Hamlet on the Holodeck

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14 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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Hamlet on the
Holodeck


Who is Janet Murray?


Worked at IBM


Suits and hackers


Musical printer


Victorian scholar at MIT


Novel as ultimate form


Not into deconstruction


Into
constuctionist

educational software


Reaction to discussion on variorum


Hackers and Bards


Complementary skills


“The spirit of the hacker is one of the great
creative wellsprings of our time, causing the
inanimate circuits to sing with ever more
individualized and quirky voices”


“The spirit of the bard is eternal and
irreplaceable, telling us what we are doing
here and what we mean to one another.”

The
Holodeck


A generally positive vision of the future of
interactive narrative


How does it compare to today’s games?


Stories were not always positive


As a replacement for the real world


Holoaddiction



Reaction to New Media


Early reaction is generally negative


Fear of change


Brave New World


Talkies, Movies, and
Feelies


Fahrenheit 451


Vision of reality
tv
?


“The
televisors

are evil because they create ‘an
environment as real as the world.’”


“Books are … better … their meager sensory input
makes their illusions easier to resist.”


Reaction to New Media


TekWar


Vision of virtual reality


“the source of addiction, destitution, bad trips,
overdose deaths, and gangster violence.”


Computer Games


A film critic complained that his sons quit reading
to play video games that “offer
a kind of narrative,
but one that yields without resistance to the
child's desire for instant gratification
.”


Utopian and
Distopian

Visions


Bridging the Hopes and Fears


“enticing but not enslaving”


“Neither vision of the future refutes the other.”


“Eventually all successful storytelling
technologies become “transparent”: we lose
consciousnessof

the medium and see neither
print nor film but only the power of the story
itself.”


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bO7wE8snf2E


Computer as Meta
-
Medium


Computers enable many existing forms of
communication


Existing representations being digitized


Typical of a new medium


Incunabula recorded prose and poetry of oral
storytelling


Movies were recordings of plays


“At the incunabula phase of narrative
computer”


The Multiform Story


Presentation of alternate paths


It’s a Wonderful Life


With and without George Bailey


The Garden of the Forking Paths


Multiplicity of alternatives


Groundhog Day


Repeating time


Dictionary of the
Khazars


No linear narrative


story is constructed in the
reader’s mind

The Active Audience


Changing the author
-
reader relation


Authors talking about their decisions


Authors changing earlier decisions


Readers remixing content or writing new
content


New forms based on author’s world (LARP)


Participatory dinner theater


MUDs, MOOs, and MMORPG


3D Movies


Early examples


U
sed motion, fright


Included jarring effects


Now there are many more examples


What have we learned


The potential for 3D sound and images to
present external and internal content


Riding the movies (limited simulation)

Drama in Games


Many games include narrative in cut scenes
between player activities/challenges


Floyd the robot in
Planetfall


Myst



the role of sound


What are some more recent examples?

Story Webs


Hypertext


Reader gets to choose


Make your own story books


Afternoon (Michael Joyce)


“I want to say I may have seen my son die today.”


Reader confusion to match character confusion


Computer Scientists as Storytellers


Technology is now common


Shared virtual worlds, avatars, force feedback,
more natural interaction, agents


Magic Mirror


Murray vs. Tomlin


CMU’s OZ group


Computer as DM optimizing your experience