloud.”
(William Wordsworth)

A. personification

B. simile

C. metaphor

D. couplet

alliteration


Repetition of initial
consonant sounds

Cherry Blossoms Adrift

P
ink
p
etals
p
assing

Scents above so high

P
ainted
p
orcelain
p
erfection

Blossoms caress the sky

paradox


a statement that
seems to be
contradictory but
that actually
presents a truth




A Cretan
says: "All
Cretans
are liars".

How is this
statement a
paradox?

metaphor


one thing spoken of as though it were
something else

His brain
was a
wall.

=

allusion


a reference to a
well
-
known
person, place,
event, literary
work, or work of
art

#4.

He moved the tree with
Herculean strength.

A. alliteration

B. paradox

C. metaphor

D. allusion

paradox


a statement that
seems to be
contradictory but
that actually
presents a truth




A Cretan
says: "All
Cretans
are liars".

How is this
statement a
paradox?

personification


a nonhuman
subject is
given human
characteristics

simile


comparison between two
unlike ideas using “like” or
“as”

He walked
on stage as
bold as a
lion.

metaphor


one thing spoken of as though it were
something else

His brain
was a
wall.

=

#5.

“His fear was a prison, stronger
than any more visible barricade.”

A. paradox

B. personification

C. simile

D. metaphor

hyperbole


a deliberate
exaggeration
or
overstatement

personification


a nonhuman
subject is
given human
characteristics

apostrophe


a figure of speech in which someone
absent or dead or something nonhuman
is addressed as if it were alive and
present and was able to reply

Example of Apostrophe

The Sun Rising

by John Donne


Busy old fool, unruly sun,

Why dost thou thus,

Through windows, and through curtains call on us?


symbol

stands for
something else

#6.

My blood boiled as I listened
to the gossip.

A. hyperbole

B. personification

C. apostrophe

D. symbol

hyperbole


a deliberate
exaggeration
or
overstatement

couplet


a pair of rhyming lines,
usually of the same length
and meter

I THINK that I shall never see,

A poem as lovely as a tree.

internal rhyme


rhyming words appear in the same
line

I bring fresh
showers for the thirsting flowers.

personification


a nonhuman
subject is
given human
characteristics

Exact Rhymes


Exact rhymes are the
same in everything but
the first sound. Exact
rhymes are the most
common type of rhyme
and can be formed
easily with common
sounds in English.



pay / day / way / say /
may / bay / play / pray
/ stay

...



me / we / be / see /
tree / knee

...

#7

I have a million things to do today

So hurry up and get out of my way!

A. hyperbole, couplet

B. personification, couplet

C. hyperbole, internal rhyme

D. personification, exact rhyme

simile


comparison between two
unlike ideas using “like” or
“as”

He walked
on stage as
bold as a
lion.

personification


a nonhuman
subject is
given human
characteristics

couplet


a pair of rhyming lines,
usually of the same length
and meter

I THINK that I shall never see,

A poem as lovely as a tree.

approximate rhyme


words
that are
similar
in sound
but do not rhyme
exactly

examples:



send and when


sun and plum


day and made


fellow and hollow


metaphor


one thing spoken of as though it were
something else

His brain
was a
wall.

=

#8.

“And the land was a pretty woman

Smiling at us, looking at her” (Ortiz)

A. simile, personification

B. couplet, personification

C. approximate rhyme

D. metaphor, personification

hyperbole


a deliberate
exaggeration
or
overstatement

onomatopoeia

use of words that imitate
sounds

Ex: buzz, crash, whirr,
clang, hiss, purr, squeak,
boom, tinkling

oxymoron


a combination of two words that are
seemingly opposites


usually an
adjective
-
noun

Examples:

dark light

living dead

noisy silence

new classic

open secret

successful failure

virtual reality

from
Idylls of the King

by Tennyson


"And faith unfaithful kept him
falsely true.“


What are the two examples in
this phrase?

paradox


a statement that
seems to be
contradictory but
that actually
presents a truth




A Cretan
says: "All
Cretans
are liars".

How is this
statement a
paradox?

#9.

The car creaked forward once
the old engine began to wheeze.

A. hyperbole

B. onomatopoeia

C. oxymoron

D. paradox

oxymoron


a combination of two words that are
seemingly opposites


usually an
adjective
-
noun

Examples:

dark light

living dead

noisy silence

new classic

open secret

successful failure

virtual reality

from
Idylls of the King

by Tennyson


"And faith unfaithful kept him
falsely true.“


What are the two examples in
this phrase?

paradox


a statement that
seems to be
contradictory but
that actually
presents a truth




A Cretan
says: "All
Cretans
are liars".

How is this
statement a
paradox?

#10.

He ordered jumbo shrimp for
dinner.

A. oxymoron

B. paradox

ELA9RL1 (poetry) a


The student identifies and responds to the
aesthetic effects of subject matter, sound
devices (i.e., alliteration, onomatopoeia,
rhyme scheme), figurative language (i.e.,
personification, metaphor, simile, hyperbole)
and structure (i.e., fixed and free forms,
rhymed and unrhymed, narrative and lyric)
in a variety of poems.

In your group of three, choose three of these
terms and agree on an example for each one.
Write these down and be prepared to share.

1.
oxymoron

2.
couplet

3.
assonance

4.
consonance

5.
personification

6.
simile

7.
hyperbole

8.
onomatopoeia

9.
metaphor

10.

alliteration

11.

allusion

12.

paradox

13.

apostrophe

14.

symbol

15.

internal rhyme

16.

exact rhyme

17.

approximate
rhyme